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should so understand the wants of all as party influences usually at work when to work intelligently in meeting them; political nominations are made, can but who should have a whole heart, and that be regretted by every thinking, sincere warm in the love of education; who lover of education. The wants of our should ever be firm in the right; who, school system are too great to leave the in fine, should be a true man, such that filling of its most important office to such it would not be profane to say of him, chances, and too constant to admit of a "he reflects the image of his Maker;"good officer this term and a poor one one, who with the power given him by next. his knowledge, with zeal inspired by his Conventions of all political parties, in love of human progress, and with purity dividing the chances for office, pay parof purpose drawn from principles within, ticular attention to giving every section could go forth "a workman who necdeth of the State its share. If the members not be ashamed." How and where shall from one section fail to get " their man such a man be found? Will he be found nominated for Governor, their feelings among the wire-working and office-seek- must be conciliated by giving some one ing foam and scum thrown upon the sur- of their number a nomination for some face by the varying winds of politics, and other office. The divisions being made, which receives what of purity it has from the nominations having been given, no the great undisturbed ocean below? Not matter to whom, and all having sworn there. Men with whom so sacred a trust fidelity, except occasionally a disappointwould be safe, are not found urging their ed, fractious one who waits to be whipclaims to office among this wire-working ped into the ranks, they cry "all-wise scourge of our land. Though," with the and ever true are these our candidates;” talents of an angel, a man may be a fool," and the party shout "amen." yet to find men with purity of purpose Now the "amen" may, perchance, be like angels who have not fallen from well given, if by the weaker party, or by their first estate, and still groveling with the stronger, if it has chosen some tried political hucksters, would be a strange men to add strength to waning power.sight indeed! They shrink back with But this case happens only in the revoloathing even at the thought of being lution of parties. placed before the public as candidates

The Superintendency is considered no brought out by such means. Yet custom

more sacred than the other offices, and determines that the office of Superinten- hence is a matter of trade equally with dent shall be thrown into the lottery with

them. other offices, and the people consent to it; even those who in the selection of

If an aspirant to some higher office (?) local Superintendent act so wisely, do

knows a suitable person for Superinten.

dent in the same vicinity with himself, not persist in their opposition to it.Occasionally a man manifest a little op

who is likely to be nominated, he will as

soon engage to lend his influence to seposition, but generally the people are

cure the nomination of any one from anthoughtlessly indifferent, or agree in the

other section, if by thus doing he can se

cure the aid of the other's friends for That the selection of candidates for Su-himself, as he would were his neighbor a perintendent should be subject to all the a candidate for any other office. These



facts of trade will not be denied except at such an act. That he did not degrade by the very sensitive office-seeker who himself, is no praise to the other officers claims for his fellows the purest of mo- and office-seekers. They wanted his intives in looking after the welfare of the fluence; but mistook the man. people. Such, of course, will' deny This might be the result generally; that the will of their party is ever defeat-still it is enough that a political nominaed by them, or that they would sell their tion and election places the Superintenfriends for a nomination. But every dent where he might even be suspected convention where the party feels secure of favoring such schemes; much more by previous success, and frequently when when a party expect it of him. it is otherwise, exhibits a like scene;

But admit him free from all party inwhile the cursings of “ the sold” may yet trigues; as a party man he has been be heard.

elected with more or less political exciteThe uncertainty of suitable nomina

ment, rarely failing to engender at least tions under such circumstances would

coldness of feeling in many, which must seem to be suflicient reason for striking

greatly lessen the good he ought to do.-the Superintendency from the list of po- This is the best view of the case; for, litical offices. But there are other rea

usually, during the excitement, he is deAn officer elected by a party is

famed by one party, and too highly exsupposed to hold party allegiance; he is

tolled by the other. Though his influexpected to be a party man; he is looked upon as such. If he will not put on the his being well slandered by his friends,

ence may not be materially affected by party shackles, he is set upon by the par

yet the defamation heaped upon him by ty guards who leave no means unused to

others, will cause many to look jealously injure his reputation and usefulness. He is expected, like others, to be ready to them as a disinterested man, free from

upon him. He will not be considered by assist in any work that may

be necessary

party influences, working solely for the to the success of its leaders.

cause of Education. A few years since the Superintendent was attending an educational convention

If then, in party nominations for an in a village in our State.

At the same

office which requires such peculiar quali

fications of him who would hold it with time and place there was a convention for the nomination of an important officer, at

honor to himself and profit to the State, which were delegates attended by numer

there is great danger of having candidates ous anxious friends, as well as high func- imposed upon the people unfit for the tionaries and low functionaries on a pil- position, as there certainly is; and if, ir

the election of either of the candidates. grimage from the capital. While the outside workers were using their utmost though the nominations might be good influence to get the unwilling delegates to party connections, party influences, and

the slanders of political enemies, may vote right, the Superintendent was privately asked of as to whether he was fa- prejudice the influence of the elected, as voring the nomination of their man. He

it certainly does, why should not the

course be abandoned ? Precedents wil replied that he was attending an educational convention; that he had nothing

not be urged in so important a matter to do with the matter. He told of the

and the good resulting from its entire sep circumstance, feeling, no doubt, contempt eration from political strife would be to


great to be any longer lost by its contin- where her twin-sister knowledge is neg

lected." Every one, then, engaged in the work

SEND YOUR CHILDREN TO SCHOOL. of Education, should demand that party nominations for this office should be no

Suppose all the people who are now longer made; and every interested friend

mourning over their ignorance, should should demand that it be left free from

come to you and tell you of their losses political strife, that the people may call

and crosses and difficulties, in conseto the discharge of its high functions

quence of a neglect on the part of their those who have proven themselves fully

parents to give them that education of qualified to meet its demands.

which they now stand so much in need. Fond du Lac, Wis.

W. Y. N.

Do you think it would make you more PAY YOUR School Tax Without careful about your own children? GRUMBLING.–George Sumner, of Boston,

Here is a poor woman, who wants words who lately returned from Europe, where to express her pain at not being able to he had spent several years, delivered a read the Bible. Oh! she would give all lecture in New York recently, on the edu- the world if she could only read that cational characteristics of that continent, blessed book. from which we extract the following preg

IIere is a poor laboring man, whose nant paragraph:

mind is dark and unenlightened, and who, “ If there be any moral to the tale I as he sees others enjoying themselves ovhave told, it may be summed up in a few er a volume or newspaper, almost curses words, --Pay your school tax without those who, in his boyhood, neglected his grumbling; it is the cheapest premium schooling. of insurance on your property. You are And so we might enumerate. Do you educating those who are to make laws wish your children to be like them and for yourselves and your children. In like thousands and thousands of others, this State you are educating those who ignorant and debased, debarred of pleaare to elect your judges. Build more sures enjoyed by others, and daily sufferschool-houses, they will spare you the ing, and neglected and despised? Then, building of more jails. Remember that omit in childhood, their education. the experiment of other countries shows Oh! that parents who are neglecting that the development of free and extend the schooling of their children would but ed education has been followed by public consider their responsibilities. It seems and private prosperity; that financial to me that it only needs for one to go success and political tranquility have through our streets, to look into the hovels blessed the lands which have recognized of wretchedness, and to think for one moits importance. Remember that educa- ment that his offspring, through his negtion without freedom is barren in its re- lect, may become such objects as are sults,--that freedom without the educa. therein presented, to stir up every right tion of the moral sentiments soon runs resolve do do his duty to his children. into anarchy and despotism, -—and that Parents, do your children go to school ? liberty, ever vigilant herself, demands If they do not, you are to blame. The ceaseless vigilance in her votaries—liber- law provides for their education. Schools, ty will not linger long in those lands froe schools are open in every part of the G

cou try. To them you can send your and virtue and happiness, or it was said children. To them you should, (if you to be the means by which all these were cannot afford to pay) send them immedi- attained. We are told that every school ately. Will you think of this and act? house rendered one prison less necessary Act right, and you will never regret it. and what we spent to instruct we saved -R. I. Schoolmaster.

in punishing. If by education they in

tend the simple imparting of knowledge From the Newburyport, (Mass.) IIerald.

-and this is all the meaning, common EDUCATION.

sense gives the word-nothing is further "'I insist,” said Daniel Webster, “that from the truth. Intellectual culture may ther is no charity, and can be no chari- be a great curse to an individual or comty, in that system of instruction from munity. It always is, unless accompawhi h Christianity is excluded.” Per- nied by a corresponding amount of morhap: our school committee do not agree

al power. That is the worst condition of with Daniel Webster, and hundreds of a nation when its head shakes its heart, othe,' most mature minds; certainly they for there is no vice or crime that that do n t, if the report they made in rela- | head may not invent, and that may not tion to schools in Ward Sis, published grow in the shade where the heart should

be. yesterday, in which they speak of the

As individual examples, take a power of education to stay vice, expres

Byron or a Bonaparte; as a national exscs their true opinion. It is not a fallacy

ample, look at France before her revoluof theirs alone, however, but generally

tion in the last century! Why, sevenentertained and often declared, and foreights of all the villainy in this world, that reason we notice it. In New Eng- of all the systems of oppression, robbery land education is a hobby that is well and fraud-have originated with the innigh ridden to death. The natural in- tellectual and refined, and all statistics terest that all feel for their children, and show that as education, apart from religwhaterer tends to elevate and improve

ious instruction, has increased in the their children, has made the public often same ratio and even more has crime inliste: to the wildest dreams and the creased. This has been the case here in greatest fallacies from those who would Massachusetts, and we might quote Gov. seek nopular favor by claiming to be the Briggs, Attorney General Clifford, and special friends of public instruction-by others, in support of the assertion. The which they have meant intellectual ele-Mayor of Boston, Biglow, a few years vation-for the old systems which are ago, said, “at the rate which violence denounced looked much more

and crime have recently increased, our

after mor: 1 cultuie than is now deemed advis- jails, like our alms-houses, however caable: indeed it has been thought best, pacious, will be scarcely adequate to the even in this Puritan State of Massachu- imperious requirements of society." And setts to dissever education from relig-without quoting anybody, look at the ion.

great number of more enormous crimes All imaginable good, and escape from that are committed. The jails of Boston all possible evils, have been ascribed and New York are full of murderers all to education. It was not enough that the time. Nor is it true, as we are often "learning was power,” but it was riches told, that these persons are all of the low

and ignorant.

Look over a list of the


3 - 10



0 66 8


swindlers, forgers, and even murderers, thirty years, crime would have diminand you

find a good proportion from the ished instead of increased 400 per cent." professions, the clergy, physicians and

The same facts appear in Scotland, lawyers—and what are not found there, where crime has increased forty fold, the railroad offices, banks and stores can while the population has not doubled supply.

once. In Prussia, where every child is We have no tables by us showing the forced by law to go to school, there is proportion of the educated and uneduca- fifteen times more crime than in France, ted among our criminals; and it would where two-thirds of the inhabitants can not show truly if we had, for the igno- neither read nor write; and a comparirant are most likely to get caught; but son of some portions of the world might the Chaplain of the Auburn State Pris- show a like condition of things. on, New York, recently gave a list as If these things be so, is education an follows:

evil? They would not prove that learnEducated. Uneducated. ing in itself was a bad thing, but in bad Murder,

4 hands it may be. A razor in the hands Manslaughter, Incest,


of an infant is not more dangerous than is

1 Sodomy,

intellectual power to moral infants. It is Grand Larceny,


better that a child should never know than Passing countefeit money Forgery,


3 to know only to do evil. What is needed What is true there is true otherwheres. is the drawing out of all the powers of A London paper lately uttered this truth: body, will and intellect—an education a"It is moral ignorance that makes men

bout which the world do not seem at this socially and politically dangerous, and age to be solicitous, but by hoping for hapnot a want of mental culture.” So says piness, as Eve did in the garden, from the the history of England, where so much tree of knowledge, believing thereby that has been done within the last century to they will become as gods—they are ininstruct the masses—but where crime deed deformed monsters—ill-shaped, unhas increased eight fold, where the popu- sightly, devilish in desires as in spiritual lation has only doubled.


If in heaven there is a A distinguished officer in the city gov

true idea of symmetry of soul, the angels ernment of London remarked, in a com

must weep over those born into the other munication published in the Times :

life with some faculties distended and

others warped, as we would over child"In 1814, the report of the National

ren that were born here with monstrous Society states there were 100,000 child

heads and small bodies, or with arms ren receiving the benefit of education.Now there are above 1,000,000 under twice too long, and legs twice too short. that excellent institution, besides the tens Give to your boys and girls that trainof thousands and hundreds of thousands ing that a republican and christian peowho are receiving education under the ple need—first in the use of hands, that auspices of the Lancaster schools. No every one may be industrious and do man, therefore, can say that the increase something useful for their support—it is of crime is attributable to the absence of as necessary to know how to do as how education. If it were so, with education to think; next in the development of increased 800 per cent. during the last mind, not by the hot-bed system, but by

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