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his office. He was interred in St. Nicholas' | neering genius; but the discovery of an churchyard, Aberdeen ; and a Latin epitaph ancient tunnel under the wide mouth of the upon his tombstone still records how, by his harbor at Marseilles, a few years ago, conversation and his walk, he upheld decli- showed that the ancients were beforehand ning religion, reformed the degenerate man- with us. The other day, a manuscript of ners of the world, and was a flaming Papin, the inventor of the “ Digester," Boanerges and a loving Barnabas! From came to light, showing that he had disthe prominent part which he played in covered methods of deadening pain, and his time, his name was used to denote the that chloroform is no new thing: the peculiar quality for which Andrew Cant name of the newly-discovered treatise is was, through life, so pre-eminently distin. “ Traité des Opérations sans douleur.” In guished.
like manner, at a sale of a library in Paris,
the other day, there turned up a dusty old FORGOTTEN DISCOVERIES.
manuscript, entitled, “ A treatise on ElectriThere is reason to believe that many of city applied to the transmission of news," and . the things which are daily coming to light, bearing the date of 1765. The author's through the modern progress of physical name was Lesage; he was a physician, the science, were known to the highly-civilized son of a Frenchman settled in Switzerland. peoples of former times; and that what It is said that in 1774, an electric telegraph Solomon said was true—“Behold, there is was actually established in Geneva. This no new thing under the sun !" The natives telegraph was composed of twenty-four of the earth, like the earth itself, travel in separate wires, answering to the twentya perpetual circle,-from the dark into the four letters of the alphabet. This apparalight, and from the light into the dark again. tus, all imperfect as it was, is averred to What is has been; and what has been shall have contained and illustrated the princi. be again. We are but emerging from a ple of that which is now in such general use. buried antiquity, and reviving the discove. There is also every reason to believe, from ries which had for a time been lost and for the following extract from the works of gotten. How little do we know of the Friar Bacon, who flourished in the thirteenth civilization which prevailed on the earth at century, long before the invention of printthe time of the Pyramids ! Modern civilza ing, that the application of steam to metion takes date from the birth of Christ; but chanical purposes was quite well known to the civilization of Egypt was in its glory two him. But whether he derived his knowlthousand years before then! How little do edge of such a power from tradition, handed we know of the civilization of the mighty down from those who had lost or forgotten people who built the huge, sculptured tem- the practical uses of steanı, or arrived at ples and palaces of Central America. We it through original investigations of his own, know absolutely nothing; the race seems to it is impossible for us now to know. The be utterly lost; and these grand ruins are all modern inventions of the steamship, the the record that remains of buried empires ! railway locomotive, the hydraulic machine, When they were great, opulent, and civilized and the diving.bell, seem to be quite discommunities, the British people were painted | tinctly referred to in the following passage, savages, burrowing in holes of the earth, or which is of very curious interest. “I will under the shelter of thick woods. They now," he says, “ mention some of the wonhave gone down into the dark, and we have derful works of art and nature, in which emerged into the light. We are reviving there is nothing of magic, and which magic their arts, one by one; but we may not re- could not perform. Instruments may be discover all that they knew. AN record of made, by which the largest ships, with only their knowledge has passed away for ever. only one man guiding them, will be carried Even since the age of modern language, with greater velocity than if they were full written and printed, has come in, we are of sailors. Chariots may be constructed, frequently falling on the traces of old dis- that will move with incredible rapidity, coveries, which had been neglected or for. | without the help of animals. Instruments gotten. The Thames Tunnel was thought of flying may be formed, in which a man, to be an entirely new manifestation of engi- sitting at his ease, and meditating on any subject, may beat the air with his artificial words of Buffon's Maxims. Southey speaks wings, after the manner of birds. A small of the same subject in the following passage, instrument may be made to raise or depress from one of his familiar letters :-“ A man the greatest weights. An instrument may with a clear head, a good heart, and an be fabricated, by which one man may draw honest understanding, will always write a thousand men to him by force and against well: it is owing either to a muddy head, their will; as also, machines which will en an evil heart, or a sophisticated intellect able men to walk at the bottom of seas or that men write badly, and sin either against rivers, without danger.” We have certainly reason, or goodness, or sincerity. There discovered, or revived it may be, the steam- may be secrets in painting, but there are ship, the locomotive, the hydraulic machine, none in style. When I have been asked the the atmospheric railway, and the diving- foolish question, what a young man should bell; but one old patent we cannot get up, do who wishes to acquire a good stylet my --for we cannot yet fly.
answer has been, that he should never think
about it, but say what he has to say as perSTYLE.
spicuously as he can, and as briefly as he “To write well is at once to think well, can, and then the style will take care of to feel rightly, and to render properly: it itself.” is to have, at the same time, mind, soul, taste : style supposes the reunion and the exercise of all the intellectual faculties. Every one blames in his neighbor what The style is the man.” Such are the last the world blames in himself.
CHRONICLE OF THE WEEK,
IN A LETTER TO A COUNTRY FRIEND.
WELL-it is the same this week that it her notes had settled upon your soul, and was a week agobating the hot weather ;- led all your grosser emotions captive to the and the foci of talk now are the same with delightful and holy symphony of her utterthose of the last week's chat-JENNY LIND | ance, you would think of her-if you think and the Great Exhibition.
in my untaught way-not so much as an The Swede, appearing prettier than ever artiste, as the pure-hearted being, whose in the light Barèges which make up her modesty would light a home, and whose May toilet, and under the roses which the goodness would prove sweetly contagious. budding summer has rounded into bloom, is! I am not going to measure myself with culminating her triumph with a hecatomb the critics in this careless letter to you, nor of hearts. Pray excuse me if I lean that say any thing of her adagios ; for I should way myself, and if the angelic expression be as unjust to her as unjust to myself. which she threw the other night into her Not a little of what would hold your eye rendering of Casta Diva should bewilder my at a Castle Garden concert would be the thought, and make my poor pen stagger like motley and enthusiastic listeners. The a cripple through this record of our week. company is not-as most town concerts,
Indeed, you should see her; she is no made up of the knowing appreciators of show woman; she would disappoint all difficult music;—nor of those who count it the expectations of aplomb, which her fashionable to venture the price of a stall, public character may have bred in your upon the grade which opera pursuit will belief; she would surprise all your anticipa- give. They are a wiser people who hear tions of the lionne air ; she would dampen Jenny; they come for the love of the thing; all your hopes of triumphant dignity; she they are mixed of all orders ; they are would appear to you—for she could appear varied with all colors and ages. Here no otherwise-the sweet, high-toned, de- and there you catch sight of some enthuvotional woman. And when the burden of siastic gray-beard, who with no music but
boyish memories of the village choir, is | America makes in the palace is not such a wakened by the echo of this singer into a one as will stir the pride of the descendnew learning of sound, and is startled with ants, or the countrymen of a Fulton. It is smiles and tears into a knowledge of those sadly to be regretted that the commisold Scripture figures which peopled heaven sioners have allotted such space to us as with barps.
should make our shortcomings even more Blooming country lasses, too, whose ver | apparent; and still further to be deplored, milion tells the story of their education and that gentlemen of taste were not at band of their home, listen with an earnestdess at to make such disposition of our effects, as which they are half ashamed to the exuber-should show some sense of beauty. ance of mirth, and to the coquettish sparkle But the truth is—and it must be truth for which lights up Jenny's “coming thro' the a long time to come the study of beauty
is a new study with us, and a poor-paying I hear indeed, that Miss LIND (how awk study, While our sculptors find their best ward to call her Miss !) is disappointed that market abroad, and our painters live scan. the people who come to hear her should tily, and our poets thrive on a meal a day, encore her ballads and leave her Casta we can make but poor show beside the naDiva's and snatches of lofty oratorios to die tions who have been these two centuries in echoes on the bay ;-but she must consider topping their growth with luxury. that musical education does not grow fast I can easily imagine that the show-cases in a working world, and that the sighs and of the American department should have smiles which follow upon the expression of more the air of shop-boxes, than of the simple feeling pay her a more honest com- ornamented addenda to a fëte, and whoever pliment than the bravest plaudits of the has seen French arrangement, even in the singing-masters.
window of a modiste, can easily imagine But I weary you with this talk-unless what poor contrast our business men would you have heard her.
contrive to the elaborate disposition of Paris -- Summer weather, the papers will work. And here I take from an English tell you, has come upon us like a grateful Journal, (Tait's Magazine,) which possibly thief, and robbed us of our palletots and may not meet your eye, a bird's-eye glance shiver_“ without our special wonder.” The of what strikes most and earliest in the trees are green in the parks, and the birds Crystal Palace :-such few as buffet the din and clatter of “The long and anxiously anticipated 1st the city—are carolling at the first blush of of May has arrived. A vast cortège, comthe morning, as they carol in your woods at posed of well-appointed and costly equihome. Pleasure-hunters are conning their pages, has suddenly supplanted the unwieldy
chain of wagons, trucks, and carts that, for charts, and laying their courses for the
weeks past, have all but rendered impassasummer. Southern people are wandering | ble the avenues and roads leading to the hitherward-forgetful in the balm of the Park. Tens of thousands of spectators, eaopening season—the aggressions of sharp- ger to witness the cavalcade, converge in talking anti-slave politicians; and (God be dusky lines athwart the green plain and thanked !) will weave a summer the closer,
along the gravel-roads. They are content
to wait for more economic days. On the those liens of brotherhood which make our first day none can be admitted under pay: nation one. If there were no summer, there ment of three guineas, nor on the second would be no content; the memory of chill and third days is admission to be obtained makes warmth grateful, and the memory of under a sovereign; while for the three wars is the sweetness of peace.
succeeding weeks the charge will be five
shillings. - Of the opening of the Great Exhi
“ Entering, therefore, with the privileged bition, which I have posted as the second | and aristocratic, as the portals are opened great hinge of the week's talk-you will on the above momentous day at the central have read to your satisfaction, very likely, southern gateway, our readers will, in imin the newspapers of the town. And you
agination, behold before them a lofty founwill have seen, with a twinge of regret, that
Chasing the sultriness of day, what I prognosticated a month ago, has
As, springing high, the silvery dew proven true, and that the show which In whirls fantastically flew,
And flung luxurious coolness round
may be questioned whether Grinling Gibbon The air, and freshness o'er the ground. himself be not here excelled-trophies of
ponderous arms, foliage so light that it seems They may now turn either to the right, and almost to float upon the air, heaps of inspect the gorgeous contributions of India, I autumnal fruit, bouquets of summer flowers, or to the more quaint, curious, but not less only needing their appropriate color to ingenious devices from the Celestial Empire, deceive the most practised eye. lavishly displayed upon the left. Among “But stay. In close proximity to the vast the former are included magnificent shawls octagonal hall inclosing the emblems of the from Cashmere, Persia, and Nepaul, brilliant industry of the Zollverein, her Majesty and in color, intricate in design, yet with every the illustrious group in attendance upon her tint so harmoniously arranged and artisti are offering the mute though eloquent cally contrasted that they may well long be tribute of their admiration to a colossal lion dwelt upon with admiration and wonder. of bronze, a mighty emanation from the Here, too, are specimens of goldsmiths' work genius and foundry of Munich. Never before that would put to shame, for lightness and was the truculent quadrupedal monarch delicacy of execution, any of the vaunted represented so truthfully as here. Beneath jewelry of Europe-gems that must ex- the dusky hide, the giant bones here and cite the astonishment and cupidity of many there protrude, clothed though they be in beholders.
other parts with a due proportion of brazen “ From China the textile tissues of silk, muscle and metallic sinew. The creature's the embroidery, the elaborate and exquisite head alone is a study. The half-furtive, carvings in ivory, in wood, and in coral, the half-ferocious expression of the eye and natural and artificial productions in infinite lip—the dauntless brow, with the shaggy variety, have been liberally supplied. mass of mane enveloping the cranium—the
“ Farther on, we pause for a while before tremendous development of chest—the firm the shelves and walls adorned with the pro-protrusion of the mighty limbs—impart to ductions of Greece and, the Levant; and it the whole statue an air of reality and life must certainly be admitted that the subjects that has rarely been approached before. of the Sultan, though in some respects “Russia has had assigned to her an extent avowedly far behind the rest of the world, of space proportionate to her territorial imare in other manufactures infinitely beyond meneity, and the performances of her sons them. Italy, Spain, and Portugal demand indicate, on their part, indomitable perse. no mean share of our attention, next arrested verance, patience, and ingenuity, Demoby Belgium as we pass by the precincts of cratic America, in unnatural proximity to the southern to those of the northern States. the possessions of the Czar, engages the Flanders, as Tristram Shandy terms it, “ the beholder more from the utilitarian character old prize-fighting stage" of Europe, at first than from the extraordinary beauty and taste sight seems to have presented articles that displayed in her supplies, although she speak more of the doings of war than of scarcely occupies her original superficial commerce and peace; but her contributions allotment. and those of the northern continent of " It will probably be admitted by all who Europe are altogether eclipsed by the mag inspect this unequivocal demonstration of nificence, richness, and variety of our neigh | the industry of nations, that the Swiss have bors the French.
evinced the greatest amount of mechanical “ The most beautiful porcelain of Sevres, ingenuity and manual dexterity. In supthe costliest tapestry of the Gobelins, the port of this opinion we may instance, from most marvellous carpets from the looms of a thousand examples, a pen-holder from Aubusson, Parisian cabinet-work, inarque Geneva, of no more than ordinary dimenterie, bronzes, and bijouterie, together with sions, yet containing within its minute the velvets and silks of Lyons, unsurpassed tubular concavity a train of watchwork, in the world, are crowded here. Even the wound up by a little stud at the side, and very fittings, on wbich these treasures are showing not only the exact minute and hour, displayed, themselves merit more than a but the day of the week and month. A passing glance ere we proceed to criticise still more complicated piece of machinery is the more solid productions of Holland. that contained in a musical-box, in which an Conspicuous among these we find a silvery- entire military band, admirably modelled toned chime of bells, candelabra, vases, and characterized by the most life-like move. goblets remarkable for the taste with which ments, are seen performing numerous recent they have been moulded and adorned ; and difficult specimens of modern music. though in this hasty tour we must leave A golden pocket-book, adorned with exthe minute consideration of them to enter quisite miniature-paintings and landscapes, the suite of spacious rooms fitted up with incloses, within a very narrow compass, a furniture from Vienna ; sideboards, tables, chronometer and a secret receptacle either bookcases, fauteuils covered with a profu- for a treasured portrait or a cherished lock. sion of carving, so exquisitely wrought that it | The varieties, however, from the several
THE BOOK WORLD.
Cantons are exceedingly numerous, and each corner” of a Crystal Palace that leviathan beautiful of its kind. Many days might enginery which mows down trees by miles, profitably be passed in studying these Hel- and rakes the debris into cities smoking vetic works alone.”
with such labor as makes the poor man The Magazines for May have all of them rich. Least of all, can we show to their their quota to say of the event which is excellencies the purveyors of the Hyde certainly the great event of the age, and the Park show-rooms, the patent of that moral successful prosecution of the design from its machinery which is making a land—to beginning to its end has been such as to which all England is a dot—the workshop reflect the highest honor upon the energy of nations ;—which supplies every craving and skill of British artisans and British stomach with food,—every greedy mind planners.
with schooling,-every ambitious purpose Our letter-writers from abroad are dis- with a career; and which crowns all incussing the matter—as you will readily dustrial action with success, and lights upon suppose—according to their political and a million hearths the incense of content; social tendencies, and before the affair shall and with this sop for your national palate, I floated by, we shall expect to find new remain,
Yours, &c. systems of political, social, and industrial action based upon the May observations of 1851.
Of books, I have this week very little I dropped a word or two some time since to tell you. The quick-coming beat of about a certain yacht which was to burrow summer half indisposes to reading, and its way over the ocean and challenge the the lettered world lies panting upon the yacht-men of Yarmouth to a trial of speed. working oar of the winter. I then ventured the opinion that our yachts Our publishers, too, many of them, have -intended as most of them are, for smoother | taken a spring vacation for a run to the waters than the British Channel, would Fair ; and nothing of importance is upon the hardly maintain the supremacy which has tapis. been fairly won by our clipper ships. It Mr. WALKER, of Fulton street, has recently now appears that the model yacht has issued a very beautifully printed book, being fallen below expectation even in a trial at a translation of an historical treatise upon home, and the old intention will doubtless the Protestants of France. Its author is be abandoned.
well known to the American world as the Of all our water-going craft, nothing able correspondent, for a long period of would excite such a degree of attention years, of the New York Observer. Many ciramong the continental lookers-on at the fair, cumstances conspire to give this work great as one of our newly-finished river steamers. interest at the present moment. Without Their prodigious speed, size, and the ele- mentioning the new action and accompanygance of their appointments could not but ing discussions of the Romish church, there startle into a stupor those honest burghers is very much in the existing controversies who have been taught to admire the meagre, in the French Protestant Church to give slow-sailing, cramped“ Henzog” steamboats such a history marked importance. of the Rhine.
New novels, in diablerie covers, The truth is, what belongs to us and appear from time to time, to add heat and carries with its belonging more just pride, fever to the summer of the season. Their than any thing else, cannot be shipped over writers and publishers are the Homeopaseas, or put on show in any Paxton Palace. thists of Literature, We cannot transport our Rochesters and Buf
The Exhibition has started into life falos—cities made in a day; we cannot show a hundred guides, cata ues, show-booksEnglish agricultural commissioners ; our indeed a distinctive race of literature, some league-long corn-fields hewn into the heart of portions of which may hereafter come under gigantic forests ; nor can we ticket and billet our notice. We may now designate only and lay on tables our miles of boats heaped the illustrated catalogue issued in a uniform high with the abounding produce of waving style with the Art Union of London. Nothprairies. We cannot stow in the “ machine ing can be neater or more elegant than its