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Men of good discretion hence it has been assumed, by several
Scottish antiquarian writers, that the
Huchowne of Wyntoun, and the Clerk
of Dunbar, must be the same person ; The Pystyl also of sweet Susane. and that Huchowne being the old He was curious in his style,
Scottish form of the name Hugh, the Fair of facund, and subtile,
one gives his name, and the other his And ay to pleasans and delyte, Made in metre meet his dyte,3
profession, seeing both agree in making Little or nought nevertheless,
him the author of a poem bearing the Waverand frae the soothfastness." 4 same title. Dr Irving objects to this The above specimen of affectionate assumption, on the ground that both early criticism, from Wyntoun's Chron-Wyntoun and Huchowne, in quoting icle
, modernized in the spelling, contains the name Hugh, spell it Hew; yet he is all that we know directly of the writer, disposed to follow Chalmers, who thinks whom the best authorities agree in there cannot be any doubt about the placing second, in point of time, on the matter, in considering “the gude Schir list of Scottish poets. His language is Hew of Eglintoun,” mentioned by Dunmore obscure than that of Sir Tristrem; bar, as the author, on account of his and Sir Frederic Madden considers connection with the Court of Robert the MS. of the poems, to which he Second, without seeming to see that, maintains he has the best claims, the in that case, his name must be taken in oldest extan of any author born north the Gaelic form, which he calls the old
Scottish. of the Tweed. But perhaps the best
Besides, Dunbar does not reason for placing him before Barbour make Sir Hugh the author of “The is, that all the poetry attributed to him Adventures of Gawane,” &c. Sir Frebelongs to the romance school.
deric Madden says the former assumpDunbar, in his Lament for the Deth tion “is satisfactorily refuted by the of the Makkaris (makers of poetry),
internal evidence of the poem itself ;' mentions that
and that there are so many difficulties
about the latter, “as justly to prevent “Clerk of Tranent, eik he hes tane, That made the awenteris of Gawane."
our yielding assent to it without some
additional evidence." There is the In a second reference to this other further objection that Wyntoun does wise unknown poet, in the Maitland
not prefix any title to Huchowne, who, MS., the name is written The Clerk; if he were Sir Hugh of Eglintoun, I Skilful. Speech. 3 Writing.
who was knighted in 1342, Wyntoun, 4 Wavering from the truth.
about fifty years after, was not likely to
name as simple Huchowne. Dr David occasioned by the wickedness of Jonas,
may be taken as a specimen of the class
In Kyng Arthure tyme ane awntir by-tyde, thure, the Gest Hystoryale, and the Gest By the Terne Wahethelyne, als the buke of Broytty's Auld Story, mentioned by
tellis, Wyntoun, he considers to be the same
Als he to Carelele was commene, that conpoem under different titles ; and that,
queroure Kyde, what in all probability is the MS. of this with dukes and ducheperes that with poem, is in Lincoln Cathedral Library. that dere duellys,
Of the author he remarks—“It is I For to hunnte at the herdys, that lang think certain, that the writer of the
hase bene hyde; romance (Syr Gawayne and the Grene And one a day thay tham dighte to the Knyght) must have been a man of birth
depe dellis, and education ; for none but a person To felle of the femmales, in the foreste
wele frythede, intimately versed in the gentle science
Faire in the fernysone tyme, by frythis and of wodecraft, could so minutely describe
fellis. the various sports of the chase ; nor
Thus to the wode are thay wente, the could any but an educated individual
wlonkeste in wedys,
* Sir Gawayne ; a Collection of Ancient tempest that preceded the destruction of Romance-Poems, edited by Sir Frederic MadSodom and Gomorra, and the sea storm den, for the Bannatyne Club, 1839, pp. 301-2.
Dukis and digne lordis, douchty and deir; And thus Syr Gawane the gay dame Gay- Sembillit to his summovne, enour he ledis,
Renkis of grete renovne, In a gleterande gyde that glemet fulle Cumly kyngis with crovne, gaye ;
Of gold that wes cleir. With riche ribanes reuerrssede, who that righte redys,
II. Raylede with rubes, one royalle arraye; Hir hude was of hawe hewe, that hir hede Thus the royale can remove, with his hydys,
Round Tabill, Wroghte with peloure, and palle, and of all riches maist rike, in riall array; perrye to paye;
Wes neuer fundun on fold but fenzeing Schruedede in a schorte cloke that the or fabill, rayne schrydes,
Ane farayr floure on ane feild of fresch Sett ouer with safyrs, fulle sothely to men, in fay,
Farand on thair stedis, stout men and saye. And thus wondirfully was alle the wyghtis
stabill ; wedys,
Mony sterne our the streit stertis on stray. Hir sadille semyde of that ilke,
Thair baneris schane with the sone, of Semlely sewede with sylke;
siluer and sabill. On a muyle als the milke,
And vther glemyt as gold, and gowlis so Gayely scho glydis.
gay ; Of siluer and saphir, schirly thai schane ;
Ane fair batell on breid, THE KNIGHTLY TALE OF GOLAGROS Merkit our ane fair meid, AND GAWANE,
With spurris spedely thai speid.
Our fellis in fane. [Specimen, unaltered.]
In the tyme of Arthur, as trew men me SYR GAWAYN AND THE GRENE tald,
KNYGHT The king turnit on ane tyde toward Tuskane,
(Specimen, unaltered.] Hym to seik our the sey, that saiklese
I. wes sald, The syre that sendis all seill suthly to Sithen the sege & the assaut watz sesed sane;
at Troye, With banrentis, barounis, and bernis full | The borz' brittened & brent to brondez bald,
& askez, Biggast of bane and blude, bred in Bri- The tulk that the trammes of tresoun ther tane.
wrozt, Thai walit out werryouris with wapinnis Watz tried for his tricherie, the trewest to wald,
on erthe ; The gayest grumys on grund, with geir Hit was Ennias the athel, & his highe that myth gane,
That sithen depreced prouinces, & pa- THE PYSTYL OF SWETE SUSAN, trounes bicome
[Specimen, unaltered.] Welneze of all the wele in the west isles, Fro riche Romulus to Rome ricchis hym There was in Babloine a bern, in that swythe,
borw riche With gret bobbaunce that burze he biges That was a Jeugh jentil, and Joachim he vpon fyrst,
hiht; & neuenes hit his anne nome, as hit now He was so lele in his lawe, there lived non
him liche, Ticius of Tuskan (turnes) and teldes bi- Of all riches that reuke arayes he was riht: gynnes ;
His innes, and his orchardes, weren withLangaberde in Lumbardie lyftes vp inne a dep dich, homes;
Halles and herbegages, hey uppon height; & fer ouer the French flod Felix Brutus To seche thoru that cité ther was non sich, On mony bonkkes ful brode Bretayn he Of erbes, and of erberi, so avenauntliche
Within the circle of fees,
Of erberi and alees
Of all maner of trees
Sothely to say.
RALPH THE COLLIER. like most poems of the same age (about This curious specimen of our early the beginning of the fifteenth century) poetry, though at one time so popular
and character, many words are altered that, according to Dunbar,
from their usual acceptation, or intro
duced merely for the sake of the alliteraGentle and simple of every clan
tive style, the language is by no means Ken of Ralph Collier, and John the Reive,
obscure. The narrative is simple and yet for about seventy years it was con circumstantial, the characters are well sidered to be lost, when, in 1821, a copy described, and a vein of comic humour turned up in a volume of English tracts runs through the whole.” Dr Irving in the Advocates' Library, and was re- suggests that it may have been written printed by Dr David Laing, in Select by HUCHOWNE, from its similarity in Remains of the Popular Poetry of Scot- style to The Ad entures of Arthur; but land, Edinburgh, 1822. Dr Laing re- Dr Laing says we are not possessed ofsuch marks, that "it has claims to public evidence as might entitle us to ascribe it attention altogether independent of its in particular to any one Scottish poet. uncommon rarity, as it has no inconsid. Of the reasonableness of Dr Irving's erable share of poetical merit. Although, conjecture any one may satisfy himself
THE STORY OF THE KING AND THE
by comparing the specimen given with that of The Awntyre of Arthure at the
COLLIER. Terne Wathelyne.
[Constructed from the Poem.] Notwithstanding what Dr Laing says When the Emperor Charlemagne of the language, by which we under- one day, about Christmas time, was stand him to mean the vocabulary, the hunting in the royal forest, attended by obscurity of which is not the only ob- the lords and ladies of his court, it came stacle to the understanding of our early on such a storm of east wind and snow, poetry, we think a specimen in its ori- that, in the hurry to reach some place ginal integrity will suffice. It being, of shelter, the king got separated from however, a representative of a different his train, and lost his way.
He wanclass of romances from that of the Ar- dered about without seeing any one till thurian, simpler in structure, and, from toward evening, when, much exhausted the contrast in the social condition of through fatigue and anxiety, he fell in their characters-a consideration that with a collier, with his horse and creels. greatly heightens their humour “For the love of the rood,” said the popular that some of them, as The King king, addressing him, “tell me your and the Cobbler, have come down to our name?” “Men call me Ralph,” said own day as chap-books, we give a pretty the collier ; “I sell coals, and work full outline-rendering of the story or hard for my living, early and late. Tell legend of the romance, in which it has me now why you ask ?”
“So might I been endeavoured to preserve the dram- thrive,” said the king, “I ask for no atic humour of the piece.
ill ; thou seemest a noble fellow; thy (Specimen, unaltered.)
answer is so fine. Myself and my
horse are well-nigh worn out with cold In the chieftyme of Charlis, that chosin
and fatigue; for the love of Saint July, Christane, Thair fell ane ferlyfull flan within thay direct us to some hostelry where we fellis wyde,
may pass the night.” “I know of Quhair Empreouris, and Erlis, and vther none hereabout,” said the collier, mony ane,
cept mine own house, which lies at Turnit frae Sanct Thomas befoir the yule some distance across the moor; if you tyde ;
like to come along with me, you are Thay past vnto Paris thay proudest in pane, welcome to such fare as I can give you." With mony Prelatis & Princis that was
“Right glad,” said the king, “and a of mekle pryde,
thousand thanks for your offer.” “Don't All thay went with the king to his worthy thank me too soon,” said the collier,
“in case we fall out; for as yet I have Ouir the feildis sa fair thay fure be his syde. All the worthiest went in the morning
given you neither meat nor drink ; 'to Baith Dukis and Duchesseiris.
love and then lack Peter were shame;' Barrounis and Bacheleiris
the time to praise your host is at partMony stout man steiris
ing.” “By my faith,” said the king, Of town with the King.
“it is true what you say ;' and thus