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“ military expense, and preserve their troops from “ inaction and relaxation of discipline;--that the 6 weak state of the Rohillas promised an easy

conquest of them; and, finally, that such was “ his idea of the Company's distress at home, “ added to his knowledge of their wants abroad, " that he should have been glad of any occasion “ to employ their forces, which saved so much of “ their pay and expenses.”

That, in the private verbal agreement aforesaid for offensive war, the said Warren Hastings did transgress the bounds of the authority given him by his instructions from the Council of Fort-William, which had limited his powers to such compacts “ as were consistent with the spirit of the Com

pany's orders ;" which Council he afterwards persuaded, and with difficulty drew into an acquiescence in what he had done.

That the agreement to the effect aforesaid was settled in the said secret conferences, before the 10th of September 1773; but the said Warren Hastings, concealing from the Court of Directors a matter, of which it was his duty to afford them the earliest and fullest information, did, on the said 10th of September 1773, 'write to the Directors, and dispatched his letter over land, giving them an account of the publick treaty, but taking not the least notice of his agreement for a mercenary war against the nation of the Rohillas.


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That, in order to conceal the true purport of the said clandestine agreement the more effectually, and until he should find means of gaining over the rest of the Council to a concurrence in his disobedience of orders, he entered a minute in the Council books, giving a false account of the transaction; in which minute he represented, that the Nabob had indeed proposed the design aforesaid, and that he (the said Warren Hastings) was pleased that he urged the scheme of this expedition no farther, when in reality and truth, he had absolutely consented to the said enterprise, and had engaged to assist him in it (which he afterwards admitted) and confessed that he did act in consequence of the same.

That the said Warren Hastings and his Council were sensible of the true nature of the enterprise, in which they had engaged the Company's arms, and of the heavy responsibility, to which it would subject himself and the Council," the per“sonal hazard they, the Council, run, in under“ taking so unconimon a measure without positive “ instructions at their own risk, with the eyes of " the whole nation on the affairs of the Company, “ and the passions and prejudices of almost every

man in England inflamed against the conduct of " the Company, and the character of its ser“ vants;"> yet they engaged in the very practice, which had brought such odium on the Company,

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and on the character of its servants, though they further say, that they had continually before their eyes the dread of forfeiting the favour of their employers, and becoming the “ objects of popular “ invectives.” The said Warren Hastings himself says, at the very time when he proposed the measure,

" I must confess, I entertain some doubts as to its expediency at this time, from the circumstances of the Company at home, exposed to popular clamour, and all its measures liable to " be canvassed in Parliament; their Charter

drawing to a close, and His Majesty's ministers

unquestionably ready to take advantàge of every “ unfavourable circumstance in the negotiations of « its renewal." All these considerations did not prevent the said Warren Hastings from making and carrying into execution the said mercenary agreement for a sum of money, the payment of which the Nabob endeavoured to evade on a construction of the verbal treaty; and was so far from being insisted on, as it ought to have been, by the said Warren Hastings, that when, after the completion of the service, the Commander in Chief was directed to make a demand of the money, the agent of the said Warren Hastings at the same time assured the Nabob,“ that the demand was “ nothing more than matter of form, common, and “ even necessary in all publick transactions; and " that, although the Board considered the claim

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« of the Government literally due, it was not the “ intention of administration to prescribe to his “ Excellency the mode or even limits of payment.Nor was any part of the money recovered until the establishment of the Governour-General and Council by Act of Parliament, and their determination to withdraw the brigade from the Nabob's service : the Resident at his Court, appointed by the said Warren Hastings, having written that he had experienced much duplicity and deceit in most of his transactions with his Excellency; and the said 'Nabob and his successours falling back in other payments in the same or greater proportion, as he advanced in the payment of this debt; the consideration of lucre to the Company, the declared motive to this shameful transaction, totally failed, and no money in effect and substance (as far as by any account to be depended on appears) has been obtained.

That the said Nabob of Oude did, in consequence of the said agreement, and with the assistance of British troops, which were ordered to march, and subjected to his disposal by the said Warren Hastings and the Council, unjustly enter into and invade the country of the Rohillas, and did there make war in a barbarous and inhuman manner, " by an abuse of victory;" " by the unne

cessary destruction of the country;" " by a ** wanton display of violence and oppression, of

“ inhumanity $ inhumanity and cruelty ;” and “ by the sudden “ expulsion and casting down of an whole race of “ people, to whom the slightest benevolence was “ denied.” When prayer was made not to dishonour the Begum (a princess of great rank, whose husband had been killed in battle) and other women, by dragging them about the country, to be loaded with the scoffs of the Nabob's rabble, and otherwise still worse uscd, the Nabob refused to listen to the entreaties of a British commander in chief in their favour; and the said women of high rank were exposed not only to the vilest personal indignities, but even to absolute want; and these transactions being by Colonel Champion communicated to the said Warren Hastings, instead of commendations for his intelligence, and orders to redress the said evils, and to prevent the like in future by means, which were suggested, and which appear to have been proper and feasible, he received a reprimand from the said Warren Hastings, who declared that we had no authority to control the conduct of the Vizier in the treatment of his subjects : and that Colonel Champion desisted from making further representations on this subject to the said Warren Hastings, being apprehensive of having already run some risk of displeasing by perhaps a too free communication of sentiments. -That, in consequence of the said proceedings, ņot only the eminent families of the chiefs of the


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