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DEATH OF THE QUEEN.

to Colchester, and stopped at the house of her Highness was pleased to shew herself Mr. Enew, where she was received and with his Majesty in the gallery and other waited upon by Mrs. Enew and Mrs. Re- apartments fronting the Park. About eight bow; but Captain Best attended her with v'clock in the evening, the procession to coffee, and Lieutenant John Seabear with the chapel took place. tea. Being thus refreshed, she proceeded The bride, in her nuptial habit, was supto Witham, where she arrived at a quarter ported by their Royal Highnesses the Duke past seven, and stopped at Lord Abercoru's, of York and Prince William ; her train and his Lordship provided as elegant an borne by ten unmarried daughters of Dukes entertainment for her as the time would ad- and Earls, viz.-Lady Sarah Lenvox, mit. Duriog supper, the door of the room

Lady Ann Hamilton, Lady Harriet Benwas ordered to stand open, that every body | tinck, Lady Elizabeth Keppel, Lady Eliz. might have the pleasure of seeing her Most Harcourt, Lady Caroline Russel, Lady Serene Highness; and on each side of her Elizabeth Ker, Lady C. Montagu, Lady chair stood the Lords Harcourt and Anson. L. Grenville, Lady S. Strang ways. She slept that night at his Lordship's The marriage ceremony was performed house : and a little after twelve o'clock by the Lord Archbishop of Canterbury. next day, her Highness came to Rumford, | The Duke of Cumberland gave her hand where the King's coach and servants met

to his Majesty, and immediately on the her; avd after stopping to drink coffee at joining their hands, the Park and Tower Mr. Dutton's, where the King's servants | guns were fired. waited on her, she entered the King's coach. Their Majesties, after the ceremony, sat The attendants of her Highness were in on one side of the altar on two siate chairs three other coaches. In the first were some under a canopy: her Royal Highness the ladies of Mecklenburg, and in the last was Princess Dowager of Wales sat facing them her Serene Highness, who sat forward, on a chair of state on the other, all the rest and the Duchesses of Ancaster and Hamil- of the Royal Family on stools, and all the too, backwards.

Peers, Peeresses, Bishops, and Foreign Mi. On the road she was extremely courteous | nisters (including M. Bussy), on benches. to an incredible number of spectators on There was afterwards a public Drawings horse and foot, gathered on this occasion, | room, but no persous presented. The shewing herself, and bowing to all who houses in the cities of London and West, seemed desirous of seeing her, and ordering minster were illumivated, and the evening the coach to go extremely slow through concluded with the utmost demonstrations the town and villages as she passed, that as of joy. many as would might have a full view of her. Her Majesty's figure was very pleasing,

Thus they proceeded, at a tolerable pace, but her countenance, though not without to Stratford-le-Bow and Mile-end, where attraction when she smiled, could not boast they turned up Doy.row, and prosecuted any claim to beauty. It was, however, a their journey to Hackney turnpike, then well-known fact, that the King declared by Shoreditch church, and up Old-street himself satisfied with his connubial fortune. to the City-road, across Islington, along She entered at once upon the royal offices the New-road into Hyde-park, down Cou. of the drawiug-room, with a most becoms stitution-bill into St. James's Park, and then ing grace and easy dignity. It was a sina to the garden-gate of the Palace, where I gular occurrence, that the first play she saw she was received by all the Royal Family. I was the Rehearsal, in which Mr. Garrick, She was handed out of the coach by the in his inimitable representation of the chaDuke of York, and met in the garden by racter of Bayes, kept the King, the courhis Majesty, who, in a very affectionate | tiers, and the audience in a continual roar: manner, raised her

up,

and saluted her, as but which, from the construction of the she was going to pay her obeisance, and piece, it was not possible to explain to her then led her into the Palace, where she Majesty. dined with his Majesty, the Princess Dow. She was popular when Lord Bute's adager, and the rest of the Royal Family, ministration had rendered the King very except the

e two

youngest. After dinner, "much 'the rererse. She gave beautiful

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children to the country. She interested, Windsor. Happy to contemplate the en. the people of England as a fruitful mother; joyment of the common people, she, on and was considered with general regard as that occasion, walked into the midst of the a domestic woman; so much so, that || jocund scene. She approached the fires Colonel Barre, then a violent opposition by which the ox and the sheep, distributed speaker, delivered a very splendid eulogium amongst the populace, were roasted-suron her “ mild, tender, and anassuming veyed the whole of the arrangements and virtues."

graciously received and partook of the

meat and the pudding, which the ambiThe leaden coffin, in which the remains | tious loyalty of the Bachelors presumed to of her late Majesty are to be deposited, is offer to the consort of their monarch. The lined with wood. The inside, consisting cheerful good-humour with which she of a bed, pillow, sheet, and side linings, viewed the whole of the proceedings, comare of the richest plain white satin, with a pleted the triumph of that memorable day; full Buted trimming all round of the same, and her grand fête given at Frogmore the the whole being solemonly and magnificent- same evening, to which the inhabitants of ly fitted up. The following is the inscrip- the town of Windsor were generally intion which is placed on the coffin : vited, closed the festive scene with approDepositum

priate splendour, and a truly poble display Serenissimæ Principissæ Charlottæ Dei gratia of royal munificence. Reginæ Consortis Augustissimi et Potentissimi One of the first acts of her Majesty's beMonarchæ

nevolence was the forming an establishGeorgii Tertii Dei gratia Britanniarum Regis

ment for the daughters of decayed gentleFidei Defensoris, Regis Hanoveræ ac Brunsvici et Lunenbergi Ducis,

men, or orphans. A house and grounda Obiit xvii die Novembris

were purchased in Bedfordshire, and a lady, Anno Domini MDCCCXVIII. of high attainments, placed therein, at a Ætatis suæ LXXV.

salary of five hundred pounds per annum, The following is the translation : to instruct the pupils in embroidery, &c. Herein are the remains

They were taken in at fifteen years of age. Of the most Serene Princess Charlotte, by the The produce of their labour was converted Grace of God,

into ornaments for wiudow-curtains, chairs, Queen Consort of the most august and sofas, and bed-furnitures, for Windsor CasPowerful Monarch,

tle and her own palace. George the Third, by the Grace of God,

It was an express injunction, which acKing of Great Britain and Ireland, Defender of the Faith,

companied every act of benevolence on the King of Hanover,

part of her Majesty, that it should be kept And Dake of Brunswick and Lunenburg.

secret. To each nurse of her children she Died on the Seventeenth of November, in the gave a pension of two hundred pounds a Year of our Lord 1819,

year, as well as to several of their sons. And of her age the 75th.

Among the many instances of her charity, One of the most esteemed and couspicu we may select the following: Her Majesty ous traits of the late Queen's character, was took charge of, and educated the orphan the strictness with which she consulted the child of an officer who died in the West moral decency of her Court. Her fine re Indies. The child was brought to Eng. ply to Lady —, when soliciting her Ma. || land by the serjeant of the regiment. The jesty for permission to present Lady

•;

Queen's notice was attracted by an adverand when refused, saying, she did not || tisement in the public papers, from the know wbat to tell her disappointed friend, I serjeant. Her Majesty not only educated will long be remembered and repeated this child, but caused him to be amply pro« Tell her," said the Queen, “ you did not vided for. It is a fact, equally kuown, that dare to ask me."

the Queen took under her protection the The condescending kindness with which widow of an officer killed at Bunker's hill, her Majesty graced with her presence the and educated the son. exhibition of Bachelors' Acre, in 1809, is On one occasion a female presented a pe. not yet forgotten by the inhabitants of li tition to her Majesty: she was a stranger.

VARIETIES CRITICAL, LITERARY, AND HISTORICAL.

237

The memorial stated, that she was the wi- || there were not more establishments formed dow of an officer, left with twelve children. of the same kind in England. The Queen directed the strictest inquiries The funeral of her Majesty is to be as to be made into the character of the appli- private as possible, consistent with the excant; and the result proving satisfactory, | alted rank of the illustrious personage: but her Majesty took the whole of the children as the Queen of England cannot be buried from the mother, and sent them to school. privately, under atry circumstances, so much Some time after, learning that the widow of the solemn pomp only will be dispensed had again become a wife, her Majesty sent with as has been practised on former occaback all the children. It is necessary to sions. The remains of her late Majesty will add, this object of royal bounty had mar

lie in state in Kew Palace; but owing to ried a person in opulent circumstances. the small and contracted state of the buildHow far the husband was pleased we leave ing (which in fact was only an outbuildour readers to conjecture.

ing of the ancient Palace, and which was

called the Prince of Wales' House, ''the In addition to the numerous charities to which her late Majesty subscribed, none

Prince Regent having been brought up in was more conspicuous (though not general. ll of the public at large; but admissions will

it), tbere cannot possibly be an admission Jy known) than the Institution formed at Bailbrook Lodge, contignous to Bath. The be by tickets. In order to make the neQueen was the immediate patroness of this cessary preparations, the Prince Regent

commanded the attendance of the Surveyor establishment, and not only contributed very largely towards its support, but dis- Mash, Mr. Banting, and others, when the

General at Kew Palace, together with Mr. played great anxiety concerning its future welfare. The Institution at Bailbrook | large dining-room or hall, as it was called House is forined after the German Chapi- by the King, and the small sitting room tres; and other' Protestant establishinents adjoining it, were deemed the best calcuon the Continent. 'It offers a desirable re

lated for the purpose ; and in consequence,

the whole of the furniture was removed out sidence to ladies of respectable character, whose birth places them in the rank of een by command of the King before his last

of those rooms to the new building, erected tlewomen; and the plan is so arranged as

attack. The part of the dining-room or to suit the circunstauces of those whose in

hall deemed best calculated for the remains come is very moderate; at the same time it offers accommodation to others, wlio, by

of her late Majesty lying in state, was a residing in the establishment, contribute recess, in which was an organ, a great falargely towards its support; but this cir- vourite of the King's, but which has, for cumstance occasioned 'no apparent inequa

this occasion, been taken to pieces with all lity among the inmates, for ail are, in fact, also removed to the new building. When

its complicated mechanism, and which was equally independent of pecuniary obligation either to the public, or to each other.

we say the organ was a favourite of the The society five together as one family: but King's

, we wish to avoid being misundernone are admitted who are averse to a re

stood that he played on it, as he neither tired life, or who are unwilling to lend their played on that instrument, pianoforte, or aid in promoting works of charity and be. | harpsichord, although so many ridiculous nevolence. It is principally intended for stories have been published about his per

formances on these instruments. the receptiou of the widows and daughters of clergynies, and of officers in the army

FRENCH LITERATURE. and navy. It is entirely under the auspices of ladies of the highest rank, and a

History of Jane d'Albret, Queen of Navarre. fund of several thousands has been already

By Mademoiselle Vauvilliers. Three Vosecured, and placed ont at interest. Her

lumes 8vo. Paris. Majesty, when last at Batli, paid great at. Never did a finer subject present itself tention to the above institution, minutely to the pen of an bistorian; France and inspected every part of Bailbrook House, Navarre, the Catholic and the reformed and expressed herself very anxiously, that li religion, two different modes of worship,

R38

VARIETIES CRITICAL, LITERARY, AND HISTORICAL.

and two different courts; Medicis reigning taught this son to labour and to suffer, in France, but submitting to the Guises, in wishing, as she constantly said, to let him whom audacity held the place of genius, see what it was ; and to render him caand who, during a whole century, had pable of feeling for those whose lot is toil sought to obtain a throne as a reward for

and sorrow.

Nothing was indicated to their crimes. The violence of party by Henry that he would one day be a King; turns repressed by the virtues of Jane, and and as lie was subject to all the evils atby turns excited by the perfidy of Medi- tendant on mortality, every thing told him cis; the awful policy of Rome, and the he was but a man, Thus Jane d'Albret treacheries of Spain; all these vices moving

called in virtue to comfort her son, as on at the same time to gain popularity, and Catherine made use of debauchery in the at length losing themselves amidst the ge education of her offspring. These two neral mass; Catherine de Medicis sought Queens received the reward of those prio. to become the mistress of all her wishes by ciples they had inculcated; the one was flattering every passion of mankind. But Charles IX. the other Henry IV.! what pencil is able to produce a perfect The picture of these two courts, and picture of this dissolute court? Where these two opposite educations are sufficient every one tendered his service only to to give an idea of the important and dif. elevate himself, and who, when elevated, , ficult task that Mademoiselle Vauvilliers only became rapacious, ostentatious, and | bas undertaken to fulfil. She has found oppressive! There was no repose, no state that to paint Jane d'Albret such as she of tranquillity, no such thing as neutrality. really was, she must trace out the whole Medicis seemed to hold the reins of govern history of her time; but whatever talent ment only to divide interests, to irritate may be displayed in the work, she bas not the passions, pervert the mind, and corrupt been able to get over the chief difficultyyouth by debauchery. She was seen at that which the abundance of incidents preher table surrounded by the first nobles of seuts, though they form the whole richness her kingdom, who were waited on by of the subject. Her frequent excursions young girls hardly covered by the tran- ; to the courts of Spain and of Rome, the sparent drapery they wore; and Jane multitude of facts, the mutilated episodes, d'Albret, writing to her son, says :-“Here, which she introduces in her recital

, give it is not the men who solicit the women, embarrassment and confusion to the main but young girls are seen making the first action, and cause the reader sometimes to advances. Were you here you could only lose sight of it. escape contagion by the peculiar favour To this cursory observation we cannot and grace of God."

forbear adding one of yet higher importThe court of the virtuous Queen of Na- ance; which is, that the fair author is, by varre offered a very different spectacle! It no means, exempt from partiality and prewas, indeed, another world, for in it were judice; and though she endeavours to be other kind of hearts, other manners, or just, a kind of party spirit breaks through, rather, it was governed by a Queen totally and she yields to the temptation of condifferent: at her court, in all the simplicity cealing every foible of her heroine. of ancient times, Jane d'Albret seemed Antoine de Bourbon, dissatisfied with oply to reign as the protectress of morals, the court of France, which refused him the and to make herself adored by the virtues houours due to his exalted rank, was de which she cherished. The purity of her sirous of putting himself at the head of the own mind seenied to influence all who sur Protestants, hoping to obtain in them rounded ber; as a wife she was exemplary powerful support. How did Jane act on for her chastity, and as she had long before this occasion? She opposed herself with obtained the title of an excellent daughter, all her might against the political views of so was she a model for every mother. She her husband; for, to use the words of was incessantly occupied by two ideas Brantome, « She took no pleasure in this the happiness of her people and the edunew-fangled religion; and I hold it from cation of her son : "her maternal tenderness | good authority that she remonstrated with

VARIETIES CRITICAL, LITERARY, AND HISTORICAL:

299

the King, telling him plainly that she supported herself by foreign powers. At would not ruin herself, nor see their wealth || length, after having pawned her jewels, confiscated."—She did more, for she pro- she had recourse to the wealth of the tected the Catholics and only tolerated the clergy, which she sold in order to kindle Protestants. Such a conduct seems to be that terrible war which covered France the result of a righteous and blameless con with desolation and ruin. These are facts: science. Mademoiselle Vauvilliers sees in

Mademoiselle Vauvilliers relates them with it only an abominable artifice, and a a very honourable impartiality, and we shameful hypocrisy that she seeks in vain | cannot see how two actions so opposite to to palliate.--" This conduct," she remarks, each other can be at all praiseworthy. For " was more the result of sound policy than ourselves, we can only find in this sudden conviction."— Thus to penetrate into the change of opinion adopted by Jane, the secret workings of conscience, is to be ac mere result of vengeance and despair, and quainted with the innost thoughts of an that a fatal weakness of mind prevented other; and historians do not profess them- her seeing the terrible consequences. that selves, in general, quite so knowing. But must ensue. She coald not imagine, how, we ask, if Jave was a Protestant in her ever, that iu declaring herself the protectheart, as Mademoiselle Vauvilliers often ress of the Protestants, and in exciting repeats, when could she have found a finer their audacity, she, most likely, inspired opportunity of declaring her real senti the court of Medicis with the first idea of ments ? In case that she was attached to revenging its party by assassinations; that the reformed religion, it was ber interest she instigated the horrible massacre of St. at that time to have declared it, and that Bartholomew, and armed those hands that resolution maintained with firmness, might | were destined to pierce the heart of Henry have, averted many evils. Antoine, pro.

IV. Thus the best of mothers prepared, tector of a worship which affected much upconsciously, the violent death of her son. strictness, would have found himself obliged If we coudemu the ideas of Mademoiselle to ennoble his passions and regulate his Vauvilliers, when she wishes to conceal the manners; remainivg in his own dominions, guilty weakness of Jane, we entirely coinsurrounded by the Colignies and the im. cide with her sentiments when she paiuts murtal Condé, he would have compelled her as a tender mother solely occupied with France, to issue edicts of toleration iu fa the education of her son. Every one will vour of the new worship, in spite of the acknowledge that this education was such Guises, Rome, and Spain. Jane would as seemed to have inspired J. J. Rousseau have kept her weak-minded husband from with the plan in his first book of Emilius. the seductions of Catherine's court; she Like the Emilius of Rousseau, Henry als would have made him to be respected by ways went barefouted. His food was of his enemies, and mistress of his heart, she the plainest kind, and coarse: he climbed would have become that of his will ; but rugged mountains and trees, and became the Queen of Navarre was a Catholic, and the cotemporary of his young companions, she fancied herself obliged to observe a who were the poorest children in Béarn. conduct totally different. She sent her What was very remarkable, the young husband to the court of Medicis, she gave | Prince, endowed with the most happy dishim up to all the dangers of temptation, position, was so far from obtaining vulgar and too soon she found that she had a rival. manners by tbis, his early mode of educaAntoine forgot his conjugal duties, he for

tion, that he seemed daily to increase in got those of a King and a father; he politeness and elegance. The artlessness changed his religion, and it was only then of his repartees, his easy and unembarrass. that Jane, led astray by batred, jealousy, ed air, ihis lively, open, and noble physiogand vengeance, embraced the persuasion nomy, drew all hearts towards him; it that Antoine had just abjured, and protect was sufficient only to see him to love him. ed the reformed religion which she had A courtier of that time writes of him as before condemned. She not only assembled follows:-" His face is finely formed; his together the malcontents, but she excited eyes are mild, his complexion brown, and their zeal, encouraged their audacity, and his skin smooth; but all these qualifica.

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