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stance whatever, through favour, through interest
My Lords, if you must fall, may you so fall !
but if you stand, and stand I trust you will,
together with the fortune of this ancient mo-
narchy--together with the ancient laws and
liberties of this great and illustrious kingdom,
may you stand as unimpeached in honour as
in power; may you stand, not as a substitute
for virtue, but as an ornament of virtue, as á.
security for virtue; may you stand long, and
long stand the terrour of tyrants; may you
stand the refuge of afflicted nations ; may you
stand a sacred temple, for the perpetual residence
of an inviolable Justice.
ACCIDENTAL things ought to be carefully distinguished
from permanent causes and effects, viï. 78.
Account, capital use of, what, ii. 312.
Act of Navigation, ii, 144. 380. 391.
Acts of Grace, impolicy of them, iii. 378.
indemnity and oblivion, probable effects of them as a
means of reconciling France to a monarchy, vii. 187.
Addison, Mr., the correctness of his opinion of the cause of
the grand effect of the Rotund, questioned, i. 183.
his fine lines on honourable political connexions,
Administration, a short account of a late short one, ii. 3.
Duke of Cumberland's, in July 1765, ii. 3.
Lord Chatham's, July 1766, ibid. Marquis of Rocking-
ham's, 146. State of publick affairs at the time of its
formation, 148. Character and conduct of it, 157.
Idea of it respecting America, 168. Remarks on its
foreign negotiations, 187. Character of a united admi.
nistration, 196. Of a disunited one, 204. Should be
correspondent to the legislature, 262.
Admiration, the first source of obedience, vi. 310. One of
the principles which interest us in the characters of
others, x. 1.51.
Adrian, first contracts the bounds of the Roman Empire, x.
Advice, compulsive, from constituents, its authority first re-
sisted by Mr. Burke, vi. 116.
Adviser, duty of one, vi. 52.
Agricola, Julius, character and conduct of, x. 215.
Aix, the Archbishop of, his offer of contribution, why refused
by the French National Assembly, v. 223
Aix-la-Chapelle, the treaty of, remarks on it, viii. 335.
Akber, the Emperor, obtains possession of Bengal, xiii. 82:
Alfred the Great, character and conduct of, x. 289. 99. His
care and sagacity in improving the laws and institutions
of England, 559.
Allegiance, oath of, remarkable one taken by the nobility to
King Stephen, X. 444.
Alliance, one of the requisites of a good peace, ii. 39. The
famous Triple Alliance negotiated. by Temple and De
Witt, viii. 333.
Alliance between Church and State
in a Christian commonwealth, a fanciful speculation,
Ambition, one of the passions belonging to society, i. 149.
Its nature and end, ibid. Misery of disappointed ambition,
ii. 91. Ambition ought to be influenced by popular mo-
tives, 266. Influence of it, iv. 315.
One of the na-
tural distempers of a democracy, vi. 204. Necessity and
dangerous tendency of violent restraints on it, ibid. Not
an accurate calculator, x. 85. Advantage of a gene-
rous ambition for applause for publick services, xiii. 438.
America, advantage of to England, ii. 42. Nature of various
taxes there, 116. Eloquent description of the rising
glories of, in vision, iii. 42. Its rapidly increasing com-
merce, 39-46. Temper and character of its inhabitants,
:49. Their spirit of liberty, whence? 49-57.66. Proposed
taxation of by grant, instead of imposition, 92. Danger
of establishing a military government there, ix. 192.
Difficulty of representation there, ii.-139.
American Stamp Act, repealed, ii. 3. 158-168. Its origin and
progress, 153. Reasons of the repeal political, not
commercial, 377. 402.
Good effects of the repeal, 174.
Ancestors, our, reverence due to them, v. 436, 7. vi. 265.
Angles, in buildings, prejudicial to their grandeur, i. 184.
Animals, their cries capable of conveying great ideas, i. 197.
Anniversaries, festive, advantages of, vii. 75.
Anselm, appointed Archbishop of Canterbury after the death
of Lancfranc, x. 425. Supports Henry 1. against his
brother Robert, 430, 1.
Apparitions, singular inconsistency in the ideas of the vulgar
concerning them, x. 193.
Arbitrary power steals upon a people by lying dormant for
a time, or by being rarely exercised, ii. 151. Cannot be
exercised or delegated by the Legislature, xiii. 165. Not
recognised in the Gentoo Code, xv. 68.
Arbitrary system must always be a corrupt one, xiij.:218.
Danger of adopting it as a principle of action, xv. 215. .
Areopagus, court and senate of, remarks on them, v. 369
Ariosto, a criticism of Boileau on, x. 158.,
Aristocracy, affected terror of an extension of power by, in
the reign of George II., ii. 244. Influence of the aris.
tocracy, 245. Too much spirit not a fault of it, 246.
General observations on it, v. 254.5. Character of a
true natural one, vi. 217. Regulations in some states
with respect to it, 307-8. Must submit to the dominion
of prudence and virtue, vii. 369. Character of the aris-
tocracy of France before the Revolution, y. 251-3. ix. 38.
Aristotle, his caution against the delusion of demanding
geometrical accuracy in moral arguments, iii. 112. His
observations on the resemblance between a democracy
and a tyranny, v. 231. His distinction between Tragedy
and Comedy, X. 157. His natural philosophy alone
unworthy of him, 278. His system entirely followed by
Armies yield a précarious and uncertain obedience to a senate,
v. 390. On standing armies, v. 17.
Army commanded by General Monk, character of it, vi. 44.
Art, every work of, only great as it deceives, i. 185.
Artist, a true one effects the noblest designs by easy me-
thods, i. 185.
Artois, de, Count, character of him, vii, 149.
Ascendancy, Protestant, observations on it, ix. 426.
Asers, race of, origin, character and conduct of, x. 250.
Assassination, recommended and employed by the National
Assembly of France, vi. 41. The dreadful effects of, in
case of war, 42, 3.
Astonishment, origin and nature of the passion, i. 157, 266.
Atheism by establishment, what, viii. 170.
ought to be repressed by law, 37:
schools of, set up by the French regicides at the pub-
lick charge, ix. 119.
Atheists, modern, contrasted with those of antiquity, vii. 58.
Athenians, at the head of the democratic interests of Greece,
Athens, the plague of, wickedness remarkably prevalent
during its continuance, x. 88.
Augustine, state of religion in Britain when he arrived there,
X. 255. Introduced Christianity among the Anglo-Saxons,
Aulick Council, remarks on it, vii. 360.
Austria, began in the reign of Maria Theresa to support great
armies, viii. 245, 6. Treaty of 1756 with France, de.
plored by the French in 1773, 247.
Authority, the people the natural control on it, vi. 204. The
control and exercise of it contradictory, ibid. The mo-
nopoly of it an evil, vii
. 397. The only firm seat of it in
the publick opinion, iii. 179. ix. 178.
Avarice, effects of it, iv. 315. 317. xiii. 212.
Bacon, Lord, a remark of his applied to the Revolution in
France, viii. 5. His demeanour at his impeachment,
Bacon, Nicholas, his work on the Laws of England not entitled
to authority, X. 554.
Bail, method of giving it introduced by Alfred, x. 295. Ad-
vantage of it, ibid.
Ball, the Abbè John, remarks on his conduct, vi. 221.
Ballot, all contrivances by it unfit to prevent a discovery of
the inclinations, v. 368.
Balmerino, Lord, extract from the account of his trial, xiv. 320.
Bank Paper in England owing to the flourishing condition of
commerce, v. 412.
Banyan, Indian, character of, xiii. 45.
Bards, origin and character of them, X. 189.
Bartholomew, St. massacre of, v. 260.
Bathurst, Lord, his imagined vision of the rising glories of
America, iii. 42.
Bayle, Mr. an observation of his on religious persecution,
Beauchamp, Lord, his Bill ; Mr. Burke's vindication of his
conduct with respect to it, iii. 374.
Beauty, observations on, i. 137. 203. Natural proportion
not the cause of it, 207. Nor customary proportion,
221. Beauty and proportion not ideas of the same na-
ture, 223. The opposite to beauty not disproportion, or
deformity, but ugliness, ibid. Fitness not the cause of
beauty, ibid. Nor perfection, 231. How far the ideas
of beauty may be applied to the faculties of the mind,
232. How far they may be applied to virtue, 234.
The real cause of beauty, 235. Beautiful objects small,
236. And smooth, 237. And gradually varied, 238.
And delicate, 240. And of mild or diversified colours,
242. Beauty acts by relaxing the solids of the whole
Bede, the venerable, brief account of him, x. 276-81. .
Beriford, the first Earl of, who, viii. 38.
Begum, Münny, her condition and character, xv. 438: