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the Duke of Wellington had reached the zenith of his Peninsular reputation, when he reminded Lord Teignmouth of the complete verification of his prediction.


During the latter part of Sir John Shore's administration, Colonel Wesley was a frequent guest at his table. The peculiar characteristic of his great mind, which the Governor-General especially remarked, and often in after-life adverted

to with admiration and astonishment, was an union of strong sense and boyish playfulness which he had never seen exemplified in any other individual. On the object of the expedition, to the direction of which he was destined, Colonel Wesley furnished a spirited plan, and corresponded with the Governor-General."

The biographer has inserted a copy of this memorandum, which is characteristic of the Duke's proverbial powers of foresight, and providing against contingencies. The Duke writes to Lord Teignmouth, to say that his father always treated him "with great kindness and condescension,' but that he is not aware that he has any letters of his in his possession, as he was not at that time in any official situation to occasion correspondence with the Governor-General. He promised to look among his papers, to see if he could find anything, but he does not appear to have succeeded. Lord Teignmouth, however, has inserted a letter from the Duke, with his father's reply, both of which are characteristic of the men, and much to their honour. The GovernorGeneral had inadvertently issued an order placing the troops, when embarked, under the officers commanding the ships, in the event of their engaging the French cruisers. Colonel Wesley* (Wellesley) writes

* Lord Wellington, at that time, spelt his name "Wesley," as his family had always done; and as this may puzzle some readers, Lord Teignmouth should have stated the reason. Dr. Adam Clarke, in his Memoirs of the Wesley family, says, that a branch of the English Wesleys had long been located at Dangan, in Ireland; that one of the Wesleys of Dangan, being a man of large property, and having no son, told Samuel Wesley, the father of John, the founder

in terms of strong but respectful remonstrance respecting this illjudged, degrading, and irregular order. He says:

"In the different conversations you did me the honour to hold with me upon this subject, I uniformly stated it to be my determination that every assistance should be given to work and fight the ships. I told you that the directions of the captains of the Indiamen, upon those occasions, would of course be obeyed : and I communicated to you an extract manding the troops on board the differof my instructions to the officers coment ships upon this subject, which you thought fully sufficient. Confiding, then, that there would be no order from Superior Authority to put me, or the regiment I have the honour to command, in any situation under the command of the captains of the Indiamen (however I or every other officer might think it necessary that we and the men should obey embarked with the regiment ;-a step their orders upon certain occasions), I which, however attached I may be to the King's Service, I would sooner have quitted it than have taken, had I known that matter was to be arranged as I find it is.

"In addition to the objections I have to be under the command of persons who have thrown so many difficulties in the way of the Service; and who are now be obliged to write an official complaint throwing so many, that I shall probably

of some of them before the fleet sailsand in addition to the difficulties of obliging officers (particularly field officers) to put themselves under the command of captains of Indiamen, or of taking the soldiers from under the orders of their own officers- there is this legal ob

Charles, he would make him his heir; of Methodism, that if he had a son named and he accordingly defrayed the expenses of Charles Wesley, John's brother, at Westminster school; but Charles not choosing to go to Ireland, "lest worldly prosperity, and its consequences, might lead his heart from due attention

to his eternal interests," Wesley of Dangan made Richard Colley, of Dublin, his heir; Colley taking the name of Wesley. Colley afterwards became the first Lord Mornington, and was grandfather to the Duke of Wellington, and the Marquess Wellesley. The Marquess, we believe, first changed his name from Wesley at his creation to his title in 1797, and his brothers followed his example. It was not, perhaps, pleasant to two aspiring young man to be called by this metho distical name.

jection to the measure; viz. that the captains of the Indiamen have no legal method of enforcing obedience to their orders from their own seamen, much less will they have it of enforcing obedience from soldiers; and therefore if it does not suit the pleasure of the men, they will not obey them.

"In my opinion, it would have been better to have left the matter where I placed it; and have trusted to the good sense and honour of the officers, and to the spirit of the soldiers, that every assistance would be given when the occasion might require it: and in that case, as they would not have felt themselves or their Service disgraced, their exertions would have been greater, and their assistance more cordial, than it can be expected to be under the existing cir


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In this letter we find, as in of his dispatches and published letters, an intrepid assertion of the rights of the body to which he belonged; a powerful adduction, in few words, of unanswerable reasons, as well as mere technical remonstrances; and then, having vindicated honour and principle, a self-denying and patriotic determination expressed to overlook personal considerations, and "uncomfortable circumstances," in order to "forward the Service." Lord Teignmouth's answer is also honourable to the writer; because in it he expresses, in the most frank manner, his concern and vexation at the order, and his prompt endeavour to prevent its operation.

"By what inadvertence it escaped me, I am at a loss to conceive; but I am anxious to impress you with a conviction that inadvertence alone could have occasioned, on my part, any instructions hurtful to your feelings, or to those of the gentlemen under your command.

"No man can be more impressed than I am with a sense of the zeal,

alacrity, and spirit shewn by yourself, and the officers and men of your regiment; and I had flattered myself with the pleasing expectation of having, as thing in my power to render the Service far as depended upon me, done every agreeable to you.

"I repeat my regret at an occuryou any uneasiness; and add my hope rence which appears to have afforded that the Orders despatched yesterday, in revocation of that part of the instructions which has been the occasion of it, will reach the ships before their departure."

We will now quote a few passages bringing the narrative down to Lord Teignmouth's return to England.

"Saadut Ali consented, by treaty, to an increase of the subsidy paid by Oude for the stipulated protection of the Conpany, and the cession of the important fortress of Allahabad. Had the Governor-General been actuated more by personal than by patriotic considerations, he might, as he states, by compromising these advantages, have added half-a-million sterling to his fortune."

"The Governor-General's decision on the Oude succession was universally approved by the British inhabitants of India, and by the native powers. It was ratified at the India House, as well as by the Ministers of the Crown, Mr. Pitt and Mr. Dundas."

"The secret spring of the composure exhibited by the Governor General, in the trying circumstances, and under the consciousness that his decision, whatever it might be, would be open to animadversion, is disclosed in a passage in hisSelections from a Journal,' written several years afterwards, on its being intimated to him that his proceedings at Oude were threatened with Parlia

mentary impeachment.

"Under the circumstances alluded to, I have frequently retired to a private room, praying to God to direct my alternative which was before me without judgment, in forming a decision on the bias or partiality. The recollection of

this afforded a consolation to me, which made me indifferent to censure or accusation. Some time after my arrival in England, General Kirkpatrick, the father of a Colonel Kirkpatrick whom I had nominated in Bengal to the Residency with the Nizam, called on me; and informed me that Dr. Laurence, a Member of Parliament, and the intimate friend of Mr. Burke, intended to impeach me in the House of Commons, for my transactions at Lucknow ; and

Peerage. Mr. Dundas had recommended to the King the option of a Peerage, or of the Order of the Bath.


advised me to prepare my friends to support me. Expressing my obligations to him for his information, I told him that my reasons for my conduct were recorded; and if they would not bear me out, I had nothing more to urge in my defence. But my real consolation arose from the recollection of my prayer to God for assistance and direction, under the consciousness that I had not been influenced by any interested or improper motive in the dispossession of Vizier Ali and the appointment of Saadut Ali and I can safely and conscientiously say, that I never felt any alarm or uneasiness under the apprehension of the threatened impeachment.' "The following Extracts are from letters written by the Governor-General to Lady Shore, during his absence from Calcutta :

Hugh Inglis writes to him:-' It was left to your friends to choose a title that was not already occupied; and, in consequence, Sir Francis Baring, Mr. Bensley, and myself, fixed upon Teignmouth. We selected this title as a good sounding one, and a place that you must naturally have a regard for. I trust, my friend, you will approve of what we have done.'

Christmas Day, 1797.-I have neither performed my duty to you nor to my God, as I ought to have done, this day yet, exclusively of my morning supplications, I prayed to Him for blessings upon us all, and to give us a true sense of His mercies, in sending His Son into the world for our instruction, and with the joyful tidings of salvation and immortality. I prayed to Him for remission of my sins, and for a more lively sense of His mercies and my own demerits; and to strengthen my own reliance upon Him; and for resignation under all His dispensations.'

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January 17, 1798.-My plans are fast drawing to a conclusion; and tomorrow or next day the dénouement takes place, supposing no accident. I am playing, as the gamesters say, le gros jeu, and with the same kind of sensation as a man who apprehends losing his all. Yet my conviction that I am right, hourly remains; and as I have prayed to God, daily, to direct my ways and to correct me if I err, to strengthen me if I am right—I trust in Him, and feel more repose than might be expected from the situation in which I am. All, however, will be well, and honourably and successfully settled, I


"He writes to the Earl of Mornington from Lucknow, Jan. 28, 1798 :I despatch this to offer to your Lordship my most cordial congratulations upon your arrival, and to assure you of the sincerest disposition on my part to merit your esteem and confidence, by affording your Administration every assistance in my power. Happy shall I be to resign the government to your Lordship. The close of my Administration threatened a serious political storm the danger is, I trust, past, and a foundation laid for political security, honour, and reputation in this country.'

"Lord Teignmouth returned to Calcutta, and sailed for England, with Lady Teignmouth and his family, now consisting of a son and two daughters, on the 7th of March, 1798."

We have extracted thus largely from the first volume of this interesting narrative, because most of the facts will be new to that large body of persons both in our own and other lands, who knew Lord Teignmouth, personally or by character, during the last thirty years of his life; when instead of plunging into the strife of party politics, or resigning himself to indolence, after his early toils, he entered upon a new career of occupation, the importance and benefits of which it were superfluous for us to dwell upon. We must not, however, wholly pass over this valuable portion of his life; and therefore shall reserve a few passages for another Number. (To be concluded.)

"At Lucknow, Sir J. Shore received a letter from Mr. Dundas, couched in kind and flattering terms, announcing to him His Majesty's recognition of his services, by elevating him to the Irish


1. A Charge delivered to the Clergy of the three Dioceses of Calcutta, Madras, and Bombay, at the Primary Metropolitan it Visitation, in

1842, 1843. By DANIEL, Bishop of Calcutta, and Metropolitan of India.

2. The past Dangers, and present Position, of the United Church of England and Ireland; a Charge delivered to the Clergy of the Archdeaconry of Ely; in 1842. By the Rev. J. H. BROWNE, M.A., Archdeacon.

3. Two Treatises on the Church; the first by THOMAS JACKSON D.D., the second by BISHOP SANDERSON; to which is added, a Letter of Bishop Cosin, on the Validity of the Foreign Reformed Churches. Edited, with introductory remarks, by the Rev. W. GOODE, M.A., Rector of St. Antholin, London.

4. A Defence of the Principles of the English Reformation, from the Attacks of the Tractarians. By the Rev. C. S. BIRD, M.A., late Fellow of Trinity College, Cambridge.

5. Our Dangers and our Duties, in the present Crisis of the Church; an address from a Minister to his Congregation.

6. A Word to the English Laity, in what appears to be their Duty in reference to the Modification of Popery, commonly called Puseyism. BY JOHN POYNDER, Esq.

7. Identity of Popery and Tractarianism; or Pope Pius the Fourth's Creed, illustrated by Tractarian Comments. Published by the Reformation Society.

8. The Approaching Downfall of Popery and Civil Despotism in Europe, with especial reference to the recent progress of Popery and Puseyism throughout the World. By a Layman.

9. Letters from Oxford in 1843. By IGNOTUS.

10. A few Thoughts on Church Subjects; namely, Uniformity, Daily Service, Gown and Surplice, Private Dress, Pews, and Preaching. By the Rev. E. SCOBELL, A.M., Incumbent of St. Peter's, Vere Street, Vicar of Turville, and Lecturer at the Parish Church of St. Mary-lebone.

11. A Protest against Tractarianism; being an Explanation and Defence of an Address delivered at a Missionary Meeting in Londonderry. By the Rev. G. SCOTT, A.M., Rector of Balteagh.

12. The Synagogue and the Church; being an attempt to shew that the Government, Ministers, and Services of the Church were derived from those of the Synagogue, [not the Temple], condensed from the Latin work of Vitringa. By J. L. BERNARD, A.M., Curate of St. Mary's, Donnybrook.

We shall pursue our wonted plan of taking up a pile of publications upon Tractarianism, from the multitudes which collect around us; heading them with an episcopal Charge. If the subject has lost much of its novelty, it has assuredly not lost any of its importance; and therefore we do not shrink, even at the risk of some repetition, from laying before our readers another series of passages relative to it.

There is one point, which we have urged from the first, and which the signs of the times impress with increasing vividness of application; namely, to beware of reaction; not to allow one error to goad us into the opposite; the perversion of one truth to induce us to pervert another; exaggeration to betray us into indifference; the errors of Rome to drive us to Geneva, or those of Geneva to send

us back to Rome. We said from the very first that the false claims set up on behalf of the Fathers and Tradition, would lead many to undervalue, and not a few to ridicule, what is really venerable and Scriptural in primitive antiquity; and thus would the church of Christ, and particularly our own branch of it, lose treasures of wisdom and holiness, memorable facts and valuable precedents, which ought not to be rashly set aside because mixed up with much that is superstitious, puerile, or ununsound. So again with regard to our own Apostolic Church, the preposterous pretensions urged on her behalf, and to which she is no party; and the worse than absurd affectation of Romanising her rites, Orders, and Liturgy; are causing many who called themselves churchmen, and meant to be so consistently, but who knew little of canons, rubrics, or ecclesiastical discipline, to confound a just and temperate regard to her observances, with the innovations of those who, under the mushroom title of "Catholics," are striving to "unprotestantize" her. The "Evangelical Clergy" (as they are popularly called) may probably be forced into a painful position with some zealous friends, who cannot discern between things that differ; and who, in their just and honest alarm at Tractarianism, may be too ready to suspect this heresy where it was never dreamed of. We were astonished last month to learn that for a sick person to desire "the prayers of the church" was a Tractarian innovation, and that we had therefore been Tractarians for more than thirty years without knowing it. In our Volume for 1819, p. 86, was inserted a paper written by, or under the eye of, the late Rev. Basil Woodd, complaining of the "inadvertent irregularity" of some clergymen in allowing singing in

their churches after the second Lesson, instead of where the rubric prescribes it, after the third Collect; and yet some persons have ignorantly imagined that this obedience to the rubric, which to most clergymen has been familiar from their childhood, is a new Oxford discovery, and an indication of Tractarianism. We might mention other similar facts. These things are very absurd; but they shew the wisdom with which the clergy ought to conduct their proceedings, so as to be faithful to their Ordination vows as conscientious and consistent churchmen; and yet to avoid all just cause of jealousy and suspicion. For the most part, things were well enough in these matters, if well were let alone.-But we will not delay our readers with our own remarks, when we have in hand the very interesting and highly important Metropolitan Charge of our Right Reverend friend who presides

over the Anglo-Indian Church; a Charge replete with facts and business; but chiefly devoted to a consideration of the momentous questions connected with the Tractarian controversy. It is warm, energetic, faithful; yet judicious and well-reasoned; full of scriptural truth and devout exhortation. We feel deeply thankful to God for his mercy, that, by his "Divine permission," there should be placed over the Church of India at this crisis of its history such a man as Bishop Wilson; a man singularly qualified for the office; uniting evangelical doctrine with apostolical order; and who can afford to say even strong things as an Episcopalian and an Anglican churchman, because he keeps them in their right place, distinguishing between means and ends; and not building up formalism, or opposing irregularity and schism with popish weapons or for popish objects; but seek

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