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Certainly it was not the intention of Congress to turn over the debts aud prospectively encumbered lands of an old and badly managed territorial institution, but to give the State that was to be, a grant for a State university, free from all con. nections with territorial organizations.

Will you, therefore, take the steps indicated in the enabling act, and appoint, at an early day, some one to select two townships of land for the State university, incorporated by the last legislaturo?

AGRICULTURAL COLLEGE LAND GRANT.

Under “An act donating public lands to the several States and Territories which may provide colleges for the benefit of agriculture and the mechanic arts," approved July 2, 1862, Minnesota is entitled to 120,000 acres, of which none has been sold.

THE FIVE HUNDRED THOUSAND ACRES DUE THE STATE.

The five hundred thousand acres due the State by the provisions of an act of Congress entitled “An act to appropriate the proceeds of the sales of the public lands,” etc, approved the fourth day of September, one thousand eight hundred and forty-one, which, by provisions of the Constitutions of Wisconsin, Iowa, Oregon, Kansas, California, and Nevada, are appropriated to educational purposes, do not appear as yet to have been set apart by Minnesota.

TABLE I.- Historical and stalistical data of the United States.

[Compiled from Report of the Commissioner of the Land Office for 1867.)

States and Territo

ries.

Act organizing Territory. Act admitting State.

Area in sq. Populat'n

miles. in 1860.1 C. S. Statutes. Vol. Page. U. S. Statutes. Vol. Page.

Original Siales.

New Hampshire
Massachusetts
Relland
Copécticat
New York
Nes Jersey
Pensylvania
Delaware
Maryland
Vrnia-East and

West
Sortt Carolina
South Carolina
Georgia

9, 280 326, 073 7,800 | 1, 231, 066 1,306 174,620 4, 750 460, 147 47,000 3,8-0, 735

8.320 672, 035 46,000 2,906, 115

2, 120 112, 216 11, 134 687, C49 61,332 1,596, 318 50, 704 992. 622 34,000 703, 708 58,000 1,037, 236

States admitted,

[blocks in formation]

Feb. 4, 1791
Feb. 18, 1791
June 1, 1796 1.

Apr, 30, 1602
331 Apr. 8, 1812

58 Dec. 11, 1814 549 Dee, 10, 1817 514 Dec. 3, 1818 371 Dec. 14, 1819

Mar. 3, 1820 743 Mar. 2, 1821 493 June 15, 1836 309 Jan. 26, 1837 654

Mer. 3, 1845 235

Dec. 29, 1845
10 Mar. 3, 1847

Sept. 9, 1850
403 Feb. 26, 1857 11
323 Feb. 14, 1839 11
277 Jan. 29, 1861 12

Dec. 31, 1862 12
209 Mar. 21, 1864 13
172

13 277 Mar. 1, 1867 13

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189 191 491 173 701 399 672 536 608 544 645

50 141 742 742 108 178 452 166 383 126 6:33 30 32 47

37, 680 1, 155, 684 *10,212 315, 098 45, 600 1, 109, 801 39, 961 2, 339, 502 *41, 346

708, 002 33, 809 1, 339, 428 47, 156 791, 305 *55, 410 1,711,951

50, 722 964, 201 *35, 000 628, 279 *65, 3501, 182, 012

52, 198 435, 450 *56, 451 749, 113 59, 268 140, 425

55, 045 674, 948 *274, 356 604, 215

53, 9:24 775, 881 *182, 981 305, 439

83, 531 173, 855 95, 274 52, 165 81,318 107, 206 23, 000 112, 090 6,857 *104,500 134, 277 75, 995

28,841

3
5

....do

Apr. 20, 1836

5

9

Mar. 3, 1849
Aug. 14, 1848
May 30, 1854

10

Mar. 2, 1861
Feb. 28, 1861
May 30, 1854

12 12 10

Territories.

New Mexico.
l'ali.
Washington
Dakota
Arizona
Idaho
Montana
la lan Territory
Dis of Columbia..

Sept. 9, 1850

..do
Mar. 2, 1853
Mar. 2, 1861
Feb. 24, 1803
Mar. 3, 1863
May 26, 1864

9 9 10 122 12 12 13

446 453 172 239 664 808 85

: : : : : :

5.360,000

121,201 88,056 69, 994 240, 597 113,916

90, 932 143, 776

68, 991 1|10 m. sq.

[blocks in formation]

577, 390

Russian purchase

126, 990

70,000

Area taken from geographical authorities and pot from public surveys. + Total population in 1860 way 31,500,000; estimated in 1867 to be 38,500,000,

: To the white population in Nevada should be added 10,507 Indians; and in Colorado, 2,261 Indians.

As estimated January 1, 1865. i Tbat portion of District of Columbia south of the Potomac river was retroceded to Virginia July 9, 1846, (Stat. vol. 6, p. 35.)

9 By census of 1867.

TABLE II. --Showing the area of the several States and Territories containing public lands, and the quantity devoted for educational

Remaining unsold
deaf and dumb

500. CO
2,000.00

2,000.00
1,835, 892.71
6,915, 081.32
4,930, 893. 56
6,582, 841.54
5, 180, 640.63
11, 757, 662. 54
17, 540,374.00
3, 113, 464. 18

10,016, 700.87
106, 062, 392. 13
36, 776, 170.89
52, 742, 078.96
43, 148, 876. 44
67,090, 182. 62
42, 523, 627.38
41, 627, 461.39
73, C05, 192.00
51, 139, 646.00
145, 295, 284.97
62, 870, 665. 83
86, 904, 605, CO
68,855, 954.0)
54,963, 343.00
44, 154, 240,00
369, 529, 600.00
1, 414,567, 574.96

purposes by Congress up to June 30, 1867, (Compiled from Report of the Commissioner of the Land Office for 1867.)

Donations and grants for
schools and universities.

States and Territories containing

public land.

Areas of States and Terri.

tories containing public
land.

Granted for agricultural col.
leges, act of July 2, 1862.* Granted for

and unappro.
asylums.

priated June 30,
Selected in Located with

1867.
place.

scrip.

Schools.

Universities.

Acres.

Acres.

Acres.

244, 384. 51

147, 797.25

21, 949. 46

225, 253. 88

960, 807. 59

2,097. 43
20,924. 22

Ohio
Indiana
Illinois
Missouri ...
Alabama.
Mississippi
Louisiana
Michigan.
Arkansas ...
Florida
lowa
Wisconsin.
California
Minnesota ..
Oregon
Kansas
Nevada
Nebraska
Washington Territory
New Mexico
Utah ....
Dakota
Colorado.
Montana
Arizona
Liabo.....
Indian ....
American purchase from Russia.

Total..

Sq. miles.

39, 964
33, 809
55, 410
65, 350
50, 722
47, 156
41, 346
56, 451
52, 198
59, 268
55, 045
53, 924
188, 981
83, 531
95, 274
81, 318
112, 090
75, 995
69, 994
121, 201
88, 056
240, 597
104, 500
143, 776
113, 916
90, 932
68,991

577, 390
2, 867, 185

Acres

69, 120
46, 080
46, 080
46, 080
46, 080
46, 080
46, 080
46, 080
46,020
92, 160
46,080
92, 160
46, 080
46, 080
46, 080
46, 080
46, 080
46,080
46, 080
46,080
46, 080

240, 000. 96
240, 007. 73
119, 852. 17

1, 760.00
702, 425. 07

Acres.
25, 576, 960
21, 637, 760
35, 462, 400
41,824, 000
32, 462, 080
30, 179, 840
26, 461, 440
36, 128, 640
33, 406, 720
37, 931, 520
35, 228, 890
34, 511, 360
120, 947, 840
53, 459, 840
60, 975, 360
52, 043, 520
71, 737, 741
48, 6:36, 800
44, 796, 160

77,568, 640
56, 355, 635
153, 982, 080
66, 880,000
92,016, 640
72, 906, 304
58, 196, 480
44, 154, 240
369, 529,600
1,834, 998, 400

Acres.

704, 488
650, 317

985, 066
1, 199, 139

902, 774
837, 584

786, 044
1,067, 397

886, 460
908, 503
905, 144

958, 649
6, 719, 324
2,969, 990
3, 329, 706
2,891, 306
3,985, 430
2, 702, 044
2, 488, 675
4,309, 368
3, 130, 869
8,554, 560
3,715, 555
5, 112, 035
4,050, 350
3, 233, 137

Acres.

488, 803. 03

1, 920.00 411,959. 70

90, 000. 40

475,989. 58

1, 120.00

67,983, 914

1,082, 880

1, 159, 499.65 3, 192, 582. 22

44, 971. 11

• The whole quantity liable to be issued under the act of July 2, 1862, is 9,600,000 acres.

PROVISIONS RESPECTING EDUCATION

IN THE

CONSTITUTIONS OF THE SEVERAL STATES.

PRELIMINARY REPORT. The following pages contain the provisions of the successive Constitutions of the several States, in reference to Education, Literature and Science, together with a series of propositions embracing the cardinal features of a system of public instruction, which the Constitution might make obligatory on the Legislature to establish.

HENRY BARNARD,

Commissioner. DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION, WASHINGTON, 1868.

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