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put you out of the synagogues: 14“ He will glorify me: for yea, the time is coming, when he will receive of mine, and whosoever killeth you will think will declare it to you. 15 All he offereth sacrifice to God. 3 things which the Father hath And these things they will do, are, mine :* therefore, I have because they have not known said, that he will receive of the Father, nor me.
mine, and will declare it to you. 4 “ But these things I have 16 A little time, and ye will spoken to you, that, when the not see me; and again, a little time shall come, ye may re-time, and ye will see me; [bemember that I told you of them. cause I go to the Father: And these things I said not to 17 Then said some of his you from the beginning, be- disciples, amongst themselves, cause I was with you. 5 But “ What is this which he saith now I depart to him who sent to us, "A little time, and ye me; and no one of you asketh will not see me: and again, a me, "Whither goest thou ?' 6 little time, and ye will see me:' But because I have spoken and, “Because I go to the Fa. these things to you, sorrow ther?" » 18 They said, there. hath filled your heart.
fore, “ What is this which he 7 6 Nevertheless, I tell you saith,' A little time?' we do not the truth: it is advantageous to comprehend what he speaketh." you that I go away: for if I go 19 Now Jesus knew that they not away, the advocate will not were desirous to ask him, and come to you; but if I go, I will said to them, “ Do ye inquire send him to you. 8 And when amongst yourselves concerning he is come, he will convict this, that I said, 'A little time, the world of sin, and of right. and ye will not see me: and eousness,anc. ofcondemnation: 9/ again, a little time, and ye will of sin, because they believe not see me?' 20 Verily, verily, I in me; 10 of righteousness, say to you, that ye will weep because I go to (my] Father, and and lament, but the world will ye see me no longer; 11 of con- rejoice: [and] ye will be sordemnation, because the prince rowful, but your sorrow shall of this world is condemned. 12 Ibe turned into joy. have still many things to say to 21 “ A woman, when she is you ; but ye cannot bear them in travail, hath sorrow, because now. 13 However, when he her hour is come; but when cometh, even the spirit of truth, she hath brought forth the child, he will guide you into all the she remembereth no more the truth: for he will not speak of affliction, for joy that a man is himself; but whatsoever he shall born into the world. 22 And hear, that he will speak: and he thus ye have sorrow now: but will show you things to come. \ I will see you again, and your
• “Every thing which relates to the kingdom of God, in the world, is committed to my di. rection and superintendence.” Dr. Priestley.
heart shall rejoice, and your joy I thou camest forth from God." no one shall take from you. 23 31 Jesus answered them, “ Do And in that day, ye shall request ye now believe? 32 Behold, nothing of me: Verily, verily, the hour is coming, yea, is I say to you, Whatsoever ye now 7 come, that ye will be shall ask the Father, in my scattered every one to his own name, he will give you. 24 home, and will leave me alone : Hitherto, ye have asked nothing and yet I am not alone, because in my name: ask, and ye shall the Father is with me. 33 These receive, that your joy may be things I have spoken to you, full.
| that in me ye may have peace, 25 66 These things I have in the world ye will have afflicspoken to you in dark speeches: tion : but be of good courage; the time is coming when I shall I have overcome the world.” no more speak to you in dark Ch. XVII. 1 Jesus spake speeches, but I shall show you, these words, and lifted up his plainly, concerning the Father. eyes to heaven, and said, “Fa26 In that day, ye shall ask in ther, the hour is come; glorify my name; and I say not to you thy Son, that thy Son Talso that I will request the Father may glorify thee: 2 as thou hast for you : 27 for the Father him-given him authority over all self loveth you, because ye love flesh, that he may give aionian me, and believe that I came life to all whom thou hast given forth from God.* 28 I came him. 3 And this is the aionian forth from the Father, and am life, to know thee the only true come into the world : again, 1 God, and Jesus Christ whom leave the world, and go to the thou hast sent.+ 4 I have glorified Father."
thee on the earth : I have finish29 His disciples said to him, ed the work which thou hast “ Lo, now thou speakest plain- given me to do. 5 And now, O ly, and speakest no dark speech. Father, glorify thou me with 30 Now, we know that thou thyself, with the glory which I knowest all things, and needest had with thee before the world not that any one should ask was. thee: by this we believe that 6 “ I have manifested thy
* I came forth from the Father, q. d. I was sent by him as his messenger to mankind. See ch. i. 6. xjü. 3.
+ Observe, here, that there is but one true God, and that Jesus Christ is expressly excluded from being that true God, and contra-distinguished from him as bis messenger. * Or, as Mr. Wakefield renders it, “ with that glory, thine own glory, which I had before the world was.” The glory which is the object of our Lord's petition is that glory of which he speaks, ver. 22; the glory of instructing and converting mankind, verses 8-14. This glory he had given to his apostles, ver. 22; that is, he intended it for them. The same glory the Father had given to him: that is, had reserved it for him, and purposed to bestow it upon him. He had it therefore with the Father before the world was, that is, in the Father's purpose and decree. In the language of the scriptures, what God determines to bring to pass is represented as actually accomplished. Thus, the dead are represented as living, Luke xx. 36, 37, 38. Believers are spoken of as already glorified, Rom. viii. 29, 30. Things that are not, are called as though they were, Rom. iv. 17. And in ver. 12, of this chapter, Judas is said to be destroyed; though he was then living. and actually bargaining with the priests and rulers to betray his master. See also ver. 10. Eph 1.4; 2 Tim. i. 9; Rev. xiji. 8; Heb. X. 34; Eph. i. 4; 2 Tim. i. 9; Rev. xiii. 8; Heb. X. 34.
name to the men whom thou they are not of the world, as I hast given me out of the world: am not of the world. 15 I rethey were thine, and thou gavest quest not that thou wouldst take them to me; and they have kept them out of the world, but that thy word.
thou wouldst keep them from 7 “ Now they know that all evil. things, whatsoever thou hast 16 “ They are not of the given me, are from thee. 8 For | world; as I am not of the world. I have given them the words | 17 Sanctify them through thy which thou gavest me; and they truth: thy word is truth. 18 have received them, and have As thou hast sent me into the surely known that I came forth world, I also have sent them infrom thee, and have believed to the world.+ 19 And for their thou hast sent me. 9 I re- sakes, I sanctify myself, that quest for them; I request not they also may be sanctified for the world, but for those through the truth. whom thou hast given me; for 20 “ Nor do I pray for these they are thine. 10 And all mine only, but for those, also, who are thine, and thine are mine; shall believe in me, through and I am glorified through their words; 21 that all may be them.
one; as thou, Father, art in me, 11 « And now I am no lon- and I in thee, that they also may ger in the world ; but these are be Tone) in us: that the world in the world, and I shall go to may believe that thou hast sent thee. Holy Father, keep them me. 22 And the glory which in that name of thine which thou thou hast given me, I have given hast given me; that they may them; that they may be one, be one, as we are. 12 While I as we are one: 23 I in them, was with them [in the world and thou in me; that they may I kept them in thy name: those be perfected in one; † [and] whom thou hast given me, Ithat the world may know that bave preserved; and none of thou hast sent me, and hast lovthem is destroyed, but the son of ed them, as thou hast loved me. destruction; so that the scrip: 24 “ Father, I will that those ture is fulfilled.* 13 But now I also, whom thou hast given me, go to thee, and I speak these may be with me, where I am ; things in the world, that they that they may behold my glory, may have my joy on their account which thou hast given me : for completed in them. 14 I have thou lovedst me before the foun. given them thy words; and the dation of the world. 25 O rightworld hath hated them, because eous Father, the world hath not known thee: but I have known seek me, let these depart.” 9. thee, and these have known that (That the words might be fulthou hast sent me. 26 And I filled, which he spake, “ Of have made known to them thy those whom thou hast given me, name, and will make it known: I have lost none.") that the love, with which thou 10 Then Simon Peter, hav. hast loved me, may be in them; ing a sword, drew it, and struck and I in them.”
* See ch. xvii. 7-9; by which it will be seen that this destruction or loss was a temporal loss only.
+ This text shows, that to be sent into the world, does not express or imply a pre-existent state, but a divine commission for the instruction of mankind.
| To“ be one," to " be perfected in one,” and “ we are one,” mean here exactly the same thing, and the same bere as in ch. X. 30, which see.
a servant of the high-priest, Ch. XVIII. 1 When Jesus and cut off his right ear. Now had spoken these words, he the servant's name was Malwent forth, with his disciples, chus. 11 Then said Jesus, to over the brook Kedron, where | Peter, “ Put up the sword into there was a garden, into which the sheath: the cup which my he, and his disciples, entered. | Father hath given me, shall I 2 And Judas, also, who deliver- not drink it? ed him up, knew the place : 12 Then the band, and the for Jesus often resorted thither, commander, and the officers of with his disciples. 3 Judas the Jews, took Jesus, and bound then, having received a band him, 13 and led him away, to of soldiers, and officers from Annas first; for he was fatherthe chief-priests and Pharisees, in-law to Caiaphas, who was came thither, with lanterns, and high-priest that year. 14 Now lamps, and weapons.
Caiaphas was he who had given 4 Upon this Jesus, knowing counsel to the Jews, that it was all things which were to befal expedient that one man should him,* went forth, and said to die for the people. them, “ Whom seek ye?” 51 15 And Simon Peter followThey answered him, “ Jesus ofed Jesus, and so did another dis. Nazareth.” Jesus said to them, ciple; and that disciple was “ I am he.” And Judas, also, known to the high-priest, and who delivered him up, stood entered with Jesus into the pawith them, 6 As soon then as lace of the high-priest. he had said to them, 'I am he,' 16 But Peter stood at the door they went backward, and fell on without. Then that other discithe ground.
ple, who was known to the high7 Then he asked them again, priest, went out, and spake to “ Whom seek ye?” And they her who kept the door; and said, “ Jesus of Nazareth.” 8 brought in Peter. Jesus answered, “I told you 17 Then the maid servant that I am he: if therefore ye who kept the door said to Peter,
• “Nothing more beantifully illustrates the dignity of our Lord's character, than this distinct foreknowledge of every circumstance of his approaching sufferings. This distinguishes Christ from all other martyrs and contessors, and fully accounts for his agony in the garden, and the horror which he often expresses at the prospect of what was to happen. It likewise enhances the moral value of his resignation to the divine will, and exhibits his fortitude in a striking light, after his inind had been tranquillized and fortified by his prayer in the garden. See Heb. v. 7. He was heard, so as to be delivered from his fear." Im. Ver. note.
* Art not thou also one of this garden with him ?" 27 Peter man's disciples ?” He said, “I then denied it again ; and imam not.” 18 And the servants mediately the cock crew.* and officers stood and warmed 28 [Then] the Jews brought themselves, having made a fire Jesus from Caiaphas, to the of coals; for it was cold. And judgment-hall; and it was earPeter stood with them, and ly: and they themselves went warmed himself.
not into the judgment-hall, lest 19. Now the high-priest ask- they should be defiled; but that ed Jesus concerning his disci- they might eat the passover. 29 ples, and concerning his doc- Pilate, therefore, went out to trine. 20 Jesus answered him, them, and said, “What accusa“ I spoke openly to the world; tion bring ye against this man?" I have always taught in the sy-30 They answered, and said to nagogue, and in the temple, him, “ If he were not a malewhither all the Jews resort; and factor, we would not have dein secret I spoke nothing. 21 | livered him up to thee.” Why asketh thou me? Ask 31 Then Pilate said to them, those that heard me, what I “ Take ye him, and judge him have spoken to them : behold, I according to your law." The they know what I said.”
Jews, therefore, said to him, 22 And when he had said “ We are not allowed to put these words, one of the officers, any man to death.”+ 32 (So that who stood by, struck Jesus with the words of Jesus were fulfilled, the palm of his hand, and said, which he spake, signifying what "Answerest thou the high-death he was to die.) 33 Then priest thus?" 23 Jesus answer- Pilate entered again into the ed him, “If I have spoken evil, I judgment-hall, and called Jesus, bear witness of the evil : but if and said to him, “ Art thou the well, why dost thou smite me?" king of the Jews ?" 24 (Now Annas had sent him 34 Jesus answered [him], bound to Caiaphas the high- “ Sayest thou this of thyself; priest.)
or have others told it thee of 25 And Simon Peter stood | me?" 35 Pilate answered, “Am and warmed himself. Then they I a Jew? Thine own nation, and said to him, “ Art not thou the chief-priests, have delivered also one of his disciples ?" He thee up to me. What hast thou denied it, and said, “I am not." | done?” 36 Jesus answered, 26 One of the servants of the My kingdom is not of this high-priest, being the kinsman world. If my kingdom had been of him whose ear Peter cut off, of this world, then my adhesaid, “ Did not I see thee in the rents would have contended,
• The trumpet sounded at the beginning of the third watch, called the cock-crowing: this was at midnight.
+ Meaning such a death as they wished Jesus to suffer, i. e. crucifixion which was a pun. ishment of the Romans, not of the Jews. But they might have stoned him, as they afterwards stoned Stephen.