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the re-entering angles are strengthened and decorations of the dome, incomparably by four massive towers, three containing the finest part; and the west front, which vestries, and one a staircase, all continued to is next in merit. With regard to the rest the height of the clere-story walls or about of the exterior, it is to be observed that the 100 ft. from the ground. To the west front, aisles are included entirely in the height of which was intended for the principal entrance, the lower order of pilasters; and that the are added laterally, beyond the breadth of upper, which has empty niches instead of the building (as at Wells and Rouen) two windows, is merely a wall or screen, erected bell-towers which rise with pyramidal sum- as some say, to hide the unclassical forms of mits, to double the height of the roofs; and flying buttresses, but we cannot attribute to behind or east of them, are two oblong Wren so very clumsy and disproportioned chapels rising no higher than the aisles, an expedient. He certainly had invention but having rooms over them, corresponding enough to have given those features a form to the clere-story. On the eight central harmonizing with the style of the rest; and arches are built two concentric circular walls, if not, no necessary features would be conthe outer supporting a complete colonnade, sidered, except perhaps in the nineteenth cen. 140 ft. in diameter, admirably contrived to tury,to justify so gross an extravagance. Beabut the inner, which carries the domes. sides, the massiveness of this wall, about 9 ft. These with their lantern, crowned by a gilt thick, precludes the idea of a mere screen, copper ball and cross, rise altogether to thrice | and seems to suggest that its chief motive the height of the roofs, or 365 ft. from the may be to furnish a load like that of the ground, 356 from the floor of the church, | Gothic pinnacles, but much heavier, to steady and 375 from that of the crypts.
the piers below it against the thrust of the Simple ratios prevail between all the vaultings, without requiring very promiment leading dimensions, and especially the ratio buttresses. of 1 to 2 between the breath and height of openings, avenues, and spaces. Thus the windows are chiefly 12 ft. wide by 24 high; the aisles 19 feet. in clear width by 38 in
WAR AND PEACE. clear height; the central avenues 41 by 84 (a deficiency of only one foot in breadth);
BY JAMES STONEHOUSE. the beautiful-domed vestibule at the west
The warrior waves his standard high, end, 47 square by 94 high; and lastly, the
His falchion flashes in the fray: central space, 108 in clear width, by 216
He madly shouts his battle-cry, high. In clear diameter, this space is ex. And glories in a well-fought day. ceeded by that between the four piers of St. But Famine's at the city gate, Sophia, 162 ft.; between those of St. Peter's
And Rapine prowls without the walls,
The country round lies desolate, 157; the circular inclosure of the Pantheon,
While Havoc's blighting footstep falls. 144; the octagon (with four sides open) of
By ruined hearths-by homes defiledFlorence Cathedral, 138; and the crossing In scenes that Nature's visage mar: (with all sides open) of the mosque of Ach
We feel the storm of Passions wild,
And pluck the bitter fruit of war. met, 130 ft. In height, however, it stands third, exceeding the Pantheon by 70 ft.; The cobweb hangs on sword and belt, about equalling St. Sophia, but falling short The charger draws the gliding plough;
The cannon in the furnace melt, of the Florence cupola by 50 ft., and of St.
And change to gentle purpose now, Peter's by 150. To show what various pro
The threshers swing their pond'rous fails; portions have been admired :-at the Pan
The craftsmen toil with cheerful migbt, theon, the clear height is equal to the The ocean swarms with merchant sails, breadth, and at Achmet's dome about the And busy mills look gay by night.
The happy land becomes renowned, same; at St. Sophia, one-third greater; at
As knowledge, arts, and wealth increase, Florence and St. Paul's, twice; and at St.
And thus with Plenty smiling round, Peter's two and a half times the breadth. We call the blessed Fruits of Peace.
Our view, projected from a point in the steeple of St. Martin's, Ludgate, with the Many complain of neglect who never tried houses omitted, will show the external form to attract regard.
From the London " Lady's Companion."
A FRAGMENT. “There is no spot so strange that a shoe Out of Mademoiselle Sontag's shoe vas may not chance to be discovered in it. I champagne outrageously drunk in chorus in remember, after his death, to have found a the days of Sontag-olatry when Barnum was tiny, apricot-satin slipper, of many years' a baby! And we see what a stir Cinderstanding, all faded and frayed, among the ella's shoe bas been making among the Noparchments and papers of the harshest old ters and Querists, brilliant having been the bachelor, who ever painted love as dismal, defence of the old original glass slipper by and matrimony a sore evil—for the admoni the Britomart of the 'LADIES' COMPANION, tion of the rising generation. I have seen a who last week beat the big-wigs in toilet shapeless hobnailed leather specimen clamp- antiquarianism." ed, and patched, and vamped up, serve by “ Pourtant,” said Madame Récamierway of a flowerpot in the balcony of an es- who is at best unable to relish the feuilleton pecially rustical young lady.—The Old tone of modern times, and who, on this Judge' told us how little Lizzy Fink's shoe occasion, was entirely distanced by the corwas detected by Miss Sally Horn the in combical English of the journalist I was the imitable, as having been obliviously baked other day reading in our favorite bower, into a partridge pie at a picnic stir.' - | (having reciprocated with the owner of a
Crystal, and by the aid of Dragon re- 1 practical phrase from your English, n'est ce ceiving the very last intelligence from Bath pas ?)-having one evening wound no less and London)" Pourtant, I know a story than eleven ells of gauze into the téte of of a lost shoe odder than any thing that you Madame la Princesse — , no matter who. have mentioned. But, first, what is Sontag. But I am afraid, that after he had become olatry, my beau Lor Nash? I conceive your popular, his inspiration left him, and he English very well, but do not understand grew mechanical. This too often happens me of that long word.”
with persons of genius." And bere, my I might have told the dear lady that it dear friend, satisfied that she had said a meant the same thing as Vestris.olatry, or profound thing, paused, that I might relish Guimard-olatry, or Récamier-olatry, or any | it properly; and, during the pause, looked other of the olatries in which her countrymen up, and shed a tear, small, but elegant. have been, from time immemorial, so ardent;/ “Well,” resumed the Récamier, “ when but I know that when my charming friend Madame de Flescelles was dressed, one of once wanders away from her point, she her satin shoes--and a high-heeled shoe, never comes home again; so I said it was too—was missing. Mlle. Justine bad but nonsense—that she had, perhaps, better brought them both in, and particularly not inquire about it and begged for her remembered having as usual, laid two or story of the shoe.
three rose-leaves in each,* ready for Ma“ Though it belongs to the feet, Milor dame to put them on,-or, perhaps, they Nash,” said she, (smiling, as Lady Stepney might be that day poppy-leaves, from the does when she thinks she has been artful vase on the table ; for Madame was in that and witty,) “ it has more relation to the irritable state of nerves in which a narcotic head. La Marquise de Flescelles—'tis not may be found advantageous. However, the lady's real name, but no matter-was only one shoe was to be found when the tête the lady in Paris, who for years was the was finished. Of course Mlle. Justine laid most courageous in carrying out (as your the blame on Tonton ; forgetting that Tonnew jargon is) every idea to its extreme. ton was too well brought up to run away Did any other lady wear two curls, she with any thing, save for his own table, and mounted three. Her panier would have that, in his eating,-as a well-brought-up sheltered three lovers, not one poor Abbé Tonton should be-he was more difficile only, like that of Madame Fontgombault! even than la Marquise herself. Take a tooAnd when it was the fancy to be coiffée well grown onion for Tonton's cotellettes à in the grand style, so high did Madame de la soubise, which he was fond of, (provided Flescelles go, that a charge was made of her the dish was not too often served,) and (look here, Milor! and you will see that it there was not a living creature about the is no conte bleu) having her tête powdered by house whom he would not bite-even his a confidante and a page from the top of a mistress herself !-No; Tonton it could not ladder."
be. “ Likely enough, Madame," said I. “I “Well, dear Madame, what had become don't suspect you of blue tales, I assure of the shoe? You put me on the rack,” you;--and could I not show you caricatures said I ; knowing that the only way to bring of our English ladies, in the reign of spider the dear lady to an end, when she once bewaists, laced by main force l-and of maca gins to ramble, is by dramatising a little in ronis. ..."
the article of interest; and impatience. “ Pourtant, Monsieur Nash,” resumed my “ The shoe ?-Milor .... Where was I? French friend, though in the most well-bred -Going to tell you about Tonton and the fashion possible, still interrupting me- avadavats—The shoe—where it was ?“Madame de Flescelles once enjoyed an adventure which no charge could improve.
* Lest the Lady in the Elysian fields should be Dressed for a ball, she was one evening thought romancing, it may be proper seriously to Léonard, I rather think, dressed her head adduce mundane testimony to inform the reader bimself-yes-no-yes-- absolutely Léon
that & Madame Eglantine, of the ancien régime,
well known in her day as a lady of fashion and ard. He was famous for working up a
fancy, would never put on ber silk stockings till lady's own materials--(I bave heard such a they had thus been furnished.- Ep. L. C.
Dressed carefully up into the very middle | took a prominent part in the story I am of the tête of Madame la Marquise ! And going to tell you. three weeks afterwards, when the whole Sergy was one of that description of machine was taken to pieces, for her hair young officers that the schools then frequentto be cleaned, (Parlez-moi de ça-that was a ly sent forth into the world; and, at first, business, Milor !) there was the very shoe he had to overcome some antipathy and --which Léonard, if it was he, had put many prejudices before he was liked by his there, in a fit of absence-safe, as if I have comrades—but for this a very short time reason to be sure of it from a rather touch-sufficed. His countenance was extremely ing circumstance. Madame had the fancy pleasing ; his manners were excessively reof putting the locks of hair of her lovers fined and elegant; he possessed ready wit into her diamond shoe-buckles, and there and brilliant imagination, and his bravery was one lock, just then, that she would have was undoubted. There was scarcely any been more than usually sorry to lose—which accomplishment in which be did not excel, led her, particularly, to recollect the circum- but his delicate and sensitive organization stance.”
rendered him particularly alive to the BEAU Nash his Ghost. charms of music. He would be filled with
enthusiasm, and tears of emotion would start into his eyes on listening to an instrument
touched by a skillful hand, or to a beautiful CHATEAU GHISMONDO; OR, THE AP
voice, especially if it was a woman's voice, PARITION.
and that woman was pretty. His raptures
were then frequently like those of a deliFROM THE FRENCH.
rious person, and I really sometimes tremOne evening, when I was sitting with a bled for his reason. After what I have just party of friends at twilight, and several of said, you will very naturally imagine that them had related marvellous tales of haunt. Sergy's heart was particularly susceptible ed houses, witches, &c., I was called on in of love: indeed, I scarcely know when be my turn to tell a ghost story, and was de was free from one of those violent passions, sired to think of one without unnecessary upon which the whole of a man's after-life delay. “I shall find no difficulty in com- would seem to depend. Fortunately, the plying with your request,” said I, “ for I exalted nature of his imagination kept him once witnessed the strangest apparition you from any of the excesses of this passion can possibly imagine. But, observe, what He sought for a mind as ardent as his own, I shall narrate is really no fiction; it is a with which he could entirely sympathize, simple fact, which I shall eventually ex- and he was constantly deluding himself with plain.” My friends drew their chairs the idea that he had at length met with a eagerly towards me, and waited with con- being perfectly suited to him ; so that the siderable anxiety for me to commence my idol of one day was cast off the next, when tale :
he found that she was without the charms It was toward the latter part of the year with which his imagination had invested her, 1812, when I was captain in the dragoons, When he had arrived at the humiliating that I garrisoned at Gironne, in the depart- conviction that he had been mistaken, he was ment du Ter. My colonel found it neces. in the habit of remarking, that the unknown sary to send me to Barcelona, where, on the object of his wishes and hopes was not an day following Christmas-day, a market- inhabitant of the earth ; but he still concelebrated throughout Catalonia for the tinued to seek, and, of course, to be deceived horses which it offered for sale-would be again, as he had been a thousand times, held as usual. He deemed it advisable that before. From his natural excitability and two lieutenants of our regiment should ac- extraordinary sensitiveness, he was disposed company me; the name of one was Sergy, to lend a ready ear to the marvellous : perthat of the other Boutraix ; they happened baps he was superstitious from the nature to be my particular friends. It will be as of his education ; but, at any rate, his pecuwell for me to give you a slight sketch of liar disposition rendered bim still more so. the character of each of these men, as they His belief, therefore, in the imaginary mis
tress, which the world of spirits had destined | vehicle. At eleven o'clock of that morning, for him, was not a mere freak of fancy—it we were still looking out for an arriero, and formed the favorite subject of his thoughts there was only one which we had a chance and dreams.
of securing, and that was just ready to start Boutraix offered a complete contrast to from the door. Sergy. He was a tall, robust fellow. Like “Curse your carriage and mules !" shoutSergy, however, in being full of humor, in- ed Boutraix, who was mad with rage-and tegrity, and bravery ; but his features were he seated himself on the shaft. commonplace, and his mind resembled his the devils of hell be let loose on your path! features. He could form no notion of that What! do you not now intend us to go by love which was the result of one mind you ?" sympathizing with another—the love of the The arriero shook his head, and drew head and heart, which was sufficient to in- back a step or two. fluence a man's whole life, he believed it to “God have you in his holy keeping, Masbe a pure creation of poets and novel-writer Estevan,” said I, with a smile ; “ have ters. He occasionally indulged himself in you any passengers ?” the love which he did understand, but he "I certainly cannot correctly say that I allowed it to occupy no more of his time have passengers, but I have one passenger," than it merited. To the pleasures of the answered the arriero, “and he is the Seitable he was not equally indifferent, and he gneur Bascara, the manager of the theatre, was always the last to quit it; unless, in- who is going to join his company at Barcedeed, there was a lack of wine. His intel lona; he remained behind to accompany lectual life was composed of a very limited the baggage-I mean to say that portmannumber of ideas : some of these were so teau full of finery and gewgaws, which completely fixed in his mind, that it was would scarcely furnish a load for a single impossible to root them out. The difficulty donkey." he found in proving any thing by sound " Ah, ah ! Master Estevan, nothing could argument, induced him to deny every thing. happen better ; for your carriage has room Any conclusion which had been rationally for four persons. The Seigneur Bascara will, drawn from belief or feeling, was treated by I dare say, willingly allow us to pay our him as an absurdity. He would shrug his share of the journey, and he may pocket the shoulders, and exclaim : “ 'Tis all fanaticism money, for we shall say nothing about the or prejudice !" if the person obstinately arrangement. Be so good as to ask him if persisted in bis opinion, he would then he will permit us to accompany him.” quietly lean on the back of his chair, and Bascara readily agreed to our proposal, continue to whistle till the discussion had and we started at noon from Gironne. The ended. Though he had never read more morning was as beautiful a morning as could than two pages of Voltaire and Piron, whom be expected at that time of the year ; but he considered a philosopher, he believed we bad scarcely passed the last houses of himself perfectly acquainted with those the town before the light mists, which we authors, and quoted them on all occasions. had previously observed gathering in the But, with all his oddities, Boutraix was an sky, changed into a thick rain. This, in a excellent fellow, and, above all, a capital short time, came down in such torrents, that judge of horses.
the roads became very heavy and dangerous As we were to choose our own conveyance in parts, and at sunset we found ourselves a to Barcelona, we resolved to avail ourselves long distance from Barcelona. At length of the arrieros (or carriers) which are to be we reached Mattaro, where we resolved to seen in numbers at Gironne. We presumed sleep, simply because our equipage could go too much, alas ! on the idea that we should no farther ; but, alas ! there was no accombe able to meet with one whenever we modation for us at the inn. wished. Christmas-eve, and the market “Some fatality seems to pursue us on our which was to take place on the following journey,” remarked the arriero, when he day, drew numbers of travellers from all informed us of this misfortune. “There is parts of Catalonia; and, unfortunately, we actually no lodging left for us, except in the had waited till the very day for procuring a Château Ghismondo.”