« ПредыдущаяПродолжить »
Q. What are the special duties of the other cabinet officers! (Their names indicate their duties.)
Q. What is the salary of a cabinet officer?
Q. Name the present president, vice-president, and cabinet officers ?
When were the first two elected ?
Q. Whom do we mean when we speak of the “administration?"
A. The president and his cabinet.
Q. Is it necessary to have the names of candidates for president and vice-president printed on a presidential ticket?
(See 12th Amendment of U. S. Constitution.)
Could the electors be chosen in any other way than by a direct vote of the people ?
Who succeeds to the presidency if it becomes vacant ? (See Article II., Section 1 of U. S. Constitution.)
The president pro tem. of the senate would succeed the vice-president, and the speaker of the house would succeed the president of the senate in the presidential office.
JUDICIAL DEPARTMENT. Q. Describe the judicial department of the United States ?
A. It consists of one supreme court, nine circuit courts, and sixty-five district courts. The supreme court has one chief justice and eight associate justices. The circuit courts have each one judge. There are fifty-three district judges. The district courts have, besides judges, district attorneys, marshals (who have substantially the same duties
as sheriffs), clerks, and assistants of each. All the judges are appointed by the president,
with the consent of the senate, and hold office during life or good behavior.
Q. What salaries do United States judges receive ?
A. The chief justice receives a salary of $10,500, the associates, $10,000; the circuit judges, $6,000; and the district judges $3,500 to $4,500.
Q. What jurisdiction has the supreme court ? (See Constitution, Article III., Section 2, Paragraph 2.)
Q. What are the principal duties of circuit and district courts?
A. To try offenders against the laws made by congress, and to hear suits between citizens of different States.
Q. Who is the present chief justice ?
THE ARMY AND NAVY. Q. What can you say of the officers of the army and navy?
A. They are nearly all educated for their duties at the expense of the government in the military and naval academies at West Point and Annapolis. They are commissioned, that is, appointed to their places, by the president.
THE CIVIL SERVICE.
A. The "civil service," comprises all officers of the national government, who are appointed by the president or his subordinates, except the officers of the army
and the navy.
Q. Name some of the officers of the civil service, and give their duties?
A. Ministers. It is the duty of a minister to reside at the capital of the country to which he is sent, to protect citizens of his own country when abroad, and to see if possible that the country in which he resides as minister, and his own, maintain friendship for each other.
Consuls. Their principal duties are to look after the foreign trade of their own country, and to settle disputes between the citizens of their own country, when the latter are abroad.
Internal revenue officers. It is their chief duty to collect the tax on liquors and tobacco.
Custom-house officers. They collect the tax laid on foreign goods brought into the United States.
Postmasters, mail carriers and lighthouse-keepers are also members of the civil service.
Q. Who is the present American minister to England ?
Q. Do you know the meaning of the expression, “ Civil Service Reform ?”
NATIONAL POLITICAL CONVENTION.
Q. Tell how candidates are put in nomination by a political party for the offices of president and vicepresident?
A. The national committee, consisting of at least one
member from each State in the Union, publishes a call, announcing that on a certain day and in a certain city, there will be held a national convention of delegates from all the States (and sometimes the territories) to nominate candidates and adopt a platform.
Each State committee then publishes a call for a State convention to appoint as many delegates to the national convention as the State may be entitled to.
The county committees in each State then issue calls for county conventions to appoint delegates to the State convention.
Lastly, the township committees appoint days for “primary meetings” or “caucuses to elect delegates to the county conventions.
The township, county, and State conventions having been held, the national convention follows at the appointed time and place. When it meets, it is called to order by the chairman of the national committee, who nominates a temporary chairman of the convention. The convention usually accepts the chairman so nominated.
Committees on credentials, on permanent organization, on rules, and on platform, are then appointed. Each of these committees is composed of one member from each State and territory. The members are appointed by their respective delegations.
The committee on credentials hears and determines the claims of delegates to seats as members of the convention
The committee on permanent organization nominates a permanent chairman and other permanent officers of the convention. The committee on rules reports rules for the government of the convention.
The committee on platform prepares and reports to
the convention a platform. A platform consists of certain principles which the party through its convention professes to believe, and certain promises which the party agrees to perform if its candidates are elected.
After the convention has chosen its permanent chairman, and heard and acted on the reports of its committees, it proceeds to vote by ballot for candidates for president and vice-president.
After the candidates are nominated, the convention appoints a new national committee, and then adjourns.
(Probably no two conventions proceed in exactly the same way, but it is believed that the above description corresponds closely to the general course pursued by national, and also by State conventions.)
THE CONGRESSIONAL DISTRICTS OF ILLINOIS.
First—The first second, third and fourth wards in Chicago, and the towns of Riverside, Hyde Park, Lake, Lyons, Calumet, Worth, Palos, Lemont, Thornton, Bremen, Orland, Bloom, and Rich, in Cook county.
Second—The fifth, sixth and seventh wards of Chicago, and that part of the eighth ward which lies south of the center of Polk street and of Macalister place.
Third—The ninth, tenth, eleventh, twelfth, thirteenth and fourteenth wards of Chicago, and that part of the eighth ward which lies north of the center of Polk street and of Macalister place.
Fourth-The fifteenth, sixteenth, seventeenth and eighteenth wards of Chicago, and the towns of Lake View, Jefferson, Leyden, Norwood Park, Evanston, Niles, Maine, Elk Grove, Schaumberg, Hanover, New Trier, Northfield, Wheeling, Palatine, Barrington, Cicero, and Proviso, in Cook county.