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THE FIRST EPISTLE OF JOHN.

CHAP. I.

lowship with each other, and 1 CONCERNING the Word the blood of Jesus Christ, his of Life,* him, who was from Son, cleanseth us from all sin. the beginning,t whom we have 8 If we say that we have no heard, whom we have seen with sin, we deceive ourselves, and our eyes, whom we have looked the truth is not in us. 9 If we upon, and our hands have confess our sins, God is faithhandled ;+ 2 ( for the Life was ful and just to forgive us our manifested, and we have seen, sins, and to cleanse us from all and bear witness, and declare uprighteous. 10 If we say that to you the life, the aionian life, we have not sinned, we make which was with the Father, and him false, and his word is not was manifested to us ;) 3 him in us. whom we have seen and heard | Ch. II. 1 My dear children, we declare to you, that ye also I write these things to you, that may have fellowship with us; ye may not sin. Yet if any one and indeed our fellowship is sin, we have a righteous advowith the Father, and with his cate with the Father, even Jeson Jesus Christ. 4 And these sus Christ: 2 and he is the things we write to you, that propitiation for our sins; and your joy may be completed. not for ours only, but also for

5 NOW this is the declara- | the whole world. tion which we have heard from 3 And we hereby know that him, and made known to you; we know him, if we keep his that God is light, and in him commandments. 4 He who saith, there is no darkness. 6 If we " I know him," and keepeth say that we have fellowship not his commandments, speakwith him, and walk in darkness, eth falsely, and the truth is not we speak falsely, and conform in him. 5 But whosoever keepnot to the truth; 7 but if we leth his word, the love of God walk in the light, as he is in is truly perfected in him : here. the light, God and we have fel- by we know that we are in him.

The Word of Life, i. e. Jesus Christ, who is called the Word, Luke i. 2; John i. 1; and the Word of God, Rev. xix. 13. “ He was the divinely inspired teacher of the doctrine of a fu. ture life. The attentive reader will observe the resemblance between the introduction to the Epistle and that to the Gospel of John, which mutually illustrate and explain each other, and are a presumptive proof that both were written by the same author." Im. Ver. note.

T Not from the beginning of time, but from the beginning of our Saviour's ministry. See John j. 1, and the note there.

t'Or : “ That which was from the beginning, which we have heard, which we have seen with our eyes, which we have looked on, and our hands have handled, as concerning the Word of Life." Newcome.

that which, Gr. and Newcome.

6 He who saith that he abideth and ye have overcome the evil in him, ought himself so to walk propensity. as he walked. "

15 Love not the world, nor 7 Beloved, I write not a the things which are in the new commandment to you, world. If any one love the but an old commandment which world, the love of the Father ye had from the beginning: the is not in him ; 16 for all that is old commandment is the word in the world, (the desire of the which ye have heard [from the flesh, and the desire of the beginning). 8 Again, a new com- eyes, and the pride of life,) is mandment I write to you: which not of the Father, but is of the thing is true in him and in you world. 17 And the world passalso: for the darkness is pass. eth away, and the desire rofit7: ing away, and the true light but he that doth the will of now shineth.

God abideth to the age." 9 66 He who saith that he is 18 Little children, the latter in the light, and hateth his hour is come: and as ye have brother, is in darkness until heard that antichrist will come, now. 10 He who loveth his 80 even now there are many heard from the beginning. If | gresseth also the law : for sin is that which ye have heard from a transgression of the law. 5 the beginning shall abide in And ye know that Christ was you, ye also will abide in the manifested to take away our Son, and in the Father.

brother, abideth in the light, antichrists ; by which we know * and he hath no cause of stum. that the latter hour is come.

bling. 11 But he who hateth 19 They went out from us, his brother, is in darkness, and but they were not of us : for if walketh in darkness, and know they had been of us, they would eth not whither he goeth, be- have remained with us; but cause the darkness hath blinded they went out that it might be his eyes.”

made manifest that all are not 12 I write to you, dear child of us. 20 But ye have an uncren, because your sins are for- tion from the holy spirit and given you on account of his know all things. name. 13 I write to you, fa- ! 21 I write not to you because thers, because ye have known ye know not the truth: but behim who was from the begin- cause ye know it, and that no ning. I write to you, young falsehood is of the truth. 22 men, because ye have over. Who speaketh falsely, but he come the evil propensity.* I who denied that Jesus is the write to you, children, because Christ? He is antichrist, who ye have known the Father. 14 I denieth the Father and the Son. have written to you, fathers, be- 23 Whosoever denieth the Son, cause ye have known him who hath not the Father: but he was from the beginning. I have who acknowledgeth the Son, written to you, young men, be. hath also acknowledged the Facause ye are strong, and the ther. 24 Let that [therefore] word of God abideth in you, abide in you, which ye have * q. d. you have subdued vicious habits and inclinations. Or, you have triumphed over per

secution.

sins : and in him is no sin. Õ 25 And this is the promise Whosoever abideth in him, sinwhich he promised us, even neth not: whosoever sinneth, aionian life. 26 These things I hath not seen him, nor known write to you concerning those him. who would deceive you. 27 But 7 Dear children, let no one the unction which ye have l'e- deceive you. He who worketh ceived from him abideth in you, righteousness is righteous, as and ye need not that any one he is righteous: 8 he who comteach you: but as that unction mitteth sin, is of the impostor;* teacheth you of all things, and for the impostor hath sinned is true, and is not falsehood, from the beginning: for this even as it hath taught you, I purpose the Son of God was abide in him. 28 And now, dear manifested, that he might deschildren, abide in him; that, troy the works of the impostor. when he shall be manifested, 9 Whosoever is born of God, we may have confidence, and doth not commit sin; for his may not be ashamed before him seed abideth in him: and he at his appearance.

cannot sin, because he is born 29 Ir ye know that he is of God. 10 In this the children righteous, be assured that every of God are manifest, and the one who worketh righteousness children of the impostor: who. is born of him.

soever doth not practice righCh. III. 1 Behold what great teousness, is not of God; nor love the Father hath bestowed he who loveth not his brother. on us, that we should be called 11 For this is the charge children of God: the world which ye heard from the betherefore knoweth us not, beginning, that we love one ancause it knew him not.

other. 12 Not as Cain, who was 2 Beloved, now we are the of that evil disposition, and slew children of God, and it hath his brother. And why did he not yet been manifested what slay him ? Because his own we shall be: [but] we know works were evil, and his brothat, when Christ shall be mani- ther's righteous. 13 Wonder fested, we shall be like him; not, (my] brethren, if the world for we shall see him as he is. hate you. 14 We know that 3 And every one who placeth we have passed over from death this hope in him, purifieth him to life, because we love the self, even as he is pure, 4 Who- brethren. He who loveth not soever committeth sin, trans- his brother abideth in death.

* not a real, but a hypothetical and fictitious being: the principle of evil personified: the sup. posed cause of evil. See Ch. ii. 13, 14.

15 Whosoever hateth his / CH. IV. 1 BELOVED, believe brother is a manslayer : and ye not every spirit, but try the

know that no manslayer hath spirits whether they be of God: I aionian life abiding in him. 16 because many false prophets

Hereby, we know the love of are gone out into the world. 2 God, because that person laid Hereby ye know the spirit of down his life for us: and we God: every spirit which conought to lay down our lives for fesseth that Jesus Christ is the brethren. 17 But whosoever come in the flesh,* is of God. hath the good things of the 3 And every spirit which conworld, and seeth his brother in fesseth not Jesus, is not of God. need, and shutteth up his bow. And this is that spirit of antiels of compassion from him, christ, of which ye have heard how abideth the love of God in it should come; and it is now him? 18 [My] dear children, let already in the world. us not love in word and tongue 4 Dear children, ye are of only, but in deed and truth. 19 God, and have overcome them: And hereby we know that we for he who is in you is greater are of the truth, and shall as- than he who is in the world. 5 sure our hearts before him. 20 They are of the world : thereFor if our heart condemn us, fore they speak of the world, God is greater than our heart, and the world heareth them. 6 and knoweth all things. 21 Be- We are of God. He who know. loved, if our hearts condemn eth God, heareth us: he who is us not, then we have confidence not of God, heareth not us. towards God: 22 and whatso-Hereby we know the spirit of ever we ask, we receive of him, truth, and the spirit of error. because we keep his command 17 BELOVED, let us love one ments, and do those things another: for love is of God: which are pleasing in his sight. and every one who loveth is 23 And this is his command-born of God, and knoweth God. ment, that we should believe 8 He who loveth not, knoweth in the name of his Son Jesus not God; for God is love. 9 Christ, and should love one an- Herein the love of God was other as he hath given us com- manifested towards us; that miandment. 24 And he who God sent his well-beloved Sont keepeth his commandments a- | into the world, that we might bideth in Him, and He in him. live through him. And hereby. we know that he 10 Herein is love; not that abideth in us, by the spirit we loved God, but that he lovwhich he hath given us. led us, and sent his Son to be a

That is, that Jesus Christ was a real man, in opposition to the Gnostics and Docetæ who taught that Christ was a man only in appearance. See Dr. Priestley in loco.

+ Gr. only-begotten Son. It is applied to Isaac, Heb. xi. 17, though Abraham bad other sons. The same word in the Hebrew is translated indifferently movoyeuns only begotten, and ayarNTOS well-beloved. This word Movoyevns is applied to Christ by the evangelist John four times in the gospel, and once in this epistle : and by no other writers of the New Testament. See John i. 14, 18.

propitiation for our sins.* 11 | brother, whom he hath seen, Beloved, if God so loved us, love God, whom he hath not we also ought to love one an- seen ? 21 And we have this other. 12 No one hath seen commandment from him, that God at any time. If we love he who loveth God, love his one another, God abideth in us, brother also. and the love of him is perfected Ch. V. 1 WHOSOEVER bein us. 13 Hereby we know that lieveth that Jesus is the Christ, we abide in him, and he in us, is born of God; and whosoever because he hath given us of his loveth the Father, loveth also spirit. 14 And we have seen, the Son.t 2 Hereby we know and we bear witness, that the that we love the children of Father sent the Son to be the God, when we love God, and Saviour of the world.

keep his commandments; 3 for 15 Whosoever shall confess this is the love of God, that that Jesus is the Son of God, I we keep his commandments : God abideth in him, and he in and his commandments are not God. 16 And we have known burdensome; 4 for all that is and believed the love which born of God, overcometh the God hath to us. God is love; world, and this is the victory and he who abideth in love, which overcometh the world, abideth in God, and God in even our faith. 5 Who is he him. 17 Hereby love is perfect- that overcometh the world, but ed among us ; to the end that he who believeth that Jesus is we may have confidence in the the Son of God ? day of judgment: because as 6 This is he who came with that person is, so are we in this water and blood, even Jesus world.

Christ : not with water only, 18 There is no fear in love ; but with water and blood. And but perfect love casteth out it is the spirit which beareth fear : because fear hath tor- testimony; for the spirit is ment: wherefore he who fear- truth.I 7 For there are three eth is not made perfect in love. that bear testimony, 8 the spirit, 19 We love him, because he and the water, and the blood. first loved us. 20 If any one say, and these three agree in one. 66 I love God," and yet hate his 9 If we receive the testimony brother, he speaketh falsely: for of man, the testimony of God is how can he who loveth not his greater: for this is the testimony

*i. e. to be the medium of the reconciliation of singers by his gospel. See chap. ii. 2. + Gr. and whosoever loveth him who begat, loveth him also who is begotten by him.

# The received text reads, “For there are three who bear witness in heaven, the Father, the Word, and the Holy Spirit, and these three are one. And there are three that bear witness in earth.” N. B. This text concerning the heavenly witnesses is not contained in any Greek manuscript which was written earlier than the fifteenth century. It is not cited by any of the Greek ecclesiastical writers; nor by any of the early Latin fathers, even when the subjects upon which they treat would naturally have led them to appeal to its authority. It is therefore evidently 'spurious; and was first cited (though not as it now reads) by Virgilius Tapsensis, a Latin writer of no credit, in the latter end of the fifth century; but by whom forged, is of no great moment, as its design maust be obvious to all. See Im. Ver. note.

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