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§ 17. The treasurer of the college shall make, as often as once in six months, a detailed report of all receipts and expenditures, and the trustees shall cause the same to be verified by full inspection and settlement of all his accounts, and shall transmit a copy of the same, as verified by them, to the governor and council. The trustees shall also cause to be made annually such report as is required by the fifth section of the act of Congress, and communicate the same as therein provided.

§ 18. The legislature shall have the right to grant any further powers, to alter, limit or restrain any of the powers vested in the trustees of the college established by this act, as shall be judged necessary to promote the best interests thereof. And this act shall take effect upon its approval by the governor.




(Passed March 21, 1856. Section 1. Be it enacted by the General Assembly of Maryland: That after the comptroller shall have sold the said scrip and invested the proceeds thereof as provided by the act of the general assembly, passed at January, 1864, the annual interest or income of said investment shall be regularly paid by him, without diminution, to the Maryland Agricultural College ; and the leading ob. ject of said college shall be, without excluding other scientific and classical studies, and including military tactics, to teach such branches of learning as are related to agriculture and the mechanic arts, in order to promote the liberal and practical education of the industrial classes in the several pursuits and professions of life; and the money so to be received by the said college shall be applied to the objects enumerated in the said act of Congress, and to no other purpose whatsoever; and the said college shall in all respects coinply with the several requirements of said act, as to making and recording experiments, and reporting the same as therein prescribed: Provided, that nothing herein contained shall be construed to prohibit or preclude the general assembly, at any time hereafter, from making any other disposition of said funds, not inconsistent with the act of Congress making said donation.

§ 2. From and after the passage of this act, the State Board of Education shall be ex-officio members of the board of trustees of said college.

NOTE, The Maryland Agricultural College was established in 1857, in Prince George's county, (post office, Agricultural College,) by subscri ons of citizens, mostly engaged in agricultural pursuits. It has received liberal aid from the State, not only towards its annual expense, but in large sums to relieve it from debt. Its past history and future prospects will be given in Part II.





(Approved April 29, 1863., SECTION 1. Marshal P. Wilder, of Dorchester ; Charles G. Davis, of Plymouth; Nathan Durffee, of Fall River; John Brooks, of Princeton; Henry Colt, of Pittsfield; William S. Southworth, of Lowell; Charles C. Sewall, of Medfield; Paoli Lathrop, of South Hadley ; Phinehas Stedman, of Chicopee ; Allen W. Dodge, of Hamilton ; George Marston, of Barnstable; William B. Washburn, of Greenfield ; Henry L. Whiting, of Tisbury; John B. King of Nantucket, their associates and successors, are hereby constituted a body corporate, by the name of the Trustees of the Massachusetts Agricultural College, the leading object of which shall be, without excluding other scientific and classical studies, and including military tactics, to teach such branches of learning as are related to agriculture and the mechanic arts, in order to promote the liberal and practical education of the industrial classes in the several pursuits and professions of life-to be located as hereinafter provided; and they and their successors, and such as shall be duly elected members of said corporation, shall be and remain a body corporate. by that name forever. And for the orderly conducting of the business of said corporation the said trustees shall have power and authority, from time to time, as occasion may require, to elect a president, vice-president, secretary and treasurer, and such other officers of said corporation as may be found necessary, and to declare the duties and tenures of their respective offices; and also to remove any trustee from the same corporation, when, in their judgment, he shall be rendered incapable, by age or otherwise, of discharging the duties of his office, or shall neglect or refuse to perform the same; and, whenever vacancies shall occur in the board of trustees, the legis. lature shall fill the same: provided, nevertheless, that the number of members shall never be greater than fourteen, exclusive of the Governor of the Commonwealth, the secretary of the board of education, the secretary of the board of agriculture, and the president of the faculty, each of whom shall be, ex officio, a member of said corporation.

$ 2. The said corporation shall have full power and authority to determine at what times and places their meetings shall be holden, and the manDer of notifying the trustees to convene at such mectings; and also, from time to time, to elect a president of said college, and such professors, tutors, instructors, and other officers of said college, as they shall judge most for the interest thereof, and to determine the duties, salaries, emoluments, responsibilities and tenures of their several offices. And the said corporation are further empowered to purchase or erect, and keep in repair, such houses and other buildings as they shall judge necessary for the said college; and also to make and ordain, as occasion may require, reasonable rules, orders, and by-laws, not repugnant to the constitution and laws of this Commonwealth, with reasonable penalties, for the good government of the said college, and for the regulation of their own body, and also to determine and regulate the course of instruction in said college, and to confer such appropriate degrees as they may determine and prescribe : provided, nevertheless, that no corporate business shall be transacted at any meeting unless one-half, at least, of the trustees are present.

§ 3. The said corporation may have a common seal, which they may alter or renew at their pleasure, and all deeds sealed with the seal of said corporation, and signed by their order, shall, when made in their corporate name, be considered in law as the deeds of said corporation; and said corporation may sue and be sued in all actions, real, personal or mixed, and may prosecute the same to final judgment and execution, by the name of the Trustees of the Massachusetts Agricultural College ; and said corporation shall he capable of taking and holding fee simple, or any less estate, by gift, grant, bequest, devise, or otherwise, any lands, tenements, or other estate, real or personal: provided, that the clear annual income of the same shall not exceed thirty thousand dollarg.

§ 4. The clear rents and profits of all the estate, real and personal, of which the said corporation shall be seized and possessed, shall he appropriated to the uses of said college, in such manner as shall most effectually promote the objects declared in the first section of this act, and as may be recommended, from time to time, by the said corporation, they conforming to the will of any donor or donors, in the application of any estate which may be given, devised or bequeathed, for any particular object connected with the college.

§ 5. The legislature of this Commonwealth, may grant any further powers to, or alter, limit, annul or restrain, any of the powers vested by this act in the said corporation, as shall be found necessary to promote the best interests of the said college ; and more especially may appoint and establish overseers or visitors of the said college, with all the necessary powers for the better aid, preservation and government thereof. The said corporation shall make an annual report of its condition, financial and otherwise, to the legislature, at the commencement of its session.

$ 6. The board of trustees shall determine the location of said college, in some suitable place within the limits of this Commonwealth, and shall purchase, or obtain, by gift, grant, or otherwise, in connection therewith, a tract of land containing at least one hundred acres, to be used as an experimental farm, or otherwise, so as best to promote the objects of the institution; and in establishing the by-laws and regulations of said college, they shall make such provision for the manual labor of the students on said farm as they may deem just and reasonable. The location, plan of organization, government and course of study prescribed for the college, shall be subject to the approval of the legislature.

8 7. One tenth part of all the moneys which may be received by the state treasurer, from the sale of land scrip, by virtue of the provisions of the one hundred and thirtieth chapter of the acts of the thirty-seventh congress, at the second section thereof, approved July second, eighteen hundred and sixty-two, and of the laws of this Commonwealth, shall be paid to said college, and appropriated towards the purchase of said site or farm: provided, nevertheless, that the said college shall first secure by valid subscriptions or otherwise, the further

eum of seventy-five thousand dollars, for the purpose of erecting suitable buildings thereon; and upon satisfactory evidence that this proviso has been complied with, the governor is authorized, from time to time, to draw his warrants therefor.

§ 8. When the said college shall have been duly organized, located, and established, as and for the purposes specified in this act, there shall be appropriated and paid to its treasurer each year, on the warrant of the governor, two-thirds of the annual interest or income, which may be received from the fund created under and by virtue of the act of congress named in the seventh section of this act, and the laws of this Commonwealth, accepting the provisions thereof, and relating to the same.

9. In the event of a dissolution of said corporation, by its voiuntary act at any time, the real and personal property belonging to the corporation shall revert ard belong to the Commonwealth, to be held by the same and be disposed of as it may see fit, in the advancement of education, in agriculture, and in the mechanic arts. The legislature shall have authority at any time to withhold the portion of the interest or income from said fund provided in said act, whenever the corporation shall cease or fail to maintain a college within the provisions and spirit of this act and the before-mentioned act of congress, or for any cause which they deem sufficient.


(Approved May 11, 1864.) Section 1. The corporate name of the Trustees of the Massachusetts Agricultural College shall be, The Massachusetts Agricultural College.

2. The location, plan of organization, government and course of study, prescribed for said college, shall be subject to the approval of the governor and council.

3. It shall be the duty of the commission authorized by section three of chapter 166, of acts of 1863, to sell from time to time the land scrip which may come into possession of the Commonwealth by virtue of said act, on such terms as the governor and council shall determine.

$ 4. The governor, with the advice and consent of the council, is hereby authorized and instructed to transfer to the Massachusetts Agricultural College one-tenth of the entire amount of land scrip received by the Commonwealth from the United States by virtue of the act of congress of July 2, 1862; and the proceeds from the sale of said land scrip shall be expended only for the purchase of land for the use of said college. If any portion of said proceeds shall remain unexpended after the purchase of a suitable site or farm, for said college, then said college shall pay the same over to the treasurer of the Commonwealth, who shall invest and hold the same as a part of the fund for the promotion of education and the mechanic arts, established by section 4, chap. 166, 1863.

$ 5. To defray the necessary expenses of establishing and maintaining the Massachusetts Agricultural College, there may be advanced from the treasury, to be refunded, as provided in section sixth of this act, the sum of ten thousand dollars, and the governor is hereby authorized to draw his warrant there. for; provided, that the money shall be paid to the treasurer of said college in

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