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the Mediterranean service he afterwards spent about three years, and was Decator's first lieuten. ant in the well known, unprecedented, and daring exploit of destroying the Philadelphia.
On the 24 of January 1813, captain Lawrence, in the Hornet, had an engagement with the Peacock, in which he displayed, in a most conspicuous manner, that skill, self possession, and bravery, for which not a few of the American naval officers are remarkable. In fifteen minutes, the Peacock was a perfect wreck. The signal of distress was hoisted. Every exertion was made by the officers and crew of the Hornet to remove all, who survived, from the Peacock before she sunk ; yet thirteet of her men with John Hart, Joseph Williams, and Hannibal Boyd, in their generous attempt to save the lives of their conquered enemy, went to the bottom. There was dreadful slaughter in the Peacock ; yet, as strange as it may seem, John Place was the only one killed in the Hornet. Several others, however, were wounded.
In the action of the Chesapeake with the Shannon, of the latter 26 officers and seamen were killed and 58 were wounded ; of the former 48 officers, seamen, and marines were killed, and 98 were wounded, of whom 14 died soon after.
For the numerous particulars relative to this distressing occurrence, the reader is referred to the account, published by Belcher, of the funeral honours bestowed upon the remains of captain Lawrence and lieutenant Ladlow with the eulogy pronounced at
Salem, on the occasion, by the hon. Joseph Story, and the various accompanying documents. .
Dont GIVE UP THE SHIP was one of the dying commands of the heroick Lawrence, and has since been more frequently repeated and with great enthu. siasm, than any oracle of Delphos ever was.
Captain Lawrence and lieutenant Ludlow were carried to Halifax, where their remains were buried with all the honours, which their rank demanded, and which a generous enemy could bestow. Shortly after, the hon. Benjamin W. Crowninshield, of Salem, obtained permission to go with a flag and bring them to the U. States. On his arrival, funeral solemnities were again performed in a deeply impressive manner, at Salem, as detailed in mr. Belcher's publication. The remains of these distinguished officers were then conveyed to New York, where a procession was formed, which, with the spectators of the solemn scene, is supposed to have amounted to fifty thousand. The burial service was once more performed and the dead were committed to their final tomb.
Captain Lawrence had been honoured by the corporation of the city of New-York with the freedom of the city accompanied with a golden box, which was decorated with appropriate devices. It is understood to be in contemplation to erect a a splendid monument to his memory, in a conspicuous situation, which, while adorned with inscriptions cominemorative of his gallant deeds, will be an ornament to the city.
UNITED STATES. 584. Nole.-AUGUSTES C. Ludlow, esq. second in command on board the United States' frigate, Chesapeake, died at Halifax, 13 June, 1819, of the wounds he received in the action with the Shannon, in the 21 year of his age. He was a brave of ficer and fell in defending bis national flag.
UNITED STATES. 585. Note.-EDWARD J. BALLARD, esq. lieutenant on board the Chesapeake on the memorable first of June, 1813, another gallant officer of the American navy, fell with many of his intrepid companions, in the desperate action with the Shannon.
UNITED STATES. 586. Note.-Lieutenant JAMES M. BROOME commanding the marines on board the Chesapeake, in time of her disastrous engagement with the Shannon, fell a victim to his country's cause, and is represented to have been one of the bravest of the brave. He was a native of New Jersy. It is stated that, of 44 marines under his command, 12 were killed and 20 wounded ; dreadful bloodshed and carnage !
UNITED STATES. 587. Note.--WILLIAM Augustus WAITE, esq.& native of Rutland in Massachusetts, was sailing master on board the Chesapeake, in her unfortunate conflict with the Shannon, and received his mortal wound in the first broadside from the enemy. He fell at the age of 26, and is represented to have been a gentleman of a noble and generous disposition, of genuine valour, and an ornament to his profession.
UNITED STATES 588. Note.--Octavius AUGUSTUS Page, esquire, son of the late governour Page of Virginia, one of the oldest lieutenants in the navy of the United States and first lieutenant of the Chesapeake, died in Boston of a lung fever, in June, 1813, at the age of 28 years. This gentleman was much esteemed as an officer of real heroism and distinguished talents. Captain Lawrence expressed deep regret at being obliged to leave the port of Boston without him. He seemed to forget his own sufferings when lamenting his own inability to re-enter the frigate, and expressed, in lively terms, his anxiety for his gallant companions in arms.
Several of the foregoing articles are here introduced merely to make a record of the names of some, who have fallen in their country's cause, and who were esteemed for their distinguished talents and bravery. Ample justice will be done to their characters, in future publications designed exclusively to embalm the memory of American naval heroes.
MARSHFIELD, MASS. 589. Here lies the ashes of the reverend,
learned, and pious mr. EDWARD TOMPSON, pastor of the church of Marshfield, who suddenly departed this life, 16 March, 1705, anno ætatis suæ 40.
Here, in a tyrant's hand, doth captive lie
Note.--The subject of this article, a san, or grandson of the rev. William Tompson of Braintree in Massachusetts, of whom some account is given in Mather's Magnalia, was graduated at Harvard cols lege, 1684. His son, rev. William Tompson, was settled in the ministry at Scarborough, and his grandson, rev. John Tompson, son of the last mentioned, is the present venerable pastor of the congregational church in Berwick, District of Maine. From the manuscript copy of the sermon, which mr. Tompson of Marshfield preached at his own or dinatinn and which is still preserved, it appears that he entered on his parochial charge, 14 October, 1696, so that his decease took place in the ninth year of his pastorate.
MARSHFIELD, MASS. 490. Nole.--The pilgrims of Leyden, who made the first settlement at Plymouth, arrived at Cape Cod barbour, on the 11 of November, 1620, where