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Jesus Christ; to whom belongeth praise and dominion to the ages of ages. Amen. 12 BELovED, be not surprised at the fiery persecution among you, which cometh to pass for your trial, as though some strange thing befel you : 13 but be glad, inasmuch as ye share the sufferings of Christ; that, when his glory shall be manifested, ye may be also glad with exceeding joy. 14 If ye be reproached for the name of Christ, happy are Aye : for the spirit of glory, and of power, and of God, resteth upon you. [On their fiart he is evil-shoken of, but on your fiart Ae is glorified.] 15 For let none of you suffer as a murderer, or as a thief, or as an evil-doer, or as a busy medler in other men’s affairs. 16 But if any one suffer as a Christian, let him not be ashamed; but let him glorify God on this account. 17 For the time is come when this condemnation must begin from the house of God : and if it begin from us, what will the end be of those who believe not the gospel of God? 18 And if the righteous be scarcely preserved, where will the ungodly and the sinner appear : 19 Wherefore let those also, who

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will be manifested; 2 feed the flock of God which is among you, being overseers of it, not by constraint, but willingly; nor for base gain, but with a ready mind; 3 nor as domineering over those alloted to you, but as being examples to the flock. 4 And, when the chief Shepherd shall appear, ye shall receive an unfading crown of glory. 5 Likewise, ye younger, be subject to the elder. Yea, all of you [be subject] one to another, and be clothed with humility: for “God resisteth the proud; but bestoweth favour on the humble.” 6 Humble yourselves therefore under the mighty hand of God, that he may exalt you in due time : 7 having cast all your anxiety upon Him, inasmuch as He careth for you. 8 Be sober, be watchful: your adversary the impostor walketh about as a roaring lion, seeking whom he may devour ; 9 whom resist, stedfast in the faith; knowing that the same sufferings are undergone by your brethren who are in the world. 10 NOW the God of all favour, himself, who hath called us to his aionian glory in Christ Jesus, after ye shall have suffered a short time, prepare, support, strengthen, [establish] [you..] 11 To him be [glory and dominion to the ages of ages. Amen. 12 By Silvanus, a faithful brother to you, as I suppose, I have written in few words; exhorting you, and testifying that in which ye stand. 13 The church which is at Babylon, chosen together with you, saluteth you : and so doth Mark, my son.

this is the true favour of God 14 Salute ye one another with

a kiss of love. Peace be with you all who are in Christ [Jesus.]




1 SIMON Peter, a servant and an apostle of Jesus Christ, to those who have obtained like precious faith with us, through the justification of our God, and of our Saviour Jesus Christ: 2 favour and peace be multiplied to you, through the knowledge of God, and of Jesus our Lord.

3 SEEING that his divine power hath given us all things relating to life and godliness, through the knowledge of him who hath called us by his glory and virtue: 4 (through which very great and precious promises are given to us, that through these ye might be partakers of a divine nature, having escaped the corruption which is in the world through evil desire:) 5 now, to this end, use all diligence, and add to your faith fortitude, and to fortitude knowledge, 6 and to knowledge temperance, and to temperance patience,

and to patience godliness, 7 and to godliness brotherly-kindness, and to brotherly-kindness love. 8 For these things being in you, and abounding, they will make you thrive and bear fruit in the knowledge of our Lord Jesus Christ. 9 But he who hath not these things is blind, closing his eyes, and hath forgotten his former purification from his sins. 10 Wherefore, brethren, more earnestly endeavour to make your calling and election sure : for, if ye do these things, ye will never fall: 11 for thus an entrance into the aionian kingdom of our Lord and Saviour Jesus Christ will be richly ministered to you. 12 WHEREFolte I will not be negligent to remind you always of these things; though ye know them, and be established in the present truth. 13 Yet I think it right, as long as I am in this tabernacle, to stir you up, by

* “This epistle is placed by Eusebius amongst those books of the New Testament, the genuinoness of which was disputed in the primitive ages. Of these Dr. Lardner says, “they should be allowed to be publicly read in Christian assemblies for the edification of the people, but not

to be alled

d as affording alone sufficient proof of any doctrine. Lardner's Hist. of the

Apostles, vol. i. ch. ii. Some have thought the first and third chapters genuine, but from the difference of style have doubted of the second.” Im. Ver. note. P ge 3.


reminding you; 14 knowing that shortly I must put off this my tabernacle, even as our Lørd Jesus Christ declared to me. 15 So I will endeavour that ye may always be able, after my decease, to make mention of these things. 16 For we did not follow cunningly devised fables, when we made known to you the power and appearance of the Lord Jesus Christ, but were eye-witnesses of his majesty. 17 For He received from God the Father honour and glory, when such a voice came to him from the excellent glory, “This is my beloved son, in whom I am well-pleased.” 18 And this voice which came from heaven, we heard, when we were with him on the holy mountain. 19 We have also the word of prophecy more confirmed; to which ye do well that ye attend, as to a lamp shining in a dark place, until the day dawn, and the day-star rise in your hearts: 20 knowing this first, that no prophecy of scripture giveth its own interpretation. 21 For prophecy came not at any time by the will of man; but holy men of God spake as they were moved by a holy spirit. Ch. II. 1 [Buor there were also false firoshhets among the Jewish fleofile ; as there will be also false teachers among you,

who will firivily bring in destructive heresies, even denying the sovereign Lord who bought them ; bringing on themselves swift destruction. 2 (And many will follow their impurities ; on account of whom the way of truth will be evil-shoken of.) 3 And through covetousness they will make a gain of you by their Jeigned words : but the condemnation, long since foretold, now lingereth not, and their destruction slumbereth not. 4 For if God shared not the angels who sinned,” but cast them down to tartarus, and delivered them us, to chains of darkness to be reserved for condemnation ; 5 and shared not the old world, but fireserved eight persons, among whom was Moah, a fireacher of righteousness, when he brought the flood on the world of ungodly men ; 6 and turned the cities of Sodom and Gomorrah into ashes, and condemned them with an utter overthrow, making them an example to those who should afterward be ungodly ; 7 but delivered righteous Lot, who was grieved by the impure behaviour of lawless men: 8 (for that righteous man, while he dwelt among them seeing and hearing, tormented his righteous soul from day to day with their unlawful deeds ; ) 9 so the Lord knoweth how to deliver those

who are godly out of trial, and to

* * or, if God spared not the messengers who had sinned, i.e. the spies who were sent to

explore the land of Canaan, etc. See Simpson's Essays, P; 20%, etc.

But, if the common inter

rotation be admitted, it will not establish the popular doctrine concerning, fallen angels.

or, 1. The epistle itself is of doubtful authority. most doubtful portion of the epistle. 3. By th this chapter is supposed to have been a quotation ight not mean to give authority to the doctrine, drid

allowed principles. See. Sherlock's Diss., and Benson, and Doddri tions to this epistle. The epistle of Jude is supposed to allude to, or quote

apostle mi known an

apocryphal work.” Im. Wer. note.

2. From the change of style this is the

ose who admit the genuineness of the epistle,

from some ancient apocryphal book, and the but to argue with his oil.

's Int ce rom, the same

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reserve those who are unrighteous to a day of judgment to be flunished : 10 but chiefly those who walk after the flesh with folluted desires, and desfise dominion. Presumptuous, and selfwilled, they are not afraid to sfieak evil of dignities: l l whereas angels, who are greater in flower and might,” bring not a blasfibeming accusation against them [before the Lord.] 12 But these, as brute creatures led by nature, made to be taken and destroyed, blasfisheming in things of which they are ignorant, will be destroyed in their corruption of themselves ; 13 and will receive the reward of unrighteousness, accounting it file asure to riot in the day-time; blemishes and shots, rioting in their love-feasts, while they banquet with you; 14 having eyes full of adultery, and which cannot cease from sin; alluring the unstable ; having a heart exercised in covetousness ; cursed children, 15 who have forsaken the fight flath, and gone astray, and Jollowed the way of Balaam the son of Beor, who loved the reward of unrighteousness, 16 but received a rebuke for his transgression : the dumb beast of burden sheaking with man’s voice, jorbad the madness of the firofthet. 17 These are as wells without water, and as clouds driven away by a storm ; to whom the blackness of darkness is reserved [to the age.] 18 For when they sheak very great swelling words of Jalsehood, they allure, by carnal desires and impurities, those who Aad nearly escafled from such as


dive in error. 19 While they fromise them freedom, they themselves are the slaves of corrushtion : for by whatever any one is overcome, by that he is also enslaved. 20 For if, having escafled the follutions of the world, through the knowledge of our Lord and Saviour Jesus Christ, they are entangled in them again, and overcome, their last state is worse than their first. 21 For it had been better for them not to have known the way of righteousness, than, having known it, to turn from the holy commandment delivered to them. 22. But it hath haffened to them according to the true firoverb, The dog hath returned to his own vomit ; and the sow that had washed herself, to her wallowing in the mire.”] CH. III. 1 THis second epistle, beloved, I now write to you; in both which I stir up your pure understanding by reminding you; 2 that ye may remember the words formerly spoken by the holy prophets, and the commandment of us the apostles of our Lord and Saviour: 3 knowing this first, that great scoffers will come in the latter days, walking after their own evil desires, 4 and saying, “Where is the promise of his appearance? for, since the fathers fell asleep, all things continue as they were from the beginning of the creation.” 5 For of this they are wilfully ignorant, "that the heavens were made of old by the word of God, and the earth also,

. * See the note on ver, 4. Compare also Jude, ver, 9.

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which standeth out of the water and in the water : 6 which things being so, the world that then was, having been overflowed with water, was destroyed. 7 But the heavens and the earth which are now, are reserved by his word, and are kept for fire at a day of condemnation, and of the destruction of ungodly men. 8 But, beloved, be not ignorant of this one thing ; that one day is with the Lord as a thousand years, and a thousand years as one day. 9 The Lord is not slow concerning his promise, as some count slowness; but is long-suffering towards us, not willing that any should perish, but that all should come to repentance. 10 But the day of the Lord will come as a thief; in which day, the heavens will pass away with a great noise, and the elements will be greatly heated and dissolved, the earth also and the works on it will be burned up. 11 Since therefore all these things will be dissolved, what kind of fiersons ought ye to be in all holy behaviour and godliness; 12 looking for and earnestly desiring the coming of the day of God, in which the hea

vens will be set on fire” and will be dissolved, and the elements will be greatly heated and will melt 2 13 Nevertheless, according to his promise, we look for new heavens, and a new earth, in which righteousness will dwell. 14 WHEREFor E, beloved, since ye look for these things, endeavour to be found by him in peace, spotless and unreprovable: 15 and account that the long-suffering of our Lord is salvation: as our beloved brother Paul also, according to the wisdom given him, hath written to you; 16 as also in all his epistles, speaking in them of these things: of which things some are hard to be understood, which the unlearned and unsteadfast wrest, as they do also the other scriptures, to their own destruction. 17 Since therefore, beloved, ye know these things before, beware lest ye be led away with the error of the wicked, and. fall from your own steadfastness. 18 But grow in the favour and knowledge of our Lord and Saviour Jesus Christ. To him be glory, both now and to the day of the age. [Amen.]

* “This in a literal sense is impossible, because the heavens are incombustible.*Nor is it reasonable to believe that an event so little countenanced by natural appearances as that of the destruction of the earth by a general conflagration, is the subject, of a divine prediction. It is well known that in the language of prophecy great political changes and revolutions are foretold under the symbol of terrible convulsions in the natural world. In this language our Lord foretells the approaching desolation of Jerusalem, Matt. xxiv. 29. And in language

recisely similar. borrowed indeed from the prophet Joel, the apostle Peter himself. Acts ii.

1, describes the calamities of the Jewish nation which were then impending. It can hardly admit of a doubt that the sublime language of this context is to be interpreted in a similar manner. The 13th verse is a quotation from Isaiah lov. 17, where the new heavens and the new earth are universally understood to signify the gospel dispensation. Consequently, “ the heavens and the earth which are now,” ver. 7, must necessarily signify the Jewish dispensation, or the then moral state of the world, which must pass away to make room for the promulgation of the Christian religion. But this revolution cannot take place without producing great changes and convulsions in the political world; which in prophetic language, is expressed by the heavens being on fire, the elements melting, and the earth with the works on it being burned up.” Im. Wer. note.

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