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But Swift was not an Irishman because he | Swift's declaring himself to him the most was born in Dublin, any more than an Eng. miserable of men; and, approaching directly lishman born in Calcutta was a Hindoo. He the subject of Swift's attachments, apostrouses bis words thristily, as he did his fortune. phized Stella with much tenderness and He has no redundancy of illustration. Often grace. She was, he said, one of the saints he seems afraid of being eloquent. Next, he of English story. In spite of their disunion, gave a picture of Temple's household, and and of Vanessa and the verdicts of most Swift's position there, which was one of the women, who generally took Vanessa's part most characteristic parts of the lecture. in the controversy, the brightest part in There this young obscure genius met, as an Swift's story was bis love for Esther Johninferior, some of Sir William's important son. It had been his (Mr. Thackeray's) lot friends. What dull pomposity he must have (of course in the way of his profession) to listened to! What feeble jokes! I wonder go through a great deal of sentimental (continued Mr. Thackeray,)“if it ever struck reading; but he knew no writing more Temple that this man was his master!” touching than those notes of Swift's to her, Doubtless such a notion dever came inside in what he called the little language. Such his ambrosial wig. What did the steward a man must have had a great deal of love and Sir William's gentlemen think of that in him. He gave a lively picture of the Irish young gentleman ? Here also was in dean's first acquaintance with Vanessa, and troduced some most felicitous ridicule of said-quite in the strain of the author of Temple's quotations and pedantry. And“ Vanity Fair"—that Stella had enjoyed one now came the first allusion-introduced with nice little bit of injustice ; that that young consummate elegance—to Swift's love of lady—that other person—had been sacriStella. Swift's eyes, according to Pope, were ficed to her. His description of the sad and as azure as heaven, and there was one per- clouded later day of the great man was very son who was inclined to see heaven nowhere powerful and affecting; and he visited else! Contrasting Swift's humble position Swift's treatment of Stella very severely. under Temple with his brilliant and import. But he paid then, as he did throughout, ant station during the Harley government, abundant homage to the dean's genius of the lecturer came to the question of Swift's which he appeared to bave a very high apreligious sincerity. Some of his critics had | preciation.- Daily News. turned it in his favor, that he performed his duties secretly in his house. But surely
CONGREVE AND ADDISON. there was no reason why there should not The heroes of the second lecture were bave been an open assembly for such a pur-Congreve and Addison, not Pope and Gay, pose. One of the most characteristic things as had been anticipated. For Congreve, was bis advice to John Gay to turn clergy. | while he admitted the brilliancy of his wit, man—John Gay, the wildest of the London he evinced no great respect. He characterwits, the author of the “Beggar's Opera !" |ized him as the greatest literary “swell" He considered Swift as having been a skep-that ever lived. With an air of greatness, tic, and having suffered dreadfully from his Congreve put on his best clothes, stalked skepticisın. Henry Fielding and Steele were among wits who all thronged to admire him, true churchmen: they belabored freethinkers however eminent they might be, and apheartily; and each was ready, after he had proached fine ladies with a certainty of constumbled, to go on his knees and cry peccavi! quest. The “I am the great Mr. Congreve !" Swift was a man of different powers and a was the complacent ejaculation wbich seemdifferent mind. But he was far too great to ed to break through all he said and did. have any cant. As far as the badness of his His character as a man of gallantry was sermons goes, he was perfectly honest. They illustrated by citations from his poems, in were political pamphlets. Swift was stran- / which he adulates or insults the ladies whom gled in his band. He seemed to bave been he immortalizes, and everywhere appears haunted all his life by a fury. His sufferings as the irresistible seducer, sure to be vicwere awful. He was lonely. The great gene. | torious to the end. And who could resist rally are. The giants must be alone. Here he that very great Mr. Congreve, with his very quoted the anecdote of Archbishop King, and fine coat, squeezing a hand, covered with
diamonds, through the ringlets of a dishevel. | by which Mr. Thackeray indicated his prediled periwig?
lection for Addison. Of Swift he scarcely Of the moral principle of Congreve's come read a line; Congreve he illustrated, not by dies Mr. Thackeray spoke with disgust and extracts from the comedies in which he lives indignation, and he traced the worship of for posterity, but by those minor poems youth and recklessness, and the disrespect of which, though admired by his cotemporaold age, which are such leading characteristics ries, are now little regarded; but he read in those brilliant works, through a whole se several extracts from the Spectator, and also ries of dramatic categories, from the comedy Addison's well-known hymn, as a specimen to the puppet show. The constant tendency, of his deep feeling of devotion. he humorously described, is a recommenda- Addison and Congreve were both prostion to “ Eat and drink, and go to the deuce, perous men in a worldly point of view, and when your time comes, if deuce there be ;" they were therefore introduced with a surand he confessed that he regarded these vey of that golden age, when an epithalawitty banquets without love as he would mium on some noble marriage, or an ode to contemplate the ruins of Sallust's house at William III., was rewarded out of the pubPompeii, with all its ghastly relics of fes- lic purse to an extent that made the poet tivity. The fuppish depreciation of his own comfortable for life. Congreve's first literary literary productions with which Congreve achievements earned for him, through the met the compliments of Voltaire, Mr. Thack-patronage of Lord Halifax, places in the eray rather commended than otherwise, but commission for licensing hackney-coaches, in not for a reason which would have pleased the Custom-house, and in the Pipe-office. the great man. He really did think his pro- “ Alas!” said Mr. Thackeray, “ there are so ductions worthless, if weighed against one Pipe-offices now; the public have smoked kindly line of Steele or Addison.
all the pipes !"--Times. Joseph Addison is evidently Mr. Thackeray's favorite, of all the “humorists” he has yet brought before the public. In speaking of bis merits his heart seemed to expand and
DIAMOND DUST. his language to assume a gayer tone than
We are all of us sick of curable diseases, while dwelling on the miseries of Swift or the rigid brilliancy of Congreve. If Swift
| and it costs us more to be miserable than was the most wretched of mankind, Addison would make me perfectly happy. appeared to him as the most amiable. He Tue love lost by a continued cooling, can admired the serene, calm character, who only be regained by as persevering a warmcould walk so majestically among his fellow- ing. creatures, and viewing with love all below Kindness and confidence are strengtbened him could raise his eyes with adoration to by every new act of trust, and proof of fithe blue sky above. He admitted that Ad- | delity. dison was not profound, and that his wri
A COURTIER's dependant is a beggar's dog. tings betray no appearance of suffering
Of whatever nature our inclinations are, which probably he never knew prior to his
we generally incline to bring others into the unlucky marriage, - but at the same time
| road we are travelling ourselves. he expatiated on the kindliness of his wisdom and the genuine character of his piety. |
The life of an artist is one of thought The foible of drinking he did not attempt
| rather than action-he has to speak of the to conceal, but observed that we should struggles
hserved that te should struggles of mind rather than the conflict of have liked Addison less had he been without
circumstances. it, as we should have liked Sir Roger de Be neat without gaudiness, genteel with Coverley less without his vanities. Greatly out affectation ; for a suit which fits the he admired the gentle spirit of Addison's character is more à la mode than that which sarcasm, as distinguished from the merciless sits well on the body. onslaught of Swift, remarking, that in his We should never wed an opinion for bet. mild court only minor cases were tried. Nor ter for worse : what we take upon good were words of commendation the only means / grounds, we should lay down upon better.
All the American world is preparing for | face,sleek brokers with showy shirt studs, its almost-solitary national holiday; nor and cavernous-cheeked, wiry-looking editors. are the Americans so used to holidays but we bid them all God speed, and hope they that they need previous drilling, and earnest may find a health and a content in the calculation to know how they may be country which too rarely comes to them in profitably enjoyed. It offers no small char- the city. acteristic of the national habit, of thought - Still people persist in talking about and of action, that Americans know very the Fair at London, as—two months ago little about spending holidays. They do not they talked about Jenny Lind. And, if we slip into gun-firing, and dancing, and hur- may judge from the columns of the London rahs so easily as the old nations of Europe. press, the British are as much bewitched on Their amusements are entered upon from a this topic as we ourselves. The Exhibition sense of duty; and they enjoy, with very seems to have taken place of Parliament, much of the same pertinacity, with which balls, and empire. “It is a shop and they labor.
bazaar, theatre, picture-gallery, panorama, As for such city people as have no occu -every thing in a word, which a man or a pation to detain them in town, the very woman wants in the metropolis. The posexcess of Fourth of July enjoyment sessor of a season-ticket, with a small surconsists in an escape from the din and plus for cabs, or, in default thereof, a good crowds of the city. Even now desertions pair of legs, is set up for the season. In a are multiplying day by day, and our upper palace large enough to be a glass-case for streets will presently show their usual Versailles or Windsor Castle, filled with all summer waste.
that is ingenious, precious, beautiful, curious, Very naturally, the escaping world is full or rare, he walks at large, monarch of all he of talk about the merits of the various surveys. From the regalia of Indian dy. watering-places; and the advocates of nasties to the last invention of European Sharon, Saratoga, and Newport are com-science-from the rude manufactures of paring colors, aud furbishing up all the old people who dwell by the desert, or under arguments for sea-shore and salts. The the mountains of the moon, to the patent for papers, meantime, full of dainty advertise separating the long and short fibres of wool, ments, are setting on the coyly disposed, which is to found a new family of millionand every steamer that floats country ward, aires, every thing the eye can gaze on, or the from the city, is over-burdened with ladies mind can apprehend, invites admiration. in linen, and with men in sacks. Little There is no door to be opened—no wants children and black nurses,-French waiting. intimated, -no opportunity to be repelled, maids, and chattering school.girls,--pale -no purchases expected. faced over-worked belles, and elegant young Thus soliloquizes the portly Times newggentlemen, innocent of the sun or of handi-paper, and in similar tone is harping every craft, make up much of one class of the journal of Great Britain. As for poor material which is just now escaping from America, our English good-natured friends the tedium of the dead city, for the gallop seem never tired of descanting on the pauof a summer's dissipation.
city of our show; and, so far as we have In another class we may reckon fat old seen, scarce hint at any products of our merchants in white hats; lean, hungry-country; save the Greek Slave, the looking book-keepers on a visit to country Daguerreotypes, the wagons, and the pistols. friends,-dowager ladies, very red in the Among the amiable things that have been
zetly baper chicad etdi 3 PETSETTE
said of us we must remark, and quote this to ascertain their own place and keep to it spicy treat from the Times it will come than to be many nations in one. They will into our country readers' hands on the week
see that, as Europe cannot be America, so
America cannot be Europe." of the Fourth of July; and while they brush
- The Art Journal continues its up their memory of what once happened on
beautiful illustrations of the showy objects that anniversary, they may enjoy this run
at the Fair, and the picture papers of the ning glimpse of the old spirit rekindled:
metropolis give us shows of every circum" If the Americans do excite a smile, it is by their pretensions. Whenever they come
stance of importance that transpires within out of their own province of rugged utility, the walls of the palace, and enter into competition with European
A fancy-ball which was to be given elegance, they certainly do make themselves by the Queen, was creating the usual amount ridiculous. Their furniture is grotesque ;
; of talk in London circles; report said that their carriages and harnoss are gingerbread; their carpets are tawdry; their patchwork
it would as much surpass any previous ball quilts surpass even the invariable ugliness
of the kind, as the exhibition surpassed all of this fabric; their cut glass is clumsy ; former exhibitions. Americans were to be their pianos sound of nothing but iron and present; but only such as claimed the wood; their bookbinding is that of a jour
privilege in virtue of diplomatic position. neyman working on his own account in an
The following names appear in the list of English market.town; their daguerreotypes are the sternest and gloomiest of all daguer the invited :reotypes; their printed calicoes are such as " Hon. Abbott Lawrence, U. S. Minister; our housemaids would not think it respect Hon. Mr. Van Alen, late U. S. Charge able to wear. Even their ingenuity, great d'Affaires to Ecuador; Mr. Bancroft Davis, as it is, becomes ridiculous when it attempts Secretary to the Legation ; T. B. Lawrence, competition with Europe. Double pianos, Attaché to the Legation. Mr. Lawrence a combination of a piano and a violin, a chair was to appear as Governor Winthrop, of with a cigar-case in its back, and other | Massachusetts; Mr. Van Alen as Governor mongrel constructions belong to a people Stuyvesant, the last of the Dutch Governors that would be centaurs and mermen if they of New York ; Mr. Davis as William Penn ; could, and are always rebelling against the and Col. Lawrence as Lord Baltimore." trammels of unity. But why should the - Upon the continent of Europe, since Americans take it so much to heart if they
our chronicle has wandered thither, there cannot be all things at once? Would it be reasonable that Paris should envy them the
has been increasing agitations. France, in possession of a continent ? Then why should the opinion of nearly all of the foreign letterthey envy Paris, or any other city, its nat writers, seems on the eve of some decided ural aptitude for art? The Americans change of administration, if not of positive cannot be all things at once. In some things
revolution. This inminence of change is asthey claim to surpass the whole world, and expect their supremacy to be allowed as a
serted no less strongly by the Red Repubmatter of course. In other respects they are licans than by the inunarchists; the first as plainly bebindhand, and must remain so counting, with their usual breadth of faith, for ages. The Americans have really no upon a return to the days and privileges of occasion to fret at the bomely and even un
un the Provisional Government and national couth figure they cut by the side of their neighbors. Even supposing they heard a
workshops; and the last reckoning no less few steers,' they may say, with the weal. surely upon the reinstation of
surely upon the reinstation of that old limb
of the monarchy, which can alone, in their Populus mihi, sibilat, at mihi plaudo judgment, give any permanence to the Ipse domi.
French state. “ A nation with a continent in its pocket As for Louis Napoleon, (whom they call can afford to be laughed at. After all, the more and more “le Prince," he appears American section is the fittest possible pic. ture of the geographical part, not merely as just now to be occupying ground by himself. fastidious Europeans might describe it, but A recent speech of his at Dijon in the even as it would strike an American himself eastern quarter of France, is very much in his progress from the Broadway to the commented upon; and his announcements Missouri or the Rio Grande. Is America
on that occasion seem to have been so innot content with being America, but does it want to be Europe also? Let it beware in
flammatory, that his cabinet were obliged time of that fatal ambition. If the United to issue in the columns of the Moniteur an States are wise they will be more anxious amended edition. However the truth may
be in regard to the speech in question, he is masses have yet to come in at the reduced now at issue with the Orleanists, by open
rates, the receipts at the doors will probably
' not fall below the average of £1500 a daj hostility ;-with the Legitimists, by hostili.
for the next hundred days; and if so, we ty, still more decided;—with the Red Re may add to the present total a prospect of publicans, by decided remuneration on their £150,000. There have been divers hints of part;—and with the Moderates and the As buying up, not only the Crystal Palace, but
all that it contains. Nothing seems impossisembly as a body, by lack of confidence, and
ble in face of the huge facts before them—and (if his speech is not belied) by open defiance.
even figures would seem to have acquired a The President then stands on his name,
new power as applicable to the Great Exhiand his vigor; we shall see how they will bition. We are sorry to interfere with this sustain him.
calenture of the imagination-but Cocker - A criminal trial which, at the last
must have his rights even in the Palace of
Glass. The value of its contents has been advices, was in progress at Mons, in Belgium,
variously estimated; but we heard no one has excited a very large share of attention appraise them at less than twelve millions, throughout Europe. Those implicated hold | and some calculations go up as high as thirty. high stations, and the alleged crime is of Let us assume the lowest figure to be cor
rect, for the sake of a sum to be worked after most revolting kind-viz., the murder of a
the fashion of the venerable shade whom we brother at the table of his own sister! We
have invoked. How soon could the Royal speak of the trial of the Count and Countess Commission raise twelve millions of money, of Becarmé; an infirm brother of the latter even were they certain to receive from the paid them a visit at their chateau; he was public at the doors
| public at the doors £2,000 daily, over and reputed very rich, and had announced to
above all the expenses of management? In
just 6,000 days; after deducting Sundays them his intention of speedily marrying : on and other religious days, when the palace a certain day he dined with them, when must of course be closed, in exactly 20 years! (contrary to custom) the children and ser | Look at the question in another point of vants were excluded from the saloon. After
view. At £5 per cent. per annum, the indesseri was served some ten minutes elapsed,
terest on twelve millions is £600,000 a year ;
or, leaving out Sundays and a few other when there was heard a cry for help_in the non-productive days, just £2,000 a day! If tones of the brother of the countess. Upon the contents of the Exhibition be really the entrance of the servants the man was worth twenty millions, a daily income of dying ;-the poison supposed to be used was
£3,300 would not discharge the mere interest nicotine, an extract of tobacco. From the
| on the capital lying dead in the Crystal
| Palace. The suggestions, therefore, of purtestimony we have seen thus far, (reported chasing the Exhibition, in order to keep its in the Courrier des Etats Unis,) it appears contents together, is one which merely shows that the husband accuses the wife, and the to what wild poetic heights the imagination wife the husband. There was undoubted
ted may climb up to the wonderful shafts of the collusion in the matter of the murder, and
Palace of Glass.
“The world once possessed of an encyclothe probability is that both will meet con- pædia of knowledge like this, who can bear to demnation.
think that the volume shall ever be closed, - The proposal to buy up the Crystal and its pages scattered to the distant corners Palace for a perinanent exhibition has been
of the earth. The workers in silk, wool, worst
ed, gold, silver, iron, and copper, mahogany, much bruited; but it would seem without
and other woods—the makers of musical and a due consideration of the immense stake
scientific instruments, watches, chronometers, involved. In relation to it we quote the carriages, agricultural machines, and fountfollowing very sensible remarks from the ains: the producers of flowers and plants, London Athenæum.
decorators and stained glass makers, sculp
tors and carvers in wood and ivory, printers “To pay the entire expenses of the Exhi- , and hand-workers of most kinds, would in all bition, and to buy the building as a perpetual | probability be glad to have such a universal palace for the people, will require about and permanent exhibition-room for their £300,000. Towards this sum £65,000 have wares, works, and discoveries. Many things been raised by subscription, £65,486 have of more curiosity and rarity would no doubt been received for the sale of season tickets, be removed; but the absence of the Koh-iand up to Thursday night the amount re noor, the Spanish jewels, the Indian diaceived at the doors for admission was £37, monds, and similar articles, if it should be 702 ; making altogether, at the end of only proved to lessen the mere splendor of the three weeks, a total of £168,188. As the exhibition, would not materially detract