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PETER I

16 Confess your offences to and he prayed again, and the one another, and pray for one heaven gave rain, and the earth another, that ye may be healed. brought forth its produce. The fervent prayer of a righte- 19 Brethren, if any among you ous man availeth much. 17 err from the truth, and one turn Elijah was a man of like infir-him back to it; 20 let him know, mities with us; and he prayed that he who turneth a sinner earnestly that it might not rain, back from the error of his way, and it rained not on the land for saveth a soul from death, and three years and six months: 18 covereth his multitude of sins.*

THE FIRST EPISTLE OF PETER.

CHAP. I.

| time: 6 wherein ye greatly re1 PETER, an apostle of Jesus joice, though now, for a short Christ, to the sojourners scat-time, (if need be), ye be grieved tered throughout Pontus, Gala- by various trials ; 7 that the tia, Cappadocia, Asia, and Bi-proof of your faith, which is thynia : 2 chosen to obedience, much more precious than that and a sprinkling of the blood of of gold, which, though proved Jesus Christ, according to the by fire, perisheth, may be found foreknowledge of God the Fa- ! to praise, and honour, and glo. ther, in sanctification of spirit: ry, in the revelation of Jesus may favour and peace be mul. Christ; 8 whom, not having seen, tiplied to you.

ye love; on whom, not now 3 BLESSED be the God and looking, but believing, ye greatFather of our Lord Jesus Christ, ly rejoice, with joy unspeakwho, according to his great able, and full of glory ; 9 remercy, hath begotten us again ceiving the end of your faith, to a lively hope through the even the salvation of your resurrection of Jesus Christ souls.t from the dead; 4 even to an 10 Of which salvation the inheritance incorruptible, and prophets, who prophesied conundefiled, and unfading, reserv- cerning this favour of God to ed in heaven for you, 5 who you, inquired and searched diliare kept by the power of God, gently ; 11 searching what time, through faith, to salvation, rea- or what kind of time, the spirit of dy to be revealed in the last | Christf in them signified, when

* This excellent epistle is one of those the genuineness of which was disputed in the pri mitive church. But it is not unworthy of the apostle to whom it is generally ascribed.

+ i. e. yourselves. A part here is taken for the whole. See Rom. xii. 1 ; xiii. 1, ti. e. the spirit which prophesied concerning Christ.

it witnessed beforehand the suf-| times for your sake, 21 who, ferings of Christ, and the glo. through him, believe in God ries which were to follow : 12 who raised him from the dead, to whom it was revealed, that and gave him glory ; so that they ministered not to them- your faith and hope are in God. selves, but to you, the things 22 Having therefore purified which have now been told you, your lives by obeying the truth by those who have preached [through the spirit] to unfeigned the gospel to you (through] the brotherly kindness, see that ye holy spirit sent down from hea- love one another, with a pure ven; which things even angels heart, fervently; 23 having been desire to look into. *

born again, not from corrupti13 WHEREFORE gird up the ble seed but from incorruptible, loins of your mind, and being through that word of God which sober, fully hope for the favour liveth and remaineth. to be conferred on you in the 24 For “ all flesh is as the revelation of Jesus Christ ; herb, and all its glory as the 14 as obedient children, not flower of the herb: the herb fashioning yourselves according withereth, and its flower fallto your former desires in your eth off: 25 but the word of the ignorance : 15 but according as Lord remaineth to the age:' he who hath called you, is holy, and this is the word which is be ye also holy in all your be- preached to you by the gospel. haviour : 16 because it is writ- Ch. II. 1 Wherefore lay aside ten, “ Be ye holy; for I am all maliciousness, and all guile, holy.”

and hypocrisies, and envies, , 17 And if ye call on the Fa- and all evil-speakings, 2 and, ther, who, without respect of as new-born babes, earnestly persons, judgeth according to desire the sincere spiritual every one's work, pass the time milk, that ye may grow thereof your sojourning here in by to salvation : 3 since ye have fear: 18 knowing that ye were tasted that the Lord is kind. 4 not redeemed with corruptible In coming to whom, as to a livthings, as with silver and gold, ing stone, rejected indeed by from your vain behaviour de- | men, but chosen and honourable livered down from your fathers; with God, 5 ye also, as living 19 but with the precious blood stones, being built up, are a of Christ,t as of a spotless and spiritual temple, and an holy unblemished lamb: 20 who was priesthood to offer up spritual indeed foreknown before the sacrifices, acceptable to God foundation of the world, but through Jesus Christ. was manifested in these latter |

* Perhaps the meaning of the apostle may be, that the messengers who are now employed to promulgate this glorious doctrine, cannot fully comprehend its import, and are desirous of improving their aquaintance with it. See Eph. iii. 18, 19,

ti. e. delivered from your former state of heathenisin, prejudice, and vice, by the gospel ; which was ratified by the blood of Christ.

6 Wherefore it is contained nors, as to those who are sent in the scripture, “Behold, I by him for the punishment of lay in Sion a chief corner-stone, those who do evil, and for the chosen, and honourable: and praise of those who do well : he who believeth on him 15 (for such is the will of God, shall not be ashamed.” 7 To that by well-doing ye put to you therefore who believe, he silence the ignorance of inconis the honour: but to those who siderate men :) 16 as free, and disbelieve, “ this stone which not using your freedom for a the builders rejected, is become cloak of wickedness, but as the the head of the corner,” 8 and servants of God. 17 Honour all “a stone of stumbling, and amen : love the brotherhood: fear rock of offence,” even to those God : honour the king. who stumble at the word; dis- 18 SERVANTS, be subject to your believing that to which they masters with all fear, not only to were even appointed

the good and gentle, but also to 9 But ye are a chosen gene- the froward. 19 For this is wellration, a royal priesthood, a pleasing, if any one for consciholy nation, a purchased peo-ence towards God endure grief, ple; that ye may show forth suffering wrongfully. 20 For the virtues of him who hath what praise is it, if, having comcalled you out of darkness into mitted faults and are buffeted, his wonderful light : 10 who in ye bear it patiently? But if, time past were not a people, * having done well and suffer, ye but are now the people of God: bear it patiently, this is wellwho had not obtained mercy, pleasing to God. but now have obtained mercy. | 21 For to this ye were called:

11 BELOVED, I beseech you as because even Christ suffered for strangers and sojourners, to ab. you, leaving you an example, stain from carnal desires, which that ye should follow his steps: war against the soul; 12 hav- 22 who did no sin, nor was guile ing your behaviour good among found in his mouth ; 23 who, the nations: that, in whatsoever being reviled, reviled not again; they speak against you as evil- suffering, he threatened not ; doers, because of your good but committed himself to him works which they have seen, who judgeth righteously : 24 they may glorify God in the and himself bare our sins in his day of visitation.

own body on the cross, that 13 Submit yourselves (there. we should die to sins, and live fore] to every human creation to righteousness : by whose of magistrates, for the Lord's stripes ye have been healed. 25 sake:t whether it be to the king, For ye were as sheep going as supreme; 14 or to gover- astray; but ye are now turned

**This language is applicable to gentiles only. See also ch. i. 18; iv. 3.” Newcome. + So Macknight : see his note..

Gr. tree, i. e. he removed them and carried them away: so Christ is said, Matt, viii. 17, to "bear our sicknesses,” when he healed them by his miraculous power.

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to the shepherd and guardian of but, on the contrary, uttering your souls.

blessings : [knowing that ye CH. III. 1 In like manner, ye are hereunto called, that ye wives, be subject to your own may inherit a blessing. husbands; that, if any believe 10 “ For he who would not the word, they also, without love life, and see good days, the preaching of the word, may let him refrain his tongue from be won by the behaviour of their evil; and his lips, that they wives; 2 having seen your speak no guile. 11 Let him chaste behaviour joined with avoid evil, and do good; let reverence. 3 Of whom, let not him seek peace and pursue it. the ornament be that outward 12 For the eyes of the Lord are one, of plaiting the hair, and of over the righteous, and his wearing gold, or of putting on ears are open to their prayers : apparel ; 4 but let it be the but the face of the Lord is hidden person of the heart, in against those who do evil.” the incorruptible ornament of a 13 And who is he that will meek and quiet spirit, which hurt you, if ye be imitators of in the sight of God is of great that which is good ? 14 But if price.

ye even suffer for the sake of 5 For thus also the holy wo | righteousness, happy are ye : men, who trusted in God, for- and be not struck with fear of merly adorned themselves, be-them, nor be ye troubled ; 15 ing subject to their own hus but sanctify the Lord God in bands ; 6 as Sarah obeyed Abra- | your hearts. And be always ham, calling him her lord :* and ready to make a defence, with ye are her children while ye domeekness and reverence, to well, and are not moved with every one who shall ask you a any terror.

reason of the hope which is in 7 In like manner, ye hus- you: 16 having a good conscibands, dwell together with your ence; that, in whatsoever they wives according to prudence, speak against you as evil-doers, giving honour to the woman as they may be ashamed, who to the more iufirm person,t and slanderously accuse your good as being joint-heirs with her of behaviour in Christ. the gift of life; that your pray- | · 17 For it is better that ye ers be not hindered.

suffer, if the will of God be so, 8 FINALLY, be all of the same having done well, than having mind, be compassionate, be full done ill. 18 For even Christ of brotherly kindness, be ten- suffered once for sinst, the derly affectioned, be humble righteous for the unrighteous, minded : 9 not rendering evil for that he might bring us to God; evil, nor reviling for reviling; I being put to death indeed in the

Or, her master.

+ Gr. vessel. Christ suffered for sin, not by bearing the punishment due to sin, but to introiluce and ratify a dispensation, by which the idolatrous heathen should be admitted into covenant with God. See Heb. vii. 27, and the note there.

Alesh, but restored to life by the ness, in evil desires, in excess spirit; 19 in which also he went of wine, in revellings, in ban. and preached to the spirits in quetings, and in wicked idol. prison ;* 20 such as in former atries : 4 and they think it timest were hard to be convinc- strange that ye run not with ed; as when the long-sufferings them herein to the same excess of God earnestly waited in the of dissoluteness, speaking evil days of Noah, while the ark of you : 5 but they will give was preparing, wherein few account to him who is prepared (that is, eight) lives were saved to judge the living and the dead. by water. I 21 The likeness of 6 For to this end the gospel which, even baptism, now sav- hath been preached to those eth us also, (not a putting away also who were dead in sins,l) of the filth of the flesh, but an that they might be judged acanswer of a good conscience cording to men in the flesh, towards God,) through the re- but live according to God in surrection of Jesus Christ ; 22 the spirit. who is gone into heaven, and is 7 NOW the end of all things on the right hand of God; mes is near: be ye therefore sober, sengers and authorities and and watch unto prayer. 8 And powers having been made sub- above all things have fervent ject to him.S

love among yourselves : for love CH. IV. i Since therefore covereth a multitude of sins. 9 Christ hath suffered (for us] in Use hospitality one to another the flesh, arm yourselves also without murmurings. 10 Aco with the same mind; (for hecording as every man hath rewho hath suffered [in] the flesh, ceived the free gift of the spirit, hath ceased from sin ;) 2 that 80 minister it one to another, ye may not live the rest of your as good stewards of the manitime in the flesh, according to fold favour of God. the desires of men, but accord 11 If any one speak, let hinz ing to the will of God.

speak as the oracles of God; if 3 For the time past [of our any one minister, let him do it life may suffice [us] to have as of the ability which God wrought the will of the nations, supplieth : that God may be when we walked in lascivious-glorified in all things through

* i. e. By the holy spirit, which after his ascension (see ver. 22.) he communicated to his apostles, he preached to spirits, i.e. to persons in prison, to idolatrous heathen, the slaves of ignorance and vice : he thus proclaimed liberty to the captives ; Isaiah xlij. 6, 7; xlix. 9. The Primate's version is,“ by which also he went and preached to the spirits now in prison." Im. Ver. note.

+ " He preached, not to the same individual persons, but to men like them, in the same cir cumstances, to the race of the gentiles, to the descendants of those who had forinerly been disobedient, and refused the call of the spirit in Noah's time. But it was now very different. Many had been obedient. The apostle is contrasting the success of the gospel with the unsuccessfulness of Noah's preaching under the direction of the same spirit of God." Ibid.

I i. e. the water supporting the ark.

$ Christ in his exalted state was empowered to send out messengers and ministers, with authority to preach the gospel and to furnish them with the gifts and powers of the holy spirit to ensure success. See Simpson's Essays, p. 364.

A See Eph. ii. 5, 6.

..., w uie race of the gentiles, to the descendanto per uke

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