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Q. Who is county clerk in your county?
Q. What are some of the duties of the county clerk? A. To attend the sessions of the county court, and make a record, in books kept for the purpose, of whatever is done by the court.
To keep a record of all the acts of the county board. To keep a record of all the orders for money drawn on the county treasurer.
After every general election, to count, with the aid of two justices of the peace, the votes as returned to him by the judges of election in the various towns and precincts of the county, and to send the result to the Secretary of State.
To issue marriage licenses.
To compute the tax of every person in the county, enter it in proper books, and issue these books to the collectors.
Q. What books must the clerk have before he can compute the tax?
A. He must have the assessor's books, for in these the value of each person's property is set down.
Q. How is the rate per cent. of taxation determined? (See your Arithmetic.)
Q. What is a general election?
A. An election where any State officer is chosen.
Q. Name the sheriff in your county?
Q. For how long a term is a sheriff elected?
Q. What are some of a sheriff's duties?
A. To attend all the sessions of the county and circuit courts, to preserve order in the same, and to execute the commands of the court.
To serve writs, summonses, subpoenas and other judi cial papers.
To prevent disorderly conduct wherever he is, and to arrest offenders against the law.
To have charge of the court-house and jail, to take criminals condemned to imprisonment to the penitentiary or house of correction, and to hang criminals condemned to death.
Q. Name the State's attorney in your county?
A. To prosecute criminals. To draw indictments for the grand jury.
To act as attorney for his county in all suits brought for or against it.
To act as counsel for all county officers and justices of the peace in matters relating to their duties as representatives of the people.
Q. Who is a criminal?
A. One who has offended against a public law.
Q. What is it "to prosecute" a criminal?
A. To prosecute a criminal is to have him arrested an 1 brought into court, to bring evidence before the court intended to prove him guilty, and to ask the court to have him punished, if guilty. All criminals have a right to be tried by a jury.
Q. What are the duties of a coroner?
A. To examine, with the aid of a jury, the body of any person killed by accident or having died from any mysterious cause, and to report such examination to the county clerk.
To arrest, if necessary to prevent escape, any one suspected of killing the deceased.
To act as sheriff, if the sheriff's office becomes vacant, or if the sheriff is interested in any suit.
CIRCUIT CLERK AND RECORDER OF DEEDS.
Q. What other offices, besides those of county and probate judge, are sometimes united and filled by one man ?
A. The offices of clerk of the circuit court and recorder of deeds.
Q. Where are these offices united and where separate?
A. In counties of less than 60,000 inhabitants they are united. In counties of 60,000, or more, they are
Q. What are some of the duties of clerk of the circuit court?
A. To attend the sessions of the circuit court in his county, and make a record in books provided for the purpose of all the proceedings of that court.
To keep an account of the costs of suits, such as fees of the sheriff, clerk, and witnesses.
To issue process, that is, to write down the orders of the court, and give these orders to the sheriff and his assistants to execute.
Q. Who pay the costs of suits?
A. Generally the persons against whom suits are decided.
Q. What are the principal duties of recorders?
A. To obtain suitable books, and, when requested, to record in these, deeds, mortgages, and all other papers relating to the title to land, and to record also chattel mortgages.
Q. What is a deed?
A. It is a writing showing that a certain piece of land described in it is the property of the person named in the writing as owner or grantee.
Q. What is "recording" a deed?
A. It is making a copy of it in one of the recorder's books.
Q. What are deeds recorded for?
A. That the recorder's books may show who owns the land, if the deeds are lost.
Q. What is a mortgage?
A. It is a writing showing that a certain piece of land, or other property, will become the property of a person named in the writing and called the mortgagee, if the owner, or mortgagor, of the land or other property, does not pay the mortgagee a certain sum of money at a given time. A chattel mortgage is a mortgage of other property than land.
Q. For what term is the county treasurer elected? (See page 22.)
Q. Who is treasurer in your county?
Q. What are some of a treasurer's duties?
A. To receive and take care of all money paid for taxes, and to pay it out on the order of the county board, or in the manner specially provided by law.
To keep books of his accounts as treasurer, and have them always open to the inspection of the public.
To report to the county board at each of its regular sessions all sums of money received and paid out by him.
SUPERINTENDENT OF SCHOOLS.
Q. Name the superintendent of schools in your county. When was he elected? When does his term expire?
Q. What are some of his duties?
A. To visit schools, notice the manner of teaching, branches taught, text books used, and the general condition of schools.
To instruct teachers in the best methods of teaching. To hold county teachers' institutes.
To hold examination for teachers' license at least once every three months.
To decide disputes on questions of school law.
To divide the money received from the State among the townships in proportion to the children under twentyone years of age in each township.
To examine and approve the bonds of township school treasurers before issuing money to them.
To report to the State superintendent whatever facts the latter needs for his report to the governor.
THE DEPARTMENTS OF COUNTY GOVERNMENT.
Q. What departments has county government? A. The same as town government; namely, legislative, executive and judicial.
Q. Explain each?
A. The county board is the legislative or law-making department. It adopts measures for the benefit of the whole county, such as those for the erection of county buildings, for the care of the county's paupers, and so forth.