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Before these pages meet the eye of has been familiar with such discussions! our readers, the measure introduced --discussions in which we have been by Lord Morpeth, “ for the better re- condemned to witness the reckless gulation of ecclesiastical revenues in abandonment of every principle that Ireland,” will have been canvassed has hitherto been held sacred ; senators both in the legislature and in the disregarding oaths and mocking at the public journals. But yet it is an occa- faith of treaties—all sanctions, human sion upon which it would ill become and divine, unhesitatingly broken us to remain silent. Unhappily the through-the duties of religion forsubject is one with which, of late, the gotten and the sacredness of prescrippeople of this country have been but tion violated—sacrilege, perjury and too familiar. Unhappily for the honor perfidy tolerated, encouraged, and of England, the peace of Ireland, the almost unrebuked ; all this we have welfare of both! discussions have been been condemned to witness—every multiplied, in which there could be thing, in a word, that could painfully found but little to instruct, if we ex. force upon us the awful conviction cept the sad and humiliating, but yet, that the high and palmy days of it may be, useful lesson which may be Britain's honor are gone by, and that gathered from the contemplation of our country has far advanced in the human folly and human crime. We contaminating and demoralizing prohave seen politicians compromising gress of revolution. the greatness and degrading the reli Not that we despair. No! the gion of England for the support of struggle will be a fearful one : but men who avow themselves the enemies even were matters much worse than of both. We have seen men profess. they are, still the cause of truth would ing to be Protestants, voting that Pro- have nothing to fear but from the testantism be suppressed-and to effect despondency of her friends. Of all this they have interfered with the most the examples that antiquity sets before sacred rights and violated the most us, there is, perhaps, most instruction solemn engagements; and that no to be learned from the conduct of that tinge or colour of moral guilt might Roman senate, who, when the armies be wanting to complete the picture of of Rome had been cut off, and her depravity which is presented to our vanquished general driven from the view, men who had sworu a solemn field, returned him thanks on his oath never to use their parliamentary arrival because he had not despaired privileges to injure the church estab- of the safety of Rome. This was a lishment, are unblushingly voting for noble resolution, and worthy of a its spoliation. Well

may we say that people who felt, that though apparently it is unhappily for England that she conquered, they could not be put

Vol. VI.


per mare magnum,

down ; and their confidence had its demands of the Roman Catholics, glorious reward in the success which who is there that forgets the vows by afterwards attended their arms. And if which emancipation was preceded? heathens, amid all the difficulties This was all the demagogues asked. that surrounded them, after defeats Protestants were found foolish enough that seemed to threaten the extinction to believe them; emancipation is of the Roman name—with but the conceded—and inmediately the cry is dim superstitions of Paganism to hint raised for the repeal of the Union and of an overruling power-could yet the extinction of the Church. A time rely with confidence upon the justice is still promised us when agitation shall and sacredness of their cause, and cease, and the country he left to the rousing by their heroic conduct the blessings of tranquillity, and each confainting energies of their fainting coun- cession is to be the herald of the blisstrymen, could summon to the defence ful period ; but, alas ! indefinitely disof their altars and their homes the de- tant that time is receding farther and pressed but still unbroken spirits of an farther from our view ; the land of almost conquered nation-what, we peace is farther from us than when ask, should be the conduct of British we were induced to embark in pursuit patriots in a far less dispiriting crisis, of it upon the boundless and tumultuin a holier cause, with stronger motives ous waters of agitation, to animate, and higher principles to cheer our exertions than heathens ever

Italiam sequimur iugientem et volvimur undis." knew ? Shall we, in the fancied hopelessness of exertion, abandon our altars, But surely the time is now come and wait until it may please our trium- when there should be an end of hypophant enemies to make the next attack crisy on the one side, or at least of upon our homes? No! let us imitate credulity upon the other. We have the noble spirit of the Roman senate, already conceded too many “last deand let us regard as a traitor to the mands” to be fooled any longer by the cause of his country, the man who stale and unprofitable cheat. Indeed dares to despair of the safety of the it appears as if our enemies were tired constitution.

of making us their dupes : perhaps But if the cause of the constitution they are sure of us as their victims. has nothing to fear, except from the We do not recollect that they have inaction of its friends, from this it has called Lord Morpeth's bill a final mea. every thing to fear. Apprehension sure. Mr. O'Connell accepts of its upon this point is fully justified by the provisions as a small instalment of sad experience of the past. Inroad the debt. This, at least, is honest ; after inroad has been made upon the perhaps we ought to be thankful for it. ancient institutions of the country ; The abandonment of the old artifice concession after concession has given will at least save Protestants from one rise to but a new series of demands, disgrace-we will not add another to the and still there have been found men list of occasions upon which we have mad enough to continue in the délu- fallen into the “unpitied calamity of sion, that by yielding to these demands being repeatedly caught in the same you could buy off the assaults of the spare.” enemies of our institutions. Indolence There could not be a grosser delustill pleaded for the persuasion that sion than to imagine Lord Morpeth's left an excuse for the want of exertion, bill a final measure it is morally imand whispered the soft flattery that possible that it should be so. It estab there was no necessity to resist a demanı lishes principles which it does not folthat surely would be the last. And low out ; it commences spoliation well did the leaders of the revolution which it does not perfect: its principle know how to meet this disposition. is to make the Roman Catholic religion Time after time did they protest that the established religion of Ireland, and what they asked was all they sought, to leave the Protestant church a stiand that having obtained one little pendiary body depending on the measure they would be satisfied. Not eleemosynary contributions of the to recall the events of a past genera- state. The farther it is from fully tion, when the possession of the elec- effecting this object, the farther is it tive franchise was the ultimatuin of the from being a final measure ; for this

principle once established, will as Protestantism upon which it declares suredly be followed up. Mark the war, or the falsehood of the Popery applause with which this bill has been which it claims as its ally. There was hailed by the men who declare that a time when British statesmen would they will not rest until the rule is not have dared to put themselves in established, that every man pays his the infidel attitude of arbiters between own clergyman as he pays his own Popery and Protestantism, and profess physician. Of what value is the bill themselves abstractedly indifferent to to these gentlemen, unless as it is a both. And still we talk of Protestant step towards ulterior measures ? To England—and her Protestant constituthem it is utterly worthless for what it tion—and our Protestant state. Let enacts, but they value it for the results this measure pass, and the words are which its principle may produce. The a mockery—the profession is hypocrisy passing of this bill will be but the — England is Protestant no morefixing of the lever beneath the pillars infidel she may be; ready to make of the Protestant establishment of Ire common cause with any superstition land-of England; and it is a mockery with which a temporary convenience to tell us that this will be all that will may dictate an alliance; but never be done in the work of demolition. more can England claim the honoured

We have endeavoured to consider name of Protestant. Her people will the measure with coolness. We con have abandoned every principle for fess that we have found it difficult to which their forefathers bled-her legisdo so. We have endeavoured to sup- lature will have violated compacts as press those feelings of indignation sacred as the right by which they rule which could not but arise in our minds her monarch will have broken his as we perused the iniquitous provi- coronation vows--he will have forfeited sions of this bill—as we found principle the right in abrogating the charter by after principle of Protestantism aban- which he holds his crown. National doned, clause after clause proceeding Protestantism is the only title of the farther in the work of spoliation and House of Hanover to rule over us. insult-cool, deliberate insults Alung Let this be interfered with, and the upon the faith that we had been ac- government of William the Fourth is customed to revere. Of all these feel a usurpation. When England ceases ings, though they be but the feelings to be Protestant, the act of settlement of Protestants, we have endeavoured is a nullity; and, we repeat it, when for a moment to divest ourselves; and, Lord Morpeth's measure passes, Engcontemplating the measure with the land is Protestant no more. We will cool indifference of neutral politicians, have thrown disgrace upon the histoas politicians we say, that never was rical recollections that we have been there devised a measure more calcu- accustomed to cherish with all the lated to create in Ireland the elements fondness of national pride—the revoof fierce and—unless by the extirpa- lution, which we have so long called tion of Protestants—interminable strife glorious, we will have stigmatized as a —to perpetuate the moral and physical rebellion-or rather, the deeds of our degradation of this wretched country- ancestors are enshrined beyond the to sink her wretched population still power of our degeneracy to tarnish : farther below the point at which ci- they will remain the witness and revilization commences—and, by aban- proach of that degeneracy : history, doning our country to the uncontrolled indeed, will then be but a series of dominion of the bigot tyrants of the reproaches—every page will record Romish priesthood, to crush for ever the glorious assertion of some noble the last hopes of her regeneration, and principle which we have shamefully shake to its very foundations the solid abandoned : our very national monustructure of the British empire.

ments and national observances will All this we see not, perhaps, in the testify against us, and the very

forms immediate effects, but certainly in the of that constitution with which Proultimate results, of Lord Morpeth's testantism was interwoven will remain measure; and this we say regarding the the memorials of the piety of our bill merely in a political point of view, ancestors and the reproach of the without any reference to the truth of the apostacy of their sons.

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