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signs or characters by which to read, and a mode of permanently recording by electricity. On luis arrival he immediately proceeded to have parts of the apparatus made, as it is at present in operation; and but for hindrances, not connected with the invention, would have produced the apparatus complete in 1832. The distinguished Prof. Gauss of Göttingen, about two years since, (1836), invented a mode of communicating intelligence by means of an electric wire, deflecting a magnetic needle, which mode, we learn, he has now in use at Göttingen for about three miles. Prof. Wheatstone of the London University also invented a mode in 1835 or -6, using five wires or circuits, and has constructed a system of signs by the deflection of magnetic needles.

The general plan of Prof. Morse's Telegraph was first published in April 1837. The first intelligence of Prof, Wheatstone's operations reached this country in May 1837, one month after Prof. Morse's had been before the American public. Prof. Morse's plan embraced, from the beginning in 1832, but one wire or circuit. It is now successfully accomplished by him, and by it he causes a pen permanently to write the characters of his intelligence. He showed the efficiency of his machinery in July and August 1837, and in September following made trial of it for a distance of half a mile. Since that time his new machinery with ten miles of wire has been constructed and is perfectly satisfactory in its operation. Eminent scientific men in New York, Philadelphia, and Washington have witnessed its performance, approve the plan, and perceive no insurmountable obstacles to its universal application. Whatever therefore may have been previously hinted in regard to the practicability of an Electric Telegraph, it appears that Prof. Morse the first who has devised an original Telegraph accomplishing its object perfectly. His plan was devised prior to his knowledge of the European inventions of the same name, and accomplishes its object in a totally different mode, more simple, less expensive, and more complete and permanent. It has been introduced to the consideration of Congress, and we learn, with satisfaction, that, in all probability, the means for an extensive trial of this Telegraph will be furnished. Should its success equal the expectations of most who have examined it, the results of this discovery upon society will be greater than the imagination of the most sanguine can now distinctly conceive.

Mr. O. A. Taylor's Catalogue of the Library of the Andover Theological Seminary, which we have before alluded to, Vol. IX. p. 251, is now completed. It makes a very portable and substantial octavo of 531 pages. It was commenced by Mr. Robinson, late librarian. Mr. Taylor has labored upon it for two years. It is in the alphabetical form. The name of the author is first given, and than all his productions are arranged under it, except that whole works are placed first. A short biographical notice of the author is prefixed. A foundation is laid by the use of certain characters for a systematic Index at some future time. Mr. Taylor has given not only all the

titles of books, pamphlets, etc., but all the important articles in the largest and most valuable works and periodical publications. The number of volumes described is not far from 12,000. Many of them are of great value. A very considerable proportion are in the Latin and German languages connected with biblical and theological studies. The library is deficient in English literature. Mr. Taylor will have the thanks of all the friends of the Seminary and of religion for his labor. It is what few persons will fully appreciate. Industry, perseverance, accurate and extensive bibliographical learning have been lavishly expended. We hope to notice the volume more fully bereafter.

The cause of science has lately met with a very severe loss in the death of Nathaniel Bowditch, LL. D., F. R. S.. president of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences. He died in Boston March 16, in the 65th year of his age. His translation of the great work of La Place on Celestial Mechanics, to which he added a commentary and many original notes of his own, has given celebrity to his name throughout the world. His practical works on navigation are of the highest value.

Mr. Marsh's Icelandic Grammar is in the press at Burlington, Vt.— The New York Review is to be hereafter united with the American Quarterly.

Great Britafn. Mr. Wilberforce's Life is in the press of Mr. Murray. It will be comprised in four Vols. 8vo., with portraits. It is edited by his sons Rev. Robert I., and Rev. Samuel Wilberforce. The Memoirs are drawn from a journal, in which, during a period of fifty years, Mr. Wilberforce was accustomed to record his private sentiments and his remarks on the incidents of the day. The work will be enriched from his correspondence with his distin. guished contemporaries.

Gibbon's History of the Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire with notes by Milman and Guizot is publishing in London in monthly volumes. The original, unmutilated text of Gibbon is given, along with a candid and dispassionate examination of his misstatements on the subject of religion.

Lieutenant Wellsted's Travels in Oman, the Peninsula of Mt. Sinai and along the Shores of the Red Sea are in press in two Vols. 8vo.

A Catalogue of the Irregular Greek Verbs, with all their tenses extant, their formation, meaning and usages, has been translated from Buttmann's Ausfabrliche Sprachlehre, by Mr. Fishlake.

Leonard Horner, F. R. S. has translated M. Cousin's “ Present State of Education in Holland, with special reference to the schools for the working classes."

The second and third volumes of Mr. Hallam's “ Introduction to the History of Literature in the 15th, 16th, and 17th centuries,” the first volume of which was noticed in our last No., are now in press.

Dr. Carr has been consecrated bishop of Bombay, and Dr. Spencer bishop of Madras ; the last as the successor of the holy and venerated bishop Corrie.

The distribution, printing, or translation of the Scriptures, in whole or in part, has been promoted by the British and Foreign Bible Society, directly in 66 languages or dialects, indirectly in 69; total 135. The number of versions, omitting those which are printed in different characters only, is 137. Of these, 105 are translations never before printed. Issues of Bibles, since the commencement of the society, 3,990,078; Testaments, 6,302,987; total, 10,293,645. Expenditure from the commencement, £2,201,884.

Belgium. By recent investigations it was ascertained that the scarcity of Bibles is very great. In one village, a Bible was found, which ten or twelve persons subscribed for together, and sent one of their number into Holland to buy; and there it cost them 42 francs. During the last year, 8420 copies of the Bible were distributed in this country.

Germany. Strauss's Life of Jesus continues to attract great attention. Its publica. tion seems to have been the signal for an avowal of infidelity on the part of multitudes in Germany. The book has been ably examined, and its positions overthrown particularly by Neander and Tholuck.-Gesenius is now prosecuting his labors on his Thesaurus.--Hengstenberg is regarded with increasing fear by the enemies of evangelical religion. His views on church government, church and State, etc, are not of the most telerant order.Some of the posthumous works of William von Humboldt are looked for with much anxiety. The concluding Nos. of Freytag's Arabic Lexicon do not yet come to hand.—The Leipsic Gazette announces that the new number of Schumacker's Astronomical Notes contains a discovery, made by Dr. Encke, professor of astronomy at Berlin, that the planet Saturn has three rings instead of two, as hitherto believed.

Polynesia. The people of Polynesia have no names for many of the animals mentioned in the Scriptures. They had never seen horses till the missionaries introduced them. At some of the islands the people had pigs in great abundance, and they called the horse “the pig that carries the man.” In the Polynesian dialects, a vowel intervenes between every two consonants. This made it impossible to Tahitianize the word horse, for not only the two consonants must have been divided, but the letter s, not known in the language, must have been changed or omitted. In this case, the missionaries resorted to the Greek, hippos, and rejecting the s and one p, made hipo. In reference to baptism, there was a native word, which signified the application of water, without determining the precise manner in which that water is applied. Lest, however, dispute should arise, they resorted, like the English translators, to the Greek, and chose a term which 'any native can pronounce and comprehend.

INDEX TO VOL. XI.

A.

Antiquitates Americanae noticed 519.
Addison, Joseph,Works of, noticed 257. Antiquities of the Jews, Dr. Palfrey's
Adrancement of Biblical knowledge 60. Lectures on, noticed 515,
Allusions to Christianity, infrequency Appeal, fraternal, to the American

of in Greek and Roman writers 203. Churches, together with a Plan for
The Greeks and Romans, in the catholic Union on Apostolic princi-
time of the apostles, were not ac-

ples 86.
customed to visit Jerusalem 203.

B.
The question in reference to those Bailey's Family Preacher, noticed 261.
writers who flourished from the Ballantine, Rev. E. Translation of
time of Domitian to the end of the Hengstenberg on the Causes of the
age of the Antonines 205. Greek Denial of the Mosaic Origin of the
writers 205. Roman writers 206. Pentateuch 416.
the Christians found able and Barrous, Prof. E. P. on the Advance-
In the age of the Antonines ment of Biblical Knowledge 60.
eloquent advocates 211. Writ- Bible Dictionary, Union, noticed 245.
ers who entered into controversy Biblical Knowledge, the Adrancement
with the Christians 214. Crescens

of 60.
215. Lucian 216. Celsus 220. In Biesenthal's Hebrew Lexicon reviewed
the age of the Antonines the Chris- 482.
tians had obtained notoriety 221– Bush, Prof. Exposition of the Books of
224. Christians not unknown to Joshua and Judges by, noticed 262.
men of letters 226. Eulogists of
the Christians 227. The Epicureans

C.
and Cynics despised the Chris- Catholic Union on Apostolic Principles,
tians 2:28.

Plan for, by Dr. Schmucker 86.
Analogies between Nature, Providence, Christianity, infrequency of Allusions

and Grace 344. The first analogy to in Greek and Roman writers 203,
respects the qualifications for en- Christian Professor, the, noticed 253,
tering into the kingdoms, humility Church, Pharcellus, Prize Essay by, on
and faith 345. Secondly, they are religious Dissensions 259.
governed by general laws 347. Classics, Utility of the Study of to theo-
The laws of each kingdom are logical Students 28. An edict of the
self-executing 348.

There is a

emperor Julian, advice of Augus-
striking analogy in the degree and tine 29. The Reformers felt that
manner of sovereignty exercised in even profane learning was from
each kingdom 347. Necessity for God, and to be applied to his glory
active exertions in each of the three 31. It materially assists in the in-
kingdoms 352. The same apparent terpretation of the Scriptures 32.
mixture of good and evil, order and Refines the taste and quickens the
confusion, light and darkness, in sense of the beautiful 33.

The
each 352. în each God brings classics anciently called the hu-
good out of evil, etc. 357.

manities 34. The neglect of clas.
Anglo-Saxon Dictionary, noticed and sical studies to be attributed, in
commended 509.

some measure, to the manner in
which they are taught in acade- confined to particular districts mies and colleges 36 etc.

[graphic]

the globe 17. The deluge may Connection of the Old and New Testa- have been universal 19. A!

ments, by Prof. Twesten of Berlin creation of animals and plants i 232.

have taken place subsequent to Court of Rome, History of, noticed 254. deluge 19. Such a hypoth Cousin, Victor, bis Life and Works, probable 21. Could any nati noticed 519.

causes have produced the dela Cowper, new edition of his works by 22. Some suppose the deluge'

Southey and Grimshawe 514. caused by the approximation Critical Notices 245, 503.

comet to the earth; some, by

sinking down of continents bem D.

the ocean, etc. 22. Others im Day, Pres. on the self-determining it to the sudden elevation of Power of the Will 503.

bottom of the ocean, etc. 23. S Deluges, Historical and Geological, mary of conclusions from the

compared 1. Argument from ex- ceding discussion 25. amination of contents of caverns Denial of the Mosaic Origin and fissures 1. In a cavern in Pentateuch, Causes of 416. Yorkshire, more than twenty spe- Design of Theological Seminaries cies of animals made out from rel. ics 2. The deluges of Geology

E. and of Scripture agree in being Edwards, B. B. on the Connectio comparatively recent 4. In being tween the Old and New Testan of great extent 1. The language

232. of Scripture 5. Of commentators 6. Europe, State of during the Objections 8. Arguments against Ages, by Henry Hallam, noticed the identity of the two deluges ap- Evidences of the Genuineness og pear to preponderate 9. Objections

Gospels 265. derived from Geology, etc. against Ewald on the Use of the Tensi the truth of the Mosaic history of

Hebrew 131. the deluge considered 10. — viz. It is thought that certain natural pro

F. cesses now going on must have Faith, Views of the Reformers on had an earlier date than the Noa- Family Preacher, the, noticed . chian deluge 10. It was formerly Ferdinand and Isabella, History urged that it is mathematically im- their Reign, by Prescott 518. possible for the present oceans of Fish, Samuel, M. D. on the Natur the globe to be raised so high as to Instinct 74. cover its whole surface 11. Some Fosdick, D. Jr. on Literary Im parts of the globe are said to ex- tures 39, hibit no marks of diluvial agency Fraternal Appeal to the Ameri 12. The existence and preserva- Churches, together with a Plan tion of the olive on mount Ararat catholic Union, on Apostolic Pro have been urged as objections 13. ples 86. Change of climate at the epoch of the geological deluge, etc. 13. An

G. other objection is, that pairs of all Gospels, the, Evidences of the Ge the animals on the globe could not ineness of, by A. Norton, Reria have been preserved in the ark 14. by M. Stuart 265.

General The present distribution of animals marks 265 etc. The work of on the globe, etc. 16. Many spe- Norton not superfluous 271. cies, both of animals and plants, sitions which have been taken are capable of enduring great va- leading Neologists 272 etc. T rieties of climate 16. But the great- aim of Mr. Norton's book is to e er part of animals and plants are amine the positions 275. Agt

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