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entered Paris; it was almost a triumph. doubly firm by mayor and priest, with all The regiment had been so distinguished in the accompaniments of trousseau and settleAlgeria that its return was a public event, ments, cashmeres and diamonds, took place ; and the young colonel was regarded by his and the parties were the most elegant and friends as something hardly less than Bu- best dowered demoiselle à marier in Paris, geaud himself. Crowds assembled to wit- the daughter of the Viscount de Belleville, ness the entrance ; and the novel appear and the distinguished young colonel of Spahis ance of the native Algerian troops combined - Auguste Dumont. A bouquet of beautiwith the knowledge of its services, all made ful yellow roses was thrown into the bride's the scene singularly striking and attractive. carriage as she left the church of the MadeAdolphe and Eulalie stood on the same spot, leine, but it was not of that peculiar shade ; outside the barrier, where they had witness- a band serenaded the new married pair at ed its departure; and Auguste, older, brown their hotel, but it did not play the Spahis' er, more worn, more military-at once the March. At last Adolphe's eyes were opened, worse, and the better for wear-rode past and he saw the truth. There could be no them without recognition. The band of his mistake; Auguste had forgotten both his regiment played something ; Adolphe lis friends and his promises. He lived in his tened with ears and heart—it was not the splendid hotel in the Rue Rivoli, as the Spahis' March
colonel Count Dumont; they in their small When Auguste was made colonel, A. house in the Quartier Latin, as the brother dolphe had been promoted from the Circus and sister Dupré. It is useless complaining orchestra to that of the Italian opera, where of the injustice of either man or fortune. bis cornet-à-piston had given him higher Adolphe had never played his march to any rank and better wages than his trombone one but Eulalie, though he fancied (it might had done; and he was seated in his usual be a composer's vanity) that the Chef d'Orplace in the orchestra the night of the grand chestre at the opera would approve it. performance in honor of Auguste's regiment. But it had been promised, as it was dediThe musicians had tuned their instruments, cated to his early friend, and no one else and all were ready to begin when the Spahi seemed to have any right to it. Eulalie felt officers in full uniform entered their opera the same towards her rose plant; the flowboxes. Adolphe looked up and recognized ers she had plucked from it were always distinctly the handsome figure of his ex- admired, the buds she had made from it alfriend, though his bair was so short, bis ways sold. And she might have sold the mustaches so large, and his face so thin, to plant, no doubt; but it was promised to say nothing of the loss of his arm. In honor | Auguste. They little knew how soon they of their presence, the house stood up, smiled, would fulfil their promises. and waved handkerchiefs—whilst the or- ! The present and future of the count and chestra played the regimental march, a wild countess Dumont had to be identical, but and spirited Moorish air. Adolphe's cornet- | their past had been very dissimilar; for à-piston did its part; but his eyes filled, and whilst Auguste was making razzias and his heart sank, for other notes rang in his killing Kabyles, Ernestine was singing duetts ears—the notes of his own Spahis' March. and listening to Bellini's languishing strains The performance was over, and he returned at the opera with her cousin Henri. Ernesto his little room, his first faith shaken, but tine was beautiful, Henri devoted, and life not destroyed.
was a dream of delight to both. But un" It is thus Auguste has fulfilled his pro- fortunately they remembered their dream mises ! and yet, when has he time to think when they ought to have forgotten it; as of us? You see, Eulalie, he has been so Auguste found out to his loss, when nothing hurried, how could he ? we must wait.” remained to him but to challenge the too
“We must,” said Eulalie, and she said fortunate beau cousin to a twelve paces' disnothing more.
tance meeting in the Bois de Boulogne, where They did wait, and wait patiently, till his usual good luck deserted him, and inone sunny morning, when bright Paris was stead of avenging his wounded honor, he looking its brightest, a marriage, first civil, was brought home with Henri's ball in his then sacramental, a double tie, knotted | breast, dying, to his wife; who bad the
satisfaction to know that her husband was observe that they indicate main lines of vol killed and her lover escaped.
canic action. From Behring Straits, in fact, In the prime of youth, health, glory, and we enter the Pacific, between two great prosperity, the young colonel of Spahis was batteries of subterranean fire. Steering for carried to his grave with full military Japan, we pass, on the Kamtchatkan coast, honors. The processsion was a very long the loftiest volcano in the old world, Kamone, and many people looked at it, though tchatskaja, (fifteen thousand, seven hundred his widow shed no tear. At midnight and sixty-three feet.) Following the course from out the cemetery of Père la Chaise, of the volcanic chain of Kurile Islands, of borne along on the silent air, came the notes which the most northerly belong to Russia, of music, long-drawn, sweet, subdued. A the southern Kuriles are the first land we priest coming from administering the last encounter subject to Japan. We do not go rites of the church to a dying man, paused, ashore here, to be sent to prison like Golowcrossed himself, then hastened on-there was nin, for we are content, at present, to resomething so strange and plaintive in the member that the natives of these islands are sound and the time.
the hairiest among men. We sail on, too It had sounded no triumph on the conquest polite to outrage Japanese propriety by of a city; it had rung to no victorious entry ; landing, even from a Phantom Ship, on the it had breathed no gentle serenade ; but main island; so we sail to Kiusiu, and run over the grave of broken friendsbip, hopes, into the bay of Nagasaki. The isles of Japan, and promises, Adolphe Dupré played the calling rocks islands, are in number three Spahis' March! On the following day, thousand, eight hundred and fifty. The several persons walking in the cemetery saw main island, Nippon, is larger than Ireland, at the head of a newly made grave a yellow and is important enough to have been justly rose plant of a peculiar shade. If they con called the England of the Pacific Ocean. nected this circumstance with the sounds Only there is a mighty difference between heard the night before, they did right. It this England, talking about liberty, or cherwas the record of a promise faithfully made ishing free trade, and that Dai Nippon ; and faithfully kept.
in which not a soul does as he pleases, and from which the commerce of the whole world is shut out. Dai (or great) Nippon
is the name of the whole state, which the From Dickens' " Household Words."
Chinese modify into Jih-pun, and which we OUR PHANTOM SHIP.
have further altered to Japan. On Kiusiu,
a large southern island, Nagasaki is the only JAPAN.
port into which, on any possible excuse, a We may as well go by the Northwest foreign vessel is allowed to enter. This port Passage as by any other, on our phantom we are now approaching; the dark rocks of voyage to Japan. Behring Straits shall be the coast line are reflected from a brilliant the door by which we enter the Pacific Ocean. sea; we pass a mountain island, cultivated We are soon flitting between islands ; from to the very summit, terrace above terrace; the American peninsula of Aliaska runs a green hills invite us to our haven, and blue chain of islands, the Aleutian,-which lie mountains in the distance tempt us to an onsprinkled upon our track, like a train of ward journey. There are white houses shicrumbs dropped by some Tom Thumb among ning among cedars; there are pointed temple the giants, who may aforetime have been led roofs ; boats with their sails up make the astray, not in the wood, but on the water. water near us lively ; surely we shall like If he landed on Kamtchatka, from the point Japan. We enter the bay now, and approach of that peninsula he made a fresh start, Nagasaki, between fruitful hills and temple dropping more crumbs,-the Kurile Islands, groves, steeps clothed with evergreen oak,
-till he dropped some larger pieces, and a cedars, and laurels, picturesque rocks, atwhole slice for the main island of Japan, tacked by man, and wheedled out of pracbefore he again reached the continent and ticable ground for corn and cabbages. There landed finally on the Corea. In sailing by is Nagasaki on a hill-side, regularly built, these islands, we have abundant reason to every house peeping from its little nest of greens; and there is the Dutch factory, I observe bow weak they look about the sterns, named Dezima. Zima in Japanese means with rudders insecure. The law compels “island," for this factory is built upon an them to be so; for that is an acute device island. No Europeans but the Dutch ; no by which they are prevented from travelDutch except these managers of trade who ling too far ; they dare not trust themselves are locked up in Dezima, may traffic with too boldly to the mercy of the sea, and as Japan; and these may traffic to the extent it is, many wrecked men accuse the prudence only of two ships yearly, subject to all man- of their lawgivers. But life is cheap; the ner of restrictions. As for the resident population of Japan is probably near thirty Dutch, they are locked up in Dezima, which million,--and who should care for a few is an island made on purpose for them. As dozen mariners ? if three thousand, eight hundred and fifty If you please, we will now walk up into were not enough, another little island, fan- Nagasaki, with our phantom cloaks about us. shaped, was built up out of the sea a few Being in a region visited by earthquakes, of yards from the shore of Nagasaki. There course we find the houses of one story, lightthe Dutchmen live; a bridge connects their ly built; they are built here of wood and island with the mainland, but a high gate clay with chopped straw,-coated over, like and a guard of soldiers prevent all unsea- our town suburban villas, with cement. sonable rambles. In another part of the Paper, instead of glass for window panes, town there is a factory allowed to the Chi Venetian blinds, and around each house a nese. Other strangers entering this port are veranda, we observe at once. But our attreated courteously, are supplied gratuitous- tention is attracted from the houses to the ly with such necessaries as they want, but people. How very awkardly they slip are on no account allowed to see the town, along! With so much energy and vigor in still less to penetrate into the country, and their faces, how is it that they never thought are required to be gone about their business of putting reasonable shoes upon their feet? as soon as possible. Strangers attempting They wear instead of shoes mere soles of entry at any other port belonging to Japan, wood or matting, held to the foot each by a are without ceremony fired upon as enemies. peg which runs between the great toe and The admitted Dutch traders are rigorously its neighbor, through a hole made for that searched ; every thing betraying Christian- | purpose in the sock. These clouts they put ity is locked up; money and arms are re-away on entering a house, as we should put moved, and hostages are taken. Every man away umbrellas, and wear only socks inundergoes personal scrutiny. The Dutch are doors. Nevertheless the people here look allowed no money. The Japanese authori- handsome in their loose, wide gowns, bound ties manage all sales for them ; pay the by a girdle round the waist, with long minutest items of expenditure, and charge sleeves, of which, by the by, you may perit on the profits of their trade, which are ceive, that the dependent ends are Japanese then placed on the return vessel, not in coat-pockets. Thence you see yonder genmoney but in goods. The Japanese deal tleman drawing his nose-paper,-one of the justly, even generously, in their way; but little squares of clean white paper always it is their way to allow the foreigners no ready in the sleeve-pocket to serve the purmoney power. They restrict their exports pose of our handkerchief. That little square almost wholly to camphor and copper, and when used, is, you see, thrown away ; but allow no native workmanship to go abroad. if the gentleman were in a house he would Yet among themselves, as between one return it to his pocket, to be got rid of in a island and another, commerce is encouraged more convenient place. The women's robes to the utmost. The Japanese territories are like those of the men in form, but richer range in the temperate zone through a good in material, more various with gold and many degrees, and include all shades of color. As to the head equipment, we obclimate between that of Liverpool and that of serve, however, a great difference between Constantinople. Between island and island, the sexes. The men shave their own heads, therefore, busy interchange takes place by leaving hair only at the back part and upon means of junks, like these which now sur- the temples, which they gather forward, and round us in the Nagasaki harbor. You can tie up into a tuft. The women keep their entire crop of hair standing, and they make entering themselves as domestics to a man the most of it; they spread it out into a of rank, they may enjoy the privilege of turban, and stick through it not a few pieces carrying one sword. These are the only of polished tortoise-shell, as big as office people by whom wealth can be accumulated rulers.* Inviting admiration, the young Class seven-artists, artisans, and petty shopbeauty of Japan paints her face red and keepers. Class eight-day laborers and white, and puts a purple stain upon her lips ; peasants. Tradesmen who work on leather, but the remaining touches are forbidden to tanners, &c., are excluded from classification. a damsel till her heart is lost. The swain They are defiled, and may not even live who seeks to marry her, fixes outside her with other men; they .live in villages of father's house a certain shrub; if this be their own, so thoroughly unrecognized, that taken in-doors by the family, his suit he Japanese authority, in measuring the miles knows to be accepted; and when next he along a road, breaks off at the entrance of a gets a peep at his beloved, he watches with currier's village, leaves it excluded from his a palpitating heart the movement of her measurement, which is resumed upon the lips, to see whether her teeth be blackened; other side. So, if we travel post, we get for by blackened teeth she manifests the re- through leather-sellers' villages for nothing. ciprocal affection. Only after marriage, how. These houses in Nagasaki, which at a ever, is the lady glorified with a permission distance looked so much like mansions, are not only to have black teeth, but also to the store-rooms wherein tradesmen keep pull out her eyebrows.
their valuable stock, and families their valyThose are not little beggars yonder trot able furniture. For desolating fires are ting by that lady who is so magnificently common in the towns and cities of Japan; dressed; they are her children. The chil. so common, that almost every house is prudren of the Japanese are all dressed meanly, dently provided with a fire-proof storeupon moral grounds. Notice those gentle room, having copper shutters to the winmen who bow to one another; the ends of a dows, and the walls covered a foot thick scarf worn by each of them exactly meet the with clay. Attached to each is a large ground, yet one bows lower than another, | vessel of liquid mud, with which the whole and they go on walking in the bowed posi- building is smeared on an alarm of fire ; and tion until each has lost the other from his this method of fire-insurance is exceedingly sight. Those scarfs are regulated by the effective, where there is nothing like a Sun law; each man must bow so that his scarf or Atlas Company to fall upon, and the shall touch the ground, and it is so made long most abstemious of fires eats up, at any rate, or short, that he may humble himself more a street. or less profoundly in exact accordance with That door is open, and there is no horsehis rank.
shoe over it—there's not an iron borse shoe Of rank there are eight classes after the | in Japan,—so two ghosts slip into the house Mikado and the Ziogoon, whom we shall | unperceived. First, here is a portico for come to visit in our travels presently. There palanquins, shoes, and umbrellas ; into this are, one, the princes; two, the nobles, who the kitchens open. In the back apartments owe feudal service to the prince, or the we shall find the family. We walk into the empire; three, the priests; and four, the drawing-room, and there the master sits. It soldiers; these four form the higher orders, is most fortunate that we are now invisible ; and enjoy the privilege of wearing two for, did we visit in the flesh, we should be swords and petticoat trowsers. Class five teased by the necessities of Japanese civility. counts as respectable ; inferior officials and That gentleman would sit upon bis heels doctors constitute this class, and wear one before us; we should sit on our heels before sword with the trowsers. Merchants and re- him; we should then all bow our heads as spectable tradesman form class six, whose low as possible. Then we should make legs may not pollute the trowsers, though, by compliments to one another, the answer to
| each being “lle, he, he !" Then pipes and • Hats are not used by either sex except in rainy
tea would be brought in ; after this we weather, but every Japanese carries a fan; even the beggar yonder holds his fan to that young lady,
might begin to talk. Before we left we whereupon she drops her charitable gift.
should receive sweetmeats on a sheet of white paper, in which it would be our duty we admire his sword. The hilt is very beauto fold up whatever we did not eat, and put tiful, composed of various metals blended it in our pockets. Eat what you like, and into a fine enamel. This enamel is used in pocket what remains, is Japanese good-Japan where Europeans would use jewels, breeding. At a dinner party the servant of because the art of cutting precious stones is each guest brings baskets, that he may take not known to the Japanese. For the blade away his master's portion of the feast. This of this sword it is not impossible that a sum master, however, is unconscious of our has been given not unlike a hundred pounds; shadowy appearance, and continues busy the tempering of steel is carried to perfecwith his book. It is Laplace, translated tion in Japan, where gentlemen are connoisinto Japanese, through Dutch. The Jap- seurs in sword-blades. Young nobles lend anese are thoroughly alive to the advanced their maiden swords to the executioner (who state of European science, and on those fixed is always chosen from the defiled leatheroccasions when the Dutchmen from the selling race) that they may be tried upon factory visit the capital, the Dutch physi- real flesh and blood; as executions in Japan cian is invariably visited by the native are generally cruel, and some criminals are physicians, naturalists, and astronomers, hacked to death, rather than killed outright, who display on their own parts wonderful the swords on such occasions are refreshed acumen, and most dexterously pump for with a fair taste of blood. The mats upon European knowledge. Scientific books in the the floor are the next things we notice ; a Dutch language they translate and publish thick matting of straw forms a substratum, into Japanese. The country has not been over which are spread the fine mats, elegantshut up out of contempt for foreigners, and ly fringed. To see that lackered work inlaid native men of science have so diligently with mother-of-pearl, which we familiarly profited by opportunities afforded from call Japan, in its perfection, we must eviwithout, that they construct by their own dently visit it at home. Any thing of the artificers, barometers, telescopes, make their kind so exquisitely beautiful as this little own almanacs, and calculate their own table, is not to be found in Europe. Whateclipses. Hovering about this gentleman, ever trinkets pass out of these islands into our eyes detect at once that the impression Europe, do so nayboen,-that is, with secret on his page is taken from a wood-cut imita- connivance,—but the first-rate manufacturers tion of handwriting; movable types are not are in no way suffered to come to us. Withyet introduced into Japan. The writing, out nayboen, life would be insupportable in like Chinese, is up and down the page, and a minute wilderness of rules and customs. not across it. Three or four different char-People even die nayboen ; that is, a man acters seem to be used indiscriminately, and lies unburied, and is said to be alive, when some of them are certainly Chinese. The his death otherwise would lead to disagreegood folks of Dai Nippon are indebted to able results. Here, as elsewhere, when rules the Chinese for the first strong impulse to are made intolerably strict, evasion is habit. their civilization; not being themselves of ual. The amount that cannot be evaded is Chinese origin, but a distinct branch of the astonishing enough, as we shall see ere we Mongolian family. Their language is quite return to England; now we are in the house different, and has exceedingly long words, of this gentleman at Nagasaki. His wife instead of being built up, like Chinese, of enters, and by their mutual behavior, it is monosyllables. Japanese written in Chi- evident that ladies in Japan are to their nese character is understood by any China- husbands very much what ladies are in Enman; but so would English be, since Chinese gland. This lady passes to the garden; the writing represents ideas. So, if a Spaniard room ends with a projecting angle open to writes five, an Englishman reads it as “five," the garden on each side, a sort of bay, which and understands correctly, yet the Spaniard every house has; and if there be no more would tell you that he wrote not“ five," but ground than just the supplementary trian“cinco."
gles on each side to complete the square, Hovering still about this gentleman, and still there is always that; and that is always beguiled, by the strangeness of all things quite enough, for want of more. It is enough we see, into a curiosity like that of children, to spend a fortune upon, in dwarf trees and