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historian proceeds thus.-Money in this current came but by :, drops; it could not quench the thirst of those who waited in India to receive it. An expedient, such as it was, remained to quicken its pace. The natives could live with little salt, but could not want food. Some of the agents saw themselves well situated for collecting the rice into stores; they did so. They knew the Gentoos would rather die than violate the principles of their religion by eating flesh. The alternative would there fore be between giving what they had, or dying. The inhab. itants sunk;-they that cultivated the land, and saw the harv. est at the disposal of others, planted in doubt-scareíty ensued. Then the monopoly was easier managed-sickness ensued. In some districts the languid living left the bodies of their numerous dead unburied.'
When Europe sought your subject realms to gain,
Rich in the jems of India's gaudy zoney
Could stamp disgrace on man's polluted name,
And barter, with their gold, eternal shame! The trial of this abandoned villain was one of the most 80lemn farces that was ever acted in England. The whole aristocracy of England seemed to be colleeted to be actors in it:Not to do justice, but as if constrained to proclaim to the world and to coming generations the shameless, the diabolical conduct of their East India Company. The profligate expenditure of the people's money to carry on this mock trial was as shameful and wicked as all the other proceedings of that rotten and corrupt system.
of this grand farce the Scot's Magazine of 1788, says:
“The temporary building for the trial was arranged in this manner. The Chancellor at the upper end from the Hall gate, under a canopy: the Judges and Masters in Chancery below them: Heralds and attending officers about them. The Royal box on the right hand of the Chancellor: on the left, the box for the Princes. Dukes, Marquises and Viscounts were below the latter: the Bishops on the side with the former: the Earls and Barons sat on six rows between them. The Prisoner, near the door, fronted the Chancellor: his Counsel on his right hand: the evidence between the counsel for the Prosecu. tion, on his left. Committee of the House of Commons behind their counsel: the short-hand writer: Black rod, etc. on the other side. The House of Commons: Foreign Ministers: and Duke of Newcastle, who still retains a gallery, filled the left side of the enterance. On the right hand were Peeresses, Board of Works and Lord Salisbury. The seats for Peers' tickets adjoined the Court of Chancery and the King's Bench. The opposite end of the Hall had on one side six more rows for Peeresses: on the other, the remainder of the Honse of Commons: the Lord High Chamberlain's box was between them.
“Mr. Hastings' counsel were Messrs. Law, Plomer and Dallas; for the Commons, Dr. Scott and Dr. Lawrence and Messrs. Mansfield, Pigot, Burke and Douglas.
Moon after eleven o'clock, the members of the Committee appointed to manage the impeachment on the part of the Commons entered Westminster Hall in full dress, and seated them. selves in the boxes prepared for their reception. Mr. Burke ked the procession.
"The other members followed by degrees; as their names were called over in their own house, they departed from it and repaired to the seats destined for them in the Hall. In the centre of the front row was an armed chair for the Speaker.
“A little before twelve o'clock, her Majesty entered, she did not appear in the box prepared for her, but in a part of the Duke of Newcastle's gallery, which was divided from the rest by bars and side curtains. A large chair of state was placed for her. On her Majesty's right, sat the Princess Royal and Princess Augusta; on her left, the Princess Elisabeth and the Princess Mary
At twelve o'clock began the procession of the Lords from their own house; the march was solemn, suited to the character of judges, and the occasion which had imposed upon them that venerable character.
“The Peers were preceded by the Lord Chancellor's attendsants, two and two: the Clerks of the House of Lords, the masters in Chancery, two and two: the Judges, Serjeants Adair and Hill, the Yeoman Usber of the Black Rod, two Heralds: the Lords Barons, Lords Bishops, Lords Viscounts, Lords Earls, Lords Marquisses, and the Lords Dukes, two and two: the Mace Bearer: and the Lord Chancellor, with his train borne: (all in their Parliament robes.)
“When the Peers were all seated, the Lord Chancellor asked leave for the judges to be covered. At twelve the court was opened, and the Serjeant at Arms, with a very audible voice, made the usual proclamation; after which, in old, blunt English, he summoned Warren llastings, Esq. to come forth in Court to save thee and thy bail, otherwise the recognisarce of thou and thy bail will be forfeited.'
“Mr. Hastings immediately appeared at the bar with his two bureties, Mr. Sullivan , and Mr. Sumner, and immediately dropped on his knees; when the Lord Chancellor signified that he might rise. After Mr. Hastings appeared at the bar, a proclamation as follows was made.
Whereas charges of high crimes and misdemeanors have been exhibited by the Knights, Citizens and Burgesses in Parliament assembled, in the name of themselves, and of all the Commons of Great Britain, against Warren Hastings Esq.; all persons concerned are to take notice, that he now stands on his trial, and they may come forth in order to make good the hid charges.
Proclamation being made, the Lord Chancellor arose and addressed the prisoner as follows:
u Warren Hastings, you are called upon, after every expedient allowance, for your defence. You have had bail; you have counsel. Much time also, has been granted you-becoming well the circumstances of your case.
For the matter in the charges is most momentous, and the dates are remote since the occurrences in those charges alledged against you are said to have been committed.
These advantages you must understand, while you feel.You are to deem them not an indulgence of this House; but the fair claim of right; a concession of nothing but what you have in common with all around
British subject may ask and every British tribunal must allow.
Conduct your defence, therefore, in a manner that may befit your station, and the magnitude of the charges against you. Estimate rightly the high character of those you have to ans. wer; the Commons of Great Britain! who, at once, perhaps, attach likelihood to doubt; and enforce authority, certainly on accusation.”
To which Mr. Hastings made almost verbatim the following
"My Lords I am coms to this high tribunal equally impres
xed with a confidence in my own integrity, and in the justice of the court before which I stand.”
The clerks of the House then proceeded to read a charge, and an answer to it alternately, till they got through seven; by that time, it was half an hour after five o'clock, and nearly dark.
The Marquis of Stafford then moved, that their Lord, ships should adjourn (till to-morrow) to the House of Peers.-The motion was carried without opposition. The prisoner was withdrawn from the bar, and their Lordships returned to their House in the same order in which they had left it, a Herald having called upon each class of Lords to turn, and no class stirred till it was called. “He called first, my Lords Barons;" next, “My Lords Bishops;" then, “My Lords Viscounts;" next “My Lords Earls;" afterwards, My Lords Marquisses;" and, finally, My Lords Dukes.".
Second Day, Thursday, Feb. 14.-The court proceeded to read the charges and answers, the whole of which were finish, ed at half past four o'clock, when their Lordships adjourned.
Turv DAY. Friday, Feb. 15.-The anxiety to hear Mr. Burke's opening speech occasioned a very crowded house. At half after eleven, the Committce of the House of Commons, with Mr. Burke at their head, came into the gallery; and a few minutes after the Peers entered. There were present, Barons 54, Bishops 17, Earls Marquisses, and Viscounts, 68. Dukes, 12. Judges 9. Princes of the blood 4. In all 164.The Court being seated, and proclamation made, Mr. Hastings was surrendered by his bail, & the Lord Chancellor, demanded who appeared in behalf of the Commons to substantiate the charges.
Mr. Burke immediately rose and made his obedience to the Court, and at this moment every eye was rivetted upon him.“He stood forth, he said, at the command of the Commons of Great Britain, as the accuser of Warren Hastings.”
Mr. Burke then stopped for above a minute, at the end of