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[For the Journal of Education.
mense educational fund of the State EDUCATION IN ALABAMA. might be of use to its children.
The well known policy of devoting in every
township the section numbered sixteen, Alabama is a noble land. The story obtained here as in many other states ;-of its name has something of a classic but instead of keeping its proceeds a genturn, for it is related that when a wcary |eral fund, the state divided it at once company of travelers, driven far from
among the people where it had been lotheir native forests, had found its bor- cated. Now the difference in the value ders in the years beyond man's memory, of lands is so great that while, in some so beautiful was the secne which greeted instances, according to the State Supertheir chieftain's glance, he struck his intendent, a county has a hundrel thouspear upon the earth with the exclama- sand dollars from its educational fund, in tion, “ Ala bama,”_"Ilere we rest!"
another the sum total of the share is just To that little band it was of more impor- ninety-three cents!
A pretty school tance than in the parallel case of anti-that would support! It is well for the quity when Archimedes, warm with the state that in Mr. Perry a faithful oficer generous glow of a new thought, rushed has been found to act as Superintendent forth with “Eureka,” trembling upon of Public Instruction. A man better lips.
suited for the duties than he, is rarely to Alabama is noble in many respects.- be met. In her cotton trade, she leads the world.
The sources of the educational fund In her minerals she is rich. In all the
may be enumerated as follows: essentials which render a nation great 1. The annual interest, at eight per ard happy, she finds no lack. The edu- cent., on the surplus revenue deposited cation of her sons and daughters, too, is with the state in 1836. looked after with care equal to any in
2. The interest on the proceeds of the the United States. The College and the extra lands granted from the United University are found, as well as the Acad- States in 1818. emies, High Schools and Public Schools.
3. The interest at six per cent on sales Her Female Institutions are second to
of sixteenth sections. Alabama is awakening to a sense of her capacities and is developing her Treasury of a sum not exceeding one
4. An appropriation from the State resources with extraordinary, rapidity.- hundred thousand dollars. Railroads are doing their work in bring
5. Escheats to the State. ing men ncarer cach other, and as men
0. Banks and Insurance Companies know each other better they do not fail
pay annually one hundred dollars on erto love each other more. It is false
hundred thousand of their capital; knowledge which causes difficulty be
the same of Railroad Companies, after tween man and man. The true-remov
having declared a dividend, ing that which seems and showing that
7. A tax on Foreign Banks and Exwhich is-doth ever help man on to
change Companies of one hundred dolhigher perception of the worth and the
lars; and every agency of Insurance grandeur of the human soul.
Companies pays one per cent on profits. Within the last few years a movement
These constitute the principal sources has been inaugurated by which the im- of the fund, which amounts to more than
twenty-five hundred thousand dollars;--, nears the better land. To such a a fund which is hardly equalled in any'the reward cones, if life be sparel, eren cther state, when we take into conside, here, in a suflicient salary. If the inner ration relative age and po; ulation.- growth be strons, the world will find it lleretofore little b:s been affected for 01*, ard ail in the outer development.common schools, lut within three orl lnderpaid as we are, there is yet a highfour years past ener, ctie supervision has er work for us than to uhine about low accomplished much is relucing a chaotic salaries. Let us sow more, and in due mass to order, and row the motive powr- time we shall reap if we faint not. er is nearly ready to be applied. The We had intended to notice a project results must be auspicious, for when a which is proposed for a Common School great state is aroused in such a work, system in Mississippi, and also to notice History recognizes no such word as fail. the formation of a State Educational As
One of the greatest difficulties to be sociation recently, but time forbids. We encoumtered now is the want of qualified will perhaps speak further of these matteachers. Plenty can be found " every ters in a future communication, In the day from nine till four, teaching a little meantime, permit us to mention the learning to the little boys," as Dickens pleasure we receive, as monthly come the has it; but the Couniy Superintendents'risits of the Journal of Education, conuniversally complain of the extremely kuctal hy the teachers of Wisconsin.limited education of those who come be. We love to hear the sounds of inanly fore them for examination. If they re-strife from the broad plains of that fafuse certificates to the unqualified, two-vorite land. We remember well the thirds of the common schools would be free breath we drew as we traveled orer vacant, and the people have not yet her boundless prairies and anticipated learned that “it is better to have no the carnest days that seem now to have school than to have a poor one." We come-when men and women should hope it will be a long time before they do consecrate their thoughts and their lives learn that, though enthusiastic teachers in the great profession of our choice. entrancing large Associations sometimes
By the way, Mr. Editor. you gircus declare it as an unquestionable truth.— much food for thought respecting the Our only method is, then, to grant certi- Public Schools. Will yon favor your ficates to the best we can get, and cheer
readers by requesting somebody to prethem on, develop, encourage, restrain
pare an article on Female Education, inand make them better by advice and cluding a sketch of Female Institutions, sympatlıy. It is a matter of surprise how they are conducted, how many there how rapidly teachers grow when well
arc, what they do, and how they do it. cared for, even by one man. Much is said now-a-days of raising salaries, as if that would produce men.
Julson Female Institute,
Marion, Ala., July 28.
All things both great and small; grows from within, toiling, enduring
For the dear God who loveth us, and hoping, he develops his own nature, He made and loveth all. and becomes nobler day by day as hel
A. J. C.
For the Journal of Education.
(For the Journal of Education.
employed, and they pay one $1,50, and NOTES BY THE WAY.
the other $5 a week, and board them.This is as it should be, and it will en
courage teachers to fit themselves for IIoricon, Dodge Co.
their business, that they may not only ED. JOURNAL:-One of the best eri
demand, but earn an increased compendences of an increasing interest in educa
sation, tional matters, on the part of the people of our state, is seen in the beautiful and commodious structures rising all over
TEJIPLE OF LIBERTY. the land, devoted to the instruction of our children. The citizens of this beautiful
Riding along the other day in the town village are wide-awake, and have com- of Aztalan, Jefferson county, my attention menced the erection of a Union School was drawn to a neat brick building, House 41x61 feet, and three stories high, standing a few rods in advance by the including the basement. The basement roadside. As it was surmounted by a is to be 8, and the other stories 14 feet cupola, or bell tower, I supposed at first in the clear from floor to ceiling. It is that it was a small church; but, upon arto be built of brick, and will cost, when riving in front of it, I discovered the folfinished about eight or nine thousand lowing inscription cut in stone, and indollars. The site is an excellent one, serted in the wall a feir feet above the being on an elevation overlooking the entrance—"TEXTLE OF LIBERTY. Dise village and surrounding country, in full trict No. 6.” It was a school house. As view of the Milwaukee and La Crosse I rode along, I kept repeating to myself, Railroad, and about 60 rods south of the - Temple of Liberty"-"Temple of Libdepot. It was designed by Mr. Mygatt, crty"; and many an hour since has that of Milwaukee, and is to be finished with simple inscription furnished me food for the latest and most approved furniture.- thought. One day, when considering the It is to be finished by the first of January subject, I found myself ta'king aloud, and '37, and when tinished, and a good corps a listener might have heared something of teachers secured, this village will not like what follows: “Yes, it is a “Tembe behind any in the State in regard to ple of Liberty'; for while freedom is the educational adrantages.
birthright of every human soul, here all Another evidence of an awakening in- may secure instruction—may freely parterest in the cause of education is the in- take of that nourishment which develops creased remuneration given to teachers. the intellect and the heart, and gives disNot many years since, 12 shillings a week nity to manhood and womanlıood. On was considered good wages for a female this altar any one may offer sacrifice.teacher in a country district school. In The Jew and the Gentile, the Pagan and several districts which I have visited dur- the Christian, the black and the white, ing the present summer, they pay their the rich and the poor, every race and nateacher $5 a weck, without board; and, tion, and kindred, and tongue, may bow in the village of Mayville, in this county, together and adore the goodness and lethey give $6 a week, the teacher board- neficence of God our Father, developed ing herself. In the village of Lake Mills, in our institutions. Here the children of Jefferson county, they have two teachers parents who may be estranged or enemics
to eatlı other, are brought together and ing the financial condition of the Univertaught to forget family feuds. Here sec- sity. tarianism, Religion's bane and Truth's Messrs. BALLARD, Dury, West and deadly foe, can find no lodgment in minds Yocou addressed the meeting. emulcus for distinction, and eager in the The following ressolutions were then pursuit of knowledge, or in hearts from offered: which confidence and affection instinc 1. Resolred, That we have the utmost tively flow. Here the artificial distinc confidence in the competency and ability
of the present Faculty of Lawrence Unitions of society—the frost-work which versity, and that we congratulate them on encrusts the cold and proud-disappears, the eminent success of their untiring cfmelted by the warm glow of generous forts to promote the progress of their puimpulses, rising in hearts uncontaminated Pilsand the welfare of the University,
and to raise the standard of education. by the selfish policy of a calculating, mo 2. Ritsolecił, That we deeply regret ney-getting world. When partizan strife that any circumstances should have arisand sectional animosity shall attempt to en, rendering it necessary that a portion
of the fund provided for the support of shake the pillars of our Constitution, and the Faculty should be used for the comundermine the foundation of our govern- pletion of the College Building. ment, from these temples, scattered all 3. Resolrud, That the present Fund of over our land, shall go out an influence the University is not commensurate with swift to rebuke disaffection and intrigue, our obligation to do our part towards ma
its growing wants, and that recognizing mighty to reform and save."
king Lawrence University the first and Yes, it is a “Temple of Liberty," and
best Institution of the kind, not only in
the State, but in the west, we the people it will be a happy day for our country of Appleton and vicinity do hereby when parents and teachers shall under- pledge owselves to raise and secure a stand the significance of that inscription, fund equal to $10,000, which shall yield and endeavor to realize the full measure
an annual income of at least ten per cent.,
for the purpose of endowing an additional of benefit flowing from the right educa- professorship; provided, that a fund of tion of the whole people.
not less than $20,000 ---with a proporPalmyra, August, 1856.
tionate income, one half of which shall be dedicated to a like purpose, shall be
raised from abroad. LAWRENCE UNIVERSITY.
4. Resolved, That the proceedings be published in the papers at Appleton, and by other Editors favoralle to the
institution, Pursuant to previous call of a Commit
And were separately read and adopted tee appointed by the trustees of the Law- after full discussion, in which Messrs, rence University, for the purpose of taking Conkey, Eaton, J. M. Phinney, Jackson, into consideration the financial interests McDonald, Yocum, Baker, Bateman, and of the institution, a large number of the others took part. After which the meetbusiness men of Appleton and vicinity
ing adjourned. Cias. AIKEN, Ch'n. assembled in the College on Wednesday
FRED. PACKARD, Secretary. evening, August 13th.
CHARLES AIKEN, Esq., was chosen Chairman, and F. PICKARD, Secretary.
What are a nation's possessions?
The great words that have been said in Mev. Mr. JENNE, the Agent of the Uni- it--the great deeds that have been done versity, read a detailed statement, show- in it.
A. J. C.
[For the Journal of Education.
is a wide field open for pleasant and useMATHEMATICAL STUDIES AND THE ful employment-one which seems to us FINE ARTS, AS BRANCHES OF WO- quite as well adapted to the tastes and inN'S EDUCATION,
clinations of woman as handling the
sculptor's chisel. Her compensation has, In the definition of the rord "Iluca
in times past, it is true, been far less than tion,” we would not differ essentially from the real value of the labor performed. — the one given in the last No.-"That which But, in this respect, we hope for a brightpreparcs one for usefulness and happiness
er future. Her education his hitherto in his or her spliere of life.” But, with been very superficial. She has not been regard to what constitutes the truc sphere taught to think and reason correctly; of woman, our views do not exactly co- some have been almost tempted to believe incide with those which have been ex- that she does not, and cannot, possess the pressell
. To us, she seems pre-eminent- strength of mind so necessary for a teachily adapted to the station of a teacher.
er of the higher branches. But she has Her gentle, affectionate inanners win the
never been placed in circumstances fahearts of the little ones; while her pa- vorable to mentul development. Look, tient, unassuming kindness and cheerful
for a moment, at the course of education tones bring hone to cider ninds, and new
which custom las, with questioned light to the troubled intellect. 'Tis hers
power, marked out for girls. “The eleto make the first impressions upon the
mentary branches of an English odlucopostimini of youth-—" q0 $x lo merei. tion-the mere zuvdiments of science, radiI but will see to retain." From the ting
ske, painting, and a little French." This when she first assumes the "foul, yet
may be all that they are able to accomfearful, task to rule o'er the opening mind
ulish in the short time aliottel them for in the village scirou?," through the lure,
study--for they are withdrawn from la pears, when lisping inlocuire dirse school about the time that young men calis humana," till groups 067 rom, crter collire. Is it strange that they 12 children--or, sul later, ruk/
have not evincerl vonderiui matematiyouths and laughter-levisia mairiens sur"
cal and scienti ir juweis? rund the parental boa-'Us hers to
"Yct lives tl.cre many a losiy mind, ir: 105 won the soul the thouslit of its
In light and fragile foila enshrinel"; own home scrilato prepare it for usefulne shiró, 2:21 point it word to bright- for, despite all the col-tacles, the names er res above.
of Mrs Summersille ani Haral More It is an ilmoitt, 1.12, that female.
prie attuned distinction in this line; and Culas tu LT; eľ 820:? Pro; anx', our worthy friend will lease noi to forWC no Gool reason why they may not, it that it is the name of one of those with ceral propeziety, if 21, 14ly out, who “letext those us anstretretiner; ho here alsamico form the
tiors of literati :," ili has stood - Milojence.” The plas has lean
the liighest in ou Geometry class for the trici, anl we think with good success.
last halt year; and, if we mistake not, In one of our best New England Colleges, the same is true with regard to the first a laris-wife of one of the Professors Algebra and Arithmetic classes. had, for years, regular recitations for the
We hardly need mention the ohjection, several classes in College. llere, truly, Ithat girls should not study Mathematics,