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§ 11. In the sale of lands, the principal value of which consists in the timber, the commissioner of the State land office shall require the payment of the entire amount of purchase money at the time of purchase, or such portion of the same, above one-fourth, as he may deem for the best interest of the State.
The State Agricultural College referred to in the above act was established by the legislature of the State of Michigan, February 12, 1855, by authorizing the president and executive committee of the State Agricultural Society to select a site for such an institution within ten miles of Lansing. The site selected embraced 676 acres of heavily timbered land. Buildings were erected and im. provements made at an expense of $100,000, and students were received May 13, 1857. In 1860, the institution was placed under the direction of a State board of agriculture. In 1863, the legislature directed that military tactics and military engineering should be added to the studies; and in accepting and appropriating the avails of the United States land grant of 1862 to this college, Lecessarily accepts the condition of the grant, by including the mechanic arts, "and the liberal and practical education of the industrial classes in the several pursuits and professions of life.”
General Statutes-Revision of 1866– Chapter XXXV. Section 1. There shall be established an Agricultural College on so much of section sixteen, in township one hundred and fifteen, range twenty-eight, as may be purchased by the State, and on all lands adjacent, that have been or may be donated, not less than four hundred and eighty acres, under the name and title of “The Agricultural College of Minnesota.”
§ 2. The design of said institution is to afford thorough instruction in agri. culture and the sciences connected therewith, and for that purpose the institution shall combine physical with intellectual education, and shall be a high seminary of learning, in which the graduates of both sexes of the common schools can commence, pursue and finish a course of study terminating in thorough theoretic and practical instruction in those sciences and arts which bear directly upon agriculture and kindred industrial pursuits.
§ 3. The course of instruction shall embrace the English language and literature, mathematics, civil engineering, agricultural chemistry, animal and veg. etable anatomy, physiology, the veterinary art, entomology, geology, political, rural and household economy, horticulture, moral philosophy, history, bookkeeping, and especially the application of science and the mechanic arts to practical agriculture.
§ 4. A full course of study shall embrace not less than four years. The agricultural college board may institute a partial course for students who do not desire to receive the full course. They may also adopt such courses of lectures as they deem best.
$ 5. The board shall determine the time of commencing and the length of the scholastic term or terms for each year, and the number of hours, which shall not be less than two nor more than four daily, and which may be different at different seasons of the year, that shall be devoted by each student to labor; and shall make such rules in regard to the payment of tuition as they deem most conducive to the interests of the institution, until appropriations for its support are sufficient without the payment of tuition.
$ 6. A board is hereby constituted and established which shall be known as "The Agricultural College Board,” consisting of the governor, the secretary of State, and the president of the State Agricultural Society, who shall be ex officio members of the board; and four members to be elected by the legislature as follows: one member of said board to be elected annually for the term of four years. Any vacancy may be filled by a majority of the members of the board, and a majority shall be a quorum for the transaction of business. Each member shall, before entering upon the duties of his office, take and subscribe the oath required by law. When the said board shall decide the number of students that may be accommodated, and receive instruction at such agricultural college,
said students shall be equally apportioned among the various senatorial districts, and the senators and representatives shall recommend such young men as they in their judgment shall deem to be entitled to the privileges of education in such college.
$ 7. The Agricultural College Board shall have the government, care and management of the farm and college, and direct the disposition and use of any moneys appropriated and donated to the college, or to which the college may at any time be entitled.
$ 8. Said board may fix the time and place of holding their meetings, and adopt rules for their own government not inconsistent with the provisions of this chapter. They shall choose from their own number a president and a treasurer. They shall choose a secretary, who may or may not be a member of the board as they shall determine. Said officers shall hold their offices two years from the last Wednesday of February, and till their successors are chosen.
$ 9. Said board shall erect, provide and keep suitable and proper buildings, and establish and maintain schools therein, improve and furnish the farm, and adopt and execute such measures as they may deem nece ssary to secure the successful operation of the college, and promote its designed objects : provided, that they incur no expenses or debts beyond the moneys that may be appropriated or donated and within their immediate control for such purposes.
§ 10. The secretary shall record all proceedings of the board and of the faculty; and all regulations and rules for the government of the college. He shall keep a careful account with each field, in connection with a plan of the farming lands in which shall be shown the manner and cost of preparing ground, the kind of crops, time of planting or sowing, condition, time and manner of harvesting, the labor devoted to each process and its cost, with cost of preparing and maturing crops for market, price for which it is sold, and such other matters as the agricultural college board shall require of him. The record shall, at all reasonable hours, be open to the inspection of any citizen of the State, and the secretary shall report to the governor, on or before the first day of December of each year, which report shall embrace the proceedings of the board, and the faculty, and the condition and situation of the college and farm.
$ 11. Said board shall choose a president of the college, and such professors, teachers, superintendents and employees as the necessities of the institution demand, who shall be paid such compensation as the board determine, and whose duty shall be prescribed by the board.
$ 12. The president, professors and superintendents, and the secretary of the Agricultural College Board, shall constitute the faculty. The faculty shall have the special charge of the college and farm, and shall, with the consent of the board, make all needful rules and regulations necessary for the government and discipline of the same, regulating the routine of study, labor, meals, duties and exercises necessary to the preservation of morals, health and decorum.
§ 13. All the swamp lands in McLeod county, donated to the agricultural college by act of the legislature approved March twelve, eighteen hundred and sixty-one, shall be deemed to be inviolably set apart and donated for the use and benefit of the agricultural college provided for in this chapter.
§ 14. Whenever the governor shall, upon the recommendation of the Agri
cultural College Board, deem the sale of a part or all of said swamp lands necessary, he shall order the commissioner of the State land office to sell the same, who shall, thereupon, proceed to have the same appraised and sold, in the same manner as school lands are now appraised and sold, except that such lands may be sold at or above any appraised value, not less than two and one half dollars per acre; and all money arising from such sales shall be depositedin the office of the State treasurer, subject to the order of the Agricultural College Board, and be drawn and expended in such manner as they may direct: provided, that none of said moneys shall be expended for any other purpose than the erection of agricultural college buildings upon the farm herein referred to, or the improvement of the farm, or the endowment of the professorships of the college. And until said lands are sold they shall be under the control of the Agricultural College Board, and may be used for the benefit of the college, or may be rented, and the money arising therefrom used for the benefit of the college.
$ 15. The interest of all the moneys and proceeds arising from the sales of all the lands donated to the State of Minnesota by act of congress, approved July second, eighteen hundred and sixty-two, entitled “An act donating public lands to the several states and territories which may provide colleges for the benefit of agriculture and the mechanic arts,” shall be applied and appropriated annually to the maintenance and support of the agricultural college of Minnesota, and the same shall be drawn from the State treasury upon the order of the president of the agricultural board, countersigned by the secretary of the board.
$ 16. When the necessary buildings have been erected and the college provided, the governor shall certify the fact the secretary of the terior, and see that the title to the lands donated by congress to the State, herein referred to, shall be perfected in the State.
As ACT TO INCORPORATE THE NEW HAMPSHIRE COLLEGE OF AGRICULTURE AND
THE MECHANIC Arts.
(Approved July 7, 1866.) Section 1. A college is hereby established, incorporated, and made a body politic and corporate, by the name of the New Hampshire College of Agriculture and the Mechanic Arts, whose leading object shall be, without excluding other scientific and classical studies, and including military tactics, to teach such branches of learning as are related to agriculture and the mechanic arts, in conformity to an act of Congress, entitled “ An Act donating land to the several states and territories which may provide colleges for the benefit of agriculture and the mechanic arts," approved July 2, 1862, and by that name sue and be sued, prosecute and defend to final judgment and execution, and shall be vested with all the powers and privileges, and be subject to all the liabilities, incident to corporations of a similar nature.
§ 2. The general government of this college shall be vested in nine trustees, fre of whom shall be appointed, one from each councillor district, and commissioned by the governor, with the advice of the council, and four of the trustees of Dartmouth College; and be so classified and commissioned that the offices of three trustees shall become vacant annually.
3. The trustees shall appoint a secretary, who shall keep a full and fair record of their proceedings, and a treasurer, who shall give bonds for the faithful discharge of his duties, in such sum as the trustees may require, and may receive such compensation for his services as they may deem reasonable. They shall appoint a faculty of instruction, prescribe their duties, and invest them with such powers for the immediate government and management of the institution as they may deem most conducive to its best interests.
§ 4. No trustee shall receive any compensation for his services, but expenses reasonably incurred shall be paid by the college.
5. The trustees shall make an annual report to the legislature of the finan. cial condition, of the operations and progress of the college, recording any experiments made, with their cost and results, including state, industrial and economical statistics, as may be supposed usefal, one copy of which shall be transmitted by mail, free, to all other colleges which may be endowed under provisions of the act of Congress hereinbefore mentioned, and also one copy to the United States Secretary of the Interior.
9 6. The trustees are authorized and empowered to locate and establish the college incorporated by this act at 'Hanover, in this State, in connection with Dartmouth College, and with that corporation to make all necessary contracts in relation to the terms of connection therewith, subject to be terminated upon notice of one year, given at any time after fourteen years, and to its furnishing to the College of Agriculture and Mechanic Arts the free use of an experimental