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A COMIC OPERA,
IN THREE ACTS ;
By RICHARD BRINSLEY SHERIDAN, Esq.
AS PERFORMED AT THE THEATRES ROYAL,
DRURY LANE AND COVENT GARDEN.
PRINTED UNDER THE AUTHORITY OF THE MANAGERS
FROM THE PROMPT-BOOK.
BY MRS INCHBALD.
PRINTED FOR LONGMAN, HURST, REES, ORME, AND BROWN
This drama has a charm for the public beyond its own intrinsic worth it was written by Richard Brinsley Sheridan. If that name has no power over the reader's imagination, so as to give to every sentence a degree of interest, let him throw aside the book, and forbear to seek after literary pleasures, for he has not the taste to enjoy them.
Although “The Duenna's” highest claim to notice depends, now, upon the reputation of its author, yet the author was first indebted to “ The Duenna” for the honour of raoking among poets, and of receiving from the fashionable world all those animating caresses, so dear to a poet's heart.
This opera was brought upon the stage in 1775, and during that, and many following years, delighted the dramatic world; still the author did not receive undivided praise for its success: Musicians had their share, and certain singers of the most forcible attraction.
Divested of all adventitious aid, the value of the opera consists in the beautiful poetry of many of the songs; for though it is a production of much ingenuity and skill, it does not give a presage, either in wit, or incident, of such a work, from the same hand, as “ The School for Scandal.” The comparing of Isaac's neuter faith to the blank leaf between two scripture doctrines, is, indeed, the happy conception of a very extraordinary imagination; but as this brilliant sentence stands in the dialogue unrivalled, without companion, or comparison with any other in the play, it has more the appearance of some other writer's wit, than that of the ostensible author; though subsequent wit from the same pen allows him most probable claims to it.
Of less doubtful origin is the best incident in the opera, or rather, the foundation and fable of the opera itself, which is borrowed from Wycherley's “ Country Wife.”—Not purloined, and the mark taken out, to prevent detection ; but fairly borrowed, and used almost to the very letter.
Neither is the scene of Friar Paul and his brethren of Mr Sheridan's invention ; but is either taken from Marmontel, or some other French author.
Margaret, the Duenna, has some resemblance to Bickerstaff's Ursula; but little Isaac, the Jew, seems to be a character wholly original: and notwithstanding there is great humour in him, there is, at the same time, infinite instruction. He is an excellent example for men, vain either of their persons, or their intellects. He has all the folly of both elderly and youthful coxcombs ; and is happily punished by a destiny, which, in general, falls to their share.
It is painful to record errors ; but as the author was a young man, and somewhat inexperienced, at