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1642, when the troops of Charles I reached Brent-
destroyed (B.C. 335) and the citizens massacred by
cribed to them. 76 LxxIII This high-toned and lovely Madrigal is quite in the
style, and worthy of, the 'pure Simonides.' 77 LXXV Vaughan's beautiful though quaint verses should
be compared with Wordsworth's great Ode, No.
CCLXXXVII. 73 Lxxvi Favonius: the spring wind. 79 Lxxvii Themis: the goddess of justice. Skinner was grand
son by his mother to Sir E. Coke :- hence, as pointed out by Mr. Keightley, Milton's allusion to the bench. L. 8: Sweden was then at war with Poland, and
France with the Spanish Netherlands. 81 Lxxix l. 13 Sydneian showers: either in allusion to the
conversations in the 'Arcadia,' or to Sidney himself
as a model of 'gentleness' in spirit and demeanour. 86 Lxxxiv Elizabeth of Bohemia : Daughter to James I, and
ancestor to Sophia of Hanover. These lines are a
fine specimen of gallant and courtly compliment. 87 Lxxxv Lady M. Ley was daughter to Sir J. Ley, afterwards
Earl of Marlborough, who died March, 1628-9, coincidently with the dissolution of the third Parliament of Charles's reign. Hence Milton poetically compares
his death to that of the Orator Isocrates of Athens,
after Philip's victory in 328 B.C. 92 XCII, xcii These are quite a Painter's poems. 96 xcix From Prison: to which his active support of Charles
I. twice brought the high-spirited writer.
Soldier of Fortune in the Seventeenth Century. 103 Waly waly: an exclamation of sorrow, the root and
the pronunciation of which are preserved in the word caterwaul. Brae, hillside : burn, brook : busk, adorn. Saint Anton's well: at the foot of Arthur's Seat by
Edinburgh. Cramasie, crimson. 105
cvi burd, maiden. 106 cviii corbies, crows : fail, turf : hause, neck : theek, thatch.
- If not in their origin, in their present form this and the two preceding poems appear due to the Seventeenth Century, and have therefore been placed in
Book II. 109
The remark quoted in the note to No. XLVII applies equally to these truly wonderful verses, which, like ‘Lycidas,' may be regarded as a test of any reader's insight into the most poetical aspects of Poetry. The general differences between them are vast : but in imaginative intensity Marvell and Shelley are closely related. — This poem is printed as a translation in Marvell's works : but the original Latin is obviously
The most striking verses in it, here quoted as the book is rare, answer more or less to stanzas 2 and 6:
Alma Quies, teneo te! et te, germana Quietis,
Celarunt plantae virides, et concolor umbra.
Milton's astonishing power, that these, the earliest pure Descriptive Lyrics in our language, should still remain the best in a style which so many great poets have since attempted. The Bright and the Thoughtful aspects of Nature are their subjects : but each is preceded by a mythological introduction in a mixed
Classical and Italian manner. The meaning of the first is that Gaiety is the child of Nature ; of the second, that Pensiveness is the daughter of Sorrow and
Cerberus we should read Erebus, who in the My-
Sonnet, No. ccx. 113
is in apposition to the preceding, by a grammat-
cient inusic. 116 cxul 1.
starr'd Ethiop queen : Cassiopeia, the legendary Queen of Ethiopia, and
thence translated amongst the constellations. 117
1. 33 Cynthia : the Moon : her chariot is drawn by
dragons in ancient representations. 118
1. 28 Hermes, called Trismegistus, a mystical writer
of the Neo-Platonist school. 119
5 Thebes &c. : subjects of Athenian Tragedy. Buskin'd (1. 8) tragic. L. 10 Musaeus : a poet in Mythology. L. 15 him that left half-told: Chaucer, in his incomplete ‘Squire's Tale.' L. 22 great bards : Ariosto, Tasso, and Spenser are here intended. L. 29 frounced: curled. The Attic Boy (1. 30)
Cephalus. 121 CXIV Emigrants supposed to be driven towards America by
the government of Charles I.
imaginative hyperbole. 123
1. 2 concent: harmony.
dark Earth and the clouds where she is resting. Au-
ciated. 3 11 1. 1 Amphion's lyre : He was said to have built the
walls of Thebes to the sound of his music.
Time's chest: in which he is figuratively supposed to lay up past treasures. So in Troilus, Act III. Scene 3,
Time hath a wallet at his back' &c. v A fine example of the highwrought and conventional
Elizabethan Pastoralism, which it would be ludicrous to criticise on the ground of the unshepherdlike or unreal character of some images suggested. Stanza 6 was
probably inserted by Izaak Walton. 8 IX This Poem, with xxv and xciv, is taken from Davison's
‘Rhapsody,' first published in 1602. One stanza has been here omitted, in accordance with the principle noticed in the Preface. Similar omissions occur in XLV, LXXXVII, C, CXXVIII, CLXV, CCXXVII, CCXxxv. The more serious abbreviation by which it has been attempted to bring Crashaw's “Wishes' and Shelley's
'Euganean Hills' within the limits of lyrical unity,
published in 1600.
more than one picture by this gorgeous Vision of
Rosaline. 15 XVIII
that fair thou owest: that beauty thou ownest. 19 XXIII
the star Whose worth's unknown, although his height be taken : apparently, Whose stellar influence is uncalculated, although his angular altitude froin the plane of the astrolabe or artificial horizon used by
astrologers has been determined. 21 XXVII keel: skim. 22 xxix expense : waste. 23 XXX Nativity once in the main of light: when a star has
risen and entered on the full stream of light ; -- an