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Art. III)



at one time, unless the person shall persist in such disorderly or contemptuous behavior.

Sec. 8. [Journals; votes; doors open; adjournment.] Each House shall keep a journal of its proceedings and publish them (except such parts as may require secrecy) and the yeas and nays of the members on any question, shall at the desire of any two of them be entered on the Journal. All votes in either House shall be viva voce. The doors of each House, and of Committee of the Whole, shall be open, unless when the business shall be such as ought to be kept secret. Neither House shall, without the consent of the other, adjourn for more than three days.

Sec. 9. [Bills; origin, amendment.] Any bill may originate in either house of the Legislature, except bills appropriating money, which shall originate only in the House of Representatives, and all bills passed by one House may be amended by the other.

Sec. 10. [Bills, style, final passage.] The style of all bills shall be "Be it enacted by the people of the State of Nebraska," and no law shall be enacted except by bill. No bill shall be passed by the legislature unless by assent of a majority of all the members elected to each house of the legislature and the question upon final passage shall be taken immediately upon its last reading and the yeas and nays shall be entered upon the journal.

Sec. 11. [Bills; reading, printing, subject, title, amendment, signing.] Every bill and concurrent resolution shall be read at large on three different days in each house and the bill and all amendments thereto shall be printed before the vote is taken upon its final passage. No bill shall contain more than one subject, and the same shall be clearly expressed in its title. And no law shall be amended unless the new act contain the section or sections so amended and the section or sections so amended shall be repealed. The presiding Officer of each House shall sign in the presence of the House over which he presides, while the same is in session and capable of transacting business, all bills and concurrent resolutions passed by the legislature.

Sec. 12. [Privilege from arrest.] Members of the Legislature in all cases except treason, felony or breach of the peace, shall be privileged from arrest during the session of the legislature, and for fifteen days next before the commencement and after the termination thereof.

Sec. 13. [Disabilities of members.] No person elected to the Legislature shall receive any civil appointment within this State from the Governor and senate during the term for which he has been elected. And all such appointments and all votes given for any such member for any such office or appointment, shall be void. Nor shall any member of the Legislature, or any state officer be interested either directly or indirectly, in any contract with the state, county, or city, authorized by any law passed during the term for which he shall have been elected, or within one year after the expiration thereof.

Sec. 14. [Impeachments.] The Senate and House of Representatives in joint convention shall have the sole power of impeachment, but a majority of the members elected must concur therein. Upon the entertainment of a resolution to impeach by either house, the other house shall at once be notified thereof and the two houses shall meet in joint convention for the purpose of acting upon such resolution within three days of such notification. A notice of an impeachment of any officer other than a justice of the Supreme Court, shall be forthwith served upon the Chief Justice, by the Secretary of the Senate, who shall thereupon call a session of the Supreme Court to meet at the Capital within ten days after such notice to try the impeachment. A notice of an impeachment of a Justice of the Supreme Court shall be served by the Secretary of the Senate, upon the judge of the judicial district, within which the Capital is located, and he thereupon shall notify all the judges of the District Court in the State to meet with him within thirty days at the Capital, to sit as a Court to try such impeachment, which Court shall organize by electing one of its number to preside. No person shall be convicted without the concurrence of two-thirds of the members of the Court of impeachment, but judgment in cases of impeachment. shall not extend further than removal from office and disqualification to hold and enjoy any office of honor, profit, or trust, in this State, but the party impeached, whether convicted or acquitted shall nevertheless be liable to prosecution and punishment according to law. No officer shall exercise his official duties after he shall have been impeached and notified thereof, until he shall have been acquitted.

Sec. 15. [Special legislation prohibited.] The legislature shall not pass local or special laws in any of the following cases, that is to say:

Art. III)




For granting divorces.

Changing the names of persons or places.

Laying out, opening, altering and working roads or high

Vacating roads, Town plats, streets, alleys, and public grounds.

Locating or changing County seats.

Regulating County and Township offices.

Regulating the practice of Courts of Justice.

Regulating the jurisdiction and duties of Justices of the Peace, Police Magistrates and Constables.

Providing for changes of venue in civil and criminal cases.

Incorporating Cities, Towns and Villages, or changing or amending the charter of any Town, City, or Village.

Providing for the election of Officers in Townships, incorporated Towns or Cities.

Summoning or empaneling Grand or Petit Juries.

Providing for the bonding of cities, towns, precincts, school districts or other municipalities.

Providing for the management of Public Schools.

Regulating the interest on money.

The opening and conducting of any election, or designating the place of voting.

The sale or mortgage of real estate belonging to minors, or others under disability.

The protection of game or fish.

Chartering or licensing ferries, or toll bridges, remitting fines, penalties or forfeitures, creating, increasing and decreasing fees, percentage or allowances of public officers, during the term for which said officers are elected or appointed.

Changing the law of descent.

Granting to any corporation, association, or individual, the right to lay down railroad tracks, or amending existing charters for such purpose.

Granting to any corporation, association, or individual, any special or exclusive privileges, immunity, or franchise whatever. In all other cases where a general law can be made applicable, no special law shall be enacted.

Sec. 16. [Extra compensations.] The Legislature shall never grant any extra compensation to any public officer, agent, servant, or contractor after the services shall have been rendered or the contract entered into. Nor shall the compensation of any public officer be increased or diminished during his term of office.

Sec. 17. [Salt springs.] The Legislature shall never alienate the salt springs belonging to this state.

Sec. 18. [Donations of land.] Lands under control of the State shall never be donated to railroad companies, private corporations or individuals.

Sec. 19. [Appropriations.] Each Legislature shall make appropriations for the expenses of the Government until the expiration of the first fiscal quarter after the adjournment of the next regular session, and all appropriations shall end with such fiscal quarter. And whenever it is deemed necessary to make further appropriations for deficiencies, the same shall require a two-thirds vote of all the members elected to each House, and shall not exceed the amount of revenue authorized by law to be raised in such time. Bills making appropriations for the pay of members and officers of the Legislature, and for the salaries of the officers of the Government, shall contain no provision on any other subject.

Sec. 20. [Vacancies in offices.] All offices created by this Constitution shall become vacant by the death of the incumbent, by removal from the State, resignation, conviction of a felony, impeachment, or becoming of unsound mind. And the Legislature shall provide by general law for the filling of such vacancy, when no provision is made for that purpose in this constitution.

Sec. 21. [Lotteries prohibited.] The legislature shall not authorize any games of chance, lottery, or gift enterprise, under any pretense or for any purpose whatever.

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Sec. 22. [Money, how drawn; statement legislative expenses.] No allowance shall be made for the incidental expenses of any State officer, except the same be made by general appropriation and upon an account specifying each item. No money shall be drawn from the Treasury, except in pursuance of a specific appropriation made by law, and on the presentation of a warrant issued by the Auditor thereon, and no money shall be diverted from any appropriation made for any purpose or taken from any fund whatever, either by joint or separate resolution. The Auditor shall, within sixty days after the adjournment of each session of the Legislature, prepare and publish a full statement of all moneys expended at such session, specifying the amount of each item, and to whom and for what paid.

Sec. 23. [Member not liable for debate.] No member of the legislature shall be liable in any civil or criminal action whatever for words spoken in debate.

Sec. 24. [Acts take effect, when, publication.] No act shall take effect until three calendar months after the adjournment of the session at which it passed, unless in case of emergency, to be expressed in the preamble or body of the act, the Legislature shall, by a vote of two-thirds of all the members elected to each House, otherwise direct. All laws shall be published in book form within sixty days after the adjournment of each session and distributed among the several counties in such manner as the legislature may provide.


Until otherwise provided by law, Senatorial and Representative districts shall be formed, and Senators and Representatives apportioned as follows:


[Senatorial districts.] District No. 1. Shall consist of the County of Richardson, and be entitled to two Senators.

District No. 2. Shall consist of the County of Nemaha, and be entitled to one Senator.

District No. 3. Shall consist of the County of Otoe, and be entitled to two Senators.

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