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friend, finding me recumbent and hopeless in pressive. Happily, the wave had nearly the smokers' room, persuaded and helped me spent its force, and was now so rapidly diffuto go below. I uubooted and swayed into sed that his refuge was not quite overflowed. my berth, which endured me, perforce, for “Of course, those who have voyaged and the next twenty-four hours. I then sum- not suffered will pronounce my general picmoned strength to crawl on deck, because, / ture grossly exaggerated ; wherein they will while I remained below, my sufferings were be faithful to their own experience, as I barely less than while walking abuve, and am to mine. I write for the benefit of the my recovery hopeless.

uninitiated, to warn them, not against bra* I shall not harrow up the souls nor the ving the ocean when they must or ought, stomachs of landsmen, as yet revelling in but, against resorting to it for pastime. blissful ignorance of its tortures, with any Voyaging cannot be enjoyment to most of description of seasickness. They will know them ; it must be suffering. The sonorous all in ample season ; or if not, so much the rhymesters in praise of A Life on the better. But naked honesty requires a cor Ocean Wave, The Sea! the Sea! the rection of the prevalent error that this Deep Blue Sea ! &c., were probably never malady is necessarily transient and easily out of sight of land in a gale in their lives." overcome. Thousands who imagine they have been scasick on some river or lake A seasick letter throughout! A very steamboat, or during a brief sleigh-ride, are natural train of reflections for our poor friend annually putting to sea with as little necessity or urgency as suffices to send them on

in the white hat; but he must not be suffered a jaunt to Niagara or the White Mountains, to condemn thus, by his wide remark—a life They suppose they may very probably be upon the ocean. When the Editor of the “qualmish" for a few hours, but that (they Tribune shall have digested the Fair and the fancy) will but heighten the general enjoy. |

al enjoy suffering Irish, and supped-as he will sup ment of the voyage. Now it is quite true that any green sea-goer may be sick for a

-on the claims of the languishing Hungarifew hours only; he may even not be sick at

ans; when he shall have dieted on the all. But the probability is very far from chicken-broth of Wiesbaden, and made himthis, especially when the voyage is underta- self strong with the tidiest corked bottles of ken in any other than one of the four sun

crystal Pomard-let him ship on an August njest, blandest months of the year. Of every hundred who cross the Atlantic for the first

ir morning, upon a jaunty Havre Packet, and time, I am confident that two-thirds endure skim around the jetty, under the tow of a more than they had done in all the five years wheezing steamer, and leave the chalk land preceding more than they would do during of France, under & swelling summer wind, two months' bard labor as convicts in a state that fills the canvas to the royals, and share Prison. Of our two hundred, I think fifty did not see a healthy or really happy hour

the cabin with an exuberant Hungarian during the passage; while as many more refugee, and a gossiping woman of five-andwere sullerers for at least half the time. I twenty, and boom homeward at twelve knots The other hundred were mainly Ocean's old the hour-with fresh milk at breakfast, and acquaintances, and on that account treated plenty of scarfalatti for his pipe-and, my more kindly ; but many of these bad some

word for it, the now seasick philosopher will trying hours.

* Utter indifference to life and all its be regalo us on his return with something like longings is one of the characteristics of a -an vde to the ocean ! genuine case of seasickness No. 1. I en. - You have heard something here and joyed some opportunities for observing this there-at least I think it--of the new stated during our voyage. For instance : One evening I was standing by a sick gentleman / sche

| science (?) of Electro-Biology. It is certainly who had draveed himself or been carried on curious enough to point a wonder even in deck and laid down on a water-proof mat- this day of Dodges and curiosities. The aftress which raised him two or three inches fair of M. Gandon and nephew, about which from the floor. Suddenly a great wave I have told you something, was difficult broke square over the bow of the ship and rushed aft in a river through eitlier gangway

1 enough to be understood ; but, here we have -the two uniting again beyond the nurser's not only a twinship of mind, but an absolute and doctor's offices, just where the sick man magnetic power of one mind over that of lay. Any live man would have jumped to his dozens of others. feet as suddenly as if a rattlesnake were I shall cut for you, from the Morning whizzing in his blanket; but the sufferer never moved, and the languid coolness of eve Chronicle, the last reports of what Dr. DARwherewith he regarded the rushing floodling has been doing in this way; and the which made an island of him was most ex.! Vurning Chronicle, as you know, is not a

paper given specially to the search after | boy, had been several times operated on; flummery, or humbug of any sort :

that three, we think, had been once operated

upon, but by Dr. Darling's colleague, Mr. “We lately witnessed at Willis's Rooms, Stone, at the Maryleboue Literary Iustituconducted by Dr. Darling, of Glasgow, a tion; and that one gentleman had never beseries of experiments in Electro-Biology,'| fore been present at any seance of the sort, the results of which, supposing the proceed. This latter individual manifested a medium ings to have been perfectly bona fideand degree of susceptibility. The highest dewe have no reason to doubt the fact-seems gree was shown by the boy and one of the to show the possession by the experimenter adults-both apparently of sanguine temof a control over the nervous and muscular perament. That of the other gentlemen system of other individuals, which we can appeared to be of nervous-Lilious. The only compare to the powers attributed to particulars of the past experience of the magicians and necromancers in fairy tales. patients were not stated by the doctor, but • Electro-Biology,' as the science, or process, elicited by the audience. The susceptible or whatever it may be, is vaguely and in- adult had on a former occasion shown only aptly called, seems a sort of first cousin of a very moditied degree of liability to the mesmerism. There are, however, distinct influence, but the doctor stated that his points of difference. Mesmerisın is said to power generally increased with every series act by sympathy between the operator and of experiments made upon the same indithe patient. Biology, according to its be- vidual. The first efforts were made on the lievers, infers the absolute power and control muscles of the eyelids. One by one, the of one brain and nervous organization over patients were told to shut their eyes, then another, without the existence of any sym to open them if they could, until the experpathetic links whatever. Neither was there inenter allowed them. The trial seemed in these experiments any of the somnambu successful in all the cases. Each gentleman lism, stupor, or dreaming, produced by assured the audience that the muscles were mesmerism. The experimenter devoted him for the time perfectly paralyzed. The mus. sell to influencing and controlling the muscles cles of the tongue were next tried, and and nerves of the patients, or their thinking three, we think, of the tive rendered unable faculties in a single department, particularly to utter a word. The others stammered out their memory of a certain fact, without pro- a syllable or two with great apparent diffiducing or aiming at the production of a culty. Of the five, the power of memory, general abnormal mental condition. The as regarded the ability to recal the words results of the experiments made, and of the Willis's Rooms' and 'London,' seemed questions put, we shall detail in a few plain perfectly suspended in three. The strenuous sentences,

mental efforts to call up the missing ideas “ After some introductory observations, were ludicrously portrayed in the faces of Dr. Darling called upon any of the audience the individuals. One gentleman said, 'Stay, who pleased to come forward and be exper- stay, I have it on the tip of my tongue, but imented upon. About four and twenty in- I cannot bring it out. All of them joined dividuals--all, with the exception of a boy in assuring the audience of the reality of of ten or so, adults-mounted the platform, the sudden and partial blank in their memand were ranged seated in a double row fa: ories. In conducting his experiments, Dr. cing each other. To each the experimenter | Darling assumed an air and attitude of rigiel gave a small zinc medal to be held in the command, apparently summoning mind and left hand, with the eyes, and as far as pos-muscle to powerful efforts of volition, mitsible the attention, of the individual kept king rapid and vigorous passes over the fixed upon it. Strict silence and abstinence muscles to be affected, and loudly and authofrom motion were also enjoined. During ritatively enouncing the orders of his will. the pause which ensued the doctor paced Three out of the five were also made to silently between his patients, feeling their stimmer in speakiny. Then the muscles of foreheads with his hand. Some appeared the arms were appealed to. Thøge of the inclined to drowsiness, others were evidently boy and the sanguine-colored aclult were wide awake, and a few tittered audibly. perfectly obedient to the biologist's will, At the expiration of a quarter of an hour despite the efforts apparently made by the the doctor gathered up his zinc medals, and individuals to resist it, and which they deselected five patients, including the boy, as clared produced muscular pain at the shoulhaving become impregnated with the mys- ders and elbows. The adult patient was as terious influence-a fact which he seemed it were nailed to his chair by the volition to ascertain by gazing keenly into and pass- of the operator--then prevented from siting his hands over the eyes of the experi. ting down, although every muscle quivered mentees. The obdurate gentlemen ihen with the exertion ; the chair was then made descended amid the audience, and the ex- to feel so hot beneath him that he could periments commenced with the favored five. not remain seated; and finally, the palate

“Of these, it is proper to say that one, the and 'he eye were affected. At the cominanci of the operator water tasted hot, cold, bitter, , boneymoon of marriage to the public favor, and like port-wine-then the patient was which I beg you to get :-first, because it is made to see horrible reptiles crawling in

so good, and second, because it is so cheap the glass, coming over the edge, and wrig. | gling up his arm. The scemingly natural

Its author is a man of quite uncommon talenergy with which he brushed off the ima- | ent, and, ten years hence, his name will be ginary beings excited a great deal of interest. well enough known to make any such inforUpon recovering, he said that he knew all

mation as I give you here, impertinent. along that what he saw was only a delusion,

He is a Westerner, and his name, M'Coxbut that for his life he could not resist the natural impulse to beat the insects away.

NEL. His book is the Glenns, and the pubFinally, this gentleman was ordered to see lisher, Cuas. SCRIBNER. and stated that he did see-a horse upon - Have your eyes yet fallen upon the the platform, He passed his hand round beautiful typography, and English-looking the outline of the animal's form. Some curious experiments were also made upon

paper of a new journal, strangely called the the boy's powers of vision. He was made

White Man's Journal ? What it is to be is to mistake a halfpenny for a sovereign, and hard to make out. It speaks in strong terms vice versa, and the latter coin being placed of the influence and importance of Mr. Benupon the ground, it was curious to see the NET, and his flerald; and commends in impotent groping of his fingers as he vainly

flowing periods Mr. Foster's books, and Mr. attempted to pick it up."

LEster's Illustrious Americans. It proposes

to make a new era in American Journalism, THE BOOK WORLD.

and has a column or two upon Mr. Long's In this month of angling you will have | Tom Racquet and Company. It is probbeen very apt to lay your hand upon HER- ably not intended for an abolition paper, or BERT'S Fish and Fishing. If so, you will for a religious one, have found—what all the world has found - There is a beautiful little volume of it-a beautiful book; with nicely executed Irish verse which it will do your heart good drawings of fishes, and some dozen or more to read and to buy. It has been published of picturesque tail-pieces from the facile by Mr. STRONG of Nassau-street, and is pencil of the author. HERBERT seems, by written by Wm. MulCUINOCK. It is not of general consent, to have passed into the de- the ordinary riff raff sort of verse, which gree of Nestor, in the matter of American sickens in the publishing and dies in the sports. This is not a new book I speak of, reading ; but it has a vitality shining in the but a new edition of a two-year-old book : lines which tell of a warm heart with deep and, being such, has adjuncts of preface, and broad pulsations, and of a ready brain, pictures, and appendix, which make it even | tempted by discretion. with the times.

The words run out bonevedly, and carry a There are rare fish-stories get down in burden of feeling which makes you feel kindthe volume which will whet your appetitely toward the man who wrote them, and gire for the rod; and there are recipes for chow to him a hearty thanking for a blessing. Jer, and what not, which you will study on

I must not leave my talk of books your next yacht service upon the coast. without noting in addition, the appearance HERBERT writes as if he loved fish-very of a new tragedy by a Southern Lady, Miss well in the brook-better on the rod—but Louisa McCORD. It is unfair to speak of a better still in the pan. I don't know but, lady's book in the slight, gossiping way in like a good sportsman, he may resent this which I reel you off my letters; but when as a reproach. In that case, he should not my wit is dry, I shall do myself the pleasure have cooked his fish so well.

of following Caics Gracchus to his exit. It is an augury of new and deeper atten. The first blush of summer is quickening tion to the amusements of the field with the us here in the city to a search for what-in American world, when the publishers- the way of reading-will relieve the hotness Messrs. StringER & TOWNSEND—are justified of the coming weeks ; and whatever shall (as we learn they abundantly are) in giving be hit upon that "cools us to a charm” shall such choice appearance to a sportsman's be named to you by me, with a summer book.

blessing on the head of the author. There is another volume just in the !

I remain, yours, &c., _

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JOSEPH PAXTON, THE ARCHITECT OF THE GREAT EXHIBITION BUILDING, We this week present our readers with his friends know, and as all the admiers of the Portrait of Joseph Paxton, a man whose his character and genius will be glad to dame will hereafter stand enrolled among learn, is in the very prime and vigor of his those whose works have done honor to their age, and bids fair to enrich not only science time and country. Mr. Paxton, who, as all but literature, with many contributions

VOL. II.-13

worthy of his now great name, has acquired of the Victoria regia, was, however, the a reputation as wide as the civilized world, immediate parent of the Great Exhibition by the conception of the great idea of the Building. A design for the latter structure “Crystal Palace," a building to which his had already been prepared, but had failed tory offers no parallel, either in the past or to impress the public with its fitness for the the present. Whether we consider the noble purpose; and Mr. Paxton, apprehensive that and humanizing purposes to which that an irreparable blunder would be committed building is consecrated, the appropriateness, in the intended Building, proposed to the the elegance, the vastness, and the beauty Executive Committee another design. Cerof the design, or its simple, but most admi.tain difficulties lay in the way, but Mr. Paxrable novelty, we must acknowledge Mr. ton was not to be deterred; his mind was Paxton's high claims to the grateful appre made up; "and" said the Duke of Devonciation of his contemporaries, and to that shire at a public meeting held at Bakewell; enduring place in the national annals which “I never knew Mr. Paxton resolve to underis the best reward of all true greatness in take what he did not fully accomplish.” On any and every department of public use the morning of the 18th of June, whilst prefulness.

siding at a railway committee, he sketched Mr. Paxton, like most other men of note, upon a sheet of blotting paper his idea for is “self-made.” He owes his high position the great Industrial Building. He sat up to his own intellect and industry; and can all that night, until he had worked out the say of his own right hand, and of his own design to his satisfaction; and the elevations, courage and perseverance, and of the assidu- sections, working details, and specifications ous cultivation of his mind and heart, that were completed in ten days. Next morning, they alone raised him from the humblest Mr. Paxton started from Derby by railway rank of the honest working.men of his coun- for the metropolis; and in the same train try, to the enviable position in which he and carriage was Mr. Robert Stephenson, now stands.

the engineer-a member, moreover, of the Mr. Paxton, whose original profession, as Royal Commission, and who, at Mr. Paxton's is well known, was, as it still is, that of a request, examined the plans. landscape gardener, was first employed in “Wonderful !" exclaimed the engineer& responsible capacity by his Grace the “worthy of the magnificence of Chatsworth! Duke of Somerset, at Wimbledon. From -thousand times better than any thing that situation he passed, about twelve or that has been brought before us! What a

I pity they were not prepared earlier !" thirteen years ago, as we are informed, into Pa;

to | Will you lay them down before the the service of the Duke of Devonshire, at | Roval Commission !" Chatsworth; but that nobleman was not “I will," was the reply. slow to perceive that Mr. Paxton possessed Next day the Royal Commission met; administrative faculties, and a knowledge but Mr. Stephenson had not an opportunity of and skill in financial arrangement of a of submitting Mr. Paxton's plans to his col. high order, in which capacities, we believe, leagues and Prince Albert; the office was, he has been of essential service in the man- however, delegated to an able hand, Mr. agement of the Duke's estates, both in En- Scott Russell, one of the secretaries of the gland and Ireland.

Commission. Mr. Paxton next waited upon There are indeed few instances of scientific Prince Albert at Buckingham Palace, to exapplication which present so many points plain the details. The scheme was referred of interest as the circumstances by which to the Building Committee, who could not this gentleman has earned his present fame entertain it, as they had devised a plan. as the architect of the Great Exhibition However, Mr. Paxton appealed to the pubBuilding. With the name of Mr. Paxton lic judgment in the Illustrations and pages have long been associated the glories of of this Journal, and the practicability, simChatsworth, and the sole contrivance of the plicity, and beauty of the scheme instantly vast conservatory, which the King of Sax- became popular. Thus encouraged, Mr. ony graphically compared to "a tropical Paxton next procured a tender to be sent in scene with a glass sky.” The house built to the Building Committee for his design. from Mr. Paxton's design, for the flowering This was prepared by Messrs. Fox and Hen

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