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The estimated expenses of the Board for the year 1897–1898 are Financial.
$650,000. The expenses each month, $54,000. The regular donations from the churches and individuals for the month of March amounted to
$30,479-37 The legacies amounted to
20,446.61 Total for March
$50,925.98 From these figures it will be seen that we have lacked in the month of March about $3,000 of what is needed for the work. Of this sum two fifths comes from legacies. For seven months of the fiscal year the regular donations have amounted to .
$220,485-34 The legacies have amounted to
106,054.61 Total for seven months
$326,539.95 An examination of these figures for seven months shows that the receipts are $52,000 less than the estimated expenses, and of this sum about one third is derived from legacies. The average deficit is a little more than $7,000 per month. We believe it is perfectly possible and practicable for our churches and our friends to turn this tide, and that the coming months of the year may show a marked gain. It is a situation which should call forth the earnest prayers and consecrated gifts of God's people. The significance of this situation may be fairly understood by reading the searching letters on pages 176-182.
Aside from the above there was received for the debt in March, $2,237.94 ; and within the seven months, $22,886.48. The receipts for special objects in March amounted to $2,013.22; and for the seven months, $13,822.86. We repeat it again that this money for special objects in no way helps the regular appropriations of the Board, but is used according to the will of the donors.
If the one great need of the Board can be brought directly to the attention of the Congregational churches and they are told how reduced appropriations are crippling the work, and what additional sums are needed to maintain the work, and how God is blessing the work in very special ways, and how by wide open doors he is calling upon his people to enter in, they would certainly be aroused to give more largely through all their members.
An incident illustrating the kindly feeling of the non-Christian natives in Ceylon toward our missionaries is reported by Dr. Scott, of Manepy. The doc
tor's little boy was prostrated with diphtheria, necessitating the A Unique Incident.
operation of tracheotomy. The natives shared the anxiety of the parents in this most trying experience, and in two heathen temples, one of them directly opposite the mission premises, special prayers were offered to their Swami for the life of the child. Dr. Scott had treated members of the families of the priests of these temples, and this fact doubtless accounted for their sympathetic interest. But it indicates a marvelous change in the attitude of the non-Christian natives of Ceylon towards Christian missionaries. We are sorry to add that after a protracted illness, with hopes and fears alternating for a long time, Dr. Scott's little child succumbed to the dread disease under which he had suffered.
THE course of the trustees of the Doshisha at Kyoto has for a long period been a surprise and a grievous disappointment not only to the American Board
but to all friends of missions throughout the world. Yet more surThe Doshisha.
prising and grievous than anything hitherto is the recent action of the trustees in violently changing the constitution. This constitution of the Doshisha Company under which the trustees accepted their office consists of five chapters, the first of which is entitled “ Fundamental Principles.” There are six of these fundamental principles, the last of which is “The above five articles are unchangeable.” But the trustees have now voted 10 strike out altogether this article, and they have changed the second article, so that they can claim that the Chu Gakko, which is the academic department, having by far the larger number of students, is not a Christian institution. The object of this is to gain government recognition and the exemption of its students from military conscription, such as is not granted to institutions having a religious foundation. In view of the history of the Doshisha, its formation as a distinctively Christian school by Dr. Neesima, and the large sums given it by the American Board and by Christian individuals, gifts made distinctly on the basis of its Christian character, it is simply amazing that the trustees, who claim to be honest men, can so forfeit their own good name and bring such reproach upon the good faith of the Japanese. Their course is not only morally wrong but is the greatest folly. It will cut them off from the sympathy of the Christian world outside of Japan, and will lose them the support of their own people. This latter fact is already apparent. We are glad to learn from papers and letters from Japan that there is a vigorous public sentiment against the action of the trustees. The Japan Mail has a strong article from Dr. Davis, showing the wrongfulness of this act, and, more significant still, is the prompt action of a large body of graduates and friends of the institution, taken on March 6, in sending a protest to the Board of Trustees and urging them to rescind their recent votes. The alumni of the Doshisha seem to be thoroughly aroused, and meetings are to be held in various sections of the empire to secure a reversal of this act of bad faith. Not only are the religious but also the secular papers denouncing the course of the trustees as immoral and calling upon them, should they so swerve the institution from its original foundation, to return the money given on that basis to its original donors. We are confident that the Japanese themselves, and especially those connected with the Kumi-ai churches, will repudiate this act of bad faith.
The names of many prominent men in Japan are attached to a statement which says, among other things : “We hope and pray that by the guidance of the Holy Spirit our trustees will see the truth and follow it; so that the heavy cloud which is hanging over our Doshisha will soon be cleared away and the righteous sun will shine upon it.” In this prayer they will be joined by all Christians in America.
WHILE viewing with such sadness the course of the trustees of the Doshisha, we are glad to speak of the new theological school at Kyoto, established and The new Theological supported by our missionaries since their withdrawal from the
School at Kyoto. Doshisha, called the Fukuin Gak-kwan (Gospel School), and we give on the opposite page a photo-engraving of the instructors and students in the first class. The five American teachers will be recognized by all who
have known them, and they stand behind their pupils in the following order, beginning on the left, Messrs. Gordon, Cary, Davis, Learned, and Curtis. This theological class was not organized to conflict with the Doshisha, but simply
because the Kumi-ai churches and the missionaries had lost confidence in the theological training given in that institution, and the young men themselves desired what they could not obtain there. It is a most promising effort in the direction of supplying an evangelical native ministry for Japan.
The fifteenth Annual Meeting of the International Missionary Union is to be held at Clifton Springs, N. Y., commencing Wednesday evening, June 8, and International Mission continuing until Tuesday, June 14. All foreign missionaries,
retired or in active service, will receive free entertainment on application to Mrs. C. C. Thayer, at Clifton Springs, but application should be made in good season.
One of the earliest and most eminent missionaries in Japan, Rev. Dr. Guido F. Verbeck, of the American Reformed Church Mission, died in Tokyo on the
Death of ninth of March last. Rev. Dr. D. C. Greene, who was intimately Dr. Verbeck. acquainted with Dr. Verbeck, having been associated with him in the work of Bible translation, has kindly furnished us the following account of his friend and associate: “Dr. Verbeck was born in Zeist, Holland, January 23, 1830, and was educated in the Moravian Academy of his native town and in the Polytechnic Institution of Utrecht, the provincial capital. He afterwards removed to the United States, where at first he found employment as civil engineer. Later he was persuaded to study for the ministry and graduated in due course from Auburn Theological Seminary in 1859. Immediately after his graduation he sailed for Japan, where he arrived in the autumn of the same year.
"In view of the serious difficulty in the way of evangelistic work in the early days, he entered the service of the government, and as a teacher, translator, and general counselor during the critical period of the life of New Japan, won the grateful recognition of the leading statesmen of the day. He received the decoration of the third class of the Rising Sun, and a few years ago was granted a special passport permitting him and the members of his family to travel and reside at will within the empire of Japan. This passport was issued in view of Dr. Verbeck's citizenship in his native land having lapsed without his gaining naturalization elsewhere, but it was none the less a token of the warm regard of his friends in the high offices of state. These friends were always glad to acknowledge their indebtedness to him. It is said that on the very evening before Dr. Verbeck's death Marquis Ito and Count Okuma, the two foremost statesmen in Japan, happened to be talking over old times together, and without knowing of his illness referred to a memorial prepared by him in which he urged that prominent publicists should be sent abroad to study the civilization of the West. They both agreed that this suggestion deserved an important place among the influences to which they attributed the life of New Japan.
“Dr. Verbeck spent nine years in these various forms of official duty and then returned to his place in the mission. He was one of the principal translators of the Old Testament. His accurate scholarship and wide familiarity with Japanese affairs were of the greatest value to this work, but it was in preaching that he found his greatest pleasure. His rare command of the language, coupled with no little rhetorical power, made him easily first among his colleagues. He was a. man of deep piety, to which his Moravian training gave an especial fervor and attractiveness. His broad and catholic spirit secured for him the enthusiastic attachment of both Japanese and missionaries. He gave his services to every good cause. He will be missed in every department of missionary activity and will be deeply mourned by a wide circle of personal friends."
The accompanying cut shows the faculty of Jaffna College in Ceylon as it was last year. Since the photograph was taken Dr. Howland, the president of
the college, has been obliged to withdraw from the work. Of the Jaffna College.
two other Americans shown in the cut Mr. W. E. Hitchcock, who
is now the vice-principal of the college, stands behind Dr. Howland, and Rev. Theodore A. Elmer stands at Mr. Hitchcock's left. Professor Elmer entered upon service in the college last year. The nine other persons shown in the cut