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any one think himself to be mine own hand. 12 As many something, when he is nothing, as desire to make a fair show he deceiveth bimself. 4 But let in the flesh, such would comevery one try his own work; pel you to be circumcised, and then he will have boasting only lest they should be perin himself alone, and not in secuted for the cross of Christ. another. 5 For every one will 13 For neither do they thembear his own burden.

selves, who are circumcised, 6 Now let him who is taught keep the law; but they desire this doctrine, make him 'who to have you circumcised, that teacheth partaker in all good they may boast in your flesh. things. 7 Be not deceived:14 But far be it from me, that God is not deluded : for what I should boast, except in the soever a man soweth, that cross of our Lord Jesus Christ, will he also reap. 8 For he who through whom a world is crucisoweth to his own flesh, from fied to me, and I to [the world. the flesh will reap corruption : 15 For in Christ Jesus neither but he who soweth to the spi- lis circumcision any thing, nor rit, from the spirit will reap uncircumcision; but a new aionian life. 9 And let us not creation. 16 And as many as be weary in well-doing : for shall walk by this rule, peace in due time we shall reap, if and mercy be upon them, and we faint not. 10 As we have upon the Israel of God. opportunity, therefore, let us 17 Henceforth let no one do good to all; but especially trouble me: for I bear in my to those who are of the house- body the marks of the Lord hold of faith.

Jesus. 18 Brethren, the favour 11 YE see how large a letter of our Lord Jesus Christ be I have written to you with | with your spirit. Amen.

THE EPISTLE OF PAUL TO THE EPHESIANS.

CHAP. I.

| Jesus, who are in Ephesus :* 1 PAUL, an apostle of Jesus | 2 favour be to you, and peace, Christ, by the will of God, to from God our Father, and the saints, and faithful in Christ from our Lord Jesus Christ.

* The words Ev EpEOW, (in Ephesus.) are wanting in one manuscript : they were also wanting in some ancient copies in the time of Basil, in the fourth century, Marcion's copy reads Laodicea." And though the external evidence is very great in favour of Ephesus, vet Mill, Benson, Paley, and many others think it probable that this letter was addressed by Paul to the Laodiceans, and is alluded to Col. iv. 16. It is indeed hardly possible, that the apostle should have dictated a letter to a society of Christians amongst whom he had resided

3 BLESSED be the God and own will: 12 that we should be Father of our Lord Jesus Christ, to the praise of his glory, havwho hath blessed us, with every ing first hoped in Christ : 13 in spiritual blessing in heavenly whom ye also, having trusted, things, in Christ: 4 accord- (after ye heard the word of ing as he chose us, in him, be- truth, the glad tidings of your fore the foundation of the salvation,) in whom, I say, ye world, that we might be holy also, having trusted, have been and spotless before him in love: sealed with the holy spirit of 5 having predestinated us to promise, 14 (which is the the adoption of sons, through earnest of our inheritance,) to Jesus Christ, to himself, ac--the redemption of the purcording to the good pleasure chased possession, to the praise of his will, 6 to the praise of of his glory. his glorious favour, with which 15 WHEREFORE I, also, hayhe hath highly favoured us in ing heard of your faith in the the beloved : 7 in whom we Lord Jesus, and love towards have redemption through his all the saints, 16 cease not to blood, even forgiveness of our give thanks for you ; making offences,* according to the mention of you in my prayers, riches of his favour; 8 in which 17 that the God of our Lord he hath abounded towards us Jesus Christ, the Father of 'in all wisdom and prudence; glory, may give you a spirit

9 having made known to us the of wisdom and of revelation, mystery of his will, according in the knowledge of him : 18 to his good pleasure, which he that, the eyes of your mind purposed in himself 10 con- being enlightened, ye may cerning the dispensation of the know what is the hope of his fulness of times, that he would having called you, [and] what gather togetherf to himself, in are the glorious riches of his one, all things in Christ, which inheritance among the saints ; are in the heavens, and which | 19 and what is the exceeding are on the earth, even in him; 11 greatness of his power towards in whom we have also obtained us who believe, according to an inheritance, having been pre. the working of his mighty destinated according to the pur- strength, 20 which he wrought pose of him who worketh all in Christ, when he raised him things after the counsel of his from the dead, and seated him

three years, without once alluding to that circumstance, or to any of the extraordinary events which bad occurred during his abode in Ephesus. See Acts xix. 2 Cor. i. 8. 1 Cor. xv. 32. Paley's Hor. Paul. p. 242.” Im Ver. pote

* By the terms we and us, the apostle often speaks affectionately of the gentiles. See Locke. Their redemption signifies their deliverance from, idolatry and vice: this was through the blood of Christ, by whose death the new covenant was ratified. The forgiveness of sin was transferring them from a heathen state, in which they are represented as sinners, to a covenant and privileged state, in which they are said to be justified and holy.

+ The primary signification of the word avaxepanaion, which the apostle here use sum up an account, or, to reduce many sums to one. See Schleusner.

at his own right hand in the sus: 7 that in the ages to come, heavenly places ;* 21 far above he might show the exceeding all principality, and power, and riches of his favour, in his kind. might, and dominion, and every ness towards us as manifested in name which is named, not only Christ Jesus. in this age, but also in that 8 For by favour ye are sav. which is coming; 22 and put alled through faith: and this sal. things in subjection under his vation is not from yourselves : feet, and appointed him head it is the gift of God; 9 not from over all things in the church, works: so that no one can boast. 23 which is his body, the ful- 10 For we are his workmanness of him who filleth all in ship, having been created in all : Ch. II. 1 even you who Christ Jesus to good works, in were dead in offences and sins, which God before designed 2 in which ye formerly walk-that we should walk. ed, according to the mannert 11 WHEREFORE remember of this world, according to the that ye, formerly gentiles in powerful ruler of the air, and the flesh, (who are called the of the spirit which now work- uncircumcision by that which eth in the sons of disobedience: is called the circumcision in the 3 among whom all of us like-flesh made by hands ;) 12 rewise lived, formerly, in the de- member, I say, that ye [in] that sires of our flesh, fulfilling the time were without Christ, bewill of the flesh, and of our ing aliens from the citizenship minds; and were by nature of Israel, and strangers to the children of anger, even as covenants of promise, having others; 4 but God, who is rich no hope, and without God in in mercy, through his great the world. 13 But now, in love with which he loved us, Christ Jesus, ye, who formerly 5 where we were dead in of were far off, are brought near fences, hath given life to us in the blood of Christ.l! also, together with Christ, (by 14 For he is our peace, who favour ye are saved, 6 and hath made. both one, and hath bath raised us up together, and broken down the middle wall made us sit together in the of partition between us ; 15 heavenly places, $ in Christ Je-l(having abolished, in his flesh, the cause of enmity, even the, in other generations, was not law of the commandments con- made known to the sons of men, sisting in ordinances, to make as it hath now been revealed in himself of the two, one new to his holy apostles and proman, thus causing peace; 16 phets in spirit; 6 namely, that and to reconcile both to God, the gentiles should be jointin one body, through the cross, heirs, and a joint-body, and having destroyed by it their en-joint-partakers of (his] promise mity ;) 17 and hath come and in Christ, through the gospel ; 7 proclaimed the glad tidings of of which I have been made a peace to you who were far off, minister, according to the gift of and to those who were near that favour of God which hath 18 For through him, we both been bestowed on me, accordhave access, in one spirit to the ing to the mighty working of Father.

* In the figurative language of the apostle, all who enjoy the light of divine revelation, whether Jews or Christians, are said to dwell in heaven. See ch. ii. 6. See, also, I'm. Ver. note. + Gr age. “ The state, or condition, of the gentile world.” Newcome.

* As Jews and Christians residing (figuratively) in heaven, are represented as constituting & polity under the government of angels, principalities, and powers, etc. so the unevangelized world are a polity under the government of a fictitious personage called Satan, the ruler of the air, etc. and bis angels. This whole imagery is borrowed from the Oriental philosophy, and is not to be taken in a literal sense. See Mr. Lindsey, ubi supra." Im. Ver. note.

As eh. i. 20. it is said that God hath seated Christ at his own right hand in heavenly places, so here it is also said, that God bath raised us up, and made us sit together in heavenly places.” Ibid.

" Jews and gentiles are harmoniously united in that dispensation, which is ratified by the death of Christ, and by which the burdensome ritual of Moses was superseded as the apostle asserts more particularly in the following verses," Im. Ver. note.

his power : 8 on me, who am 19 So then ye are no more less than the least of all the strangers and sojourners, but saints), this favour hath been fellow-citizens with the saints, bestowed, that I should preach and of the household of God; I among the gentiles the un20 having been built on the searchable riches of Christ; 9 foundation of the apostles and and should clearly manifest to prophets, Jesus Christ himself all what is the dispensation of being the chief corner-stone ; the mystery, which, from the 21 in whom all (the building, beginning of the ages, was hidbeing fitly framed together, den in God, who hath created groweth to a holy temple in all things:f 10 to the intent, that the Lord : 22 in whom ye also the manifold wisdom of God are built together, for a habi. might now be made known, tation of God in the spirit. * through the church, to the prin

CH. III. 1 For this cause, I cipalities and powers in the heaPaul, a prisoner, on account of venly rlaces ; 11 according to a Jesus Christ for preaching to predisposition of the ages, which you gentiles; 2 (since ye have he formed in Christ Jesus our heardt the gracious dispensa- Lord; 12 in whom we have tion of God, which is given freedom of speech, and access me towards you ; 3 that by re- with confidence through faith velation, the mystery was made in him : 13 wherefore, I entreat known to me, as I have writ- that ye faint not at my afflicten before, in few words, 4 by tions for you, which are your which, when ye read, ye may glory): 14 I say, for this cause understand my knowledge in I bow my knees to the Father the mystery of Christ, 5 which of our Lord Jesus Christ], 15 * i. e. for a spiritual hahitation of God.

The apostle's expressions here, and in ver. 4, seem to indicate that the Christians to whom this epistle was addressed, were not personally known to him; and therefore favour the supposition that the epistle was sent to the Laodiceans, and not to the Ephesians.

The words "by Jesus Christ" in the received text, are plainly an interpolation, perhaps a marginal gloss introduced into the text. See Im. Ver, note.

from whom the whole family i 7 But on every one of us in heaven and upon earth is favour hath been bestowed ac. named, 16 to grant you, ac- cording to the measure of the cording to the riches of his gift of Christ. 8 Wherefore it glory, that ye may be strength is said, “ When he ascended ened with might through his on high, he led captivity capspirit, in the inner man; 17 that tive, and gave gifts to men." Christ may dwell in your hearts 9 (Now, this expression, he asthrough faith ; so that, being cended, what is it but that he rooted and grounded in love, descended also into the lower ye, 18 with all the saints, may parts of the earth ? 10 he be able to comprehend what who descended is the same who is the breadth, and length, and also ascended far above all the depth, and height, of this mys. | heavens, that he might fill all tery ; 19 and to know the things.) 11 And he gave some surpassing love of the know- to be apostles ; and some, proledge of Christ, so that ye phets; and some, evangelists; may be filled with all the ful and some, pastors and teachness of God.

ers; 12 for the perfecting of 20 Now to him who is able the saints, for the work of the to do exceeding abundantly ministry, for the edification of above all that we can' ask or the body of Christ : 13 till we think, according to the power all come to the same faith in which worketh in us, 21 to him the Son of God, and to the be glory in the church in Christ same knowledge of him, to a Jesus, throughout all the gene- perfect man, to the measure of rations (of the age of ages. the full stature of Christ : 14 Amen.

that we may be no more child. Ch. IV. 1 I THEREFORE, a ren, tossed like waves, and prisoner in the cause of the carried about by every wind of Lord, beseech you, that ye doctrine, through the sleight walk in a manner worthy of the of men, and through their crafcalling with which ye have tiness for the purpose of artful been called; 2 with all humi- deceit; 15 but embracing the lity of mind and meekness, truth in love, may grow up in with long-suffering, sustaining all things to him who is the one another in love ; 3 earn- head, even Christ: 16 from estly endeavouring to preserve whoin the whole body, fitly the unity of the spirit in the compacted and connected by bond of peace. 4 There is one every assisting joint, according body and one spirit, even as to the mighty working in the ye have been called in one hope measure of every limb, maketh of your calling; 5 one Lord, the increase of the body to the one faith, one baptism, 6 one edification of itself in love. God and Father of all; who is 17 This I say, therefore, and over all, and through all, and charge you in the Lord, that in [us] all.

lye no more walk as the [other]

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