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consciences also. 12 [For] we commend not ourselves again to you, but give you occasion to boast on our account; that ye may have something to answer those, who boast in appearance, and not in heart. 13 For, whether we have been transported beyond ourselves, it is to God: or whether we be sober, it is for you.” 14 For the love of Christ constraineth us, judging this, that, [if one died for all, then the whole were dead; 15 and he died for all, that the living should no longer live to themselves, but to him who died, and was raised, for them. 16. Wherefore, henceforth we know no one according to the Plesh : yea, though we have known Christ according to the flesh, yet now we no longer know him. 17 Wherefore if any one be in Christ, this is a new creation: the old things are passed away; behold, [all things] are become the W. 18 But all things are from God; who hath reconciled us to himself through [Jesus] Christ, and hath given to us the ministry of reconciliation: 19 namely, that God was in Christ reconciling the world to himself, not imputing to them their trespasses, and hath committed to us the doctrine of reconciliation. 20 We are therefore ambassadors for Christ, as though God besought you by us; we, in behalf of Christ, entreat you, “Be ye reconciled

to God.” 21 [For] God hath made him, who knew no sin, a sin-offering for us, that, in him, we may be made the righteousness of God. C.H. VI. 1 Now, fellow-labourers, we also beseech you that ye receive not the favour of God in vain : 2 (for Isaiah saith, “I have heard thee in a time accepted, and in the day of salvation I have assisted thee:” behold, now the wellaccepted time : behold, now, the day of salvation :) 3 giving no one offence in any thing, that our ministry be not blamed : 4 but in all things, recommending ourselves as the ninisters of God; in much patience, in afflictions, in recessities, in distresses, 5 in stripes, in imprisonments, in disturbances, in labours, in watchings, in fastings; 6 in purity, in knowledge, in long-suffering, in kindness, in a holy spirit, in love unfeigned, 7 in the word of truth, in the power of God; yea, through the right hand and left hand armour of righteousness:# 8 through honour and disgrace, through evil report and good report: as deceivers, and yet true; 9 as unknown, and yet well known ; as dying, and, behold, we live ; as chastened, and not killed ; 10 as grieved, yet always rejoicing ; as poor; yet making many rich; as having nothing, and yet possessing all things. 11 Our mouth is opened to you, O Corinthians, our heart is enlarged. 12 Ye are not straitened in us; but ye are straitened in your own bowels. 13 Now as a recompense for this, (I speak as to my children,) be ye also enlarged. 14 Be not unequally yoked together with unbelievers : for what fellowship hath righteousness with iniquity ? and what communion hath light with darkness : 15 and what concord hath Christ with Belial? or what part hath a believer with an unbeliever ? 16 and what agreement hath the temple of God with idols : For ye are the temple of the living God: as God hath said, “I will dwell among them, and walk among them ; and I will be their God, and they shall be my people. 17. Wherefore come out from among them, and be ye separated,” saith the Lord, “ and touch not any unclean thing; and I will receive you, 18 and will be a father to you, and ye shall be to me sons, and daughters,” saith the Lord Almighty. CH. VII. 1 Having therefore these promises, beloved, let us cleanse ourselves from all defilement of flesh and of spirit, perfecting holiness in the fear of God. 2 RECEIVE us: we have wronged no one ; we have corrupted no one, we have defrauded no one. 3 I speak not this to condemn you : for I have said before, that ye are in our hearts, to die together

* So Thomson.

t “This is said in allusion to the armour of the ancients.” Macknight.

and to live together. 4 Great is my freedom of speech towards you, great is my boasting" concerning you : I am filled with comfort, I abound exceedingly in joy under all our affliction. 5 For when we were come into Macedonia, our flesh had no rest, but we were afflicted on every side : without were oppositions, within were fears. 6 Nevertheless, God, who comforteth those who are brought low, comforted us by the coming of Titus : 7 and not by his coming only, but by the comfort with which he was comforted on your account, when he told us your earnest desire, your lamentation, your zeal for me : so that I rather rejoiced. 8 For though I grieved you by my letter, I do not repent; though indeed I did repent: for I perceive that my letter hath grieved you for a short time only. 9 Now I rejoice, not that ye were grieved, but that ye were grieved to repentance: for ye were grieved in a godly manner, so that in nothing did ye received damage from us. 10 For a godly sorrow worketh repentance, to salvation, not to be regretted : but the grief of the world worketh death. 11 For, behold, this very thing, ([your] being grieved in a godly manner,) what carefulness it wrought in you, yea, apologizing, yea, indignation, yea, fear, yea, earnest desire, yea, zeal, yea, punishment of in all things, ye have proved yourselves to be clear [in] this matter. 12 Wherefore, though I wrote to you, I did it, not so much on account of him who had done the wrong, nor on account of him who had suffered the wrong, as that our care for you might be made manifest to you, in the sight of God. 13 We, therefore, were comforted by your comfort ; and we rejoiced more exceedingly for the joy of Titus, because his spirit was refreshed by you all. 14 For if I have boasted to him in any respect concerning you, I have not been put to shame : but as we spake all things to you, in truth, so also our boasting which was before Titus, is found true. 15 And his tender affection is more abundant towards you; while he remembereth the obedience of you all, how ye received him with fear and trembling. 16 I rejoice that in every thing I have confidence in you. CH. VIII. 1 NOW we make known to you, brethren, the very liberal" gift bestowed by the churches of Macedonia; 2 that, under a great trial of affliction, the abundance of their joy, the depth of their poverty, hath abounded to the riches of their liberality. 3 For to their power, (I bear witness,) yea, and beyond their power, they were willing of themselves; 4 beseeching us with much intreaty, concerning their gift, and

* See 1 Cor. xv. 31.

t i. e. punishment of the incestuous person. See Macknight, and Parkhurst. Or the word **nois may be rendered vindication, which, perhaps, is the sense in the text.


the joint administration of it to the saints. 5 And this they did, not as we expected ; but they first gave themselves to the Lord, and to us, by the will of God; 6 so that we desired Titus, that, as he had already begun to do this, so he would likewise finish in you also this work of liberality. 7. Now as ye abound in every thing, in faith, and utterance, and knowledge, and all diligence, and in your love to us; see that ye abound also in this work of liberality. 8 I speak not by way of command; but to try the sincerity of your love also, by the diligence of others. 9 (For ye know the gracious goodness of our Lord Jesus Christ, that for you he was poor, being rich,” that ye, through his poverty, might be rich.) 10 And I give my judgment in this matter; for this is expedient for you, who have already begun, not only to do, but also to have a willing mind, a year ago. 11 Now then, complete, also, the doing of it; that, as there was a readiness to will, so also there may be a fulfilment out of what ye possess. 12 For if there be first a ready mind, it is accepted according to what [any one hath, and not accord. ing to what he hath not. 13 For I mean not that others may be eased, and you burdened: 14 but that, by an equality, your abundance may be a suffily at this time, for their want; that their abundance, also, may be a sufftly for your want : that there may be an equality, 15 as it is written, “He who had gathered much, had nothing over ; and he who had gathered little, had no want.” 16 But thanks be to God, who hath put the same diligent care for you, into the heart of Titus. 17 For he respected indeed my exhortation; but, being very earnest, he went to you of his own accord. 18 And we sent with him a brother, whose praise in the gospel is throughout all the churches; 19 and not that only, but who was also appointed, by the churches, our fellow-traveller, with this liberal gift, which is to be administered by us to the glory of the Lord [himself], and to the declaration of our ready mind: 20 we avoiding this, that no one should blame us in this abundance which is to be administered by us; 21 and providing things which are good, not only in the sight of the Lord, but also in the sight of men. 22 And we have sent with them, our brother, (whom we have often found diligent in many things, but now much more diligent,) because of the great confidence which we have in you. 23 If any inquire of Titus, he is my partner, and fellow-labourer towards you : or if our brethren be inquired of, they are the messengers of the churches, and the glory of Christ. 24 Wherefore show ye to them, before the churches, the proof

* Or, the godly gift. Or, the godlike gift. Literally, the favour of God.

+ while he was rich—see Wakefield—raovato; ov, extaxovgs. The construction requires it to be understood, not of a passage from a preceding state of wealth to a succeeding state of po verty, but of two contemporary states. He was rich and poor at the same time.

of your love, and of our boasting on your account. CH. IX. 1 FoR, concerning your ministration to the saints, it is superfluous for me to write to you. 2 For I know your readiness, for which I boast of you to those of Macedonia, that Achaia was prepared a year ago; and your zeal hath stirred up very many. 3 Yet I have sent the brethren, lest our boasting of you in this respect, should be in vain; that, as I said of you, ye may be prepared: 4 lest, if those of Macedonia, come with me, and find you unprepared, we (that we say not ye) should be put to shame for this confidence. 5 I have therefore thought it necessary to exhort the brethren, that they would go before to you, and make up beforehand your bounty, before spoken of by me, that it might be ready, as a matter of bounty, and not as of COVetousness. 6 However, this I say, He who soweth sparingly, will also reap sparingly; and he who soweth bountifully, will also reap bountifully. 7. Let every one give, according as he chooseth in his heart; not with pain, or by constraint : for God loveth a cheerful giver. 8 And God is able to make every gift abound towards you ; that, having always all sufficiency in all things, ye may abound to every good work: 9 (as it is written, “He hath dispersed abroad ; he hath given to the poor: his righteousness remaineth to the age.”)

10 Now may he who sup- false reasonings, and every high plieth seed to the sower, and thing which exalteth itself bread for food, supply and mul-, against the knowledge of God, tiply your seed sown, and in- and bringing every thought crease the fruits of your righte- into captivity, to the obedience ousness; 11 ye being enriched of Christ; 6 and being ready to in all things to all liberality, avenge all disobedience when which causeth thanksgiving by your obedience is complete. us to God. 12 For the ministra- || 7 Do ye look on things action of this service not only cording to the outward appearsupplieth the wants of the ance 2 If any one trust in himsaints, but aboundeth also in self that he is Christ’s, let him many thanksgivings to God; 13 of himself think this also, that, (for through the proof of this as he is Christ's, so are we ministry, they glorify God for likewise. 8 For though I should your professed subjection to the boast in a somewhat extraordigospel of Christ, and for your nary manner of our authority, liberal contribution to them, which the Lord hath given to us and to all;) 14 and in their for your edification, and not for prayer for you, ardently loving your destruction, I should not you for the exceedingly bounti- be ashamed : 9 but I sorbear, ful gift bestowed by you. 15 that I may not seem as if I [Wow] thanks be to God for his would terrify you by my letters. unspeakable gift.* . 10 For his letters, it is said,

CH. X. 1 NOW I, the same are weighty and powerful; but Paul, who, when present, in- his bodily presence is weak, and deed, am humble among you, , his speech contemptible. 11 Let but when absent am bold to- such an one think this, that as wards you, beseech you by we are in word, by letters, the mildness and clemency of when absent, such we will be Christ, 2 and I request, that, in deed also, when present. when present, I may not be 12 For we dare not place bold, with that confidence . ourselves in the same rank, or wherewith I conclude to be compare ourselves, with some bold against some, who con- who commend themselves: but clude us to be really fiersons they, measuring themselves by who walk according to the themselves, and comparing flesh. 3 For though we walk themselves with themselvesf, in the flesh, we do not war [are not wise. 13 But wel [will according to the flesh; 4 (for boast] not of things without the weapons of our warfare are measure ; but according to the not carnal, but mighty, through measure of the line which God God, to the casting down of hath allotted to us, that we strong holds ;) 5 casting down should reach even to you.

* This applies to Christ, who “may well be called God’s unspeakable gift.” Macknight. + Or, they measure themselves by themselves, and compare themselves with themselves. [But we will] not [boast] of things, but, etc. See Newcome's note. *26

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