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shall have no rest day or night who worship the beast and his image, and if any one receive the mark of his name.” 12 Here is the patience of the saints, who keep the commandments of God, and the faith of Jesus. 13 And I heard a voice from heaven, saying, “Write: happy are the dead who die in the Lord henceforth: Yes, saith the Spirit; they rest from their labours; and their works follow them.” 14 And I looked, and, behold, a white cloud, and upon the cloud one sitting, like a son of man, having on his head a golden crown, and in his hand a sharp sickle. 15 And another messenger came out [from the temple], crying with a loud voice to him who sat on the cloud, “Put in thy sickle, and reap : for the time is come to reap ; for the harvest of the earth is ripe.” 16 And he who sat on the cloud applied his sickle to the earth; and the earth was reaped. 17 And another messenger came out from the temple which was in heaven, he also having a sharp sickle. 18 And another messenger came out from the altar, who had authority over the fire thereof, and called with a loud cry to him who had the sharp sickle, saying, “Put in thy sharp sickle, and cut the clusters of the vine of the earth; for its grapes are fully ripe.” 19 And the angel applied his

sickle to the earth, and cut off the clusters of the vine of the earth, and cast them into the great wine-press of the wrath of God. 20 And the winepress was trodden, without the city; and blood came forth from the wine-press, even up to the bridles of the horses, for the space of a thousand and sixhundred furlongs. CH. XV. 1 AND I saw another sign in heaven, great and wonderful ; seven messengers having the seven last scourges: for in them the wrath of God was finished. 2 And I saw as it were a glassy sea mingled with fire; and those who had gotten the victory over the beast, and over his image, and over the number of his name, standing by the glassy sea, having harps of God. 3 And they sang the song of Moses, the servant of God, and the song of the lamb, saying, Great and wonderful are thy works, O Lord God Almighty; righteous and true are thy ways, O King of the nations. 4 Who shall not fear [thee,) [O Lord, and glorify thy name 2 for thcu only art holy: for all the nations shall come and worship before thee; for thy righteous acts are made manifest.” 5 And after that I looked, and the temple of the tabernacle of the testimony in heaven was opened: 6 and the seven messengers, who had the seven scourges, came out [from the temple, clothed in pure white linen, and girded about their breasts with golden girdles. 7 And one of the four living creatures gave to the seven messengers seven golden phials full of the wrath of God who liveth to the ages of ages. 8 And the temple was filled with smoke from the glory of God, and from his power; and no one was able to enter into the temple, till the seven scourges of the seven messengers were finished. CH. XVI. 1 And I heard a loud voice [out of the temple,) saying to the seven messengers, “Go, and pour out the seven phials of the wrath of God upon the earth.” 2 And the first went, and poured out his phial upon the earth; and a bad and a noisome ulcer fell upon the men who had the mark of the beast, and ufton those who worshipped his image. 3 And the second [messenger] poured out his phial into the sea; and it became blood as of one dead; and every [living] creature in the sea died. 4 And the third messenger poured out his phial into the rivers and springs of waters; and they became blood. 5 And I heard the messengers of the waters saying; “Thou art righteous, who art, and wast, and art abundantly kind, because thou hast thus executed judgment: 6 for they have shed the blood of saints and of prophets, and blood thou hast given them to drink: of which they are

to states of things in the present world, the punishments threatened ought, in all reason, to be understood of temporal punishments, and not of the sufferings of a future life. So in Jude, ver. 7, Sodom and Gomorrah are represented as suffering the vengeance of aionian fire, i.e. of a temporal calamity, a fire which completely destroyed them.

worthy.” 7 And I heard a voice,

from the altar, saying, “Yea,

I,ord God Almighty, true and righteous are thy judgments.” 8 And the fourth messenger poured out his phial upon the sun ; and command was given to him to burn mankind in fire. 9 And mankind were burned with great heat; and yet men blasphemed the name of the God, who had power over these scourges; and reformed not so as to give him glory. 10 And the fifth messenger poured out his phial upon the throne of the beast: and its kingdom became darkened : and men gnawed their tongues for pain; 11 and blasphemed the God of heaven, because of thein pains and their ulcers; and yet they returned not from their evil deeds. 12 And the sixth messenger poured out his phial upon the great river Euphrates; and its water was dried up, that the way of the kings from the east might be prepared. 13 And I saw three unclean spirits, like frogs, come out from the mouth of the dragon, and out from the mouth of the beast, and out from the mouth of the false prophet. 14 For they are spirits of demons, working miracles, [which go forth] to the kings of the whole world, to gather them to the battle of [that] great day of the Almighty God. 15 (“Behold, I come as a thief. Happy is he who watcheth, and keepeth his garments, lest he walk naked, and expose his shame.”) 16 And the shirits

gathered the kings together into a place, called, in the Hebrew tongue, Armageddon.” 17 And the seventh messenger poured out his phial into the air ; and a [loud] voice came from the temple [of heaven], even from the throne, saying, “It is accomplished.” 18 And there were voices, and thunders, and lightnings; and [there was a great earthquake, such as had not been since men were upon the earth, so great and mighty an earthquake. 19 And the great city was divided into three parts, and the cities of the nations fell ; and the great Babylon was remembered before God, so that he gave her the cup of the wine of the fierceness of his anger. 20 And every island fled away; and the mountains were not found. 21 And there fell upon men a great hail from heaven, every stone, as it were, the weight of a talent: and men blasphemed God because of the scourge of the hail; for the scourge of it was very great. CH. XVII. 1 THEN one of the seven messengers, who had the seven phials, came and talked to me, saying, “ Come hither, I will show thee the judgment of the great harlot, who sitteth upon the many waters; 2 with whom the kings of the earth have committed fornication ; and with the wine of whose fornication the inhabitants of the earth have been

made drunk.” 3 So he carried me away, in the spirit, into a desert: and I saw a woman sitting on a scarlet beast, which was full of names of blasphemy, and had seven heads and ten horns, 4 And the woman was clothed in purple and scarlet, and adorned with gold, and precious stones, and pearls, and had in her hand a golden cup full of abominations and the filthiness of her fornication; 5 and upon her forehead a name written, Mystery, THE GREAT BABYLoN, THE MOTHER of HARLOTS AND OF THE ABOMINATIONS OF THE EARTH. 6 And I saw the woman drunk with the blood of the saints, and with the blood of the witnesses of Jesus : and when I saw her, I wondered with great wonder. 7 And the messenger said to me, “Why didst thou wonder? I will tell thee the mystery of the woman, and of the beast which carrieth her, which hath the seven heads, and the ten horns. 8 The beast which thou sawest, was, and is not; and is about to come up from the abyss, and go into destruction : and those who dwell on the earth (whose names were not written in the book of life from the foundation of the world) will wonder when they behold the beast, which was, and is not, and will appear again. 9 Here is the mind which hath wisdom. The seven heads are seven mountains, on which

* “That is, the mountain of Megiddo: a city famous for slaughter, Judg. v. 19, 2, Kings ix. 37; for the defeat of King Josiah, 2 Kings xxiii.29; and for great nourning, Zech. xii. 11.

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the woman sitteth ; 10 and they are seven kings: five are fallen, [and] one is, and the other is not yet come; and when he doth come, he must continue a short time. 11 And the heast, which was, and is not, even he is the eighth, and is as one of the seven, and will go to destruction. 12 And the ten horns, which thou sawest, are ten kings that have not yet received a kingdom; but will receive authority, as kings, at the same time with the beast. 13 These will have one mind, and will give their authority and strength to the beast. 14 These will make war against the lamb, and the lamb will overcome them : for he is Lord of lords, and King of kings; and those who are with him are called, chosen, and faithful.” 15 Then the messenger said to me, “The waters which thou sawest, where the harlot sitteth, are people, and multitudes, and nations, and languages. 16 And the ten horns which thou sawest, and the beast, will hate the harlot, and will make her desolate and naked, and will eat her flesh, and burn her in fire. 17 For God hath put in their hearts to do his will, and to agree, and give their kingdom to the beast, until the words of God shall be fulfilled. 18 And the woman whom thou sawest, is that great city which hath dominion over the kings of the earth.” CH. XVIII. 1 AND after these things, I saw another messenger coming down from heaven, who

had great authority; and the earth was enlightened with his glory. 2 And he cried with a strong voice, saying, “The great Babylon is fallen, is fallen; and is become a dwelling-place of demons, and a haunt of every unclean spirit, and a haunt of every unclean and hateful bird. 3 For all the nations have drunk of the wine of the fury of her fornication; and the kings of the earth have committed fornication with her, and the merchants of the earth have been made rich through the abundance of her luxury.” 4 And I heard another voice from heaven, saying, “Come out from her, my people; that ye be not partakers of her sins, and that ye receive not of her scourges: 5 for her sins have reached to heaven; and God hath remembered her iniquities. 6 Render to her as she also hath rendered; and repay her double, according to her works: in the cup which she hath mixed, mix to her double. 7. By how much she hath glorified herself, and lived luxuriously, so much torment and mourning give to her : for she saith in her heart, ‘ I sit as a queen, and am not a widow, and shall not see mourning.” 8 Therefore her scourges shall come in one day, pestilence, and mourning, and famine ; and she shall be utterly burnt in fire; for strong is the Lord God who hath judged her. 9 And the kings of the earth who have committed fornication and lived luxuriously with

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her, shall bewail her, and lament for her, when they see the smoke of her burning; 10 standing afar off for the fear of her torment, and saying, ‘Alas, alas, O great city Babylon, O mighty city for in one hour thy judgment is come.’ 11 And the merchants of the earth shall weep and mourn over her; for no one buyeth their merchandise any more: 12 the merchandise of gold, and of silver, and of precious stones, and of pearls, and of fine linen, and of purple, and of silk, and of scarlet; and all sweet-smelling wood, and all ivory vessels, and all vessels of most precious wood and of brass and of irjn and of marble; 13 and cinnamon, and amonum, and odours, and ointments, and frankincense, and wine, and oil, and fine flour, and wheat, and cattle, a d sheep, and horses, and chariots, and slaves, and lives cf men. 14 And the fruits

which thy soul desired are de

parted from thee, and all things which were delicate and sumptuous are perished from thee, and thou shalt by no means obtain them any more. 15 The merchants of these things, who were made rich by her, shall stand afar off, for the fear of her torment, weeping and mourning, 16 [and] saying, ‘Alas, alas, that great city, which was clothed in fine linen, and purple, and scarlet, and adorned with] gold, and precious stones, and pearls : 17 For in one hour so great wealth is laid waste.” And every pilot,

and every one who saileth to the place, and mariners, and as many as use the sea, stood afar off, 18 and cried out, when : they saw the smoke of her burning, saying, ‘What city was like this great city s” 19 And they cast dust on their heads, and cried out, weeping and mourning, saying, ‘Alas, alas, that great city, whereby all who had ships on the sea were made rich through her costliness : for in one hour she is laid waste.” 20 Rejoice over her, thou heaven, and ye saints and apostles and prophets; for God hath visited her condemnation upon her.” 21 And one mighty angel took up a stone like a great mill-stone, and cast it into the sea, saying, “Thus shall that great city Babylon be thrown down with force, and shall by no means be found any more. 22 And the sound of harpers, and of musicians, and of pipers, and of trumpeters, shall by no means be heard any more in thee ; and no artist of any kind shall be found in thee hereafter; and the sound of a mill-stone shall by no means be heard any more in thee; 23 and the light of a lamp shall by no means shine any more in thee; and the voice of the bridegroom and of the bride shall by no means be heard any more in thee: for thy merchants were the great men of the earth ; for by thy sorceries all the nations were deceived. 24 And in her hath been found the blood of

* i.e. God, beeause she condemned you, hath visited her with condemnation.

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