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this repugnancy in the co-existence of the two dispensatiors consists wholly and solely in the limited and imperfect nature of the one, and the unlimited perfection of the other. In this sense-only it is, that the existence of Judaism is inconfiftent with that of christianity; and in this sense indeed the fuppofition of their co-existence is a contradiction; but then 'tis notorious, that the existence of this contradiction has no manner of relation to the meer exercise of the acts of the Jewish worship, and therefore can have no kind of dependance upon the ruin or restoration of the temple. In short, this fancy of a neceffary connexion between the temple-edifice, and the being of christianity, puts one in mind of a like connexion, which the honeft yeoman of Kent fancied there was between Tenterden steeple and Goodwin sands. Upon the whole we may safely conclude, that this pretended christianity which is of such an unsubstantial nature, that it must necessarily vanish at the restoration of the temple, can be nothing else but a meer ghost, conjured up by the force of our author's magical circle, drawn from the nature of the two dispensations to the prophecies, and round about again from the prophecies to the nature of the two dispensations. But if it be a ghoft, it is evidently the ghost of departed Judaism.'

He proceeds foon after, in the way of ridicule, as follows. • In effect, says he, if this doctrine of the final destruction of the temple be so clearly revealed, and evidently deduced from scripture, and at the same time of such prime importance to the being of christianity as our author hath suggested ; then it must be a necessary funda. mental article of the christian faith, and consequently both the creeds, as they stand at present in our liturgy, are defective in this respect, for no such article is to be found in either of them. On the contrary, they must unavoidably lead us into a fundamental error on this head ; for it is plainly supposed in both as they now fand, that this kingdom of Christ had its first beginning while he was upon earth, and in consequence of that, immediately after the ascension, he is said to be placed at the right-hand of God, that is, upon the throne of this kingdom ; after which follows the article concerning the general judgment.

- This charm then ought undoubtedly to be filled up; which, with all due deference to my superiors, may, I think, be done by inserting into the larger or Nicene creed' come such words as these : ? He ascended into heaven, and


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fat at the right-hand of the father. Whence he came in majesty and power to judge the Jewish nation, when his kingdom had its first beginning, and from thence he shall come in person to judge both the quick and dead, whose kingdom shall have no ending.' It will be likewise fitting that a proper day be set a-part for the celebration of this important festival, and a suitable collečt drawn up for the occafion, whereby we may be annually put in mind to offer up our prayers to almighty God, returning him our unfeigned thanks for raising his church out of the ruins of the temple of Jerusalem, and humbly befeeching him that he would please to continue the inestimable bleffing of this his kingdom upon earth, and so to watch over his mountain of Zion, as finally to prevent the restoration of that temple for the purpose of Jewish worship.

• Every body sees that the present juncture is very favourable for making this new improvement, now the calendar is to be altered in pursuance to the late act for changing the style ; and I hope the whole will be thought a proper subject for the care of those ingenious and pious gentlemen, who are at present fo laudably employed in reforming all parts of the liturgy by their curious disquisitions.'

The attempt of the emperor Julian to rebuild the temple of Jerusalem, our author reserves to be considered in the next part of his Review.

ART. vi. Remarks upon a Treatise, intitled, Free and candid

Disquisitions, relating to the Church of England, &c. In fome Letters to a worthy Dignitary of the Church of Wells. Wherein an Attempt towards a Discovery of the true aad real Design of the Disquisitions, is humbly submitted to the Consideration of the serious and thinking Members of the Establishment. Part the SECOND. By a Presbyter of the Church of England. Odavo, 3s. Innys.

the first part of the performance now before us, oựr

author is at great pains to shew that the proposal for altering the frame of our liturgy, and for contracting the three services into one, is neither expedient, prudent, or juftifiable ;--that the reasons assigned for the alteration, are by no means of weight fufficient to warrant it that the ob jections made to the length of our services, to the repetitions in them; to the manner in which they are generally read,



and to the fancied defects and corruptions in them, are idle, trifting, and groundlefs ;--that the length of them, the repetitions in them, and the manner in which they are read (whether at distinct times or otherwise) are clearly justified from the practice of the primitive christians, in the purest ages of the church ;-that, the little blemishes or defects complained of, are really no defects at all ; at least of too little moment to make alterations necessary, they being very inoffenfive, and far from giving the least countenance to popery, to vice, or impiety ;---that the alteration proposed (viz. contracting the three fervices into one) is a manifest deviation from the practice of the first and purest ages of the church and has an evident tendency to deface the remembrance of the antient hours of prayer, and the antient piety and devetion of the firt christians ;---that it has actually been once a means of introducing amongst us, such a scene of mifery, confufion and impiety, as no one, who hath the least regard for our establishment, can think of but with horror and deteftation ;---and consequently that it is so far: from being likely to promote the ends of true piety, devotion, charity, inftruction, &c. that it would, in all probability, be a means to put an end to that little sense of religion, which is left among us.

After this he proceeds to point out the true and real defign of the disquisitions'; a design, which, unless timely prevented, bids fair, he says, to overturn our constitution in church and state. Hear what he says.

• The present design, says he, indeed has been carried on with fuch fecrecy, that it is difficult, if not impracticable, to trace the beginnings of it, or to look through the whole contrivance. However facts are an evidence beyond exception; and upon a supposition or two, which are not unreafonable, we may possibly be able to make some discoveries, which may serve to awaken the serious and thinking members of the eftablifhment.

• Firft then, let us suppose, that a set of men, who see parate from our communion, are not thoroughly pleased with their present situation ; that a bare indulgence, to exercise their religion, is not fufficient to content subjects, who infift upon the most zealous attachment to the civil conftitution. In this case, they will naturally think of proper expedients, whereby they may be admitted into, and enjoy the full privileges of the establishment. an attempt of this kind must be attended with great diffi


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culties, they will as naturally act with the utmost caution. They will consequently conclude, that it would be very imprudent, as Dilsenters, to apply to the government for privileges; for any thing more than religious liberties, the consequence of applications and addresses of that kind, and from that quarter, being of too late a date to be forgotten. Let us therefore in the next place, fuppofe

6 2. That a select number of those gentlemen, who could could be intrusted with a secret, met together, and resolved to address their governors in the capacity of dutiful fons of the church. But when or how, it will be asked, could they possibly think, that such a scheme was feasible ? Let us therefore suppose, what is not to be denied.

“3. That several of the separation, have lately accepted of preferment in the church; that some of them (some of them, I say ; for I would by no means suggest, that all of them are insincere, being well assured that many of them, and those of the highest order in the church, are true friends, and real ornaments to the present establishment) still retain some secret veneration for their old friends, and their old principles, in which they were educated. In this case, there will be no difficulty to imagine, that such men would readily come into the scheme of the disquisitors, and suffer their names to be made use of, and annexed (when occafion should require) to any petitions, which they should think proper to present to their governors for the ease of tender and fcrupulous consciences. This dificulty being removed, let us suppose,

4. That other expedients were thought of, which inight be serviceable to promote the scheme, and carry it into execution. An affair of such an important nature would require to be conducted with great prudence. An established church is not to be overturned, nor any considerable alterations to be made in a constitution, without some reasons asiign’d; without some plausible arguments, at least, for the necessity of it. Let us suppose therefore, that in the fame pious, conscientious, and loyal committee, it was resolved,

5. That all the old objections, against the liturgy and the constitution, should be collected together, and drawn up in such a plausible manner, as not to be easily obviated by common readers; that in this performance, no complaints or objections should be offered, but in the most humble and inoffenfive manner ; feldom any thing proposed, but in


the submissive form of queries, or in the frongest expresfions of candour, of duty, and obedience to their governors. 1 shall only trouble you with one supposition more. The objrétions, queries, and proposals, being thus collected, and put together, let us suppote,

6. A bold, conceitedi, pedant at the head of a famous academy, haranguing his brethren and friends to the following purpose ;

After this we are presented with a long oration, carried on thro' no less tlian fifty pages, and according to our author's account, made up chiefly of extracts from the disquisitions, &c. or inferences clearly deducible from thein. It may not be improper to present our readers with a few paffages from this oratio!, which, if they do not greatly edity, will at least divert. It begins as follows:

· Gentlemer, s. It is now near a full century, since our pious, perfecuted ancestors, and ourselves, have laboured under great difficulties, civil and religious. In a mild government founded upon the principles of liberty, I am confident, you will agree with me, that the best of subjects ought to be particularly regarded ; and considering the counterance and indulgence, with which we have long been, favoured by the best of princes, we have no reason to suspect, that real and fubftantial emoluments will be denied us. I own, I think, we had never a better opportunity, of having our grievances redressed, OUR CONSCIENCES relieved, and our privileges enlarged, than at the present happy conjuncture.

Our friends, you are sensible, are great and numerous. We have the patronage and protection of very wise and good men ; very wise and good men are entire friends to us and our cauje. Numbers in the army, at the bar, and upon the bench ofine leading, the most eminent, the moji intelligent and judicious members of the establishment are with us; and thall we neglect to seize fo favourable a conjuncture? Quin igitur expergescimini ! en illa, illa, quam fæpe optaftis li. bertas ! præterea Divitiæ, decus, gloria in oculis fita sunt.

“We can truly boait of faithful and powerful allies, in almost all parts of Europe and America. Men of all religions and of ro rcligion, cannot bui admire and efteem us for our pious intrepidity; for our grateful and disinterested attachment to the government; for our open and windisguised beVOL, VI.


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