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• Stretch'd o'er the press his leaden fway,
Expelling ev'ry glimpse of day:
And had obtain'd a royal licence,

To wage eternal war with good sense !' We would humbly advise our author, in his next edition, (as doubtless so excellent a performance must see many editions) to alter the last line, and let it read thus:

Towage eternal war with high sense.'

Which will both mend the rhime, and elevate the thought prodigiously,

MEDICA L.

XXIX. A serious address to the public, concerning the abuses in the practice of phyfic. 8vo. I s. Owen.

This is chiefly an invective against the apothecaries, for intruding on the province of the physicians. The author has, towards the close of his performance, some judicious obfervations on the high fees of physicians, which often terrify the poorer fort from sending for them; chusing rather to have recourse to ignorant apothecaries and empirics, whose demands have a less exorbitant appearance. He proposes to remedy this evil, by limiting the doctor's fees within more moderate bounds; and thinks, that this regulation would not lessen the lucrative value of the physician's practice, but rather increase it; as twelve persons would then apply to him, for every one that now care to do so, till, pere haps, urged by the last extremity, and the too. fatal perience of an improper treatment from pretenders and quacks,

XXX. Oratio Harveiana, principibus medịcis parentans; medicinam, academias utraque laudans; empiricos, eorum cultores perftringens; collegium usque a natalibus illustrans: in theatro collegii regalis medicorum Londinensium habita festo Divi lucae, 1751. A Gulielmo Browne, equite aurato, M. D. Cantab. & Oxon: Hujusce collegii socio, electore, cenfure. S. R. S. et a conciliis. 4to. Longman, &c. 25.

XX'T. A vindication of man mid-wifery: being the answer of dr. Pocus, dr. Malus, and dr. Barebones, and others, their brethren, who, like legion, are many, to the petition of the uniori babes, &c.

In a letter to the pre

ex

fident and censors, &c. of the college. 8vo. 6 d. Carpenter. An ironical piece, on the side of the petition.

See Review for December last, p. 516.

XXXII. An account of the ancient baths, and their use in physic. By Thomas Glass, M. D, of Exeter. 8vo. 6 d. Whitridge.

This small performance of the learned and ingenious dr. Glass, is chiefly intended to fhew the falutary effects of bathing, as used under the management of the ancient physicians.

SINGLE SERMONS published since our Lift in September

last,

I.
Bego

Efore the society for the relief of the widows and

orphans of clergymen. By John Clubh, rector of Whatfield. 6 d. Craighton of Ipswich.

2. God the mariner's only hope. Preached by Theodore De la Faye, A. M. on board his majesty's ships in Sheerness harbour, in June and July 1750.

3. Mr, Monoux's, at Bishop-Stortford. At the yearly meeting of the gentlemen educated at that school. Bee, croft.

4. The unworthy, communicant's plea answered, &c. By Sam. Eccles, M. A. 6d. Cooper.

5. The wisdom and goodness of God in the creation of mán. By dr. Stephen Hales, At the anniversary meeting of the college of physicians. Manby.

6. Mr. Smith's, at Norwich cathedral; entitled, the absurdity of an unworking faith, &c. 6d. Whiston.

7. Mr, Gibbons's, at Haberdasher's-hall; before the charitable society for promoting religious knowledge among the poor. 6 d. 'Ward,

8. Mr. Binnel's, at St. Chad's, Salop; on the christian ftrife, or emulation in good works ;---before the trustees of the Salop infirmary,

9. Solomon's preference of wisdom consider'd, &c. By Edward Pickard. - At Carter-lane meeting-house, Jan. 1. 1752.--Before a fociety of gentlemen, who support a charity carried on by subscription, for putting poor boys apprentice, &c. 6 d. Naon.

10. The mourner's consolation.--At the English church, Rotterdam, October 24: 1751.-On the death of the late

revd. mr. Bartholomew Loftus, senior, paftor of that church, By Benjamin Lowden. 6 d. Waugh.

The two next following, were preached on occasion of the death of the late reude and learned dr. Philip Doddridge.

II. Mr. Yob Orton's, at Northampton. 6 d. Waugh; and Eddowes at Shrewsbury.

12. Mr. Frost's, at Great-Yarmouth, entitled, the stars in Chrift's right-hand. Waugh.

13. Mr. Archibald Macklaine’s, at the Hague ; on the death of the prince of Orange. Nourse.

14. Dr. Cradock's, before the Commons, Jan. 30. 1752. 6 d. Bathurst,

15. Mr. Ben. Sandford's, at Ormskirk, Nov. 5. 1751. Waugh.

16. An ordination sermon. By 7. Lavington, jun. lately chosen tutor, in the room of the late dr. Doddridge:

17. Mr. Flexman's charity-fermon, for the beneħt of the school in Gravel-lanė. 6 d. Waugh.

18. Mr. Cornelius Murdin's, Jan. 30.1752.-before the lord mayor, &c. at St. Paul's. 6 d. Robinson.

19. The bishop of Bristols, at St. Mary le bow, May 8. 1751.-before the society for promoting English protestant working-schools in Ireland. To which is added, A brief review of the rise and progress of the incorporated society in Dublin. Oliver.

20. Before the king, Sunday, March 22. 1752. drawn up for the use of the prince of Wales and prince Edward. By the bishop of Norwich, PRECEPTOR,

6 d. Knapton. 21. Dr. Randolph's, at Oxford, entitled, party-zeal censured. 6d. Rivington.

22. The bishop of Worcester's, at St. Andrew's, Holborn, March 5. 1752.-- before the president and governors of the hospital for the small-pox. 6d. Woodfall.

23. Dr. Dodwell's, before the university of Oxford, Jan. 26. 1752. entitled, the importance of the christian faith, illustrated in the explanation of St. Paul's wish of being accursed for his brethren. 6 d. Birt, &c.

24. Before the free-masons, at St. John's, Gloucester, December 1751. By a Brother. 6 d. Owen.

25. At Culliton, March 8. 1752. On the death of mrs. Mary Slater, wife of the reverend mr. Samuel Slater. By Thomas Amory, 6d. Waugh.

26. Dr. Green's, in Ely Chapel: March 22d, 1752. at the consecration of the bishop of Chester. Bathurst.

Τ Η Ε

MONTHLY REVIEW

For M A Y,

1752

SECOND EDITION.

T

ART. XXXVII. A treatise on the teeth, &c. By A. Tolve

surgeon. 8vo. is. L. Davis. HIS little tract, a second edition of which has bee advertised, is not without some merit, nor exemp.

from inaccuracies. The author, having mentioned the gelatinous matter, its oflification, the number and the diversity, of the teeth, observes they receive nerves and veffels at the orifices of their roots; which orifices, he says, commonly close about the age of thirty-five; and this he supposes the reason why old people are not so subject to the tooth-ach as young: yet he tells us afterwards, that women past their menses, which do not very generally terminate till about ten years later, are subject to the tooth-ach from a plenitude ; but if these orifices were closed in both fexes about the age of thirty-five, it is probable such plenitude would be determined elsewhere by the economy of nature, Besides, if they were so strictly clofed at that term, as to admit neither the arterial, lymphatic or nervous fluid, an atrophy, or sensible comminution of those parts, subject to such frequent action and attrition, must ensue, a little after that time of life, much more generally than we know it does.

In treating of the obvious use of the teeth, the author introduces the theory of digestion, which is very nearly Boerhaave's, and rational. He says, "he could not conveniently pursue his subject without mentioning digestion, fince the teeth are the first and necessary organs of it.' But; VoL VI,

Y

as

as he supposes it demonstrated, that the force of the stomach, diaphragm, and muscles co-operating to digestion, are equal to the pressure of 250, 734 pounds weight, we shall take this occafion to digress a little on the great uncertainty of these mathematico-medical calculations, by observing, that Borelli calculated the projectile force of the heart to be superior to the pressure of 135,000 pounds weight; while dr. Keil, by one computation, supposes it but equal to the weight of five ounces, and by another calculation, from the laws of projectiles, to near eight ounces; and from him again dr. Jurin differs fomewhat, tho’by no means so widely. This is not the case of calculations applied to eclipses, to other astronomical phænomena, or to any proper subjects of them; as we find, where the data are sufficient, the difference of competent calculators to be generally very minute, and the event as generally proves, that none of them were confiderably remote from the truth. But where the various degrees of the quantity, the cohesion, the temperament and stimulation of the blood; of the energy of the nervous aura, or whatever else it consists of; and of the elasticity and strength of the various fibres in a living body, will not previously admit of a clear and precise ascertainment, what certainty can be inferred from any calculations, with regard to the animal operations effected by them? This objection seems to amount to a clear moral demonstration, of the absurdity and perverseness of misapplying the noble and useful science of numbers to subjects, so very crudely commensurable and computable by men; and which has done, comparatively, such little service in the practice of physic, that we may perhaps too justly apply the medical axiom of corruptio optimi pelima to it. As Baglivi very rationally observes, the knowledge of mathematics may be ornamental and entertaining to a physician; and perhaps we may justly add, that, where his faculties are strong, and his other qualifications fufficient, it may occafionally a fist him, and methodize his reasoning: but the very little application that Boerhaave, who had profeffedly taught mathematics, made of them to medical subjects, is a pregnant proof of his sentiments of that abuse of them: an abuse, which produced in one author, a ridiculous table for afcertaining the different doses of purging medicines; and that modest assertion of another, who says,-:And now shew me a disease, and I'll Mew you a remedy:'---by which we must suppose he meant an infallible one; since many others could shew such as had frequently succeeded. And besides, that a sinall error in the naked

aflumptions

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