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of all courts of the same class or grade, so far as regulated by lava and the force and effect of the proceedings, judgments and decrees of such courts, severally, shall be uniform.
Sec. 20. [Officers terms, residence, duties, compensation.] All officers provided for in this article shall hold their offices until their successors shall be qualified and they shall respectively reside in the district, county or precinct for which they shall be elected or appointed. The terms of office of all such officers, when not otherwise prescribed in this article, shall be two years. All officers, when not otherwise provided for in this article, shall perform such duties and receive such compensation as may be prescribed by law.
Sec. 21. [Vacancies in offices of judges, how filled.] In case the office of any judge of the supreme court, or of any district court, shall become vacant before the expiration of the regular term for which he was elected, the vacancy shall be filled by appointment by the governor, until a successor shall be elected and qualified, and such a' successor shall be elected for the unexpired term at the first general election that occurs more than thirty days after the vacancy shall have happened. Vacancies in all other elective offices provided for in this article shall be filled by election, but when the unexpired term does not exceed one year the vacancy may be filled by appointment, in such manner as the legislature may provide.
Sec. 22. (Suits by and against state. The state may sue and be sued, and the legislature shall provide by law in what manner and in what courts suits shall be brought.
Sec. 23. [Jurisdiction of Chambers.) The several judges
. of the courts of record shall have such jurisdiction at chambers as may be provided by law.
Sec. 24. [Style of process.] All process shall run in the name of "The State of Nebraska,” and all prosecutions shall be
“ carried on in the name of “The State of Nebraska."
ARTICLE [VII]-RIGHTS OF SUFFRAGE
Section 1. [Electors, who are.] Every male person of the age of twenty-one years or upwards belonging to either of the following classes, who shall have resided in the state six months, and in the county, precinct, or ward for the term provided by law shall be an elector.
First. Citizens of the United States.
Second. Persons of foreign birth who shall have declared their intention to become citizens comformably to the laws of the United States, on the subject of naturalization, at least thiry days prior to an election.
Sec. 2. [Who not qualified.] No person shall be qualified to vote who is non compos mentis, or who has been convicted of treason or felony under the laws of the state or of the United States, unless restored to civil rights.
Sec. 3. [Electors in military service.] Every elector in the actual military service of the United States or of this state, and not in the regular army, may exercise the right of suffrage at such place and under such regulations as may be provided by law.
Sec. 4. [Soldiers or sailors not electors.] No soldier, seaman, or marine in the army and navy of the United States shall be deemed a resident of the state in consequence of being stationed therein.
Sec. 5. (Electors privileged from arrest; military duty.) Electors shall in all cases, except treason, felony, or breach of the peace, be privileged from arrest during their attendance at elections, and going to and returning from the same, and no elector shall be obliged to do military duty on the days of election, except in time of war and public danger.
Ballots. All votes shall be by ballot.
Section 1. [Board of educational lands and funds.) The
[ Governor, Secretary of State, Treasurer, Attorney General, and Commissioner of Public Lands and Buildings shall, under the direction of the legislature, constitute a board of commissioners, for the sale, leasing, and general management of all lands and funds set apart for educational purposes, and for the investment of school funds, in such manner as may be prescribed by law.
Sec. 2. [Property, how used.] All lands, money or other property granted, or bequeathed, or in any manner conveyed to this state for educational purposes, shall be used and expended in accordance with the terms of such grant, bequest, or conveyance.
Sec. 3. [Permanent school fund.) The following are hereby declared to be perpetual funds for common school purposes of which the annual interest or income only can be appropriateur, to-wit:
First. Such per centum as has been, or may hereafter be, granted by congress on the sale of lands in this State.
Second. All moneys arising from the sale or leasing of sections number sixteen and thirty-six in each township in this state, and the lands selected, or that may be selected, in lieu thereof.
Third. The proceeds of all lands that have been, or may hereafter be, granted to this state, where by the terms and conditions of such grant the same are not to be otherwise appropriated.
Fourth. The net proceeds of lands and other property and effects that may come to this state, by escheat or forfeiture, or from unclaimed dividends, or distributive shares of the estates of deceased persons.
Fifth. All moneys, stocks, bonds, lands, and other property, now belonging to the common school fund.
Sec. 4. [Temporary school fund.] All other grants, gifts and devises, that have been, or may hereafter be, made to this state, and not otherwise appropriated by the terms of the grant, gift, or devise, the interest arising from all the funds mentioned in the preceding section, together with all the rents of the unsold school lands, and such other means as the legislature may provide, shall be exclusively applied to the support and maintenance of common schools in each school district in the state.
Sec. 5. [Fines, penalties, and license moneys.] All fines, penalties, and license moneys, arising under the general laws of the state, shall belong and be paid over to the counties respectively, where the same may be levied or imposed, and ail fines, penalties and license moneys arising under the rules, bylaws, or ordinances of cities, villages, towns, precincts, or other municipal subdivision less than a county, shall belong and be paid over to the same respectively. All such fines, penalties, and license moneys shall be appropriated exclusively to the use and support of the common schools in the respective sub-divisions where the same may accrue.
Sec. 6. ()
[Common schools, free. The legislature shall provide for the free instruction in the common schools of this state of all persons between the ages of five and twenty-one years.
Sec. 7. [Income, distribution.] Provision shall be made by general law for an equitable distribution of the income of the fund set apart for the support of the common schools, among the several school districts of the state and no appropriation shall be made from said fund to any district for the year in which school is not maintained at least three months.
Sec. 8. (Educational lands, price.] University, agricultural college, common school or other lands which are now held or may hereafter be acquired by the state for educational purposes, shall not be sold for less than seven dollars per acre, nor less than the appraised value.
Sec. 9. Funds inviolate, investment.] All funds belonging to the state for educational purposes, the interest and income whereof only are to be used, shall be deemed trust funds held by the state, and the state shall supply all losses thereof, that may in any manner accrue, so that the same shall remain forever inviolate and undiminished; and shall not be invested or loaned except on United States or State securities, or registered county bonds of this state, or registered school district bonds of this state; and such other securities as the legislature may from time to time direct. And such funds with the interest and income thereof, are hereby solemnly pledged to the purposes for which Art. VIII, IX)
they are granted and set apart, and shall not be transferred to any other fund for other uses.
Sec. 10. (University government, regents.] The general government of the University of Nebraska shall, under direction of the legislature, be vested in a board of six regents to be styled the Board of Regents of the University of Nebraska, who shall be elected by the electors of the state at large, and their term of office, except those chosen at the first election as hereinafter provided, shall be six years. Their duties and powers shall be prescribed by law; and they shall receive no compensation, but may be reimbursed their actual expenses incurred in the discharge of their duties.
Sec. 11. [Sectarian instruction prohibited.] No sectarian instruction shall be allowed in any school or institution supported in whole or in part by the public funds set apart for educational purposes; nor shall the state accept any grant, conveyance, or bequest of money, lands or other property to be used for sectarian purposes.
Sec. 12. [Reform schools.] The legislature may provide by law for the establishment of a school or schools for the safe keeping, education, employment and reformation of all children under the age of sixteen years, who for want of proper parental care, or other cause, are growing up in mendicancy or crime.
ARTICLE (IX)-REVENUE AND FINANCE
Section 1. Revenue; taxes; uniformity.) The Legislature
(] shall provide such revenue as may be needful, by levying a tax by valuation, so that every person and corporation shall pay a tax in proportion to the value of his, her or its property and franchises, the value to be ascertained in such manner as the Legislature shall direct, and it shall have power to tax peddlers, auctioneers, brokers, hawkers, commission merchants, showmen, jugglers, inn-keepers, liquor-dealers, toll-bridges, ferries, insurance, telegraph and express interests or business, venders of patents, in such manner as it shall direct by general law, uniform as to the class upon which it operates.
Sec. 2. [Exemption from taxation.] The property of the state, counties, and municipal corporations, both real and personal shall be exempt from taxation, and such other property as