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orators, or the sage decisions of our states-, the curious inquirer might vainly wander on men! Nor shall they require to be transla- in this mysterious field of investigation, ted into other languages, for a part of the Even in the very outset of the inquiry, ininvention, which has not yet been named, numerable difficulties occur; for as all men consists in a pasilalinic (or universal) alpha- are not able to produce the phenomena of bet, whereby a language shall be formed, magnetic somnambulism, even so all snails familiar alike to all people, and tongues, and do not possess in themselves this permanent dations. Again, there will be pasilalinic sympathetic fluid ; nor can the very best of sympathetic coin passes made in the form and them be available for the compass without about the size of watches, whereon may be being subjected to peculiar influence, which la vished the exquisite taste of our fashion- has purposely been kept secret by the disable jewellers, and containing snails no coverers. larger than a pin's head, whose transparent We are induced to give this warning, less delicacy and sensitive tenderness will make from a regard to the sole and inalienable them admirably adapted for a lady's aman- | right of Messrs. Biat and Benoît to the whole uensis. It is not improbable that these ele tribe of sympathetic snails, in whatever gant and useful compasses may shortly be quarter of the globe they may be found, seen appended by a chain to the waists of than from a sort of liking for the snails our modish ladies, in lieu of the chatelaines themselves, which makes us unwilling that which bave so recently been in fashion; and that they should be persecuted with experithe absolute necessity of adhering rigorously ments by mere tyros in science. Let them to the moment fixed for their correspondence be tortured, if you will, by such great men is a point which will be duly appreciated by as Messrs. Biat and Benoît, who martyrize our moralists, as tending to generate habits them only in the cause of intellect and huof punctuality and order in the “ beau sexe.” manity; but we must protest against the
It was, we are informed, by the merest doctrine of free trade in science, at least so accident that Messrs. Biat and Benoît dis- far as snails are concerned. For ourselves, covered the abidingly sympathetic property we have, since becoming acquainted with inherent in snails; and they have ascertained, the noble destinies of these sluggish creaby a long series of experiments, that others tures, began to regard them with respectful of the crustaceous species possess the same interest; and we found ourselves, a day or faculty of manifesting this sympathetic com two ago, peeping into the leafy recesses of motion, although none of them offer such an ivy bush, and wondering what would be advantages as a medium of communication the fortunes of a loving family who were as does the snail, partly because of the in- closely grouped together in that dark retreat! tensity of its sympathy, and partly because | We therefore once more pray our readers it can exist nearly twelve months without to remember that it is far easier to convey food, as also because of its extreme facility their thoughts all over the world by means to become fixed within the galvanic trough, of a pasilalinic-sympathetic compass, than to and its universal citizenship throughout the solve the many mysteries involved in its whole world.
construction. We have no doubt that our numerous readers will hail with enthusiastic delight the important discovery which we have now
From "Sartain's Magazine." imparted to them; but we must not part
PREMATURE INTERMENTS without addressing to them a word of caution. Do not, we pray you, imagine that af AND THE UNCERTAIN, SIGNS OF DEATH. ter having read the preceding slight and imperfect sketch, you are able to construct a BY GEORGE WATTERSTON, M. D. pasilalinic-sympathetic compass. The in: ventors, while imparting to the public so Deatu is an event which every living much of their discovery as to enable intelli- being in his senses wishes to avoid as long gent people to judge of its possibility, have as possible. The miseries of life, its vapid reserved to themselves the hidden secret of realities, the loss of fortune, the privation of its success, without a knowledge of which friends, disease, old age, and all the other “ills which flesh is heir to,” tend to blunt | Dr. Descamps of France, are a greenish-blue its sting and soften its horrors; and to color extending uniformly over the skin of those who may have happily placed their the abdomen. The period at which this reliance on Him who is the rock of their sign appears, is about the third day, under salvation, the anticipated glory of eternity, favorable circumstances of warmth and and the consciousness of a well-spent life moisture. “ Though dissolution,” he obpresent a shield which, in the hour of disso serves, “ of various kinds, and from various lution, disarms the monster of his terrors, causes, may occur in other parts, the charand smooths the rough path to the grave. acteristic marks of death are to be found But even to such it is a condition not en- only in the abdomen.” Apparent death can, tirely free from dread.
therefore, no longer be confounded with real “For who, to dumb forgetfulness a prey,
death, the abdomen never being colored This pleasing, anxious being e'er resigned, green or blue in any case of the former; and Left the warm precincts of the cheerful day, this color, if attended to, will entirely preNor cast one longing, lingering look behind ?"
vent the danger of premature interment. Few can think of the dissolution of the M. Mainple, a learned Belgian, has recently body, of becoming a kneaded clod, the food discovered a very simple mode of distinof worms, a mass of putrefaction; and of guishing between real and apparent death. quitting the delicious sunshine, the gor- It consists in creating a small burn. If geous and enchanting scenes of this beautiful there be life, a blister is always formed, world, and all that renders life delightful, even in the absence of apparent sensibility; with calm and stoical indifference, or with a but nothing of the kind occurs if death has feeling of anticipated pleasure. To die, to absolutely taken place. There is no danger sleep, to be obliterated from the memory of to the public health from keeping a body man as a thing that never lived, to sink into until the appearance of the characteristic the cold grave and be utterly forgotten, is a signs of death as described by Dr. Descamps. reflection that must appall the great majori- Among the Greeks and Romans, the body ty of mankind. Compared with it, the mere was kept from three to six days after physical agony of dissolution is nothing, if death, during which loud lamentations were that agony is at all experienced, which has uttered; the deceased was called upon by been doubted.
name, and the sound of various instruments “ Death is a fearful thing,
was heard near the body. This was called Ay, but to die, and go we know not where,
the conclamatio. To lie in cold obstruction, and to rot;
“ Sic funere primo This sensible warm motion to become
Attonitæ tacuere domus, quum corpora nondum A kneaded clod
Conclamata jacent, nec mater crine soluto The weariest and most loathed worldly life
Exegit ad sævos famularum brachia planctus.” That age, ache, penury, and imprisonment Can Jay on nature, is a paradise
In France, premature interments freTo what we fear of death."
quently occur, from the prevailing practice To die once, we should suppose, would there of burying bodies too soon. In the be enough ; but to be buried, and obliged course of twelve years, it is asserted, that as some have been, to go over all the ag. ninety-four cases were prevented by fortuonies of a second dissolution, is most horri. itous circumstances. Of these, thirty-four ble. It becomes, therefore, the duty of the persons came back to life the moment the living to prevent even the possibility of funeral ceremonies were about to comsuch a calamity, and to see that every pre- mence; thirteen recovered by the tender caution be taken to avoid it. The signs of care and attention of their families; seven death are often uncertain, and human beings from the fall of the coffins : nine from have not unfrequently been buried before the wounds inflicted by the needle in sewing up vital principle was extinct. These should their winding-sheets; five from the sensabe carefully observed and closely attended tions of suffocation they felt in the coffin ; to before interment takes place. The most nineteen from accidental delay in interring infallible indication of the total extinction them, and six from doubts entertained of of life, is the commencement of putrefaction; their death. and the certain signs of death, according to In England and the United States, interments are rarely made till decomposition, when the supposed dead body squeezed bis the most infallible sign of death, has com- hand, and laid hold of him, in order to get menced. In Germany, interment is pro- out of the coffin. The thief, however, disenhibited by law, for three days after death ; gaging himself, made his escape in great and in the grave-houses attached to the haste, and the lady relieving herself in the burial-places of some of the principal towns best manner she could, hastened home, and of that nation, a curious and humane regu- knocked at the door, and called one of the lation exists, which requires bodies brought servants by name, to whom she gave a brief before the end of the three days allotted account of what had occurred; but he rethem to remain, to be laid on trestles, with garded her as a phantom, and filled with rings on their toes and fingers to which horror, ran to his master to relate the terbell-pulls are attached, so that if the corpse rible occurrence. The master turned it should revive, it may, by ringing for it, have into ridicule. The lady, in the mean time, immediate aid and assistance. After the stood shivering in her shroud, till the door three days, however, the body is considered was finally opened to her. After being as legally dead, and must be buried whether warmed, and treated in a proper manner, life be wholly extinct or not.
she was soon restored to as perfect a state History furnishes a number of cases of of health as if no such misfortune had bepremature interments in different countries, fallen her. and some of the most curious and well- A still more curious and interesting case authenticated of these I proceed to give. of premature interment occurred several Archbishop Geron, in the town of Cologne, years ago in Paris. was buried alive, and died in consequence Two wealthy merchants lived in the same of not being released in time from the tomb. street, and were united together by the The same misfortune, it is stated, happened closest bonds of friendship. The one bad & in the same place, to Johannes Duns Scotus, son, and the other a daughter, of nearly the who was afterwards found with his hands same age. By being often together, they torn, and his head lacerated. The following formed a strong attachment for each other, case is mentioned by Maximillion Messon. | which was encouraged and kept up by The wife of one M. Mervache, a goldsmith frequent visits, authorized by both fathers, of Poictiers, having been buried with some who were highly gratified at the evidence of rings on her fingers, which she had requested mutual attachment in their children, and to be put on while on her death-bed, a poor which was in harmony with their desire to man of the neighborhood, acquainted with upite them in the bonds of matrimony. the fact, proceeded on the following night Accordingly, a marriage was about to be to open the grave and obtain possession of concluded between them, when a wealthy the rings; but being obliged to use consid- collector of the king's revenue saw and loved erable exertion to effect his object, he roused the daughter, and asked her in marriage. the woman from her death-like torpor, who The charm of a superior fortune which he spoke to him, and began to complain of possessed soon induced her parent to change the injury he had done her. The robber, his resolution with respect to his neighbor's alarmed and terrified, made his escape, and son; and the daughter's aversion to her new the woman rose from her coffin, which he lover being overcome by her filial duty, she had left open, returned home, and in a few married the collector. The melancholy indays was again in perfect health. She is duced by this painful arrangement, so fatal said not only to have survived this misfor- | to her happiness, threw her into a disorder tune for many years, but to have after in which her senses were so locked up as to wards been the mother of several children. give her the appearance of death, and she Messon gives another instance of a nearly was buried as dead. Her first lover soon similar character.
heard, with profound grief, of the event: In the year 1571, the wife of one of the but, as he remembered that she had once magistrates of Cologne being buried with a before been seized with a violent paroxysm valuable ring on one of her fingers, the of lethargy, he conceived that she might grave-digger the next night opened the grave have been attacked by a similar disease, to take it off, but what was his consternation, | This opinion not only alleviated the excess
of his sorrow, but induced him to bribe the to live in the enjoyment of peace and hapgrave-digger, by whose assistance he raised piness till death closed their singular and her from the tomb, and conveyed her to a romantic career. proper chamber, where, by the application A case of a very similar character is of all the remedies he could think of, she stated to have occurred in Paris, in 1810. was happily restored to life again. The Mademoiselle Lafourcade was a young womyoung woman was probably in great con- an of great personal beauty and illustrious sternation when she found herself in a strange family, who possessed great wealth. Among house, beheld her darling lover sitting by her numerous suitors was a young man, her bed, and heard the detail of all that had named Julien Bosuet, a poor littérateur, or befallen her during her paroxsym. Her journalist, of Paris, who proved to be her grateful sense of the obligations she lay favorite lover. But her high birth induced under to bim, and that love she had always her finally to reject him, and to wed a borne bim, proved an irresistible advocate banker and a diplomatist of some distinction, in his behalf; so that, when she was per- named M. Renalle. This gentleman, howfectly restored, she justly concluded that she ever, after marriage, neglected and treated owed her life to him who had preserved it; her with cruelty. She passed with him and, as a proof of her affection, consented to some years of wretchedness, and died, -as accompany him to England, where they it was supposed; for her condition so perwere married, and lived for several years in fectly resembled death as to deceive all who all the tender endearments of mutual love. saw her. She was buried in an ordinary About ten years after, however, they re- grave, in the village in which she was born. turned to Paris, where they lived without Bosuet, filled with despair, and still inflamed the care of concealment, because they con by a profound attachment, hastened from the ceived no one could ever suspect what had capital to the province in which the village happened. But this did not prove to be lay, with the romantic purpose of disinterthe case, for the collector unluckily met his ring the corpse and getting possession of her wife in a public walk, where he at once luxuriant tresses as a memento of her. At recognized her. He immediately accosted midnight he secretly unearthed the coffin, her, and though she endeavored to divert opened it, and, while in the act of detaching his suspicions, he parted from her fully per- the hair, he was stopped by the unclosing of suaded that she was the very woman to | the eyes of her he so tenderly and ardently whom he had some years ago been married, loved. She was aroused by the caresses of and for whose death he had gone into mourn- her lover from her lethargy or catalepsy, ing. The collector, by great perseverance, which had been mistaken for death. He not only discovered her residence, in spite of frantically bore her to his lodgings in the all the precautions she had taken to conceal village, and immediately employed the herself, but claimed her as his wife before powerful restoratives which his medical the court authorized to decide in such cases. learning suggested. She revived, and recogIn vain diđ the lover insist upon his right to nized her preserver, and remained with him her on the ground that he had taken care of until she slowly recovered her original her; that, but for his efforts and the meas- | health. She bestowed her heart upon her ures he had resorted to, the lady would ) preserver, and returned no more to her husnow have been rotting in her grave; that , band, but, concealing from him her resurrecher former husband, who now claimed her, tion, fled with him to America. Twenty had renounced all claim to her by ordering years afterwards, they both returned to her to be buried; that he might justly be France, in the persuasion that time had so arraigned for murder, in not using the pre- greatly altered the lady's appearance that cautions necessary to ascertain her death; her old friends would be unable to recognize and urged a thousand other reasons, sug- her. But it would seem that they were gested by love: but, perceiving that the court mistaken. Her former husband, at the first were not likely to prove favorable to his meeting, actually recognized and immediately claims, he determined not to await their de- laid claim to his wife. Of course this claim cision, and accordingly, escaped with his wife was resisted, and a judicial tribunal sustained to a foreign country, where they continued her and her preserver. It was decided that the peculiar circumstances of the case, with the state of feeling. Before, he had been in long lapse of years, had annulled the original the discharge of his duty ; now he came to contract and the legality of the authority of commit sacrilege. How awful was the the first husband, and that the man who had lonely stillness of the immense building, and rescued her from the tomb, and with whom how threatening were the looks of the saints she had lived for so many years, was alone on the walls and of the cherubs over the entitled to claim her as his wife.
pulpit! His courage had almost forsaken These two strange cases, though apparent him when, passing the altar, he had there to ly similar, occurred at different periods and encounter the image of St. Peter himself, in different places. In the latter the court who was his patron saint as well as that of seem to have been influenced by a higher the church; but the remembrance of his sense of justice than that of the court which miserable wife and child overcame every was about to decide against the claims of other consideration, and he proceeded the preserver of his wife, and which he through the long choir towards the vault. avoided by retiring with her to a foreign The countenance of this lovely woman had country.
nothing in it to renew his terror, and he Among the well-authenticated cases of fearlessly removed the lid of the coffin, and premature interment, and restoration to life, seized the hand of the deceased. But what is the following, which is recorded by Deh were his feelings when that hand grasped lenschlager. It occurred in Cologne in 1547. his wrist! In his effort to release himself, I give a translation from the original. he left both his mantle and his lantern.
“Adocht, the reigning burgomaster at Running away bastily in the dark, he fell Cologne, had buried his young and beautiful over a projecting stone, and lay, for some wife. She had been subject to frequent fits, time senseless on the floor, but, as soon as and in the last seemed to be dead, and was he recovered, he hastened towards the house so considered. The funeral had been mag of the senator, partly to relieve his connificent, and a vault in the great cathedral science, but still more to send assistance into was to hold the body, which had been de the vault, as he found himself utterly unable posited in a coffin with glass panes and iron to return again to make an examination. wire on the top, according to the manner of “In the mean time the lady had entirely the time and the rank of the family, clad in recovered her senses. She overturned the costly robes, the head adorned with rich lantern by the first movement of her arms, garlands, and the fingers with precious rings. and was therefore for a while in the dark; The sexton, named Peter Bold, bad locked but the moon cast a feeble light through a the door and returned home, where a scene | small opening in the top, and by degrees of a very different nature awaited him. His she began to recognize the place. She felt own wife had prematurely given birth to a around her, and met with the golden ornafine boy, and was totally unprovided with ments on her head and the rustling thin silk any kind of the comforts required on such in which she was dressed. What was her occasions. His marriage had taken place agony and despair, when she found she had against the desires of his employers, and be been buried alive! She uttered a cry, but had no assistance to expect from that quar- she knew too well that it could not be heard. ter. Isaac the Jew was recalled to his mind, The vault was just under the choir ; and but he would require a pledge. “A pledge! what voice could penetrate the massive murmured Bold to himself; and why not arches ? The little air-hole opened into a borrow from the dead, as nothing is to be private part of the churchyard, which was obtained from the living? I have known | separated from the rest by an iron railing, this lady who lies yonder. She would not ) and might not be visited for a considerable have refused a poor man in the days of her time. Her dead ancestors were then to be bloom, and why should her manes now be- her last companions, and her last occupation grudge what will do me good, without injur was to be that of tracing with her nails upon ing any one ?
the black walls the melancholy progress of “ Influenced by these thoughts, he return- her real death. Chilled with horror, she ed to the place which he had just left, but sought for something to cover herself, and which he now visited in a very different she found the cloak which Peter had dropped.