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saying, “This man hath done nothing worthy of death, or of bonds.” 32 And Agrippa said to Festus, “This man might have been set at liberty, if he had not appealed to Caesar.” CH. XXVII. 1 NOW when it was determined that we should sail to Italy, Paul and some other prisoners were delivered to a centurion of the Augustan band, named Julius. 2 Then we entered into a ship of Adramyttium, and loosed, meaning to sail by the coasts of Asia; Aristarchus, a Macedonian of Thessalonica, being with us. 3 And the next day, we arrived at Sidon. And Julius treated Paul humanely, and gave him liberty to go to his friends, to be taken care of 4 And having loosed from thence, we sailed under Cyprus, because the winds were contrary. 5 And when we had sailed over the sea of Cilicia and Pamphyllia, we came to Myra, a city of Lycia.6 And there the centurion found a ship of Alexandria sailing into Italy; and put us therein. 7 And, having sailed slowly for many days, and scarcely come over-against Cnidus, the wind not suffering us, we sailed under Crete, over-against
Salmoné: 8 and, hardly passing
by it, we came to a place which is called the Fair havens; near which was the city of Laséa. 9 Now when much time had been spent, and sailing was already become dangerous, (for it
was now after the Jewish fast,)" Paul, gave them warning, iO saying, “Sirs, I perceive that this voyage will be with harm and much damage, not only to the lading and the ship, but to our lives also.” 11 However, the centurion believed the pilot, and the owner of the ship, more than the things spoken by Paul. 12 And because the haven was not commodious to winter in, the greater part advised to loose from thence also, if by any means they might reach Phenice, and winter there: which is a haven of Crete, lying towards the southwest and west. 13 And when the south wind blew softly, supposing that they should obtain their purpose, they weighed anchor, and passed close by Crete. 14 But, not long after, a tempestuous wind, called Euroclydon, beat against the island. 15 And the ship being borne away, and not able to face the wind, we gave her up, and were driven. 16 And having run under a certain small island, called Clauda, we were scarcely able to be masters of the boat: 17 which, when the sailors had taken up, they used helps, undergirding the ship; and, fearing lest they should fall into the quicksands, they struck sail, and thus were driven. 18 And, we being exceedingly tossed by a tempest, the next day they lightened the ship : 19 and the third day we cast
out, with our own hands, the
* “About the 25th of September.” Thomson,
tackling of the ship. 20 And when neither sun nor stars appeared for many days, and no small tempest lay on us, all hope that we should be preserved” was thenceforth taken away. 21 But, after long abstinence, Paul, standing in the midst of them, said, “Sirs, ye should have hearkened to me, and not have loosed from Crete, but have prevented this harm and damage. 22 And now I exhort you to be of good courage : for there will be no loss of life among you, but only of the ship. 23 For there stood by me this night an angel of that God, whose I am, and whom I serve, saying, 24 “Fear not, Paul; thou must be brought before Caesar: and, lo, God hath graciously given thee all who sail with thee.’ 25 Wherefore, sirs, be of good courage : for I believe God, that it will be as it hath been told me. 26 However, we must be cast upon a certain island.” 27 But when the fourteenth night was come, as we were driven up and down, in the Adriatic sea, about midnight, the sailors thought that they drew near to some country; 28 and sounded, and found it twenty fathoms; and, when they had gone a little further, they sounded again, and found it fifteen fathoms. 29 Then fearing lest we should fall upon rocks, they cast four anchors
out of the stern, and wished for day. 30 But the sailors endeavouring to escape out of the ship, let down the boat into the sea, under pretence that they were about to cast anchors out of the foreship, 31 when Paul said to the centurion and to the soldiers, “Unless these remain in the ship, ye cannot be preserved.”f 32 Then the soldiers cut off the ropes of the boat, and let her go off. 33 And, while the day was coming on, Paul besought them all to partake of food ; saying, “To-day is the fourteenth day of the storm, during which we have waited, and continued fasting, having taken nothing. 34 Wherefore I exhort you to partake of food : for this concerns your safety : for a hair shall not fall from the head of any among you.” 35 And, having thus spoken, he took bread, and gave thanks to God before them all; and, having broken it, he began to eat. 36 Then they were all of good courage; and they also took food. 37 Now all of us in the ship were two hundred and seventy-six persons. 38 And being satisfied with food, they lightened the ship, and threw the corn into the sea. 39 And when it was day, they knew not the land: but they observed a certain creek, with an even shore, into which they were determined, if it
were possible, to thrust the
ship. 40 And having taken up the anchors, they committed the shift to the sea, and loosed the bands of the rudders, and hoisted up the mainsail to the wind, and made towards shore. 41 And having reached a place which had the sea on both sides, they ran the ship on ground ; and the fore part stuck fast, and remained immoveable, but the hinder part was broken by the violence of the waves. 42 Now the advice of the Soldiers was, to kill the prisoners; lest any of them should swim out, and escape. 43 But the centurion, wishing to preserve Paul, kept them from their purpose, and commanded those who could swim to cast themselves into the sea, and get first upon the land: 44 and that the rest should save themselves, some on boards, and some on things belonging to the ship ; and thus it came to pass that they all escaped safe to land. CH. XXVIII. 1 AND when they had escaped safe, they then knew that the island was called Melita.” 2 And the barbarians showed us no common humanity: for they kindled a fire, and brought us all to it, on account of the present rain, and of the cold. 3 And Paul, having gathered a bundle of sticks, and laid them on the fire, a viper came out of the heat, and fastened on his hand. 4 And when the barbarians saw the serpent hanging on his hand, they said
amongst themselves, “No doubt this man is a murderer, whom, though he hath escaped the sea, yet vengeance hath not permitted to live.” 5 But he shook off the serpent into the fire, and suffered no harm. 6 However, they expected he would have swollen, or fallen down dead suddenly: but expecting a great while, and seeing no harm befal him, they changed their minds, and said he was a god. 7 Now in the neighbourhood of that place, were possessions of the chief man of the island, whose name was Publius ; who received us, and entertained us kindly three days. 8 Now it happened that the father of Publius lay sick of a fever, and of a flux : to whom Paul entered in, and prayed, and put his hands on him, and cured him. 9 So when this was done, others also, who had diseases in the island, came and were cured : 10 who also bestowed on us many gifts; and, when we departed, laded the shift with such things as were necessary. 11 AND, after three months, we departed in a ship of Alexandria, which had wintered in the island; whose sign was Castor and Pollux.t 12 And having landed at Syracuse, we remained there three days. 13 From thence we coasted round, and came to Rhegium ; and after one day the south wind bléw, and we came the second day to Puteoli: 14 where we
* Now called Malta.
t Gr. Atoorkovgot; children of Jupiter.
found brethren, and were desired to remain with them seven days: and then we went toward Rome. 15 And the brethren having heard concerning us, came out as far as Appii forum," and the Three taverns,” to meet us: whom when Paul saw, he thanked God, and took courage.
16 AND when we came to Rome [the centurion delivered the prisoners to the captain of the guard, but Paul was suffered to remain apart, with the soldier who kept him. 17 And it came to pass, after three days, that Paul called the chief of the Jews together. And on their being assembled, he said to them, “Men, brethren, though I have committed nothing against my people, nor the customs of our fathers, yet I was delivered a prisoner, from Jerusalem, into the hands of the Romans: 18 who, when they had examined me, would have released me, since there was no cause of death in me. 19 But when the Jews spake against this, I was compelled to appeal to Caesar; not as having aught to accuse my nation of 20 On this account therefore I have called for you, that I might see gou, and speak with you : because, for the hope of Israel I am bound with this chain.” 21 Then they said to him, “We have neither received letters from Judea concerning thee, nor hath any one of our brethren, who came hither related or spoken any thing bad of
thee. 22. But we desire to hear from thee what thou thinkest: for, as to this sect, we know that every where it is spoken against.” 23 And having appointed him a day, many came to him into his lodging: to whom he explained and gave testimony to the kingdom of God, using persuasion to them [about the things] concerning Jesus, both out of the law of Moses, and out of the prophets, from morning till evening. 24 And some believed the things which were spoken, and some disbelieved. 25 So, not agreeing amongst themselves, they broke up, Paul having said one word, “Well spake the holy spirit to our fathers by the prophet Isaiah, 26 saying, “Go to this people, and say, Hearing ye will hear, and will not understand ; and seeing ye will see, and will not perceive. 27 For the heart of this people is become gross, and their ears are dull of hearing, and their eyes they have closed ; lest they should see with their eyes, and hear with their ears, and understand with their heart, and should be converted, and I should heal them.” 28 Be it known therefore to you, that the salvation of God is sent to the gentiles ; who will hearken also to it.” 29 [..And on his saying these words the Jews desiarted, and had great disfluting amongst themselves.]
* “Two villages on the road, the first about fifty miles from Rome, and the other about
30 AND he dwelt two whole years in his own hired house, and received all who came to him; 31 preaching the reign of
God, and teaching those things which concern the Lord Jesus Christ, with all freedom of speech, undisturbed.
THE EPISTLE OF PAUL TO THE ROMANS.
1 PAUL, a servant of Jesus Christ, called to be an apostle, separated to the gospel of God, 2 (which he had promised before, by his prophets, in the holy scriptures,) 3 concerning his Son, who was born of the seed of David, according to the flesh, 4 but proved to be the Son of God by power, according to the holy spirit, through his resurrection from the dead;" the gosfiel, I say, concerning Jesus Christ, our Lord; 5 (by whom we have received the favour of an apostleship, for fireaching obedience to the faith, among all the nations, for the sake of
shreading his name ; 6 among
* “The apostle could not mean by this phraseology, and the antithesis which, he here uses to assert or countenance the strange and unintelligible notion of two natures in Christ; one the, human nature, by which he was the descendant of David; the other a divine nature, by which he was the Son ofCod. The sense of the passage is plainly this; that Christ by natural descent was of the posterity of David ; but that in a figurative sense, by designation of the holy spirit at his baptism, he was the son of God, or the promised Messiah; which was further proved by the extraordinary exertion of divine energy in raising him from the dead. See Mr., Lindsey's Se: cond Address to the Students of the Two Universities, p. 276. Christ is called , the Son of God for two reasons: First, because this title is equivalent to that of Messiah, and was so understood by the Jews, John i. 50. Thou art the son of God, thou art the king of Israel. Compare Mark i. 1; Luke iv. 41; xxii. 67, 70. Secondly, he is called a son of God, as having been raised from the dead to an immortal life. In this sense Christ is called the first born, having been the first human being who was put into possession of this glorious inheritance. Col. i. 15, 18; Heb. i. 6; Rev. i. 5. All believers, as heirs of the same inheritance, are also sons of God; John, i. 12; Rom. viii. 14—17; 1 John iii. 2. Hence they are said to be brethren of Christ, and co-heirs with him and he is the first-horn among many brethren. Rom. viii. 29. These are the onl * senses in which the title Son of God, is applied to Christ in the genuine apostolical writings. Im. Wer. note.
t “That this term comprehends the whole body of Christians, appears from Acts xxvi. 10; Rom. xii. 13; 1 Cor. vi. 1; Eph. iii. 8; Heb. iii. 1; 3 Pet. ii. 5,9; and from many other places. All christians were thus ealled, because they were dedicated to God: 1 Cor. vii. 14: and because they professed a religion which tended to make them holy. 1 Cor. vi. 11.” Newcome. Gr dyioto hol, or the holy.