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WISCONSIN STATE TEACHERS' ASSO- tion of the time. The Principal of the High CIATION.

School Department is placed at the head of the teaching forces, and co-operates with the Eu.

perintendent in supervising all the departments In the last Journal, we gave notice of the Our teachers are employed five days in each Fourth Annual meeting of the Wis. State Teach-week for forty weeks of the year, in their sev.

eral rooms in teaching, and on every Saturday ers' Association, to be held at Beloit on Wed- foreboon of term time, they are required to nesday, the 20th inst. Arrangements, we un- meet in a teacher's meeting and spend two derstand, are made with the different Railroad hours in mutual improvement, and in devising Cerpanies of the State to carry those attend. ways and means by which to promote the best

interests of their pupils. The Principal has ing the Convention for balf-fare. We are in-charge of these meetings, and the absence of a formed that the people of Beloit will welcome teacher from them, unless previously excused, 2H who may attend. We would again urge up

without unavoidable cause, is regarded as va

cating his position. on all Teachers and other friends of Education,

The several departments are so graded that in the State, the necessity of a full and prompt we take the child lisping his a b c, and advance attendance.

him by successive steps until he is qualified for The Session will commence at 10 o'clock A. college or for entrance upon the business of

life. Both sexes are allowed to pursue the M., Aug. 20th. J. L. Pickard, President of the same course, and are associated together in the Convention, will deliver the opening Address. same room and class. D. Y. Kilgore, of Madison, will read a paper on

During the past year there have been con

nected with the several departments, one thouThe Nature of a Good Education.” W. Van-sand eight hundred and ninety-four different Ness will read a paper on

The disconnection pupils. In attainments, i bese have ranged of the Superintendency and Politics.” N. G. Har- from the place where mental development bevey will address the Association on “ The pres- classics and the higher branches of English

gins, up to the advanced scholar pursuing the ent state of Education in Wisconsin.” A. C. science. Tbose sufficiently advanced are thorSpicer will read a paper. Dr. Adams, of Illi- oughly drilled in declamation and composition. nois College, will address the Association in Indeed, throughout the whole course, great at

tention is given to develop the power of exthe evening. Besides the regular Addresses, pression, that pupils may be able to enunciate there will be reports and discussions of impor- audibly and intelligently what they may bave

acquired, and thereby be enabled to hold agree

able and profitable intercourse with men.The meeting promises to be the most inter- Already, though our present system has been in esting over held by the Association, and we operation less than three years, many of our hope to see a large attendance from our own

pupils have made pleasing advancement and and other States.

disclose many traits of the true scholar.

The citizens of Racine have, from the first,

manifested commendable zeal and liberality in For the Journal of Education. behalf of our schools. They have invested over THE PUBLIC SCHOOLS OF RACINE. $30,000 in permanent school buildings and

their fixtures, having during the past year It may not be entirely amiss to say something erected three new and commodious brick build. of the Public Schools of our city in the Jourings which, together with the one previously nal. If by so doing, other schools in the State built, are ornaments to our city and will be shall be benefited, the end for which it was eg. sources of untold good to our children. Some tablished will be subserved.

$12,000 are annually expended to keep the car The entire city is embraced in one school ar- which we have freighted in motion, which sum, rangement upon the consolidated and graded excepting our apportionment from the State, is system. The officers having the educational most cheerfully placed at the disposal of the interests in charge are, a City Superintendent Board by those who hold the property of our and ten Commissioners, two from each ward, city. Scarcely a day passes when some of them who, together, constitute a Board of Education are not seen within our school rooms, listening for the city. The Superintendent is the execu

with delight to the recitations of their children. tive officer of the Board and has more immedi- And “our Public Schools" has become to them ate care of the schools.

as a watch-word to which a cordial response is Thus far we have had in operation ten de-always given. partments--one High School, two Intermediate If the past is any criterion by wbich to judge and seven Primary Departments,

In these of the future, we may predict for our city cat there were employed, during the past year, fif- prosperity in its educational interests. teen teachers, all of the time, and three a por-|

kacine, July, 1856.

tance.

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SPECIAL NOTICE.

12.-MUSIC. The Executive Committee of the Wisconsin

13.-_" Hidden l'oes.—T. HARROLD EDTeachers' Association are requested to meet at DOWE8, Galena, Ill.- Senior Class. the Bushnell House, Beloit, on Tuesday, Au

14.- Composition. The Press," - MARTIA gust 19th, at 7 P. J. Other active friends of A. Brooks, Platteville-Junior Class. education are invited to be present. The fol

15,4" Yankee Characteristics,"_GEORGE lowing are the names of the Executive Com- H. Rorytree, Platteville,-- Junior Class.

mittee A. J. Craig, A. C. Spicer, E. B. Good 17.- Composition, “ Claims of Art upon Wo| rich, M. P. Kinney, J. L. Pickard, D. Y. Kil- man,”—FANNY Greene, Platteville-Drawing | gore, Jno. G. McMynn.

Class.

17.--MUSIC. ITEMS.

18.-Composition, He hath made everything

beautiful in its Time,"—ELEANOR M. WOOD, TRE decennial exercises of Platteville Acad- Platteville.- Middle Class. emy, celebrated on the 10th ult., were of an 19.-" A Nation's dependence on her Schools" unusually interesting character. During the -ALFRED A. Fitch, Blake's Prairie-Junior past year the Academy has been prosperous, as Class.

20.--MUSIC. the following summary will show :

CLASSICAL DEPARTMENT. Senior Class,

12

21.-" The sailing of a Cloud hath ProviJunior Class,

20

dence for its Pilot,”—MARY B. PATTERSON, Modern Languages,

17-49

Platteville.
ENGLISH DEPARTMENT.

22.—“ Death is but another name for Life,', Senior Class,

2 MARTHA E. TRACY, Blake's Prairie. Middle Class,

44

23.-MUSIC. Junior Class,

130-176

24.- Valedictory,-W. L. BRAY, Elk Grove.

225 -Class of '54. Deduct twice counted,

19

25.--MUSIC.

GRADUATING CLASS.

206

Total,

On the morning of the4th of July, the people The following was the Order of Exercises at

of Kenosha celebrated the laying of the corner the close of the last term :

stone of a new school edifice. At 8 o'clock, the PRAYER.

School Officers, Teachers and Scholars, assemMUSIC.

bled at the High School building, and moved 3.- Salutatory in Latin-Rufus E. Sew

in procession to the site of the new school buildALL, Shreveport, La.-- Senior Class.

ing. 4.-“ Common Sense best"-ORVILLE STRONG,

Addresses were made by Rev. J. Gridley, Highland. - Junior Class.

City Supt.; Judge Jilsun, President of the 5.-Composition, “ Music more powerful than Board of Education; Gen. M. Frank, and Rev. Law,"-Laura G. Rountree, Platteville-Mr. Matoon. We hear the speeches spoken of Music Class.

6.-" The head worth more than the Hat.- in high terms, as being pertinent, brilliant and CHARLES PROCTOR, Scales' Mound, Ill.-Mid- eloquent. dle Class.

In the corner stone was deposited a leaden 7.-MUSIC.

box containing an account of the Free School 8.--Composition, History of a School Desk" system of Wisconsin, copies of several newspa

IS ABELLA F. Hill, Boston, Mass.-Junior pers and the Wisconsin Journal of Education. Clasa.

Interest was added to the occasion by fine 9.-" The occasion makes the Orator."-J. HARRIE METEER, Moorfield, Ky.-Philozætean vocal music, under the direction of Mr. Stone. Society.

The house will stand on the north end of the 10.-Composition, "Life is Action," -Mary lot at present occupied by the High School GREENE, Platteville,-Junior Class.

11.-Composition, Suspicious Man a Sen-/bnilding, and is designed to accommodate the tine,”—P. IRENE VIRGIN, Platteville,Junior Primary and Intermediate Departments of the Class.

Union School.

WACWATOBA EDUCATIONAL SOCIETY.-We

BOOK TABLE. are gratified to learn from C. W. Damon, Secretary of the Society, that the meetings are well attended, and that the interest is increasing. PHYSICAL GEOGRAPHY,-By D. M. WARThe teachers of Wauwatosa deserve much credit Rex.—This treatise, just published, we regard for the effort they are making to awaken an as eminently worthy the attention of Teachers. interest in education, and we wish them pros- The necessity of studying this subject is quite perity in their undertaking. Their example is generally felt, and from a somewhat careful erworthy of imitation by the teachers of every amination of this work, we feel sure it will town in our State.

commend itself to those who will judge for

themselves. AMERICAN INSTITUTE OF INSTRUCTION.

The arrangement, which is a matter of great The 37th Annual Meeting will be held in Springfield, commencing on Tuesday, August think are unsurpassed.

importance, is admirable, while the maps we 10th, at 2 o'clock, P. M. Among the lecturers

A class in Physical Geography should be are, Rev. Dr. Walker, President of Harvard

formed in every school. Were a small part of University, Cambridge; Professor Havens, of

the time annually wasted in studying the dry Amherst College; John Knceland, Esq., Rox

details of descriptive geography, devoted to the bury, Mass.; lIon. George S. Boutwell, Secre

natural features of the earth, an interest would tary of Board of Education, Mass ; Hon. S. S. be awakened, which would strongly contrast Randall, Superintendent of Schools, New York with the indifference so generally noticeable in City. Papers will be read by Professor Wil

connection with recitations in Geography. Let liam Russell, of Lancaster, Mass. ; Thomas

us first teach the child what the Earth is, as Sherwin, of Boston; and Professor J. J. Lin. God made it, and then teach him what man has coln, of Brown University.

done upon it. By the way, it has occurred to MILWAUKEE FEMALE COLLEGE.-The Cold us that a book prepared for our Country Schools, legiate year of this Institution closed on the embracing a portion of Physical. Descriptive

and Commercial Geography, would supply a 23d ult. Two daya were devoted to examina

want felt by many teachers. The ability which tion. Røv. W. S. Huggins, of Kalamazoo, Mich., the author of the above work has exhibited,

shows him to possess the necessary qualificadelivered an address before the Alumni. Hlin

tions for such a task. Will he think of this theme was, The social life of the Educated

matter ?--Published by H. Cowperthwaite & Woman."

Co., Philadelphia. Rev. Dr. Chapin delivered the Commencement Addross. His subject was,

The true Sphere of Woman, and the demands it makes

TJE Rhode Island Schoolmaster" for July, for Woman's Education.

is as full as usual of interesting educational

matter. It is one of the best Educational Rev. A. G. Hibbard, is about to take charge Journals we receive, and we wish it just what of Salem Academy, Kenosha County.

it deserves-unexampled success. The late Hon. Ben. C. Eastman, bequeathed

BARNARD'S “ American Journal of Educahis Library, containing over 700 volumes, to Platteville Academy.

tion."- This is the great educational publice

tion of this country. In it we have contribuBy the Fourteenth Annual Report of the tions from the best educational writers of the City of New York, it appears there are in the land, and the results of the experience of the city, 271 schools, in which are taught 137,874 best educators in the world. We can only say pupils, at a cost of about 918,000.

that it is all and more than it professes to be.

Terms-$300 a year—2 vols. of 600 pages We are informed that the people of Horicon cach. Address “ American Journal of Educaare about building a new School House.

tion," Hartford, Conn.

JOURNAL OF EDUCATION.

VOLUME 1.-SEPTEMBER, 1856.-NUMBER VII.

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For the Journal of Education. in its progress, and mark accurately creGOVERNMENT IN SCHOOLS. ry shade and indentation of character as

it left its impress upon the soul, until it

has been shaped and moulded to its perBY REV. 0. 0. STEARNS, OF RACINE.

manent form, rigid and unimpressible;

having taken upon itself the type which T is often said, that the powers and ca- it shall bear throughout its unending ex

pacities of the human mind are won- istence--nothing, I apprehend, would so derful. The truth of this remark no one astonish and amaze us. No demonstraprobably will doubt,—while it remains a tions of science—no discovery of natural fact, that very few have any just or ade- laws, however latent and mysterious in quate conceptions, either of the marvel- their operations they might be, -no spelous powers of the human intellect, or of cimen of the arts, however ingeniously the means by which they are developed and perfectly modeled—would so excite and directed. In the beginning it is lit- our adnjiration, or arouse our wonder and tle, if any thing, besides a store-house of astonishment. One such investigation, susceptibilities and emotions. Of actual thoroughly prosecuted, and its results power, it seems entirely destitute. It can published to the world, would entirely neither devise por execute. It has not revolutionize our views and feelings on power even to control and guide the mus- the subject of education ;-would invest cles and limbs of the body in which it it with a dignity and importance which resides. Still, it is even then the most has not yet been conceded to it, and mark wonderful object which we can contem- a new era, not only in intellectual philosplate. There is a delicateness about it-ophy, but in the modes and systems of an impressibleness which is perfectly as- mental training. It would reveal to us toni:ling. If we were able to trace ac- an extreme delicateness in mental suscepcurately the history of any ono human tibilities--a capability of being moulded mind from its beginning, through its va- and shaded by external influences, and a rious stages of developmentif begin power of retaining and working up into nin, rith that pure and polished surface the character all those impressions which which first came from the hands of the it receives from without, which would at Creator, we could follow it, step by step, 'once startle and alarm us, and cause us

194

WISCONSIN JOURNAL OF EDUCATION. to exclaim with the inspired writer, "I lute. The authority of the parent over am fearfully and wonderfully made." his child must be of this nature, or there There would be seen to be such a close can be no well-regulated domestic disciconnexion between the circumstices and pline, and consequently no certain home influences which have been brought to and fire-sile joys. If the manzrement bear upon the mind in its early training, and discipline of a family may be broken and its mature developments of character up and interfered with by the caprice of in after life, that no man would venture the meddlesome and croaking in the comto touch it without the profoundest sense munity,--if every family discord and doof responsibility, and the most scrupu- mestic difference must be adjusted by a lous care.

| reference to outside and uninterestetl parAnd, perhaps, in no one particular is ties, there is an end to all domesti' peace an impress left upon the mind for good and neighborhood quiet. And yet, it is or for evil, in the process of training, fit that there should be a limit fixed-an more permanently than in those influences authority above the authority of the huswhich are brought to bear upon it in gov- band and father, to which he should be crning and directing it. It is to this top- held responsible for the exercise of the ic that we wish now particularly to direct power entrusted to his hands. Otherattention.

wise he might abuse his power, and those Government always implies the right placed under him might be subje te'l to of authority on the one hand, and the a tyranny and oppression wicked and unduty of obedience on the other. We endurable. So the authority of a teachpropose to inquire into the nature of the er over his pupils must be absolute and authority which a teacher has over his irresponsible, within certain limits. Tie pupil, and the manner of its exercise, to- must be presumed to understand what gether with the end it is designed to se regulations are needful and best, not only

for the whole of his pupils, taken as a All human authority is delegated. — body, but for each individual of them.-God only possesses in himself, and, by It is for the teacher, and not for the punecessity, the right of absolute control pils, or their parents, to say what rules over his creatures. This statement is are to be observed, in order that the disfundamental in any discussion involving cipline of the school may be best mainthe right of any human being to control tained, and its studies most successfully and direct another in any way. There is prosecuted. Within certain and specino irresponsible power but that which is lied limits, the teacher, and the teacher found in the Creator himself

. The right alone, is qualified to make rules and reguof the parent to govern his own child, lations for his school. And, it is just as comes from him. The authority of the absurd and irrational to suppose that pacivil magistrate is delegated from him, rents have a right to interfere and deand to him, therefore, he is held respon- mand tirat those rules should be changed sible. Among human beings there is no

or relaxed in their application to their absolute or irresponsible authority. All children, as it is to imagine that each are subjects, if not to their fellow men, neighbor has a right to interfere with the really and certainly to their Maker. And domestic discipline of every other family yet, all authority within the limits of its in his neighborhood. There is, and should legitimate exercise is necessarily abso

cure.

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