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fifth day the physician expressed some fears. I asked her whether she was going to leave me alone in this island She replied, ‘Indeed I should wish to remain longer with you, knowing how much you want my assistance; but the Lord's will be done.”

He himself died on the 27th June following. A brother missionary wrote of him :—

He fell happily asleep, as a ransomed sinner, rejoicing in God his Saviour, upon whose atonement he rested all his hopes, and now seeth him face to face in whom he believed, and of whose

cross and death he bore many testimonies before whites and blacks.

A less feeling heart than the poet’s would have cherished the remembrance of parents so early parted and so sadly lost, and we are not surprised to learn that, till the end of his long life, Montgomery was accustomed very frequently to speak of them in terms of warm affection. My father, mother—parents now no more Beneath the lion-star they sleep, Beyond the Western deep :

And when the sun's noon-glory crests the waves,
He shines without a shadow on their graves | *

At the age of twenty-one, Montgomery, being still Mr. Hunt's shopman, took up by accident one day the Sheffield Register, a newspaper published by a Mr. Gales, and there read an advertisement for a clerk in a counting-house in Sheffield. That advertisement formed the turning-point in the poet’s history. He

* Poetical Works, vol. ii. p. 166.

found it was Mr. Gales himself who stood in need of a clerk; and in a few days he was domesticated with him in that house in a busy thoroughfare called ‘The Hartshead,” which was to be his home for five-andforty years. Mr. Joseph Gales of Sheffield was printer, bookseller, and auctioneer ; also editor and publisher of the newspaper just mentioned. Montgomery said publicly in 1845 that there was not perhaps in the world a more lonely being than himself when, on a dark Sunday evening, he crossed the Ladies’ Bridge, and walked up the market-place towards his future home. At that time Sheffield had only onefourth of the population which Montgomery lived to see it contain. It was the future poet’s business to make himself generally useful in his new situation. He attended Mr. Gales to act as clerk at the sales where he presided as auctioneer, and attended in the bookselling shop. Here he became acquainted with the Pleasures of Memory, the proof sheets of which were given him by a young man, a compositor in the printing-office, who had assisted while in London in “setting up the first edition of Mr. Rogers's pleasing work. Politics ran high in Sheffield, as elsewhere, about the year 1792. Mr. Gales was a vehement partisan; and Montgomery, who regarded his master as “a generous, upright, and noble-minded man, very

naturally came to feel “every pulse in his heart beating

in favour of the popular doctrines.” On the 8th of

April, 1793, Mr. Gales occupied the chair at a reform

meeting held on the Castle-hill, which sent up a L

petition to the House of Commons expressed in terms so disrespectful that the House refused to receive it. Montgomery gradually began to write some political papers in the Register, concerning which he afterwards said, with tears, that when he wrote them “he had been one of the greatest fools that ever obtruded himself on the public notice.’ A royal proclamation having appointed the 28th February, 1794, to be observed as a general fast, the ‘Friends of Peace and Reform' at Sheffield chose to honour the day after their own fashion, by holding a large public meeting, at which, after a prayer delivered by ‘Billy Broomhead,” and a “serious lecture’ by “Neddy Oakes, a hymn, written for the occasion by Montgomery, “was sung in full chorus’ by the assembly, consisting of several thousand persons. A series of violent party disturbances followed; and on one occasion, it being understood that the authorities contemplated some interference with Mr. Gales, a band of “a hundred stout democrats’ guarded his house for a day, singing “God save great Thomas Paine” to the national air. But government suspicion—not without some reason— fell upon Mr. Gales, and a warrant was issued for his arrest. He fled to America, whence he did not return, and the Sheffield Register went down. By this time Montgomery had been two years in the office; he had acquired the confidence of the Gales family; he had latterly been writing a good deal in the newspaper; and now, in conjunction with a certain Naylor, he announced a new weekly paper, the Sheffield Iris. Thus rapidly had he passed from more than cloister quiet to the bustle of a position the very last that might have been anticipated for one of his shrinking nature—that of editor and publisher of a Radical newspaper in stormy times. On July 4th, 1794, the first number of the Iris was published, on ‘peace and reform ' principles. How little suited was his sensitive spirit for party strife and business cares we learn from his own declaration made at the period—“I hate politics, and would as soon meet a bear as a ledger.’ He knew that the eye of the government was upon him, which is not to be wondered at, if it was true, as his biographers tell us, that ‘ his paper was the organ, and his office the rendezvous, of the disaffected party.” A month after Montgomery had started on his own account occasion was found for coming down upon him. One day a ballad-singer came to his shop, and asked if he might have six quires of a certain ballad printed. Montgomery glanced at the ballad, which appeared innocent, and agreed to give the poor man what he wanted for eighteenpence. Two months afterwards Montgomery was taken into custody on the charge of having printed and published a seditious libel respecting the war then waging between his Majesty and the French government. The ballad he had printed, which was entitled A Patriotic Song, by a Clergyman of Belfast, contained the following verse:– Europe's fate on the contest's decision depends; Most important its issues will be ;

For should France be subdued, Europe's liberty ends;
If she triumphs, the world will be free.

Montgomery was held to bail, and was tried at Doncaster in January, 1795. Everything about the proceeding was made as oppressive as possible. The enlightened jury found that “James Montgomery, printer, being a wicked, malicious, seditious, and evildisposed person, and seditiously contriving, devising, and intending to stir up and excite discontent and sedition among his Majesty's subjects, and to alienate and withdraw the affection, fidelity, and allegiance of his said Majesty's subjects,’ &c. &c. &c., “ did publish the said libel.’ Montgomery was sentenced to suffer three months' imprisonment in York Castle, and to pay a fine of twenty pounds. Poor Montgomery was at this time just three-and-twenty. At this date we need not hesitate to call the entire proceeding a scandalously oppressive one. Half a century afterwards the poet came into possession of the papers, including the brief for the prosecution. In that document it is stated that ‘this prosecution is carried on chiefly with the view of putting a stop to the meetings of the associated clubs in Sheffield.” Thus were things done in the grand old days when Eldon was Attorney-General. In literary occupation the time of imprisonment soon

passed away; and at its close Montgomery resumed his work at the Iris office. Soon after he became sole proprietor of the journal. But further ills awaited him. On occasion of one of those disturbances which were too common at Sheffield at that period, the military fired upon the people. The circumstances were described in the Iris in terms which the commanding officer regarded as levelled at himself. A second time did the luckless editor experience justice's justice, being sen

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