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The superior schools comprise the fa- When he enters the school room on the culties of theology, jurisprudence, medi- morning of commencement, a great sharo cine, sciences and letters, and the schools of his future success depends upon the of pharmacy; perhaps, in this class impression he makes upon those who should also be included the Normal may be assembled there. How closely School of Paris. Of these institutions they will watch every move he makes, the college of France, Paris, possesses

and how sure they will be to hear every the highest rank, As evidence of the word he utters, that they may form a range of subjects reached by the superior

correct opinion of the man. The first schools it may be not inappropriate to opinion, formed either by his pupils or state that at this institution there are dis- patrons, is the one by which they will tinct professorships for the following sub- judge of whatever he may say or do there

after. If he obtains the good will of his jects: astronomy, mathematics, physics, experimental physics, chemistry, medi- pupils on this occasion, a very important cine, natural history of inorganic bodies, point is gained, and he is in the straight

road to success.

His scholars will comand of organic bodies, comparative embryology, natural and national law, poli

mence learning immediately, and everytical economy, comparative legislation, thing will start in the right direction. If history and morals, archeology, Hebrew,

he succeeds in making the first impresChaldee and Syriac, Arabic, Persian,

sion favorable, he will generally find himTurkish, Chinese, and Manchou Tartar, self pleasantly situated, having a conSanscrit, Greek, Latin eloquence, Latin tented mind, and enjoying life, because poetry, Greek Roman and Latin philoso

he is conscious of doing good. What phy, French language and literature of

evils may attend him if this impressiorf is

bad. What situation can make any one the middle ages, modern French literature, foreign languages and literature,

more miserable, than to be a teacher in a Slavonic languages and literature.

common school where he may have

chanced to obtain the ill will of both Many of these schools, in each grade, are open, gratuitously, to all. In some

scholars and patrons. After having formof the higher institutions young men

ed an unfavorable opinion of a teacher, who have evinced studious habits, or

both parents and pupils will be determinpeculiar adaptation to some particulared to call overything wrong that he may sphere of usefulness, are educated at the say or do. His scholars, instead of study. public charge.

ing, will watch him continually, not to

observe his good qualities, but his faults, For the Journal of Education.

for the purpose of publishing them abroad. THE FIRST IMPRESSION OF A

Some pupils, who have taken a dislike to TEACHER.

the Teacher, will try to irritate him by

breaking the rules, very slightly at first, How much depends upon the first im- but if he bears that,"they will conduct : pression made by a teacher, when he little worso, and so continue, doing noenters a common school. The whole thing very bad, but continually vexing. community, as well as the scholars, have If the Teacher is naturally passionate, an earnest desire to see him, see how he and allows such pupils to irritate him, be looks; how he appears, that they may will soon find himself in the midst of make up their minds concerning him.-- much trouble; the only first cause of


which, was the impression first made is true that much effective labor may be upon those scholars. When a Teacher performed, which is mere task work, and has once made a bad impression upon that the efforts of the Teacher may to the community, although he may strive a certain extent be successful, although to do his best, he can effect but little. mechanical and spiritless. Some measure To succeed well, a Teacher must have of mental discipline may be promoted in mutual good will existing between his pupils, and some degree of knowledge pupils, his patrons, and himself. It is, imparted to them, by a Teacher who takes no doubt, the desire of every Teacher to very little interest in the work, Good make the first impression in the right methods and systems, adopted at second manner, and try, in different ways, to se-hand, may even be followed with a cer. cure this end. Some Teachers put on tain slavish faithfulness; but in such a airs, and appear puffed up on such oc- case, the instrumentality of the Teacher casions, thinking thereby to gain the re- is more like that of one who guides the spect of all with whom they meet. This operations of a machine, than that of a often produces the contrary effect. They skilful and original artist. Such Teachare apt to appear a little awkward in the ers will hardly possess any thorough business, and all close observers will soon knowledge; their preparation for their

the ears peep out above the lion's daily work is eating, sleeping and arrivskin,” and brand him a hypocrite. The ing at the school room at the appointed only way to make a good impression is to hour; their independence of books conbe sure to have a mind well stored with sists in having committed to memory the useful knowledge, and well cultivated, contents of certain books. and then try to make no one believe that It is only enthusiasm for the work you know more than you really do. Be then, that will fulfill these conditions.as near the perfect man as possible and Knowledge obtained as the result of aralways appear natuRAL.

dent thirst and earnest efforts for its posWisconsin University, Nov. 8, 1856. session, begets in generous minds, a de

sire to diffuse its light. The enthusiastic For the Journal of Education. scholar makes the enthusiastic Teacher. THE IDEAL OF TEACHING. His exertions are the maximum rather

than the minimum of his ability. His NO. 2.

mind refuses to be confined to a simple

book or treatise ; and though in his efIn a former article were noticed some forts at independent thought, he may of the conditions of success in the Teach- sometimes err and stumble, his pupils' er's calling, viz:

thoughts will move with far more ease 1. Thorough acquaintance with the and freedom, than if confined to the techsubjects taught.

nicalities of a system, and cramped by a 2. Daily preparation for the school more mechanical drilling.

True teaching implies then, the vital 3. Independence of text-books.

contact of mind within mind; the presen. To these conditions may be added, as tation of the Teacher's own process of no less important:

thought, in such a way as to excite and 4. Enthusiasm in the work.

encourage the power of thought and exThis is necessary in every pursuit. It pression, on the part of his pupils. But

E. M.



J. B. P.

to teach in this way successfully, implies other ill-considered innovations. But uncommon intelligence and earnestness. many a Teacher may be able, by due reThis reminds us that the Teacher needs flection and careful experiment, to make also,

valuable improvements. 5. DISCRETION AND HUMILITY.

The art of teaching in this conntry, ! The necessity of these qualities is urg- though greatly advanced within some ed here, in reference especially to the years past, is yet in its infancy. He who points already remarked upon. In the like Colburn, (author of the "Intellectual earnest effort to rise from the position of Arithmetic,'') introduces a truly great and a mere mechanic, to that of an artist in valuable improvement in school-teaching, his profession, the Teacher is liable both is far better entitled to national gratitude to errors of judgment, and illusions of and a national monument, than a mere passion. There is needed the most vigi. military hero. It may be hoped, the time lant exercise of that discretion, which will at last arrive, when the teacher's makes a right application of principles, profession will be properly estimated, which considers carefully the wants and and its all important functions properly. circumstances of pupils, and avoids at- discharged. tempting that which though meritorious Sheboygan, 1856. in itself, is impracticable. A successful method of conducting a recitation with a

AN ADDRESS DELIVERED BEFORE THE class of elder pupils, may be quite inap

WISCONSIN TEACHERS' ASSOCIApropriate with a younger class.


L. PICKARD. On the other hand, the Teacher who makes the attempt to steer his own course,

(CONTINUED.) is in danger of thinking too highly of his own opinions and methods. He should

The casket must be placed in careful break away indeed, from a blind and hands, but the gem it contains may, for slavish imitation, Chinese like, of the aught parents know or care, be entrusted antiquated methods of “school keeping;" to the veriest botch, the most abject time but it does not follow from this that he server, the most immoral spendthrift, can at once devise a new and perfect sys- merely because he will barter his own soul tem himself. His good sense will be and ruin the souls of his pupils for a small shown rather by seeking out and adopt- pittance the fractional part of what it ing improved methods, and modifying would cost to employ a good Teacher. them as circumstances require. It is the Such scandalous conduct on the part of province of genius to improve, as well as parents, such culpable neglect may suit to create. It is said that the transcend- very well those who stay in a school ent powers of Shakspeare were often em- house six hours each day, thinking of ployed upon the most common and home- nothing but the case with which they are ly materials of popular literature. But earning a livelihood, but to the Teacher, whatever he touched, turned to gold.

who feels that his work is one whose Ordinarily that Teacher will be most value may not be measured by dollarg successful and useful, who, familiar with and cents, who recognizes the great truth improved methods, adapts them to cir- that to God he is accountable for the incumstances; avoiding on the one hand fluence he exerts, it is a heart-sickning mere mechanical imitation, and on the trial. Do you not feel it such,


Teacher, you, who have toiled day after what my conscience tells me is right and day and week after week, it may be beneficial, but I cannot bear to "dwell month after month, without one look of among tombs," constantly offended as approval or smile of encouragement from

my senses must be by the mass of dead those you are serving with your best stagnant matter about me. energies? Does not your heart sink with.

Let us be of good cheer. The dawn of in you as you recall the vain attempts a better day appears in some favored loyou have made to secure the attendanco calities. Let us by earnest and united of your patrons at the school room at endeavor remove these sources of trial.least one-half day out of a terin ?

Already hordes of unqualified Teachers Last in the list I place unjust fault- are driven by an enlightened public senfinding, not that I esteem it the greatest timent to the school, or back to the plow trial of the Teacher, but because it is and the bench. The work goes nobly on. inade so by the majority of those engag. Our share in it may be a severe one. We ed in the profession. Truly hard is it to find one's best motives wholly miscon may fall ere we see it accomplished, but

if we fall, let us fall at our post. Let us strued, to find little faults magnified to strive to awaken an interest in the public the very last degree, to have one's best efforts thwarted by meddlesome mischief. Let us elevate ourselves and draw up

mind by showing ourselves interested. makers, it may be by some who are puff- with us the load which now weighs us ed up with a little brief authority, to meet down, but which will grow lighter as we with malignant enemies, busy tattlers, ascend. Tiine will work a cure. neighborhood regulators, who apply them

“ Then lot us be up and doing, jelves assiduously to school-machinery With a heart for any fato; is long as it is in operation. Such are in Still achieving, still pursuing,

Learn to labor and to wait." very community. But aside from these ind infinitely more trying to the Teacher

Platteville, Nov., 1856. are those, who wish their children taught ust as they were taught. They must

For the Journal of Education. wear home the ten cont piece as a token SIEBOYGAN COUNTY EDUCATIONAL of being at "the head." They must spell

CONVENTION. four times a day and read as many. No innovations can be allowed under any

Agreeably to a call issued by a few circumstances. The school of to-day Teachers, an Educational Convention asmust be an exact copy of the school of

sembled in Plymouth, Sheboygan county, “forty years ago." But with all this,

on Friday, A. M., December 5th, consistsevere 18 it must be, the real Teacher

ing of a respectable number of Teachers, finds nothing so trying as stolid indiffer- School Officers and friends of education. Bitter strifo even is preferablo to

N. C. FARNSWORTH, of Sheboygan Falls, leaden inactivity. An occasional storm is welcomed inore, by the sailor, than a

was called to the Chair, and W. 0. constant dead calm. The most success

Butler, of Plymouth, appointed Secrefui armies are followed by the largest

tary. number of vultures. I can endure with M. M. Fuint and W. E. Cady, of Ply

and Rev. J. patience a storm of persecution, a perfect mouth, E. Adams, of whirlwind of indignation, if it arise from B. Pradr, of Sheboygan, were appointed


a Committee to report a Constitution for and Secretary, shall constitute an Execu the organization of a Teachers' Associ- tive Committee, any five of whom may ation.

constitute a quorum; to be elected by

ballot at each annual meeting. S. J. Starr., of Dr. A. B. CARY,

ART. 4. The duties of the President of Greenbush, and D. J. Holmes, of She- Vice President, Secretary and Treasure boygan, were appointed a Business Com- shall be such as pertain to the same

ofiices in similar Associations. mittee.

Art. 5. The Executive Committee shal The proper method of teaching Arith

arrange business for the annual meetings metic was discussed in an instructive procure Lecturers for the same, ani manner, by Messrs. Flint and Butler, through the Secretary of the Association Adjourned to half past one P. M.

who shall be ch-officio, their Secretary

conduct such correspondence as may be AFTERNOON SBSSION.

deemed advisable. They shall also have Mr. Geo. S. GRAVES, of Sheboygan power to call special meetings of the As.

sociation, to provide for holding Teachers Falls, in the Chair. While the Convention awaited the re- same, and to fill all vacancies occurring

Institutes, to procure Teachers for the ports of committees, the subject of Phy- in the offices; and they shall make to the siology was discussed by Messrs. Pradt Association an annual report of their


ceedlings. and Holmes. The former maintained

Art. 6. The annual meeting shall be that a knowledge of Physiology and the held at such time and place as the Execu Laws of Health, was of more importance tive Committee shall designate, and any than a knowledge of Geography. The five members who shall meet at any re latter thought Teachers did not suficient- gular or special meeting, shall constitute ly heed the Physiological connection be- a quorum for the transaction of business

Art. 7. This Constitution may be tween bad air, a bad stomach, and a bad amended at any annual meeting of the temper.

Association, by a vote of two-thirds o The following resolution was adopted :

the members present. Resolved, That Physiology should be

About forty members were enrolled taught in our common schools.

by the Secretary, and the following offi The committee reported, and the con- cers of the Association were elected: vention adopted the following Constitu- N. C. FARNSWORTI!, Sheboygan Falls tion of the Sheboygan county Teachers'

President. Association:

DR. A, B, Cary, Greenbush, V. President

W. E. Cady, Plymouth, Secretary. Art. 1. This Association shall be call. J. F. Moore,

Treasurer. ed the Sheboygan County Teacher's As

DIRECTORS: sociation, and shall have for its object the mutual improvement of its members, and D. J. HOLMES, Sheboygan. the advancement of public education DR. A. B. Cary, Greenbush. through the county and State.

Rev. J. B. Pradt, Sheboygan. ART. 2. The Association shall consist of Mrs. D. J. HOLMES, Teachers, School Officers and Friends of Miss E. E. SHATTUCK, Plymouth. Education, each male member paying fifty cents annually.

Mrs. H. N. Smith, Mrs. D. J. Holmes Honorary members may be elected at any regular meeting, Miss J. F. Clark, Miss S. E. Leach and who may, by the payment of the annual Miss E. Lundegreen were appointed ? fee, become acting members.

Board of Critics. ART. 3. The Officers of this Association shall be a President, a Vice President, a

Mrs. Holmes, Mrs. Smith and Miss Secretary, a Treasurer, and a Board of Clark were appointed a Committee or five Directors, who with the President Resolutions.

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