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Begums, the East India Company suspect them of rebellion,
iv. 56. Plundered by order of Mr. Hastings, 70. Pre-
tence for seizing their treasures, xv. 417.
Benares, the capital of the Indian religion, iv. 59. 68. Devas-
tation of the province during Mr. Hastings's govern-
ment, xv. 248. xvi. 190. Projected sale of it to the
Nabob of Oude, xv. 134. Nature of the Rajah's autho-
rity, 108. Imprisoned by Mr. Hastings's order, 160.
Benfield, Paul, his character and conduct, iv. 302.
Bengal, extent and condition of, iv. 84. Nature of the go-
vernment exercised there by Mr. Hastings, xvi. 174, 5.
Conquest of it by the Emperor Akber, xiii. 82. Era
of the independent soubahs, 83. Era of the British.
empire there, 84.
Bengal Club, observations on it, vii. 20.
Bidjigur, fortress of, taken by order of Mr. Hastings, xv. 175.
Biron, Duchess of, murdered by the French regicides, ix. 40.
Bitterness, in description, a source of the sublime, i. 199.
Blackness, effects of, i. 281.
Boadicea, her character and conduct, x. 213.
Boileau, his criticism on a tale in Ariosto, x. 158.
Bolingbroke, Lord, animadversions on his philosophy, i. 3.
Some characters of his style, 8. A presumptuous and
superficial writer, v. 232. A remark of his on the supe-
riority of a monarchy over other forms of government,
Boulogne, fortress of, surrendered to
portance of it to England, ibid.
engages in the Crusade, x. 424.
Bovines, victory of, important advantages of it to France,
Borrower, the publick, and the private lender not adverse par-
ties with contending interests, viii. 355.
France, viii. 41. Im-
Godfrey of Boulogne
Brabançons, mercenary troops in the time of Henry II. their
character, x. 482.
Preface to his
Bribing, by means of it, rather than by being bribed, wicked
politicians bring ruin on mankind, iv. 315.
Brissot, his character and conduct, vii. 77.
address to his constituents, vii. 297.
Britain, invasion of by Cæsar, x. 173.
Account of its an-
cient inhabitants, 179. Invaded by Claudius, 205. Re-
duced by Ostorius Scapula, 206. Finally subdued by
Julius Agricola, 215. Why not sooner conquered, 219.
Nature of the government settled there by the Romans,
223. First introduction of Christianity, 242 Deserted
by the Romans, 244-6. Entry and settlement of the
Saxons, and their conversion to Christianity, 248.-
Carnatic, the, extent and condition of the country, iv. 78.
262-6. Dreadful devastation of it by Hyder Ali Khan,
Caste, consequence of losing it in India, xiii. 328.
Castile, different from Catalonia and Arragon, vii. 39.
Castles, great numbers of them built in the reign of Stephen,
Casuistry, origin and requisites of, vi. 208. Danger of pur-
suing it too far, ibid.
Catholicks, letter to an Irish peer on the penal laws against
them, vi. 271.
Celsus, his opinion that internal remedies were not of early
use, proved to be erroneous, x. 196.
Cerealis, extract from his fine speech to the Gauls, vi. 335.
Change and Reformation, difference between them, viii. 19.
Charles I. defended himself on the practice of his prede-
cessors, iii. 246. His illjudged attempt to establish the
rites of the church of England in Scotland, x. 7, 8.
Charles II. obliged, by the sense of the nation, to abandon the
Dutch war, iii. 173. Brief character of him, vi, 45, 6.
His government contrasted with that of Cromwell, vii. 196.
Charles XII. of Sweden, parallel between him and Richard I.
of England, x 502.
Characters of others, principles which interest us in them,
Charity, observations on, vii. 391. The magistrate must not
interfere with it, ibid.
Charters, are kept when their purposes are maintained, iv.
Chatham, Lord, his character, ii.419. His administration, ii. 3.
Cheit Sing, Rajah of Benares, nature of his authority, iv. 60.
xv. 108. Imprisoned by order of Mr. Hastings, 157.
Cheselden, Mr. his story of a boy who was couched for a cata-
ract, i. 278.
Chester, the county palatine of, oppressed until the reign of
Henry VIII. iii. 87.
Chesterfield, Lord, his conduct (when Lord Lieutenant of Ire-
land) with respect to the Roman Catholicks, vi. 291.
Christendom, the several states of it have all been formed
slowly and without any unity of design, viii. 251.
Christianity, original introduction of, into Britain, x. 242.
Church, the, has power to alter her rites and discipline, x. 5, 6.
Church Establishment in England, observations on it, v. 190-6.
Eulogy on it, ix. 438. x. 37, 38. 59-61. Education of
its clergy contrasted with that of the Roman Catholick
clergy, vi. 286. Convocation of the clergy a part of the
Common Pleas, court of, its origin, x. 539.
Commons, the House of, observations on its nature and charac-
ter, ii. 288. v. 96, 7. What qualities recommend a man
to a seat in it, in popular elections, ii. 294. Ought to be
connected with the people, 307. Has a character of
its own, 424. Duty of the members to their consti-
tuents, iii. 18.
A council to advise, as well as an accu-
ser to criminate, iv. 151. Can never control other parts
of the government unless the members themselves are
controlled by their constituents, ii. 302. Duty of a
member to his constituents, iii. 18-22. General obser-
vations on the character and duties of it, ii. 287. iv. 140-
159. Concise view of its proceedings on the East India
question, 160-181. Cannot renounce its share of autho-
rity, v. 57. In legal construction the sense of the people
of England is to be collected from it, iv. 141, 2. The
most powerful and most corruptible part of the British
constitution, x. 65. A superintendence over the pro-
ceedings of the courts of justice, one of its principal
Commonwealths, not subject to the laws that determine the
duration of individuals, vii. 366. viii. 78, 9.
Communes, in France, their origin and nature, v. 312. 15. 25.
Compurgators, in Saxon law, what, x. 359.
Condorcet, brief character of him, vii. 58. 79. Extract from
a publication of his, 59.
Confidence, unsuspecting, in government, importance of it,
iii. 191. Confidence of mankind, how to be secured,
Connexions, political, held honourable in the commonwealths
of antiquity, ii. 332. Observations on them, 333-6.
Conquest cannot give a right to arbitrary power, xiii. 167.
Conscience, a tender one ought to be tenderly handled, x. 57.
Constantine the Great, changes made by him in the internal
policy of the Roman empire, x. 241.
Constantinople, anecdote of the visit of an English country
squire to, viii. 271. Anecdote of the Greeks at the taking
of it, ix. 107.
Constituents, in England, more in the spirit of the constitution
to lessen than to enlarge their number, ii. 135. Duty
to their representatives, iii. 359-61. Compulsive instruc-
tion from them first resisted by Mr. Burke, vi. 116. Points
in which they are incompetent to give advice to their
representatives, x. 76.
Constitution, a change in it, an immense operation, ii. 136. 323.
Only to be attempted in times of general confusion, ibid.