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« As fome late miscarriages in inoculation, tho' but very few, had staggered many people about a practice, which, I was firmly persuaded, was of the most falutary nature, I thought it my duty to give a state of my opinion to the public, with the reasons of it, in hopes that what had convinced -me, might poffibly convince others. Besides this, I conceived I had something new and useful to offer, at least improvements on the common methods of management, And seeing these things related to a distemper at present in this place, I cannot think unprejudiced people will judge it unfeasonable.'
It were to be wished this physician had obliged us here with an account of the numbers of the inoculated, and of the proportion of those who died in consequence of inoculation, and by the natural infection ; as the apparent ratio between them is the principal argument that must finally determine a great majority of reflecting perfons for or against the former. In p.21, he says the miscarriages were few, very few indeed: but still this is not fufficiently precise and definite.
He proposes to discufs his subject, 1. By premifing fome general things, and a fhort inquiry into the nature of the diftemper. 2. By fhewing, from such premises, what state of the body is most favourable for the reception of it ; and how the body fhould be prepared, both for the natural and artificial infection. 3. By enquiring, whether it be moft eligible to run the hazard of the natural disease, without any previous precaution or preparation; to take it in the natural way premeditately after due preparation: or by inoculation? And lastly, he proposes to conclude with a few reflections on the whole.
There is nothing fo new or material on his first head, as to require any citation or abstract.
On the second he justly observes, with some other writers on this subject, that, as this is an inflammatory disease, soft and flexible veflels, containing a cool and temperate blood, have been found to constitute the most favourable state of body for this disease; and such a state he suppofes to be chieily attainable by a cooling, vegetable, and milk diet, which disposes the fluids rather to an acescent than
a putrefactive condition. Besides which, evacuations may : be necessary in fome, which are to be prescribed and regulated by the physician. But he thinks, and, as he fays, froin his own experience, that something further may be done towards a more effectual préparation for the small-pox.
Thishe professedły takes from Boerhaave's supposition, that. a specific medicine against the effects of the variolous poison might be found, in fome subtile, yet uncorrosive, preparation, and happy union of antimony and mercury. Such as medicine our author says,, he has constantly used in
preparation.; and avers, that he never saw one so prepared, in any considerable danger from the disease: though he adds, that one of them received the confluent pock.naturally. I seems then it was not preventive of eruption, which we åre to suppose Boerhaave hoped it might. But our author's attributing this confluence to the patient's riding near 20 miles in cold damp weather the first day of the fever, does not seem altogether fo rational, for whatever the agitation from.riding might do, we should imagine the same exercise in sultry hot weather might have a more direct tendency to dispose to a confluence. However, the patient, who was
, a haleyoung gentleman, got very safely over
it. Now, supposing the good effects of this medicine fo very general, dr. Adam Thompson would deserve a liberal acknowledgement from his country, and the gratitude of his whole species, for a more explicite communication of it.
On his third head, concerning the preference of a natural or artificial infection, besides the general physical argua ments, so happily corroborated by the very general success of inoculation, our author reasonably concludes it a peculiar advantage, that it determines the crisis of the fever from the internal to the external parts. This leads him to investigate the reafon for the character of the fmall-pox, being taken from the number, and condition of those in the face, which feems both new and ingenious, and it is briefly this: "That
the carotid arteries, which send branches to the nofe and mouth, where the natural infection is generally admitted, fend confiderable branches alfo to the brain; whence a proportionable part of the fame inflammatory particles, that constitute the pustules on the face, may probably be lodg’d on the membranes of the brain, and, as they are mild or otherwise, must produce more or lefs danger, since the face, confider'd by itself, is a place of none."
Amongst his general reflexions on the whole, he thinks it eligible to make the incisions rather in the lower than upper extremities; as the axillary arteries iffue from the fubclavians, which derive their origin from that trunk of the aorta, that supplies the head and a great part of the therax with branches. He confeffes an ulcer in the leg may prove less tractable after the disease; but thinks that circumttance 2
fhould be overlook'd; especially as he affirms, that a few doses of the bark feldom or never fail to dispose it to a kindly, healing condition. He adds, that tho’ inoculation has been proved to be much the safest way of receiving the infection, yet it has sometimes proved mortal; and indeed, confidering how precipitately it is often applied, he is surprized it has not been much more frequently the case. Inoculation seems to be considered, he observes, as a mere chirurgical operation: and accordingly almost every one, who knows how to handle a lancet, is intrusted with the whole management of it. But it has been shewn, he says, that what ought to be done on this occasion for the security of the patient, a judicious and skilful physician can only judge. Upon the whole, the author seems a rational practitioner, who has considered this subject with attention; and tho' his expression, as a physical writer, might here and there admit of improvement, he appears better qualified in fome branches of medical erudition, than it is to be appre, hended a majority of the American practitioners may be.
For April 1752
Inspector-general of Great Britain, &c. 8vo. I s.
Owen. Those who expect to be entertained with learning, wit, or humour in this pamphlet, will find themselves miserably disappointed, upon the perufal of it. The writings of dr. Hill really deserve a good criticism; and that ingenious gentleman would doubtless profit by it. But such a wretched rhapsody of dulness and scurrility, as the work now before us, is inexpressibly below contempt: it is impossible to read it, without conceiving a bad opinion of so abusive a man, as its author appears to be. The doctor has doubtless his faults as a writer, and as a man, and had these faults been candidly represented to him, it might have tended to his reformation, instead of provoking him to resentment, as this injurious attack might be expected to do, except for the reason above hinted.
II. The adventures of captain Greenland. 12mo. 4 vols. 12 S. Baldwin.
To avoid a repetition of the same characteristics, we refer the reader back to our accounts of John Daniel, Howel ap David Price, Charles Osborne, efq; and Patty Saunders; to whose distinguish'd names, we may add that of
III. Cleora: or, the fair inconstant, & c. 12mo. 3 s. Cooper.
IV. The comedies of Terence, translated into English prose. By mr. Gordon. 12mo. 3s. Longman, &c.
As a specimen of what this mr. Gordon is able to do as a translator of the Latin classics, take the ignaram artis meretriciæ of Terence, (See Clitipho's soliloquy, Self-Tormentor, Act II. Scene I.) which mr. Gordon renders, quite a stranger to the trade of these BITCHES.'
V. Examples of the interposition of providence in the detection and punishment of murder. With an introduction and conclufion, by Henry Fielding, esq; i s. Millar.
These examples are chiefly collected from a well-known book, entitled, God's revenge against murder, and from Turner's history of remarkable providences. This small collection is well enough adapted for the amusement and admonition of the common people. · VI. A catalogue and description of the etchings of Rembrandt Van-Rhyn, with some account of his life. To which is added a list of the best pieces of this master, for the use of those who would make a select collection of his works. Written originally by the late Mr. Gersaint; and published by mefs. Helly and Glomy, with confiderable additions and improvements. Translated from the French. izmo, 3's. Jeffries, at Charing-cross.
The editor informs us, that mr. Gersaint drew up this catalogue, &c. from a collection of Rembrandt's works, in the poiletfon of the ingenious mr. Houbraken of Amsterdam. As the pieces of this great artist are now sold at a very high price, and his manner imitated so nearly as to deceive good judges, this catalogue may be of use, by enabling the curious to reject all the spurious pieces which have been ot shall be intruded into collections of his works; and disap, point the artifices of those who, tho' they do not impose upon the unwary a bath-metal ring for gold, do yet fell counterfeits of another kind, with the same intention to defraud.
VII. Horace, b. II. sat. VII. imitated, and inscribed to Richard Owen Cambridge, esq; by Sir Nicholas Nemo, knt. Ato,' Is. Owen.
In our last we mentioned mr. Cambridge's imitation of this Satire of Horace;, which gave rise to this similar ato. tempt, wherein the ingenious author has more fcrupulously adhered to his original.
VIII. A supplement to the Memoirs of Brandenburg : containing a preliminary discourse to the whole work, and two dissertations: the first, on the ancient and modern government of Brandenburg; the second, on the reasons for, the enacting and repealing of laws. By the author of the Memoirs. 12mo. Is. Nourse.
Having given a sufficient account of the Memoirs, (Seco Review, vol. IV. p. 201.). we think it unnecessary to enlarge upon this supplement; of which we shall therefore, say nothing more, than that we believe it to be genuine, and that it is proper to be bound up with the memoirs.
IX. Remarks on Letters concerning MIND. (See Review. Vol. III. p. 463.) 8vo. I S. Rivington.
These remarks, as we are told in the preface to them, are taken from the original characters of the author of the Letters; and referred to passages in those letters, in order to illustrate or explain them. Tho', says the editor, the letters, and these papers were written for private use, (See Review, referr'd to as above.) ; yet it is presumed they may be serviceable to mankind; and, at the same time, preserve the memory of a worthy and good man.'
X. Happiness revealed, &c. Being the sequel to the economy of human life. 8vo. I s. James
. A weak and trivial performance, by no means worthy the notice of lord Chesterfield, to whom the author has inscribed it.
CONTROVERSIA L. XI. Predeftination calmly considered. By John Wesley, M. A. 8 d. Trye.
In this work mr.IF'efleysmartly, and, in our opinion, success fully encounters the doctrine of absolute unconditional electi, on and reprobation: In opposition, particularly to dr. Gill,
KII. The bishop of Exeter's answer to mr. J. Wefley's letter to his lordship. 8vo, 2 d. Knapton.
This epistle is written, to corroborate a charge brought against mr. Wejley, in the 3d part of the enthusiasm of the methodists and papists compared, concerning his behaviour to the mistress of an inn in Cornwall: from which charge Mr. Wesley endeavoured fome time ago to clear himself. See the prefatory epistle to the bishop's second letter to the author of the enthusiasm, &c.