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Bégumis, the East India Company suspect them of rebellion,
iv. 56. Plundered by order of Mr. Hastings, 70. Pre-
tence for seizing their treasures, xv. 417.
Benares, the capital of the Indian religion, iv. 59. 68. Devas.
tation of the province during Mr. Hastings's govern-
ment, xv. 248. xvi. 190. Projected sale of it to the
Nabob of Oude, xv. 134. Nature of the Rajah's autho-
rity, 108. Imprisoned by Mr. Hastings's order, 160.
Benfield, Paul, his character and conduct, iv. 302.
Bengal, extent and condition of, iv. 84. Nature of the go-
vernment exercised there by Mr. Hastings, xvi. 174, 5.
Conquest of it by the Emperor Akber, xiii. 82. Era
of the independent soubahs, 83. Era of the British
empire there, 84.
Bengal Club, observations on it, vii. 20.
Bidjigur, fortress of, taken by order of Mr. Hastings, xv. 175.
Biron, Duchess of, murdered by the French regicides, ix.40.
Bitterness, in description, a source of the sublime, i. 199.
Biackness, effects of, i. 281.
Boadicea, her character and conduct, X. 213.
Boileau, his criticism on a tale in Ariosto, x. 158.
Bolingbroke, Lord, animadversions on his philosophy, i. 3.
Some characters of his style, 8. A presumptuous and
superficial writer, v. 232. A remark of his on the supe-
riority of a monarchy over other forms of government,
Boulogne, fortress of, surrendered to France, viii. 41. Im-
portance of it to England, ibid. Godfrey of Boulogne
in the Crusade, x. 424.
Bovines, victory of, important advantages of it to France,
Borrower, the publick, and the private lender not adverse par-
ties with contending interests, viii. 355.
Brabançons, mercenary troops in the time of Henry II. their
character, x. 482.
Bribing, by means of it, rather than by being bribed, wicked
politicians bring ruin on mankind, iv. 315.
Brissot, his character and conduct, vii. 77. Preface to his
address to his constituents, vii. 297
Britain, invasion of by Cæsar, x. 173.
Account of its an.
cient inhabitants, 179. Invaded by Claudius, 205. Re-
duced by Ostorius Scapula, 206. Finally subdued by
Julius Agricola, 215. Why not sooner conquered, 219.
Nature of the government settled there by the Romans,
223. First introduction of Christianity, 242 Deserted
: by the Romans, 24.4-6. Entry, and settlement of the
Saxons, and their conversion to Christianity, 248. -
Britons, more reduced than any other nation that fell under
the German power, x. 255.
Browne, Dr. effect of his writings on the people of England,
Buche, Captal de, his severe treatment of the Jacquerie in
France, vi. 220.
Buildings, too great length in them, prejudicial to grandeur of
effect, i. 185. Should be gloomy, to produce an idea of
the Sublime, 192.
Burke, Mr. his sentiments respecting several leading mem-
bers of the whig party, vi. 80. And respecting an
union of Ireland with Great Britain, 364, 5. And re-
specting acts of indemnity as a means of reconciling
France to a monarchy, vii. 187. His animadversions on
the conduct of Mr. Fox, 223. His pathetic allusion to
his deceased son, viii. 45.
Burnet, Bishop, his statement of the methods which car.
ried men of parts. to Popery in France, v. 272.
Bute, Earl of, his resignation, ii. 148. His successors re-
commended by him, ibid. Supposed head of the court
party called “ Kings Men," 257.
Cæsar, Julius, his policy with respect to the Gauls, X. 170.
His invasion of Germany, 172. And of Britain, 173.
Calais, lost by the surrender of Boulogne, viii. 41.
Calamity, its deliberations rarely wise, v. 410. Publick cala-
mity often arrested by the seasonable energy of a single
man, vii. 366.
Caligula undertakes an expedition against Britain, X. 203, 4.
Calonne, de, M. remarks on his work, L'Etat de la France,
Extract from it, 421.
Campagna, Buon, character of him, vii. 37.
Campanella, curious story concerning him, i. 261.
Canada Bills, convention for the liquidation of them, ii. 183.
Canterbury, disputes between the suffragan bishops of the
province and the monks of the Abbey of St. Austin,
Cantons, French, origin and nature of them, v. 312. 24.
Cantoo Baboo, Mr. Hastings's Banyan, his character, xiii. 237.
Canute, his character and conduct, x. 308. Remarks on his
code of laws, 560.
Capital, monopoly of, not an evil, vii. 397.
Care, appearance of, highly contrary to our ideas of magni-
ficence, i. 188.
Carnatic, the, extent and condition of the country, iv. 78.
262-6. Dreadful devastation of it by Hyder Ali Khan,
Caste, consequence of losing it in India, xiii. 328.
Castile, different from Catalonia and Arragon, vii. 39.
Castles, great numbers of them built in the reign of Stephen,
Casuistry, origin and requisites of, vi. 208. Danger of pur-
suing it too far, ibid.
Catholicks, letter to an Irish peer on the penal laws against
them, vi. 271.
Celsus, his opinion that internal remedies were not of early
use, proved to erroneous, X. 196.
Cerealis, extract from his fine speech to the Gauls, vi. 335.
Change and Reformation, difference between them, viii. 19.
Charles I. defended himself on the practice of his prede-
cessors, iii. 246. His illjudged attempt to establish the
rites of the church of England in Scotland, x. 7, 8.
Charles II. obliged, by the sense of the nation, to abandon the
Dutch war, iii. 173. Brief character of him, vi, 45, 6.
His government contrasted with that of Cromwell, vii. 196.
Charles XII. of Sweden, parallel between him and Richard I.
of England, x. 502.
Characters of others, principles which interest us in them,
Charity, observations on, vii. 391. The magistrate must not
interfere with it, ibid.
Charters, are kept when their purposes are maintained, iv.
Chatham, Lord, his character, i.419. His administration, ii. 3.
Cheit Sing, Rajah of Benares, nature of his authority, iv. 6o.
xv. 108. Imprisoned by order of Mr. Hastings, 157.
Cheselden, Mr. his story of a boy who was couched for a cata.
ract, i. 278.
Chester, the county palatine of, oppressed until the reign of
Henry VIII. iii. 87.
Chesterfield, Lord, his conduct (when Lord Lieutenant of Ire-
land) with respect to the Roman Catholicks, vi. 291.
Christendom, the several states of it have all been formed
slowly and without any unity of design, viii. 251.
Christianity, original introduction of, into Britain, x. 242.
Church, the, has power to alter her rites and discipline, x. 5, 6.
Church Establishment in England, observations on it, v. 190-6.
Eulogy on it, ix. 438. x. 37, 38. 59-61. Education of
its clergy contrasted with that of the Roman Catholick
clergy, vi. 286. Convocation of the clergy a part of the
constitution, iii. 181. Observations on the provision made
for the clergy by the State, v. 190-6.
Cicero, remarks on his orations against Verres, xvi. 358.
Circumstances, importance of them in all political principles,
V. 36. x. 58.
Citizens, not to be listened to, in matters that relate to agri-
culture, vii. 391, 2.
Civil List, debts due on it, request for a supply for discharg-
ing them, how made, ii. 308, 9. Plan of economy rela-
tive to it, iii. 334.
Civil Wars corrupt the manners of the people, iii. 152.
Civil vicinity, law of, what, visi, 185-7.
Civil society, grand object of it, ix. 366.
Clamour, justifiable when it is caused by abuse, x. 127.
Clurendon, constitutions of, x. 461-3.
Claudius, the Emperor, invades Britain, X. 205.
Clavering, Sir John, eulogy on him, xiv. 9. xvi. 356.
Clear expression, different from a strong one, i. 320, 1.
Clearness not necessary for affecting the passions, i. 161.
Clergy, convocation of, a part of the constitution, iii, 181.
Observations on the provision made by the state for them,
v. 190-6. 295.
Clergy, Roman Catholick, in France, character of them before
the Revolution there, v. 198, 9. 265-8. Laws of William
and Anne respecting the Popish clergy in Ireland, ix. 345.
Review of the state of the clergy in England down to
the reign of Henry II. x. 345.
Clive, Lord, sent to India, xiii. 143. His conduct there, 144, 5.
Cloots, Anacharsis, observations on his conduct, ix. 49.
Coke, Lord, ingenious quotation in his reports, i. 6. His
observation on discretion in judicature, vi. 359.
Colonies, commercial, mode of levying taxes in them, a diffi-
cult and important consideration, ii. 114.
Colonists import ten times more from Great Britain than they
send in return, ii. 164. Character of the British colo-
nists in America, 166.
Colours, soft and cheerful ones unfit to produce grand images;
Comedy, observations on, X. 153-7. Aristotle's distinction
between it and Tragedy, 157.
Comines, Philip de, his remarks on the English civil wars,
Commerce and Liberty, the two main sources of power to
Great Britain, iii. 7. Great increase of, in America,
Common Law, nature of it, X. 534.
Common Pleas, court of; its origin, x. 539.
Commons, the House of, observations on its nature and charac.
ter, ii. 288. v.
What qualities recommend a man
to a seat in it, in popular elections, ii. 294. Ought to be
connected with the people, 307. Has a character of
its own, 424. Duty of the members to their consti.
tuents, iii. 18. A council to advise, as well as an accu.
ser to criminate, iv. 151. Can never control other parts
of the government unless the members themselves are
controlled by their constituents, ii. 302. Duty of a
member to his constituents, iii. 18-22. General obser-
vations on the character and duties of it, ii. 287. iv. 140-
159. Concise view of its proceedings on the East India
question, 160-181. Cannot renounce its share of autho-
rity, v. 57. In legal construction the sense of the people.
of England is to be collected from it, iv. 141, 2. The
most powerful and most corruptible part of the British
constitution, x. 65. A superintendence over the pro-
ceedings of the courts of justice, one of its principal
Commonwealths, not subject to the laws that determine the
duration of individuals, vii. 366. viii. 78, 9.
Communes, in France, their origin and nature, v.312. 15. 25.
Compurgators, in Saxon law, what, s. 359.
Condorcet, brief character of him, vii. 58. 79. Extract from
a publication of his, 59.
Confidence, unsuspecting, in government, importance of it,
iii. 191. Confidence of mankind, how to be secured,
Connexions, political, held honourable in the commonwealths
of antiquity, ii. 332. Observations on them, 333-6.
Conquest cannot give a right to arbitrary power, xiii. 167.
Conscience, a tender one ought to be tenderly handled, X.57.
Constantine the Great, changes made by him in the interval
policy of the Roman empire, X. 241.
Consiuntinople, anecdote of the visit of an English country
squire to, viii. 271. Anecdote of the Greeks at the taking
of it, ix. 107.
Constituents, in England, more in the spirit of the constitution
to lessen than to enlarge their number, ii. 135. Duty
to their representatives, iii. 359-61. Compulsive instruc-
tion from them first resisted by Mr. Burke, vi. 116. Points
in which they are incompetent to give advice to their
representatives, x. 76.
Constitution, a change in it, an immense operation, ii. 136.323.
Only to be attempted in times of general confusion, ibid.