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HICKS. At his home in Westbury, Long Island, on Sixth-day, Twelfth month 20th, 1907, John D. Hicks, in the 79th year of his age. He was a member of Westbury Monthly Meeting, and for many years its treasurer and also recorder. He was a grandson of Isaac Hicks, who after spending many years in New York in business retired to his farm in Westbury, L. I., in about the year 1800, and in 1805 built the house now the home of Isaac Hicks Cocks, and Wm. W. Cocks.
He was a number of years engaged in the china business, spending a part of each year in Limoges, France, the factory home of the business. He was one of the oldest trustees in the Bowery Savings Bank, New York, both in time of service, and age, and for a few years its president. He was also president of the Realty Association of Brooklyn; trustee of the Title Guarantee and Trust Company, and of many other financial institutions both in New York and Brooklyn. He was for many years a member of the Board of Managers of Swarthmore College, taking an active interest in all matters pertaining to the
advancement of the cause of education. He was one that had the esteem and confidence of his fellowmen.
In 1857, he married Caroline Haviland, who survives him, also two daughters, Helen Earle and Alice Hicks. The funeral was held in the Friends' Meeting House in Westbury, L. I., on Twelfth month 23rd. He was interred in the family plot, in grounds adjacent to the meeting house, and in the care of which grounds he always took an active interest, being in fact the man at the head.
JANNEY.-At Los Angeles, Cal., Twelfth month 15th, 1907, Leonidas K. Janney, son of Aaron and Elizabeth Janney, late of Ridgeville, Warren County, Ohio, aged 74 years.
MARSHALL.-Suddenly of paralysis, in Trenton, N. J., Twefth month, 28th, 1907, William Maxwell Marshall, in his 72nd year. Funeral was held at Friends' Meeting House on Third-day, the 31st, at 2.30 p.m.
SMITH.—At the home of her nephew, Alvan W. Smith, in Marshall, Illinois, Twelfth month 10th, 1907, Deborah B. Smith in the 86th year of her age. A woman of strong intellect and interesting character, she retained her faculties to the close of her long life. She was for many years a teacher in Friends' schools in the neighborhood of her birthplace, Plumstead, Bucks County, Pa., and for some time the only teacher in Germantown Friends' School. She later took charge of the Emily Howland School for Freedmen, Virginia.
She was the daughter of Charles and Martha Brown Smith, the latter a recommended minister, who travelled extensively through the East and West, being an active anti-slavery advocate. She met with rebuffs and disapproval in many meetings.
STEELE.-On Twelfth month 18th, 1907, near Birmingham, Pa., Elizabeth Pownall, wife of George Steele; an elder of Birmingham Monthly Meeting of Friends in the 83rd year of her age. At her funeral testimonies were borne to her bravery in her early girlhood, when she nobly stood for the rights of the oppressed, when to do this meant persecution. Tribute was also paid in later years to "the patient, cheerful nature which had borne years of blindness and failing health and to the strong, though sensitive spirit which sympathized with others' sorrows and entered into others' joys."
TAYLOR.-Very suddenly at his home in Lincoln, Va., on 10th of Twelfth month, William Henry Taylor, in the 85th year of his age. He was a lifelong member of Goose Creek Monthly Meeting and served acceptably in the responsible positions of overseer and elder for many years in each capacity. He was a farmer and lived five miles or more from meeting, but he was always and to the very last, regular and punctual in attendance whenever practicable, manifesting an earnest and intelligent interest in the affairs of our Society that was helpful and inspiring to others.
He was the eldest of the family of eight children of Jonathan and Lydia (Brown) Taylor, both long since deceased. His father died while yet a young man, leaving him, a mere youth in years, to aid his mother in the care of the younger children to whom he became much as a father as well as brother and friend. He is survived in his immediate family by his widow, Martha Ann (Shoemaker) Taylor, his daughter, Caroline and his son, Levi S. Taylor of Johns Hopkins and late of the Friends' Central School of Philadelphia; also by two brothers, B. Fenelon Taylor of Round Hill, Va., and Jonathan K. Taylor of Baltimore; and by two sisters, Hannah Stabler of Sandy Spring, Md., and Alice Pancoast of near Philo
TITUS.-At Westbury, Long Island, on Fourth-day, Twelfth month 18th, 1907, Elizabeth, wife of the late Oliver Titus, in her 79th year. The funeral was held from the Westbury Meeting House on Sixth-day, Twelfth month 20th. One need but look into the faces of the six stalwart sons and devoted daughters to realize that the body being borne from the home was that of the mother whom they had loved and cherished even as she had loved and cherished them; for she clung to her home as the honeysuckle over the door, and like it, she filled all the region with the subtle perfume of her goodness. E.
TOWNSEND.-On Twelfth month 22nd, 1907, of pneumonia, Florence, eldest daughter of Charles C. and Laura E. Townsend, in her 15th year. She was a pupil at the High Street Friends' School, West Chester, Pa., and was greatly beloved by her schoolmates and many friends.
WAY.-Eleventh month 9th, 1907, Mary Elma, wife of William M. Way, in her 86th year.
WHINFIELD.-Anna Harrison Whinfield, daughter of W. B. and A. G. Harrison of Xenia, Ohio, died Eleventh month 30th, 1907, at the Fifth Avenue Hotel, New York City. She was born Eleventh month 14th, 1875, at Xenia, Ohio, graduated from Swarthmore College in 1905, and married to Roger W. Whinfield of Sea Breeze, Florida, Tenth month 31st, 1901.
LYDIA B. PAXSON.
Died in her 89th year on Twelfth month 14th, 1907, Lydia B., wife of Frederick Paxson, from whom she had been separated by death 21 years, but with full faith in their being reunited in the spirit land.
When we read a brief record like this, we cannot realize how much it tells. Here passes from us a woman full of years, whose life had been lived in comparative seclusion, devotedly doing her God-appointed duties. She was essentially a home maker, training six children in the ideals of a true home, that fourteen grandchildren and four great grand-children may understand the inestimable blessing of good homes. When age and circumstances released her from domestic cares, she greatly enjoyed the beauties of nature and encouraged her children to work in the wider spheres now considered needful and for which her training had fitted them by reason of her orderly methods. A liberal Friend, she instilled reverence for all things sacred and her beautiful countenance, after the spark of life had fled, bore witness to the efficacy of her religion with no need for words to testify to her faith. Whittier's words picture her life most truly:
"And if her life small leisure found For feasting ear and eye,
And pleasure in her daily round
NOTES AND ANNOUNCEMENTS.
Instead of the regular chapel exercises at Schofield School, after chanting the prayer, the students gave short sketches of Whittier's life as a boy on the farm and other interesting events. Many gave extracts, and they put a new verse in a song
[First month 11, 1908
"Who helped to free the Negro? Who helped to free the Negro?
Whittier helped to free the Negro!''
Some of the guests in Martha Schofield's house made remarks and Margaret Eastburn told of her visit two years, ago to the poet's birthplace and grave. Martha Schofield read two letters to her by Whittier. The first of these, written in 1884, is as follows:
"Illness at this time compels me to make my note briefer than I could wish; and I can only say I regard the work in which thou art engaged as vitally important. is due to our country's honor and prosperity; to the reli gion we profess; and to the colored race whose great wrongs we can never fully redress. May God bless the school which bears thy name to teachers and its pupils."
Samuel Phipps, now of Concordville, Delaware County, Pa., and Tacy Styer were married Twelfth month, 17th, 1857. On Third-day, Twelfth month 17th, 1907, the few remaining brothers and sisters, together with other loved relatives, children, grandchildren, and friends, were privi-: leged to gather in the old homestead. A goodly number: of guests sat around the bountifully-laden table, whereon the handsome "wedding cake" had the place of honor. A number of beautiful gifts, both useful and ornamental, helped to express the kindly remembrance of loving friends and kinsfolk. Several handsome bouquets added greatly to the enjoyment of all by their beauty and fragrance; one of the most appropriate being a bunch of rich golden carnations, tied with a golden-colored ribbon.
private houses. In Denmark there are meetings in seven places five town and two country. In Norway he had only visited two of the meetings in the southern parts. There is ground to hope that the worst days are over, and that the young people there are ready to take their part in a better future.
The suggested discontinuance of Meetings on Ministry and Oversight and their transformation into Committees of the Monthly Meetings was approved by the Friends of Australia at the sessions of their annual General Meeting held in Ninth month last. It was hoped that they would meet at least once a quarter, would report directly and only to their Monthly Meetings, and deal only with such matters as could not suitably be brought before Monthly Meetings.
In London and Middlesex Quarterly Meeting, E. Harold Marsh, who had attended the Five Years Meeting at Richmond, Ind., as a visitor, gave his impression as from a "back seat.?? He believed there was a feeling' in many quarters that the pastoral system had not proved itself by commensurate results, that it tended to evolve the "preacher'' rather than the pastor," and this caused alarm. But change must come through love and knowledge; as a Friend said, "We must love these Friends back to Friends' ways. There was, however, a readiness in many quarters to learn and understand.
Attention is called to the new catalogue of the Woodbrooke library by the warden, Isaac Braithwaite, in a letter in the London Friend: "The catalogue is much larger than the previous one, each book being now entered under the name of the author, as well as under the title. Considerable additions have recently been made to the library, which now contains over 1,500 vels. It is the aim of the committee to keep the library up-to-date by purchasing from time to time, as far as the funds allow, standard works on Biblical study, theology, Church history, and economics. It is much hoped that the library will be increasingly used by non-resident subscribers, as well as by the students at Woodbrooke."
A Friend in Australia, Richard Binns, writes to the London Friend, "A recent letter from a Friend in Australia, saying how much they would value a "Summer School, suggested the thought that the subject might with advantage be mentioned in your columns. If any Friend or Friends who have had experience in organising Summer Schools here, could see their way personally to help our Society in those distant lands in the same way, I feel sure they would receive a very warm welcome. The scattered small meetings and the isolation of many families of Friends make it very difficult to keep the younger members in hearty sympathy with the Society; the elevating and uniting social intercourse brought about by Summer Schools might have far-reaching influence for good in those colonies."
We learn from The Friend (London) and the Canadian Friend that a little band of ten adults and two children have started a monthly meeting in Victoria, B. C., "to embrace all members of the Society in British Columbia.' They will apply "at the earliest date that appears desirable, to London Yearly Meeting, for recognition by and affiliation with that body." The clerk will mail a copy of the minutes of the opening meeting to every friend in British Columbia whose address is known, together with a list of such names and addresses. A meeting for worship will be held the first and third First-days in each month at 3 o'clock, at Harmony Hall, View Street.
About four years ago a morning Sunday school was started in this hall by one of these Friends, Robert William Clark, which is now attended by from 65 to 80 children. This is followed by an open meeting for Bible study and worship, with an attendance of about twenty. In the evening a gospel service is held, mostly attended by those who do not frequent any other place of worship. Several Friends are now on their way from England to Victoria and it is hoped that meetings may now be held weekly.
Friends of Salem, Ohio, held a Whittier celebration on Twelfth month 17th. A dinner was served at noon in the meeting house to Friends from Alliance, Sebring, Beloit, Damascus, Salem and vicinity. Helen Lease presided and read a paper on the life of the poet. Clarkson Heacock gave a recitation; Frank Taber, personal memories of Whittier; Hulda Richards, Leóna Baily, Daniel I. Richards, John C. Thomas and Leona M. Whinery gave readings from the loved poet. Quotations from his works were given by a large number. The exercises closed by the impressive reading of "The Clear Vision," by Stephen B. Richards. It was a most inspiring occasion.
At North A Street Meeting House, Richmond, Ind., on the evening of Twelfth month 17th, the First-day school room was well filled with the members and friends of the school interested in the observance of Whittier Day. The program of exercises was opened by the hymn, "Dear Lord, and Father of Mankind," sung by a class of older girls lead by Mary Morrison. This was followed by a paper by Emily P. Yeo, a selection by the primary class and one or two recitations. Clem Ferguson impersonated the “Barefoot Boy." A very realistic fireside scene from "Snowbound," arranged by two of the teachers, the members of the Whittier Circle being represented by the intermediate classes of the school, was highly pleasing to the audience. William Dudley Foulke then gave an excellent address emphasizing the influence of Whittier as a religious poet and the apostle of freedom. He also read several selections in an impressive manner. The interest taken by the boys and girls of the school in preparation for the program gave great satisfaction to those who had the matter in charge. On First-day evening, the 15th, at the regular hour, 6.30 p.m., the Y. F. A. Round. Table took "Whittier's Message,'' as the subject for discussion and a very interesting meeting was held.
West Philadelphia meeting was well attended on Firstday, First month 5th. The meeting was live and interesting. Matilda Janney made an appeal that Friends make home God's workshop. Sidney Yarnall's message "The harvest is white but the laborers are few,'' was impressive and Samuel Jones, with the central thought that silence precedes close communion with God, gave spiritual strength. Alice Sellers and others in supplication added much to the spiritual uplift. The workers feel encouraged at the attendance and social interest.
As Friends in Huntington, Ind., belonging to Maple Grove Preparative Meeting have discontinued their meetings for worship, they meet every two weeks on First-day afternoons at the different homes, to hold Social Reading Circles. A very pleasant meeting was held at the home of Mary and Lizzie Moore on the afternoon of the 22nd tọ commemorate the "Whittier Centennial.'' Michael W. Moore, acting as chairman, opened the meeting with reading one of Whittier's poems,. Essays on the life of Whittier written by Marie Plummer and Edwin Moore
UNIVERSITY OF MICHIGAN
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were read. Recitations were given by Samuel C. Mason and Clara Beehler. A number of poems from Whittier were read by others who were present. Appropriate songs were sung by Mildred and Erma Duncan at the opening and close of the exercises. All felt that we had an interesting and helpful meeting. We adjourned to meet on the 8th of First month at the home of James P. Plummer. M. A. P.
The Philadelphia Young Friends' Association will hold its regular meeting in the Auditorium, 15th and Cherry~ Streets, on Second-day evening, the 13th, at 8 p.m. Rufus M. Jones of Haverford will speak on "How shall Present-day Friends think of the Divine Principle in Man?"
An invitation is extended to all who see this notice to. attend and bring their friends and a special invitation is extended to Friends of the other branch to meet with us at this time.
The Educational Committee of Philadelphia Yearly Meeting desires to know if there are any persons having specimens that they would be willing to give to the Cabinet Committee to distribute among our different schools. Address Rebecca B. Nicholson, 523 Cooper Street, Camden, Ń. J.
The meeting at 17th and Girard Avenue, Philadelphia, was well attended last First-day the 5th. A number of strangers were present. Sarah Linvill addressed the meeting with much earnestness.
Friends knowing of persons who might appreciate notices of meetings sent out by the membership committee of the Monthly Meeting of Friends of Philadelphia (Race Street), will kindly send names and addresses to Charles S. Paxson, clerk, 2214 Ontario Street.
The members of the Friendly Circle and the Pasadena Young Friends' Association, over one hundred in. all, were the guests of Charles Lewis, 645 North Los Robles Avenue to commemorate the one hundredth anniversary of the birth of Whittier. After pleasant social intercourse, Lindley Bedell took charge of the program. Charles Lewis read an extract from "Eternal Goodness." Anna Walter Speakman read a biographical sketch of Whittier. Lydia F. Harley gave a synopsis of "Snow Bound," and read from it some of its most beautiful passages. Benjamin Whitson read a paper upon Whittier's standing among his contemporaries. Dr. Emily Hunt read his beautiful poem of joy, "Laus Deo.?' William Penrose read a paper upon his religious faith, with extracts from a number of poems showing his deep spirituality. Anna Mae Birdsall recited, "The Two Rabbi's." Voluntary contributions were called for and Angelina Richardson told of a personal meeting she had had with Whittier and read several notes which he had written to her husband. The meeting was closed with prayer. After refreshments were served a general invitation was given by the Friendly Circle to all Friends and those interested in Friends to meet with them next month. (The "Friendly Circle" is an informal organization of the Orthodox Friends of Pasadena.) S. H.
SWARTHMORE COLLEGE NOTES.
On account of the recent poor health of Mrs. Swain, she has thought it advisable to make a three months visit in Southern California. President Swain has left the management of his affairs in the hands of Prof. Hoadley and has gone with her in hopes that he may gain a much needed rest. The students and Faculty unite in wishing them a delightful and beneficial vacation.
After a vacation of over two weeks, College work was resumed on the 7th inst. at the usual time. All of the students with the exception of a few from a distance were at their accustomed places, eager to get in a month of good hard study before the mid-year examinations which will be held the latter part of this month.
The foundation of the second section of Wharton Hall has been completed and the contractors are awaiting orders to go ahead with the work. J. S. C.
WOODLAWN, VA.-The Young Friends' Association met at the home of Warrington Gillingham Twelfth month 15th. The president opened the meeting by reading the 57th Psalm. After a hymn was sung, Lewetta Cox read “Advices, - the queries aptly arranged in poetry. "Come Mattie R. Troth read an interesting selection. Unto Me, sung by two members, was followed by an account of the Woodbrooke Settlement, by Lida Gillingham. After "Jesus is a short recess, Mattie R. Troth sang, Precious to Me." A part of Herbert G. Wood's lectures describing the Logia Document and the portions of the gospel taken from it, was read by Lida Gillingham. Reuben R. Gillingham read a communication from the Conference of Young Friends' Associations held recently at Swarthmore. Sarah Anthony then taught the first lesson in Harmony Study, which was very interesting. After roll call the meeting closed with singing "His Yoke is Easy." The next meeting, First month 12th, will be held at the Friends' meeting house.
[First month 11, 1908
ELLA GILLINGHAM, Secretary.
NEW GARDEN, PA. - The annual meeting of the Young Friends' Association was held First month 5th at the home of Josiah Lamborn. Mary L. Harper read a paper on the life of Job Scott. Ruthanna C. Michener read a short discipline paper on Diversions. S. Anna Chandler gave many interesting current topics, touching on the progress of the temperance movement, the peace efforts in Central America, meeting of Sunday school workers in Boston, etc. Estella A. Parker read a paper on "By what means are we to know when the time comes to join meeting?" The officers elected for 1908 are J. Walter Jefferis, president; W. Penn Hoopes, vice-president; Ethel P. Jefferis, secretary; Taylor W. Richards, treasurer. Other members of the executive committee: Mary H. Tudor, I. Frank. Chandler, Estella .A. Parker, Mary L. Harper, Florence Yerkes, Eva S. Richards. During the meeting Percy Lamborn contributed several beautiful hymns on the graphophone.
EVA S. RICHARDS, Secretary. MOORESTOWN, N. J.-The regular meeting of the Moorestown Young Friends' Association was held Twelfth month 13th, 1907 in the assembly room of the Friends' High School. Ada M. Lippincott gave a report of the General Conference of Young Friends' Associations held at Swarthmore. Katharine B. Lippincott had a paper on Whittier's Religion, quoting from his religious verse and telling of his work as a reformer, of his unspotted character, his liberal feeling and his firm belief. Byron Roberts recited, his "Centennial Hymn. Sarah Wilson Conrow read from his works to show his interpretation of nature, in which she pointed out his close observance as a barefoot boy and showed how winter failed to kindle his enthusiasm and how he always had a longing for spring..
Alfred Evans gave a selection from "Snow-Bound. The program closed with a Whittier Quotation Contest, which proved to be most interesting.
ELIZABETH R. LIPPINCOTT, Secretary.
1ST MO. 12TH (1ST-DAY.)-New York and Brooklyn Young Friends' Association, in the Meeting House, 110 Schermerhorn Street, Brooklyn, at 8 p.m. Charles MacDowell on "Public Sanitation."
-The Friends of White Plains, N. Y., at the residence of Annie Griffen, 39 South Lexington Avenue, at 11
-Reading Friends' Meeting, visited by Philadelphia Quarterly Meeting's "Committee to Visit the Smaller Branches.""
-Friends' Meeting, Washington, D. C., visited by Henry W. Wilbur.
-Race Street Conference Class, 11.45 a. m.; Topic: The Seventy Years Following the Building of the Temple; Isaiah 56-62. The discussion will be opened by R. Barclay Spicer.
-West Philadelphia Meeting (35th Street and Lancaster Avenue,) visited by Joel Borton, at 11 am. First-day School at 10 a.m.
-At West Grove, Pa., in the meeting house, under care of the Young Friends' Association, an illustrated lecture on "The Land of Judea," by Dr. Jesse H. Holmes.
1ST MO. 13TH (2ND DAY.)Philadelphia Young Friends' Association, at 15th and Cherry Streets, at 8 p.m.; Rufus M. Jones will speak on "How Shall Present-day Friends Think of the Divine Principle in Man.
1ST MO. 17TH (6TH-DAY.)-West Grove, Pa., Young Friends' Association, at 7.45 p.m.; "What Friends Believe-In Regard to Communion and Baptism" paper by Elizabeth Conard; "In Regard to Music," Sarah M. Thompson.
1ST MO. 19TH (1ST-DAY.)-Washington, D. C., Meeting (1811 I Street, N. W.,) visited by Reuben P. Kester f Grampian, Pa., at 11 a.m.
-Race Street Conference Class, at i1.45 a.m.; Topic: The building of he walls under Nehemiah, Nehemiah to VII and Ezra IV: 8-23. The leson will be in charge of George A. alton.
er care of Concord Quarterly Meeting's Committee Philanthropic Labor, in the meeting house, Wilmington, Del., at 2.30 p.m. Address by Henry W. Wilbur; subject: "What Shall the Citizen do with His Citizenship?''
1ST MO. 20TH (2ND-DAY.)-Fairfax Quarterly Meeting, at Waterford, Va.
1ST MO. 21ST (3RD-DAY.) Western Quarterly Meeting, at London Grove, Pa.
1ST MO. 23RD (5TH-DAY.)-Caln Quarterly Meeting, at Christiana, Pa.
1ST MO. 25TH (7TH-DAY.)-Westbury Quarterly Meeting, 15th Street and Rutherfurd Place, New York City.
is a wholesome, interesting and beautifully illustrated magazine for children. The subscription price is 50 cents a year. In clubs of five or more the rate is 40 cents. For one dollar we will send Scattered Seeds for 1908 to three new subscribers. Send for sample copies. Address Scattered Seeds, N. W. Cor. 15th and Cherry Streets, Philadelphia, Pa.
THE BEGINNING OF THINGS. Oh, the beginning of things! Bright little springs in the mountains, from which great rivers dcwn flow;
The first pale pink of the roses; the first white fall of the snow: Babies, the beautiful darlings, dimpled and winsome and dear;
The glow of the sky in the morningand the first new days of the year! Woman's Journal.
A piece of New Year good advice says, "Beware of the tone of the voice. It is not so much what you say as the manner in which you say it."
In this month's Southern Workman, Booker T. Washington has an editorial on the prohibition movement in the Other editorials describe the South. work of Sir Horace Plunkett among the Irish peasantry and the value of the Negro laborer in the material progress of the new South.
Ex-President Cleveland, in an article in the Youth's Companion, advocates the granting of a pension to exHe presidents of the United States. describes the poverty of Jefferson, John Quincy Adams and others after retiring from the highest office in the gift of the nation.
CANADIAN SCHOOL GARDENS.
In Ontario, Canada, they are showing what can be done with school gardens. Working in those gardens the pupils learn the advantage of sowing selected seed on prepared soil, how to protect crops against insects, and a rotation of crops adapted to the soil and the markets. The Review of Reviews says of this teaching: "As remarkable as these results in crops are the effects on the young sowers and reapers themselves. Uniform examinations for entrance to high schools are held throughout Ontario in July. In 1906, in Carleton County, from schools without gardens 49 per cent. of the candidates were successMacdonald ful; from five schools where all candidates had been school gardeners for three consecutive years, 71 per cent. were admitted, mostly with high standing. As in all such education it was shown that when part of a school-day is given to toil with the hands, at the bench and out of doors, the book work at the desk takes on a fresh meaning, and inspires a new zest.
THE ROOT OF PROFANITY.
The profanity of the street is simply the echo of the old-fashioned speech of the revivalist. Some of the most horrible imprecations we have heard in almost identical form come from the lips of an old-fashioned evangelist. Moreover, as the result of thought and observation, we feel sure that the worst forms of profanity are found only in the neighborhood of the most ardent advocates of the doctrines which it seems most profane to describe in plain English.