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any one think himself to be something, when he is nothing, he deceiveth himself. 4 But let every one try his own work; and then he will have boasting in himself alone, and not in another. 5 For every one will bear his own burden. 6 Now let him who is taught this doctrine, make him who teacheth partaker in all good things. 7 Be not deceived : God is not deluded: for whatsoever a man soweth, that will he also reap. 8 For he who soweth to his own flesh, from the flesh will reap corruption: but he who soweth to the spirit, from the spirit will reap aionian life. 9 And let us not be weary in well-doing : for in due time we shall reap, if we faint not. 10 As we have opportunity, therefore, let us do good to all; but especially to those who are of the household of faith. 11 YE see how large a letter I have written to you with

mine own hand. 12 As many as desire to make a fair show in the flesh, such would compel you to be circumcised, only lest they should be persecuted for the cross of Christ. 13 For neither do they themselves, who are circumcised, keep the law; but they desire to have you circumcised, that they may boast in your flesh. 14 But far be it from me, that I should boast, except in the cross of our Lord Jesus Christ, through whom a world is crucified to me, and I to [the] world. 15 For in Christ Jesus neither is circumcision any thing, nor uncircumcision ; but a new creation. 16 And as many as shall walk by this rule, peace and mercy be upon them, and upon the Israel of God. 17 Henceforth let no one trouble me : for I bear in my body the marks of the [Lord] Jesus. 18 Brethren, the favour of our Lord Jesus Christ be with your spirit. Amen.




Jesus, who are in Ephesus:”

1 PAUL, an apostle of Jesus 2 favour be to you, and peace,

Christ, by the will of God, to from God our Father,


the saints, and faithful in Christ |from our Lord Jesus Christ.

* The words ov Epo, (in Ephesus) are wanting in, one manuscript: they were also wanting in some ancient copies in the time of Basil, in the fourth century. Marcion's copy reads “Laodicea.” And though the external evidence is very great in favour of Ephesus, yet Mill, Benson, Paley, and many others think it probable that this letter was addressed by Paul to the Laodiceans, and is alluded to Col. iv. 16. It is indeed hardly possible, that the a nostle should have dictated a letter to a society of Christians amongst whom he had resided three years, without once alluding to that circumstance, or to any of the extraordinary events which bad occurred during his abode in Ephesus. See Acts xix. 2 Cor. i. 8. 1 Cor. xv. 32.

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cording to the good pleasure of his will, 6 to the praise of his glorious favour, with which he hath highly favoured us in the beloved : 7 in whom we have redemption through his blood, even forgiveness of our offences,” according to the riches of his favour; 8 in which he hath abounded towards us in all wisdom and prudence; 9 having made known to us the mystery of his will, according to his good pleasure, which he purposed in himself 10 concerning the dispensation of the fulness of times, that he would gather togethert to himself, in one, all things in Christ, which are in the heavens, and which are on the earth, even in him; 11 in whom we have also obtained an inheritance, having been predestinated according to the purpose of him who worketh all things after the counsel of his

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truth, the glad tidings of your salvation,) in whom, I say, ye also, having trusted, have been sealed with the holy spirit of promise, 14 (which is the earnest of our inheritance,) to the redemption of the purchased possession, to the praise of his glory. 15 WHEREFoRE I, also, having heard of your faith in the Lord Jesus, and love towards all the saints, 16 cease not to give thanks for you ; making mention of you in my prayers, 17 that the God of our Lord Jesus Christ, the Father of glory, may give you a spirit of wisdom and of revelation, in the knowledge of him : 18 that, the eyes of your mind being enlightened, ye may know what is the hope of his having called you, [and] what are the glorious riches of his inheritance among the saints; 19 and what is the exceeding greatness of his power towards us who believe, according to the working of his mighty strength, 20 which he wrought in Christ, when he raised him from the dead, and seated him at his own right hand in the heavenly flaces ; * 21 far above all principality, and power, and might, and dominion, and every name which is named, not only in this age, but also in that which is coming; 22 and put all things in subjection under his feet, and appointed him head over all things in the church, 23 which is his body, the fulness of him who filleth all in all : CH. II. 1 even you who were dead in offences and sins, 2 in which ye formerly walked, according to the mannert of this world, according to the powerful ruler of the air, f and of the spirit which now worketh in the sons of disobedience: 3 among whom all of us likewise lived, formerly, in the desires of our flesh, fulfilling the will of the flesh, and of our minds ; and were by nature children of anger, even as others; 4 but God, who is rich in mercy, through his great love with which he loved us, 5 when we were dead in offences, hath given life to us also, together with Christ, (by favour ye are saved,) 6 and hath raised us up together, and made us sit together in the heavenly filaces,S in Christ Je

Paley's Hor. Paul. p. 242.” Im. Wer. hote.

* By the terms we and us, the apostle often speaks affectionately of the gentiles. See Locke. Their redemption signifies their deliverance from idolatry and vice: this was through the blood of Christ, by whose death the new covenant was ratified. The forgiveness of sin was transferring them from a heathen state, in which they are represented as sinners, to a covenant and privileged state, in which they are said to be justified and holy.

t The primary signification of the word &vaxopaxa too, which the apostle here uses, is, to sum up an account, or, to reduce many sums to one. See Schleusner,


" In the figurative language of the a

sus: 7 that in the ages to come, he might show the exceeding riches of his favour, in his kindness towards us as manifested in Christ Jesus, 8 For by favour ye are saved through faith: and this salvation is not from yourselves: it is the gift of God; 9 not from works: so that no one can boast. 10 For we are his workmanship, having been created in Christ Jesus to good works, in which God before designed that we should walk. 11 WHEREFort E remember that ye, formerly gentiles in the flesh, (who are called the uncircumcision by that which is called the circumcision in the flesh made by hands ;) 12 remember, I say, that ye [in] that time were without Christ, being aliens from the citizenship of Israel, and strangers to the covenants of promise, having no hope, and without God in the world. 13 But now, in Christ Jesus, ye, who formerly were far off, are brought near in the blood of Christ. 14 For he is our peace, who hath made both one, and hath broken down the middle wall of partition between us ; 15 (having abolished, in his flesh,

stle, all who enjoy the light of divine revelation,

whether Jews or Christians, are said to dwell in heaven. See ch. ii. 6. See, also, Im. Ver, note. t Grage. “The state, or condition, of the gentile world.” Newcome.

# “As Jews and Christians residing (figuratively) in heaven, are represented as constitu a posity under the government of angels, principalities, and powers, etc. so the unevangeli worla, are a polity, under the government of a fictitious personage called Satan, the ruler of the air, etc. and his angels. This whole imagery is borrowed from the Oriental philosophy, and is not to be taken in a literal sense. See Mr. Lindsey, ubi supra.” Im. Ver, note.

§ “As ch. i. 20, it is said that God, hath seated Christ at his own right hand in heavenly Plaos,” § it is also said, that God hath raised us up, and made us sit together in heavenly

laces.” Ibid. p | “Jews and gentiles are harmoniously united in that dispensation, which is ratified by the death of Christ, and by which the burdensome ritual of Moses was superseded as the apostle asserts more particularly in the following verses.” Im. Ver, note.

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the cause of enmity, even the law of the commandments consisting in ordinances, to make in himself of the two, one new man, thus causing peace; 16 and to reconcile both to God, in one body, through the cross, having destroyed by it their enmity ;) 17 and hath come and proclaimed the glad tidings of peace to you who were far off, and to those who were near. 18 For through him, we both have access, in one spirit to the Father. 19 So then ye are no more strangers and sojourners, but fellow-citizens with the saints, and of the household of God; 20 having been built on the foundation of the aposties and prophets, Jesus Christ himself being the chief corner-stone ; 21, in whom all [the] building, being fitly framed together, groweth to a holy temple in the Lord ; 22 in whom ye also are built together, for a habitation of God in the spirit.” CH. III. 1 For this cause, I Paul, a prisoner, on account of Jesus Christ for fireaching to you gentiles; 2 (since ye have heardt the gracious dispensation of God, which is given me towards you; 3 that by revelation, the mystery was made known to me, as I have written before, in few words, 4 by which, when ye read, ye may understand my knowledge in the mystery of Christ, 5 which

in other generations, was not made known to the sons of men, as it hath now been revealed to his holy apostles and prophets in spirit; 6 namely, that the gentiles should be jointheirs, and a joint-body, and joint-partakers of [his] promise in Christ, through the gospel; 7 of which I have been made a minister, according to the gift of that favour of God which hath been bestowed on me, according to the mighty working of his power: 8 on me, who am less than the least of all [the saints], this favour hath been bestowed, that I should preach among the gentiles the unsearchable riches of Christ; 9 and should clearly manifest to all what is the dispensation of the mystery, which, from the beginning of the ages, was hidden in God, who hath created all things:# 10 to the intent, that the manifold wisdom of God might now be made known, through the church, to the principalities and powers in the heavenly filaces ; 11 according to a predisposition of the ages, which he formed in Christ Jesus our Lord ; 12 in whom we have freedom of speech, and access with confidence through faith in him : 13 wherefore, I entreat that ye faint not at my afflictions for you, which are your glory): 14 I say, for this cause I bow my knees to the Father [of our Lord Jesus Christ], 15

* i. e. for a spiritual habitation of God.

f The apostiè's expressions here, and in ver. 4, seem to indicate that the Christians to whom

this epistle was addressed, were not personall

known to him ; and therefore favour the suppo

sition that the epistle was sent to the Laodiceans, and not to the Ephesians.... # The words “by Jesus Christ” in the received text, are plainly an interpolation, perhaps a marginal gloss introduced into the text. See Im. Wer, note.

from whom the whole family in heaven and upon earth is named, 16 to grant you, according to the riches of his glory, that ye may be strengthened with might through his spirit, in the inner man; 17 that Christ may dwell in your hearts through faith; so that, being rooted and grounded in love, ye, 18 with all the saints, may be able to comprehend what

is the breadth, and length, and

depth, and height, of this mystery ; 19 and to know the surpassing love of the knowledge of Christ, so that ye may be filled with all the fulness of God.

20 Now to him who is able to do exceeding abundantly above all that we can ask or think, according to the power which worketh in us, 21 to him be glory in the church in Christ Jesus, throughout all the generations [of the age] of ages. Amen.

CH. IV. 1 I THEREFor E, a prisoner in the cause of the Lord, beseech you, that ye walk in a manner worthy of the calling with which ye have been called; 2 with all humility of mind and meekness, with long-suffering, sustaining one another in love ; 3 earnestly endeavouring to preserve the unity of the spirit in the bond of peace. 4 There is one body and one spirit, even as ye have been called in one hope of your calling ; 5 one Lord, one faith, one baptism, 6 one God and Father of all ; who is over all, and through all, and in [us] all.


7 But on every one of us favour hath been bestowed according to the measure of the gift of Christ. 8 Wherefore it is said, “When he ascended on high, he led captivity captive, [and] gave gifts to men.” 9 (Now, this exfiression, he ascended, what is it but that he descended also into the lower [farts] of the earth : 10 he who descended is the same who also ascended far above all the heavens, that he might fill all things.) 11 And he gave some to be apostles; and some, prophets; and some, evangelists; and some, pastors and teachers; 12 for the perfecting of the saints, for the work of the ministry, for the edification of the body of Christ : 13 till we all come to the same faith in the Son of God, and to the same knowledge of him, to a perfect man, to the measure of the full stature of Christ : 14 that we may be no more children, tossed like waves, and carried about by every wind of doctrine, through the sleight of men, and through their craftiness for the furpose of artful deceit ; 15 but embracing the truth in love, may grow up in all things to him who is the head, even Christ: 16 from whom the whole body, fitly compacted and connected by every assisting joint, according to the mighty working in the measure of every limb, maketh the increase of the body to the edification of itself in love.

17. This I say, therefore, and charge you in the Lord, that ye no more walk as the [other]

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