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has taken place in the relative position of the two great divisions of the Old World—of the East and the West In former days, Europe had to contend against successive invasions of the savage hordes of Asia; she now is prepared to send forth, in return, a countless host, armed with no other weapons than civilization, enterprize and industry. Having wandered over a great part of Asia Minor, and the European provinces of Turkey, we must be of opinion that no necessity exists for the crowded inhabitants of Western Europe to cross the seas and seek a home in the wilds of America and California, when a pilgrimage of a few weeks will bring them to countries affording all the advantages of new lands to the industrious settler. When the tide of emigration once begins to flow, which will take place sooner or later, the Powers of Europe must lend their aid to encourage, even though pecuniary sacrifices should be demanded, if they would stifle the hydra of insurrection, generated by the want of such employment as may obtain subsistence. Nations, as well as individuals, as they increase in prosperity, find their wants and desires multiply; hence the advancement of any new State in the scale of civilization and commercial industry, accelerates the progress of its neighbours; an interchange of mutual productions must succeed; a thousand luxuries are required, by the wealthy tasking the ingenuity of the industrious classes to produce them, and employing thousands of inventive operatives in their manufacture. If, by any unforeseen accident, wealthy England, now confessedly at the head of the industry and commerce of the world, were to sink into comparative indigence, the shock would be felt in every trading country throughout the globe, and retard the progress of nations for centuries. Turkey, isolated in its own exclusiveness, and professing a creed at variance with that of the majority of its subjects, has remained to the present day a terra incognita to the rest of Europe; her vast resources have lain dormant, and destitute of any commercial activity, or, indeed, of any principle to give a progressive impetus to her people. Thus the finest countries in our hemisphere have gradually become depopulated ; and, before we can expect to reap any great and increasing advantage from them, we must send a new people, endowed with intelligence, enterprize, and industry, in order to give life and vigour to the few remaining inhabitants; and this can be best achieved by bringing into operation some well-conceived system of emigration from among the intelligent denizens of Western Europe, whose rulers must be deeply interested in the result. Are not these powers embarrassed by the immense disproportion between the amount of labour, and the demand for its productions 2 Will not this plan open a new path to the capital and industry of their subjects? Is it not, therefore, imperative upon them to direct their attention to these long-neglected countries, so fruitful in resources, and so necessary for giving an impetus to the trade and industry in their own dominions 2 They should commence by enforcing a system of government, in accordance with the spirit of the age, and at once erect those beautiful provinces of European Turkey, containing so many millions of their Christian brethren, into a Christian monarchy, under the rule of the Sultan. A treaty should be concluded with the Ottoman Porte, providing for the reception of their respective colonies; and what emigrant, when an equitable form of government was established, would not prefer seeking a home in countries lying within a few weeks journey from his native land, to expatriating himself beyond the seas, separated for ever from his kindred 2 and such countries, where the orange and the lemon, the vine and the fig, the cotton and the maize, with every species of grain and plant, peculiar to the most favoured clime, arrive to the highest perfection. In Servia, we already see a decided improvement in the habits and manners of that portion of the inhabitants located on the banks of the Danube, unquestionably the effect of steam navigation; and this advance in their social condition must continue, now that the enterprize of the West is rapidly bringing the lights of art and science to the benighted East. Let some modern Cadmus, who would immortalize his name, who has the means, the energy and the intellectual capacity, place himself at the head of this emigration movement, and ere a brief space elapses, we shall see the swineherd of to-day transform his hut into the stately edifice; for is he not the lord of a thousand acres, and will not their produce be a mine of inexhaustible wealth 2 and may not magnificent towns succeed the straggling village, the lowly hamlet, and instead of the shepherd ranging the mountains and the forest from early dawn to dewy eve, millions of civilized men will be engaged in the varied occupations of active life, when the Danube and the Save, and the Morava, and other navigable streams, will bear on their limpid waters innumerable steam-boats, laden with the commerce of the world. If the Anglo-Saxon of a New World projects his rail, and extends it to thousands of miles, we of the Old World must consider ourselves fallen into the decrepitude of age, if we cannot extend the ramifications of our rail beyond the confines of Europe. Nay, we cannot suppose that the enterprizing capitalists of Western Europe will pause, till they have abridged the distance from their own capitals to Constantinople and Teheran, ay, even beyond the Indus to Calcutta to within a few weeks tour. What a perspective of wealth does not this picture open to the trade and industry of the Old World? What a change must then take place in the deserted countries of Asia? Then these valleys, rich with the waving corn, will smile in glad fertility, their hills be crowned with vineyards, their mountains with flocks and herds, their rivers be rendered navigable, and their vast marshes converted into fruitful meadows. When every man is engaged in trade or commerce, the general interest being at stake, must render war an event nearly impossible; the labourer also being amply requited for his industry, will have no cause to plot sedition, we shall then see realized such an equality between man and man, as the visionary theorist never will accomplish, and a universal peace spread over the earth, which the glowing oratory of well-meaning enthusiasts will never be able to effect. On leaving Alexinitz, my kind hosts, Mr. Gutch and Mr. Davies, accompanied me for several miles on my route, both capitally mounted, and appeared to great advantage, with English saddles and bridles. Mr. Davies exhibited a most imposing exterior to the astonished Servians; his costume being the English hunting dresss—carlet jacket, top-boots and cap; profound indeed was the respect they exhibited to a Frank so habited, concluding him, no doubt, to be in his own country at least a Pacha with three tails, as they bowed to the earth when we passed. My friends amused themselves at the expense of Georgy and myself, maliciously wishing us transported to Hyde Park, or Regent Street, in our present dress, not forgetting to picture the wonder and laughter our travelling apparatus would excite. In compliance with the advice of Georgy, who acted not only as my kiraidji, but in these matters as my preceptor, I had added an additional number of little bags with provender, especially dried fruits, and filled my leathern bottles with a fresh supply of wine and raki; as Georgy exerted all his eloquence to convince me that, as we were now about to enter the country of the infidels, we ran a fair chance of being either starved or murdered. To guard against the latter most unde

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