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deliver to the town, village or city clerk, in into the treasury, on account of the principal writing, auch determination, stating the amount of the school or university funds, until the required, and it shall be the duty of said clerk anount received by such bonds shall have been to give notice of the application for such loan, fully paid, and to charge interest as hereinstating the amount and terms thereof, with, before provided upon such sums as shall havo and as a part of the notice required by law for heen advanced upon such bond as aforesaid, och general or charter election or town moet- from the date of such adyance, and all such ing:

bonds shall have procedenco in the order of Sec. 3. At any such election the legal voters their date. of such town, village or city aforesaid voting, Sec. 6. All acts and parts of acts contrayenshall deposit in a seperate box to be provided ing the provisions of this act are hereby rofor that purpose, their ballots as follows:

pealed. Thoso in favor of the loan, a ballot, on which SEC. 7. This act shall take effoct and bo in the words “for the loan" shall be printed or force from and after its passage. written, and those opposed to such loan, a bal WM. HULL, lot on which the words, "against the loan"

Speaker of the Assembly. shall be printed or written. Such elections L. P. HARVEY, shall be held and conducted, and the votes can

President pro tom of the Senate. vassed as provided by law in all general elec Approved October 13th, 1856, tions, and if the majority shill be found in

COLES BASHFORD. favor of the loan, then it shall be the duty of the supervisors of such town, or the trustees of such village, or the common council of such

From the Newbury

ort Union. city, to issue the bond of such town, village or city, to the State of Wisconsin for the amount

THE DESERTED SCHOOL HOUSE. stated in the accompanying election notice, bearing coven per cent. per annum interest.

Oh! lone deserted school-house! Sec. 4. It shall be the duty of the Secretary of State, when he shall receive the bond of

Where is the happy throng, any town, village or city, for the purpose ex Who trod thine aisles, with beaming smiles, pressed in the first section of this act, and

And filled thy halls with song? shall be satisfied that the same was authorized and executed and herein provided, to file the

Their feet have left no echo! same in his office, and direct the State or County Treasurer, in whoso hands any of the

Their songs have died away; principal of the school and univorsity funds The pealing shout of joy rings out may be, to pay to the Treasurer of the Institu

No more, in bours of play! tion, in whose favor the bond may have been iesued, the amount secured by said bond, and

Thy seats are all forsaken! further it shall be the duty of the Secretary of State, in apportioning the taxes among the

They'll fill them not again; different counties of the State, to charge the The golden gleams of the sunlight streams connty in which any institution may havo bor O'er thy mottoed walls in vaiu! rowed any portion of the school and university fund with the interest of the bond at seven per Oh! school-house! lonely school-house! oont., and it shall be the duty of the board of

Remembered thou shall be ! supervisors of such counties to add to the ratio of the State and County taxes, the amount

In after years, 'mid hopes and fears, annually due from any town, village or city in

Their hearts will turn to thee. any such county in consequence of the issuing of its bonds as aforesaid, and it shall be the They'll think of thee at morning, duty of the Treasurer of any such town or city When Sol drives back the night; to return to the County Treasurer the amount

When down the West he sinks to rest. due the State on any such bond with and as part of the State taxes to bo paid over by him

Enwrapped in clouds of light. to the State Treasurer, as Stato taxos aro roquired by law to be paid.

And in the icy Winter,-SEC. 5. If at the time of the making an ap

And in the balmy Spring plication or the prosentation of the bond there In Summer's bloom--in Autumn's gloom, there shall be no money belonging to the school To thee, their hearts will cling. and university fund, it shall be the duty of the Secretary of State to filo the bond of the town,

To fill thy halls deserted, village or city, as the case may be, and direct the Treasurer to pay over to the Treasurer of

With treasured ones of yoro, any instution in favor of which the bond may Kind mem'ry's hand shall lead that band, baye been issued, the first moneys receiyod!

To tread thine aisles once more.

316

WISCONSIN JOURNAL OF EDUCATION.

Editor's Department.

protection for the pupils under his charge. The inhabitants of our school districts are not all

sonllees. Surely this land of Bibles, of ChrisTIIINGS FOR TEACHERS TO DO. tian Sabbaths and of newspapers, no entire

community could be so dead to humanity, as to The winter terms of the schools throughout deny relief to so reasonable a demand. The the State, are now very generally commenced. Teucher shouid never hesitate to ask what is One of the first things the Teacher should at- clearly right; and if from indolence or a false tend to, if he has not alrcady, is to see that his modesty, ho prefers to endure personal ineonRehvol room is put in good repair, and fitted ur venience, and to witness the discomfort of his so as to conduce to the comfort and quietude of scholars from day to day; during a long winter the scholars committed to his care. Ample term, then he is unfit for the business in which means for warming, as well as for suitable be is engaged, and has very likely no adaptaventilation are indispensable. No Teacher can tion to success in any of the active pursuits of maintain good order, and adyance his classes life. in their studies, as well in a rickety, out of repair school room, as in a comfortable and

LECTURES, conyenicnt one. A cold and cheerless school

Tho lecturing season has now fairly comroom, necessarily makes a discontented school. menced in many of the larger towns. Among Would a Teacher have his scholars good natur. the various plans for improving the public ed and a greeable, then he must see to it, that taste and inspiring a love for intellectual purthey are not annoyed with cold feet and other suits during the winter seasons, none have discomforts during school hours.

proved more popular than a series of lectures, Teachers are more responsible for the con- by men eminent in the literary history of the dition of the echool houses they occupy than country. By these means the masses of the is often supposed. It is true, many districts people are brought to a moro familiar acquaintare greatly remiss and neglectful in providing ance with the distinguished men of the age, conveniencies of but triling exponse. The and hear from the liying speaker thoughts, school house may be a rude structure, bearing which, perchance, may be the product of years no evidence that an architect was ever con- of mental effort. Publio lectures too, are well sulted in determining its proportions, or that adapted as a means, for arresting the tendency the plane of tho joiner or brush of the painter, to lower amusements, especially among the was eper ennployed upon it. Yet even with young. The human mind is so constituted as guch a house, if it be not absolutely untenant- to demand entertainments and pastimes of some able, the Teacher, if he have industry, perse-kind, and if those of a rational and elevating verence and resolution, can do much to remedy character bo not furnished it, then it will natuits defects, supply its wants and improve its rally and easily be carried along the currents of condition. Whenever a school house displays senseless and profitless gratification. Every a great contribution of hats, caps and dinner successful effort in turning the channels of haskote, thrust into the broken window panes thonght to higher and nobler pleasures, is true to repel the storm and wind, a suspicion at- reform. Pleasure and amusement are a part of taches to the Teacher that he is wanting in man's nature-indispensable to his being. So energy; that he prefers inactivity with its prominent has this attribute of man been reattendant miserics, rather than bestir himself garded, that nations have made suitable proviand possess some of the conyeniencies of life. sions by law to meet its necessity and supply

If a Teacher finds himself employed in a its wante. In geveral of the governments of school house, baying broken windows, shatter- Europe, public entertainments for the people ed doors, smokey stoves, or gaping crevices in are provided for, and paid at the nations' exthe walls through which the storm drives, let pense. It is true, these entertainments have him faithfully and earnestly represent the con- yery often not been conducive to the moral and dition of things to his employers, and demand intellectual elevation of the people; neverthe

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less, it is an acknowledgment of a want of the tellectual tono to the communitica in which people, demanding governmental attention. In thoy are placed. It is timo Toachera generally, this country our systems pertaining to these realized more fully the truo dignity of their matters, are moro voluntary, depending upon an calling, and their responsibilitios to the intellienlightened public sentiment for their proper gent movements of the age. The Teachers of regulation.

tho Stato, should oecupy the first rank in tho The movement for organizing and sustain-circlos of influence, respectability and sciening lectures, in our principal towns for the in- tific enterprise. The nature of their vocation tellectual entertainment of the people, during more justly entitles them to take a higher posithe winter seasons, has not yet become 23 wolltion, than any other class or profession. If systematizod in the west, as in some of the they qualify thomselves for taking this rank, older States. A number of reasong havo con- and enter upon it from a proper sense of self spired to this lack of means, for the rational respect and of trvo duty, public opinion will entertainment and instruction of the poople. readily award it to them. But if they hesitate, The number of individuals in the west, and by a sort of acknowledged choice, take a whose time is exclusively devoted to literary lower place; shrink from leading, or being assopursuite, unembarrassed by professional duties, ciated with leaders in enterprises, aiming at the is comparatively small; consoquently the re- moral, socinland intollectualeleyation of the peoliance has been chiefly on the cast for lecturing ple, they will be quite certain to carry with them talent. The expense too, attendant upon sus

all their days the old cognomon, with just the taining a course of lectures, where lecturers aro significance of olden times attached to itinvited from a distance, is necessarily greater,

schoolmaster." than whore there is an abundance of homo

A few earnost Teachors in a town, might ontalent, fittod by long and careful preparation for list an interest among tho people; organizo an this particular field of employment.

Association, and procure such locturing talent Notwithstanding these disadvantages, it is as may be within their reach. By this means, desirable that somo plan should be inaugerated the tastes and habits of young men may be and sustained, at least in the principal towns of improved, and their passion for the lower the State. It may not be practicable always, amusemente restrained. The older members of to secure for this purpose, the servicos of those the community too, would be benefitted, and whose damos hold a high position in the literary their intellectual activities roceivo new impulse. world; nevertheless, there are resources at This is not merely theory; the ability of Teachhome in almost every yillage, which might be ora in their respective towns, to originate assoprofitably brought into requisition.

If the ciations for instructive lecturos, and carry such highest standerd of talent cannot be obtained, a enterprises into successful operation, is not leas one is far better than to neglect the ein

without practical demonstration in this State. ployment of any.

Let examples of this character be greatly mulAnd now, on whom does eminently rost the tiplied the present winter. responsibility of directing public attention to

INDIFFERENCE OF PARENTS. this subject? If the clergy, the legal profession and others of literary habits, fail to move in the matter, the Teachers of our public magnitude, which is treated with more indif

There is probably no other interest of equal schools, should ever be ready to load in ferenca than the district school. In many enterprises of this character. Lot no Teacher things of far less importance pertaining to inimagine his wholo sphere of public duties, is dividual interests, men act wisely. They do confined to the school room. Teachers afo, or not employ a laborer, mechanic or clerk to should be professional educators; their activo perform service without vigilant inspection of endeavors should reach beyond the juvenile his capabilities and faithfulnosy. Not so with minds with which they are brought in contact; the teacher. He is employed in one of the they should aim not only to fulfill their mission most important departments of buman skill as Teachers of the young, but also to give in- and effort; his mission is, to instil into the

youthful mind principles of thought and mo- the part of parents, disheartens the teacher, tives of action, which will have a controling and leads him to relax his efforts; the children influence through all subsequent life. In the partake of the spirit of indifference of their dischargə of these high responsibilities, how parents, and fail to realize the true importance little interest is manifested in his efforts by his of making progress in study. employers? There are many districts, in which parents and guardians never visit the

SCHOOL SUPERVISORS. school, or manifest any concern in its affairs, save when some frivolous complaint against The best plan for an efficient and intelligent the teacher, excites their temper; then they school supervision, is a matter which has long hesitate not, to speak of him with severity in occupied the minds of teachers and friends of the presence of their children. They send education, but there has never been entire their children to school irregularly, and at the

agreement as to the exact method to be adoptclose of ihe term find fault because they have ed. The system of town superintendency has made no progress. They expect the teacher to

a popularity, because of its near relation, and maintain good government in his school, but immediate responsibility to the people in every are indignant if their children are required to

town. The distribution of power as widely as submit to rules, which they imagine too exacting. They send their children without books, iar features of our democratic institutions.

possible among the people, is one of the popuand are astonished that th remain ignorant. They expect the teacher, to teach as well as the ful whether it is regarded as the best, by a ma

The town system has merits; but it is doubtbest of his profession, but if he introduce any jority of the most experienced educators in methods of instruction, with which they were

our country. unacquainted in their boyhood days, they de

One of the primary objects to be secured nounce bim as an innovator, and full of new from school superintendency, is efficiency and notions.

the requisite talent. These qualifications are Such a condition of things as is here de considerations of the first importance, and the scribed, may seem an exaggeration, and as best means for securing these, should be the having no existence in this enlightened age, aim of school legislation. That talent better but it is doubtless not without examples. Most adapted for school supervision, might be obof the complaints and fault-finding against tained by selecting one superintendent from teachers, arise from that want of acquaintance cach county, or congressional district, will be with the school, which is obtained by personal readily admitted: It is difficult to find an inobservation in the school room. It is a fuct dividual in each town, who by education and generally noticeable, that in those districts habits of study, is adapted to superintend and where parents and guardians are indifferent to give direction to the schools. Besides, the the schools, and never visit them, fanlt-finding compensation ordinarily allowed to town suwith the teacher, and with the government and perintendents, does not warrant their giving regulations of the school, is always most time to study and preparation, for the proper prevalent. The progress too, of such schools, discharge of the duties of the office. A man is always less marked, than in those where pa- to be efficient and successful in any particular rents are properly interested and make fre- occupation, needs to have his time and attenquent visitations.

tion devoted to it. It is true, there are Town It is in vain to expect that children will be Superintendents, who are well fitted for the profitably interested in the school, if parents duty, and who freely give their time, regardmanifest none; nor can the usefulness of the less of the small pecuniary consideration al. teacher be secured, without co-operation. Pa-lowed them. Examples of this kind bowerer, rents are generally, not aware of the influence are not numerous. they are capable of exerting upon their dis It seems a reasonable conclusion, that the trict school; their presence and friendly advice districting of the State into territories of a in the school room, is a never failing stimulus size and population, suslicient to employ the to the teacher, and encouragement to the schol- entire time of a well qualified Superintendent, ars. Indifference and neglect of the school on would oopduce to a more intelligent and effect

C. B. H.

ive school supervision. This subject is one,

ITEMS. capable of great amplification, and has beən

ENCOURAGING.--A correspondent at Ranlargely discussed by the best talent of the country; it is a subject we approach with diffi- dolph, Wis., writes us an interesting letter, in

relation to the progress of educational matters dence, nevertheless, we shall probably refer to

in that town; we have only room for the folit again.

lowing extract: NEW SCHOOL BUILDINGS.

“It gives me pleasure to state that the district schools have commenced their winter terms,

under the most fayorable circumstances. The Probably at no period in the history of Wis- number of scholars is much greater than at any consin, has there been so large a number of

previous ycar; the school houses are in a much new school houses erected, as during the past better state of ropair; the scholars are better year. In many of the cities and villages in furnished with books, and as far as practicable, various parts of the State, we hear of the have provided themselyes with those recombuilding of large and elegant school edifices, mended by the State Superintendent. Our ranging in cost from one thousand to ten thou

Teachers are all workers of the right stamp.sand dollars each. The policy of dividing a Our school boards do not inquire who can we village containing a few hundred, or even a few thousand inhabitants into small districts,

we get to teach, but where can we find first rate 18 becoming every year more unpopular. Edu- Teachers? The general feeling of the people cators maintain, and experience proves, that is

, give us energetic, thorough going and praclarge houses with classified departments, are

tical Teachers ?" more economical, and are better calculated to

Mr. J. J. M. ANGIER writes from Berlin, advance the interests education. As to the giying some school items, among which are plans on which most of these houses have been the following: constructed, and their internal arrangement,

“At Omro, Winebago county, a new school we have no definite information. It is reason, house, 32 by 60, two stories high, will ho comable however, to infer from the character and

pletoil in a few weeks. The people of Berlin intelligence of the population of the towns

are waking up to the interests of schools. Our where these buildings have been erected, that

house is not very conyenient; we have about the latest and approved models have been con

200 scholars and three Teachers. At the last sulted. A school house with an elegant exterior, is certainly very desirable; but after all,

annual meeting, the inhubitants voted to raise its interior plan and equipments, have a great

$1,000 to build a primary school house, to be er practical importance. The art of construct- completed by the first of January, 1857.” ing school buildings, and supplying them with MADISON.-We baye a letter from a correnecessary appendages and fixtures, has for spondent at Madison, giving a graphic descripyears been undergoing progress like all other tion of the school house accommodations in the arts. This department of educational enter- capitol city of the State. prise, is as susceptible of improvement, as the

“Our school houses beggar description; they implements of agriculture or mechanical ma- combine modern disregard of comfort, conyechinery. We suggest to teachers and friends

nience and health, with ante-deluyian architecof education, whether it might not serve a use.

ture." ful purpose, were they to furnish suggestions on this subject through the columns of the

We regret to learn that a tax loyiod for the Journal. These considerations derive addi- purpose of erecting large and commodious tional importance from the fact, that a large school houses in that city, failed to bo approamount of capital, will continne to be be em- priated to that object. We earnestly hopo that ployed yearly in this State, in the building of the capitol of our State, will not be long withschool edifices. Every district, which has re-out public school houses, worthy the acknowsolved to build a new honse, should be satisfied ledged intelligence of its population, and which before beginning the work, that it has a plan shall prove an additional ornament to that fully up with the improvements of the age. beautiful city.

He says:

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