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EMBELLISHMENTS.

F.
1. THE EMPRESS Maria THERESA, and her Minister Frederic the Great—Hogg's Instructor,

68
of State, KAUNITZ, painted by Hanfstaengle, Fenimore Cooper,

207
engraved by Sartain.

Frazer's Magazine, The Critic

,

238
2 Galileo, painted by Wyatt, and engraved by French Authoresses-Bentley's Miscellany, 242
Sartain.

French Criminal Trials-Edinburgh Review, 247
3. The First EARNING, painted by Sir David Wilkie, Ferguson the Plotter-Blackwood's Magazine, 439
and engraved by Sartain.

G.
4. THE EMPEROR NICHOLAS I., engraved by Sartain.
A.

Genius and Writings of Bunyan-See Bunyan.

Gordon, Gen., Career in Russia— Quarterly
Anecdotes of Horses-See Horses.

145
Anecdotes of the Stage-See Stage.

Gracchi, the--Beniley's Miscellany,

229
Adelaide, Court of-Bentley's Miscellany, 348

Glance at the Zoological Gardens,

378
Abelard, Peter-Gentleman's Magazine, 466

Great Battles of the World—Dublin University
B.
Magazine,

471
Bunyan, the Genius and Writings of Eclectic Great Men, Curiosities of— Eliza Cook's Jour-
Review,

1
nal,

500
Bird's Eye View of English Literature-sce

H.
English.
Book-Trade, London-- Westminster Review, . 188 Horses, Anecdotes of–Bentley's Miscellany, . 20
Bologna, Napoleonic Gallery at,

214 Hamilton, Sir Wm. (by De Quincey,)Hogg's
British Statesmanship, Prospects of,
323 Instructor,

82
Blair, Robert,

: 368 Harem, Visit to, at Tunis-Sharpe's Magazine, 49
Bombay-Dickens' Household Words, 460 Heavens, the Visible,

438
Battles, the Great,
471 History of the Times Newspaper,

454
C.

Heine, his Works and Times—— Tait's Magazine, 481

Helps, Mr., Essays ofBlackwood's Magazine, 502
Career, Gen. Gordon's in Russia-See Gordon.
Carlyle, Thomas—North British Review, 154

I. J. K.
Commerce of Literature See Book Trade.

Japanese Expedition-Sharpe's Magazine, 420
Cretins, and their Benefactor-Bentley's Mis-

Incendiary, the Chambers's Journal.
cellany, :

201
Cooper, Fenimore-Eclectic Review,

Impostore, the Three Dauphins-See Dauphin.

207
Career of Schwarzenberg,

216

L
Criminal Trials, Modern,

247 Lives of John Stunning and the Duke of Smith
Correspondence of Mallet du Pan,.
267 - Bentley's Miscellany,

12
Chalmers, Memoirs of_North British Review, 289 Lord Palmerston and his Policy-See Palmer-
Cardinal Mezzofanti,

402 ston,
Composition of Great Men-Eliza Cook's Jour-

London Book-Trade, Westminster Review, 188
nal,

500 Last Revel, the-Chambers's Edinburgh Jour-
D.
nal,

221
Descartes, his historical position--Eclectic Re-

Literature of the Northern Nations, British
view, .

39
Quarterly Review,

311
Delta, (Moir)—Tait's Magazine,

376

La Plata and Rosas–See Rosas.
Dauphin Impostors--Literary Gazette, 551

Literary Miscellanies, 141, 285, 429.

Life of Marshal Soult-See Soult.
E.

“ Descartes, -See Descartes.
English Literature, Bird's Eye View of— Hogg's

" Frederic the Great-See Frederic.
Instructor,

137

Edgar A. Poe-See Poe.
Edinburgh, Vacant Chair in- Frazer's Maga-

Mallet du Pan-See Mallet.
zine,

388

Niebuhr-See Niebuhr.
Expeditions, Japanese, :

426

Blair-See Blair.
English and American Education Literary “ Mezzofanti-See Mezzofanti.
Gazette,

425 “ Schwarzenberg-See Schwarzenberg.
Essays
of Mr. HelpsBlackwood, :

502

Rosas-See Rosas.
Elba, Napoleon's Return from—See Napoleon

Ferguson-See Ferguson,

.

.

.

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171

355

.

.

.

Life of Moir-See Delta.

R.
Chalmers-See Chalmers.
Heine-See Heine.

Reminiscences of a Mam of the World - Bentley's
Miscellany,

57, 331
M.

Roger, Sir, De Coverly- Quarterly Review, . 76
Man of the World-See Reminiscences.

Recollections of Moore--Dublin University
Moore, Recollections of—Dublin University

Magazine,

91
Magazine,

Russia, Gen. Gordon's Career in-See Gordon.

91
Margaret Fuller Ossoli-
Sharpe's Magazine,

Rosas, Don Manuel de-Bentley's Miscellany, 352
Modern French Criminal Trials,

Recollections of a Police Officer. See Mono-

247
Mallet du Pan, Memoirs ofEdinburgh Review, 267

maniac.
Memoirs of Dr. Chalmers-North British Re.

Representative Men-Eclectic Review,

360
view,

Religious Poets of the Eighteenth and Nine.

289
Monomaniac, the-Chambers's Journal,

teenth Centuries-- Hogg's Instructor,

368
Moir, David Macbeth— Tait's Magazine,

Rosas and La Plata—Dublin University Maga-

376
Midnight MassBentley's Miscellany,

zine,

406
395
Mezzofanti, Cardinal-Chambers's Journal,

Rochester's, Lord, Poems,

512
402 Recollections of a Police officer-See' Incen.
MISCELLANIES. -Coffee, 11 ; Siamese Royalty, 15;

diary.
The Countess Bocarmé, 48; The Koh-i-noor, 67;

S.
Moore's Journal, 75; Sir Stratford Canning, 90; Soult, Marshal - Hogg's Instructor,

16
French Literature for 1851, 119; Anecdote of Sir Roger de Coverly-Quarterly Review, 76
Campbell, 153 ; The French University, 206 ; The Sterling and Carlyle-North British Review, 154
Widow of Marshal Soult, 228 ; Tom Moore, 237; Stage, Anecdotes of.–Dublin University Maga-
Wonders, 241 ; Spurious Relics, 465; Auguste

zine,

178
Comte, 480; Power's Eve, 499.

Switzerland, Cretins of,

201
Schwarzenberg, Career ofBeniley's Mis-
N.
cellany,

216
Nineteenth Century, English Literature in-See

Statesmanship, British-North British Review, 323
English Literature.

Schwarzenberg, Felix-Tait's Magazine, 372
Napoleonic Picture Gallery-Sharpe's Maga-

Somerset and Overbury Tragedy-Chambers's
zine,

214
Edinburgh Journal,

516
Northern Literature
---British Quarterly Rio-

T.
view,

311
Theresa Maria,

140
Niebuhr, Life of— Blackwood's Magazine,
337 Tales of the Coast Guard—See Last Rezel

.
Nell Gwyn-Gentleman's Magazine,
515 Times, the-Critic,

454
Napoleon's return from Elba--Eclectic Review, 632

U. V. W.
0. P. Q.

Visit to a Harem at Tunis–Sharpe's Maga-
zine, .

49
Ossoli, Margaret Fuller-Sharpe's Magazine, 171 Warburton, Works of—-'English Review, 109
Overbury, Sir Thomas—See Somerset.

Unsuccessful Great Men—The Gracchi-Bent-
P.
ley's Miscellany,

229

Visit to the Court of Queen Adelaide, 348
Poe, Edgar A.-Tait's Magazine,

115 Vacant Chair in Edinburgh-Frazer's Maga-
Palmerston, Lord, and his Policy, Westmin.
ster Review,

zine,

388
Picture Gallery of the Napoleons,

120 University Education, English and American
Popular French Authoresses-Bentley's Mis-

Literary Gazette,

425

Visible Heavens, the-- Eclectic Review, 433
cellany,

242
Prospects of British Statesmanship, North

Works of Heinrich Heine--Tait's Magazine, 492
British Review,

323

X. Y. Z.
Poets, Religious,

368 Zoological Gardens, Glance at-Bentley's
Peter Abelard,
466 Miscellany,

375

.

.

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The three greatest natural geniuses of Britain, and fallacy liable to the exposure and revershitherto, have been a player, a tinker, and a al of the Almighty himself. gauger, Shakspeare, Bunyan and Burns. It

Shakspeare might have been a chimneyis marvellous to think of the Divinæ particula sweep instead of a stage-player; Burns might aura passing by palaces and courts as in scorn, have been a hind instead of a farmer holding and shedding its selectest influences on heads his own plough; and Bunyan a camp-suttler, not only uncrowned, but actually loaded by a instead of a soldier in the parliamentary army. penumbra of contempt, and the "foregone It had been the same to the great breath, conclusion" of three of the most unpoetical which, in poetry as in religion, seems to of professions. Marvellous, and yet not, search about, to wait long, and to “ return perhaps, to remain for ever unparalleled ; for according to its circuits,” in order, by choswould our readers believe, that the three ing the weak and the base things, yea, and most rising poets of our day are a brewer, a the very nonentities of this world, to bring wine merchant, and a seller of shawls ? to nought the things that are, and to conVerb. sal. sap.

found the things that are mighty. The walls Facts like these prove unquestionably, that of the seventh heaven of invention are not poetry is a gift, not an art; that poeta nas- to be scaled by mere ambition, or art; incitur non fit; that genius, like the will of spiration, if genuine, descends from above, that Being of whose breath it is a minor in- and in descending, must, like the lightning, spiration, is sovereign, and like the wind, be permitted its own proud and imperial bloweth where it listeth; and that to feel choice. contempt for any lawful trade is a vulgarism Let, then, the stage-player, the tinker,

and the gauger, appear for a moment togeth* The Works of John Bunyan, with

an Introduction to each Treatise, Notes, and a Sketch of his and Spaniard looking man, with tall forehead,

er upon our stage. The first is a swarthy Offer, Esq. Vols

. I and II, royal 8vo. Glasgow: sharp sidelong eyes, dark hair curling over Blackie and Son,

his lips and chin, and firm deep out nostri). VOL. XXVI. NO. J.

1

The second has a fresh complexion, auburn | storm and splendor. Burns, after many a locks, round brow, hair on his upper lip after vain attempt to rally against the misfortunes the old English fashion, and sparkling glow- and sins of his life and temperament, fell ing eyes, not the least like those of a dreamer, down at last their proud recalcitrating victim, but resembling rather the eyes of “some dying and making but dubious signs; while hot amourist” as John Woodvil hath it. The John Bunyan, strong in supernal might, victhird has a broad low brow palpitating with torious over his tendencies, having bound thought and suffering, eyes, shivering in his very madness in chains, and turned his their great round orbs with emotion, like the tears and tortures into the elements of hope star Venus in the orange west, nostril slightly and triumph, crossed the black river, sing. curved upward, dusky skin, black masses of ing in concert with the shining ones, and hair, and dimpled, undecisive chin and cheek. passed into eternity, perfect through sufferAll three have imagination as their leading ing, and resembling rather one of its own faculty, but that of the player is wide as the native children than a poor burdened sinner Globe; that of the tinker is intense, almost from the City of Destruction. Philosophers to lunacy; and that of the gauger is narrow might speculate long and vainly on the causes and vivid as a stream of forked lightning of those very different destinies. Our theory All three have strong intellect, but the in- is the simple Christian one:—God endowed tellect of the one is capacious, that of the the three with almost commensurate powers, other casuistic, and that of the third clear. but one only, through patient struggle and All are partially educated, but Shakspeare's solemn search, reached the blessed hope and culture is that of the society of his age, new life of Christianity. And we come to Bunyan's that of solitary reading, and Burns' the farther analysis and illustration of of a compound of both. All are men of Bunyan's genius, with this exulting thought “one Book," Shakspeare's being the universe, we are not about to speak of a ray which Bunyan's the Bible, and Burns' the ballad has wandered, or even of a magnificent world poetry of Scotland. All are men of intensely unfinished, unnamed, unbaptised of God, but ardent temperament, which in Shakspeare is of a star once astray, but which returned subdued by the width of the mind in which and received a place in the great galaxy of the furnace glows, which in Bunyan becomes the worshipping and boly heavens. a purged flame, but which in poor Burns It is curious to mark the slow and gradual bursts out of all restraint into a destructive progress of this man's fame, when compared conflagration. In the works of all, inateriem with the rapid growth of his reputation. It superat opus, the genius of Shakspeare flaming was to some extent the same with Shakspeare out of mean structures of farce and tragi- and Burns. William Shakspeare was very comedy, Bunyan's power overflowing the popular in his lifetime, for the sake of the banks of narrow controversial treatises, and humor and geniality of his plays, but it took the great soul of Burns o'er-informing the a century or two for the world to see that he tenement of fugitive poems, jeux d'esprits, was the greatest poet that ever lived. Burns' satires, and semi-scandalous ballads. All wild and witty and pathetic poems pervaded sprang from the people, but while Shakspeare all Scotland like the winds of April, as swift and Burns belonged to its upper stratum, and as soft; put forty years had to pass ere Bunyan appeared amid its lowest dregs, like Carlyle ventured to pronounce him the first a new creation amid the slush of chaos. All man, in genius, his country had ever prohad something of a religious tendency, but duced. Bunyan's first part of the “ Pilgrim" while in Shakspeare it takes a vague diffusive was speedily translated into other languages, form, and in Burns never amounts to much as well as widely circulated in his own; but more than what he himself calls an idiot nearly two hundred years revolved ere any piety," in Bunyan it becomes a deep burning critic was hardy enough to call it a work of principle of thought and action, at once genius. Previously to this it was named and swallowing up and sanctifying his native praised with misgiving, and in cold and timid genius.

terms. “ Wonderful book for a tinker; clever The fate of the three was curious and allegory; pity it is so Calvinistic; considercharacteristic. Shakspeare, the sublime stage able dramatic power in it; an excellent book dlayer, outliving his early self, with those for the vulgar.” Such were some of the vsterious errors which are partially revealed morceaux of criticism with which the eight's sonnets, subsided into a decent, retired, eenth century bestrewed it. Dr. Johnson, 'ulgent gentleman, like a dull, sleepy, to be sure, praised it for its invention and the

"vening following a day of blended l conduct of its story, but laid too much stress upon the mere popularity it had acquired ; | he saw visions as well as dreamed dreams, and and though he compared its opening passage that this perilous faculty did not unhinge his to the first lines of Dante, he seemed igno- mind, owing to the strength of his bodily rant of the author's other works, and pro- constitution, the simplicity of his habits, and bably regarded the “ Pilgrim's Progress" as that vigorous intellect which burned yet was a kind of lusus nature- an exception and not consumed amid the blaze of bis imaginnot an expression of the general character of ation. But if ever a man since the prophets the author's mind. Scott says of it, in rather of Israel deserved, in a lower sense, the name a disparaging tone, that "it rarely fails to of “ seer,” it was John Bunyan. It was as make an impression upon children and per- if his brain throbbed and thought in his eye, sons of the lower rank of life.” Campbell every motion of which seemed "scintillating compares Bunyan to Spenser, but it is with soul" If this objectiveness might be termed a patronizing air, and he seems to start back, diseased, it was the divine disease of Dante, affrighted, at the sound himself hath made." of Spenser, and of Michael Angelo—a disCowper, indeed, long before, had sung the ease perfectly compatible with strength of " Ingenious Dreamer," in worthy strains ; judgment, and even with severity of purpose but it required the tongue of Coleridge, the--but the infection of which has, unfortupens of Macaulay, and Montgomery, and ately, not been perpetuated, for the two, the pencils of Martin, Melville, and David who in modern times most resembled him in Scott, not to speak of the excellent lives by this quality, wanting Bunyan's ballast, bePhilip, Southey, and others, fairly to elevate came morbid, if not mad. We refer to Blake him to that position, as an unconscious artist, and Shelley. In Bungan, at the period at whence it were hopeless now to dislodge him, least when he wrote his works, it was a power and before which the intellectual and the healthy as the vision of the eagle, and yet Christian world universally and emulously peculiar and inimitable as the eyeless intuibend. We are not sure but the history of all lions of clairvoyance—that blind goddess works of profound genius and permanent who is reported to see so far. influence is precisely similar. They are not, In close connexion with, and dependence in general, as Wordsworth thinks, ignored on, this peculiar faculty, is his child-like or despised at first, but consisting, as all simplicity, or unconsciousness of self. This great productions must, of the splendid and is, we think, always connected with real sight. the deep, the bright foam above and the Who is proud of the landscape which he bestrong billow below, their brilliance attracts holds, however pleased he may be with the in their own age, while their profounder spectacle? To one who actually sees, there qualities fascinate the future. It was so with is nothing for it but a crya Eureka~if he Homer, with Æschylus, with Sophocles, does not first fall down as a dead man. He with Lucretius, with Dante, with Spenser, may, indeed, afterwards begin to speculate with Milton, with Dryden, with Cowper, on the power and perspicacity of his eye; with Byron, with Wordsworth himself. 'Ali but he will have little leisure and less inclinthese obtained reputation in their lifetimes, ation to pursue this, if visions after visions, for properties in their writings of interest, new and varied, continue to press forward in or elegance, or oddity, or splendor, which panoramic vividness and succession upon his were not their rarest or most characteristic, soul. As to “dare, and to dare, and to dare," and all afterwards grew up to that fame, was Danton's method for a revolutionist, so which now “waits like a menial" on their to “see, and to see, and to see,” till the eye immortal names. To this there are except- be shut in death, or rather opened on eternal ions, but we believe it to be the rule, and a realities, is the method and the history of a rule, moreover, in strict accordance with the poet. principles which prevail through the universe. Nay, the fact that these sights are frequentWe see long before we can weigh the star. ly terrific and bewildering, is itself enough to

In analyzing the mind of Bunyan, the first check, if not to crush, the vanity of vision, quality which strikes us is the thorough And how often must the dreamer, as he equality and almost identity of the subject- awakes, like Jacob, exclaim—"How dreadful ive and the objective. Not only are thought is this place;” and not always, like Jacob, be and imagery one, but imagery and reality able to add—“It is none other than the gate seem one also. He does not think, but im- of heaven !" Perhaps rather he has been led agine-not imagine, but see. We have no past the mouth of the pit, and his cry has doubt whatever, that many of his pictures, been not that of exultation, but of anguish like Blake's, stood out from the eye; that I and despair.

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