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ship. 40 And having taken up , amongst themselves, “ No doubt the anchors, they committed this man is a murderer, whom, the ship to the sea, and loosed though he hath escaped the the bands of the rudders, and sea, yet vengeance hath not hoisted up the mainsail to the permitted to live.” 5 But he wind, and made towards shore. shook off the serpent into the 41 And having reached a place fire, and suffered no harm. 6 which had the sea on both However, they expected he sides, they ran the ship on would have swollen, or fallen ground; and the fore part stuck down dead suddenly: but expectfast, and remained immoveable, ing a great while, and seeing no but the hinder part was broken harm befal him, they changed by the violence of the waves. their minds, and said he was 42 Now the advice of the a god.' soldiers was, to kill the pri- 7 Now in the neighbourhood soners ; lest any of them should of that place, were possessions swim out, and escape. 43 But of the chief man of the island, the centurion, wishing to pre-whose name was Publius ; who serve Paul, kept them from received us, and entertained their purpose, and command- us kindly three days. 8 Now ed those who could swim it happened that the father to cast themselves into the sea, of Publius lay sick of a fever, and get first upon the land: 44 and of a flux : to whom Paul and that the rest should save entered in, and prayed, and put themselves, some on boards, and his hands on him, and cured some on things belonging to him. 9 So when this was done, the ship: and thus it came to others also, who had diseases pass that they all escaped safe in the island, came and were to land.

cured : 10 who also bestowed CH. XXVIII. 1 And when on us many gifts; and, when they had escaped safe, they we departed, laded the ship then knew that the island was with such things as were necalled Melita.* 2 And the bar- cessary. barians showed us no common 11 And, after three months, humanity : for they kindled a we departed in a ship of Alexfire, and brought us all to it, andria, which had wintered in on account of the present rain, the island; whose sign was and of the cold.

| Castor and Pollux.t 12 And 3 And Paul, having gathered having landed at Syracuse, we a bundle of sticks, and laid remained there three days. 13 them on the fire, a viper came From thence we coasted round, out of the heat, and fastened and came to Rhegium : and on his hand. 4 And when the after one day the south wind barbarians saw the serpent blew, and we came the second hanging on his hand, they said day to Puteoli: 14 where we * Now called Malta. | Gr. A100 Xovgous Children of Jupiter.

found brethren, and were de- thee. 22 But we desire to hear sired to remain with them seven from thee what thou thinkest : days: and then we went toward for, as to this sect, we know Rome. 15 And the brethren hav- that every where it is spoken ing heard concerning us, came against.” out as far as Appii forum,* and 23 And having appointed him the Three taverns,* to meet a day, many came to him into us: whom when Paul saw, he his lodging: to whom he exthanked God, and took courage. I plained and gave testimony to

16 And when we came to the kingdom of God, using per. Rome (the centurion delivered suasion to them [about the the prisoners to the captain of things] concerning Jesus, both the guard, but] Paul was suf- out of the law of Moses, and fered to remain apart, with the out of the prophets, from mornsoldier who kept him. 17 Anding till evening. 24 And some it came to pass, after three believed the things which were days, that Paul called the chief spoken, and some disbelievof the Jews together. And on ed.. their being assembled, he said 25 So, not agreeing amongst to them, “Men, brethren, though themselves, they broke up, I have committed nothing a- Paul having said one word, gainst my people, nor the cus- " Well spake the holy spirit to toms of our fathers, yet I was de- our fathers by the prophet livered a prisoner, from Jerusa- Isaiah, 26 saying, “Go to this lem, into the hands of the Ro- people, and say, Hearing ye mans: 18 who, when they had exa- will hear, and will not undermined me, would have released stand ; and seeing ye will see, ine, since there was no cause and will not perceive. 27 For of death in me. 19 But when the heart of this people is bethe Jews spake against this, I come gross, and their ears are was compelled to appeal to dull of hearing, and their eyes Cæsar; not as having aught to they have closed ; lest they accuse my nation of. 20 On should see with their eyes, and this account therefore I have hear with their ears, and under. called for you, that I might see stand with their heart, and you, and speak with you : be- should be converted, and I cause, for the hope of Israel should heal them.' 28 Be it I am bound with this chain." | known therefore to you, that 21 Then they said to him, the salvation of God is sent 6 We have neither received to the gentiles ; who will hearkletters from Judea concerning en also to it.” 29 [And on his thee, nor hath any one of our saying these words the Jews brethren, who came hither relat- | departed, and had great disputed or spoken any thing bad of ling amongst themselves.]

“Two villages on the road, the first about fifty miles from Rome, and the other about thirty." Thomson.

30 And he dwelt two whole, God, and teaching those things years in his own hired house, which concern the Lord Jesus and received all who came to Christ, with all freedom of him ; 31 preaching the reign of speech, undisturbed.



spreading his name ; 6 among 1 PAUL, a servant of Jesus which nations are ye also, the Christ, called to be an apostle, called of Jesus Christ;) 7 to all separated to the gospel of God, the beloved of God, and called 2 (which he had promised be-, to be saints, who are in Rome: fore, by his prophets, in the favour be to you, and peace, holy scriptures, 3 concerning from God our Father, and from his Son, who was born of the the Lord Jesus Christ. seed of David, according to the 8 First, I thank my God, flesh, 4 but proved to be the through Jesus Christ, for you Son of God by power, accord all, that your faith is spoken ing to the holy spirit, through of throughout the whole world. his resurrection from the dead;* 9 For God is my witness, the gospel,I say, concerning Jesus whom I serve, with my spirit, Christ, our Lord; 5 (by whom in the gospel of his Son, that, we have received the favour of without ceasing, I make menan apostleship, for preaching tion of you; 10 always requestobedience to the faith, among ing in my prayers, that by all the nations, for the sake of some means, now at length, by

.The apostle could not mean by this phmceology and the antithesis which he here uses to assert or countenance the strange and unintelligible notion of two natures in Christ; one the, human nature, by which he was the descendant of David; the other a divine nature, by which he was the Son of God. The sense of the passage is plainly this ; that Christ by natural descent was of the posterity of David ; but that in a figurative sense, by designation of the holy spirit at his haptism, he was the son of God, or the promised Messiah ; which was further proved by the extraordinary exertion of divine energy in raising him from the dead. See Mr. Lindsey's Second Address to the Students of the Two Universities, p. 276. Christ is called the Son of God for two reasons: First, because this title is equivalent to that of Messiah, and was so under stood by the Jews, John i. 50. Thou art the son of God, thou art the king of Israel. Compare Mark i. 1; Luke iv. 41 ; xxji. 67, 70. Secondly, he is called a son of God, as having been raised from the dead to an immortal life. In this sense Christ is called the first born, having been the first human being who was put into possession of this glorious inheritance. Col. i. 15, 18; Heb. i. 6; Rev. i. 5. Åll believers, as heirs of the same inheritance, are also sons of God; John i. 12; Rom. viii, 14-17; 1 John iii. 2. Hence they are said to be brethren of Christ, and co-heirs with him and he is the first-born among many brethren. Rom. viii. 29. These are the only senses in which the title Son of God, is applied to Christ in the genuine apostolical writings." Im. Ver. note.

+ " That this term comprehends the whole body of Christians, appears from Acts xxvi. 10; Rom. xij. 13; 1 Cor. vi. 1; Eph. iii. 8; Heb. iii. 1; 1 Pet. ji. 5, 9; and from many other places. All christians were thus called, because they were dedicated to God: 1 Cor. vii. 14: and because they professed a religion which tended to make them holy. 1 Cor. vi. 11." Newcome. Gr αγιοις hol: or the holy.

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the will of God, I may have a of the world, the invisible prosperous journey, so as to things of Him are clearly percome to you. 11 For I long to ceived, being understood by the see you, that I may impart to things which are made; even you some spiritual gift, that ye his eternal power and provi. may be established : 12 which dence: t so that they are inexis, that I may be jointly com-cusable, 21 because, when they forted among you through our knew God, they glorified him mutual faith, the faith of both not as God, nor gave him you and me.

thanks; but became vain in 13 But I would not have you their reasonings, and their ignorant, brethren, that I have inconsiderate heart was darkoften purposed to come to you, ened : 22 professing to be wise, (but have been hitherto hin- they became fools, 23 and dered) that I might have some changed the glory of the infruit among you also, even as corruptible God into an image among the other nations. 14 I made like to corruptible man, am debtor both to the Greeks and to birds, and four-footed and to the barbarians; both to beasts, and creeping things. the wise and to the unwise. 15 24 Wherefore God (also] So then, as much as lieth in gave them up to uncleanness, me, I am ready to preach the through the desires of their gospel to you also who are in hearts, that their bodies should Rome. 16 For I am not asham- be dishonoured amongst themed of the gospel : for it is the selves; 25 who changed the power of God unto salvation truth concerning God into a to everyone who believeth ; | lie, and worshipped, and served to the Jew first, and also to the the creature rather than the Greek. 17 For thereby God's | Creator, who is blessed to the method of justification* from ages. Amen. 26 For this cause, faith to faith is revealed; as it God gave them up to vile pasis written, " Now the just, sions : for even their women through faith, shall live." I changed the natural use, into

18 For the anger of God is that which is against nature ; revealed from heaven, against 27 and in like manner, the all ungodliness and unrighte- men also, left the natural use of ousness of men, who conceal the women, and burned in their the truth in unrighteousness : desire one towards another; 19 for what may be known of men working unseemliness with God, is manifest among them; men, and receiving amongst for God hath manifested it to themselves the due recompense them ; 20 for, from the creation of their error. 28 And as they

*" The original word is often used by St. Paul for God's treating men as just or righteous; whether by admitting them into the outward privileges of the christian church here, or into his heavenly kingdom hereafter." Newcome.

+ * See Mr. Lindsey's Second Address, p. 278. The expression, “ godhead,” used in the common version, and adopted by Newconie, is liable to be misunderstood." Im. Ver. note.

did not approve of retaining and righteous judgment of God? God in their knowledge, God 6 who will render to every one gave them up to a reprobate according to his works : 0 10 mind, to do those things which those who, by patient continuwere not fit: 29 being filled ance in good works, seek for with all iniquity, maliciousness, glory, and honour, and incorcovetousness, wickedness; full ruption, aionian life : 8 but of envy, murder, strife, deceit, upon those who are contentious, malignity; whisperers, 30 evil. and obey not the truth, but speakers, haters of God; inju- obey unrighteousness, there rious, proud; boasters, inven- shall be wrath and anger, 9 tritors of evil things, disobedient bulation and distress; even upon to parents ; 31 without con- every soul of man who doth sideration, covenant-breakers, I evil, of the Jew first, and also without natural affection, [im- of the Greek; 10 but glory, and placable,] without pity : 32 who honour, and peace, to every though they knew the righ. i one who doth good, to the Jew teous ordinance of God, (that first, and also to the Greek. those who commit such things 11 For with God there is no are worthy of death, not only respect of persons. 12 For as do them, but even have plea- many as have sinned without sure in those who do them. law, will also perish without

Ch. II. 1 WHEREFORE thou | law; and as many as have sinart inexcusable, O man, whoso- ned under law will be judged by ever thou art, who judgest: for, law ; 13 (for not the hearers of wherein thou judgest another, the law will be just before God; thou condemnest thyself; for but the doers of the law, they thou who judgest dost tlie same will be justified : 14 for when things. 2 But we know that the the gentiles, who have not a condemnation of God is accord- law, do, by nature, the things ing to truth, against those who contained in the law, these, not do such things. 3 And thinkest having a law, are a law to themthou this, O man, who judgest selves: 15 who show forth the those who do such things, and works of the law, written in yet clost them, that thou shalt es- their hearts; their conscience cape the condemnation of God ? | witnessing with them, and their 4 or despisest thou the riches reasonings between themselves of his kindness, and of his for- accusing or else excusing each bearance, and long-suffering ; other): 16 in the day when God not knowing that the kindness will judge the secret things of of God leadeth thee to a re- men, by Jesus Christ, accordformation ? 5 and, after thy | ing to my gospel. perverseness and unrepenting 17 But if thou be called a heart, treasurest thou up to Jew, and rest in [the] law, and thyself anger against the day glory in God, 18 and know his of anger, and the manifestation will, and discern the things that

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