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First month 11, 1908]



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twigs, tied to a stick. There are brushes of every They all speak English--otherwise our convershape and size, and it is a common sight to see sations would have been limited indeed-and speak venders going from door to door with their carts it well. Only now and then such expressions laden with brushes and sponges, and scouring creep in as 'You would prefer this, is it not?' sand of all grades and colors.

and “The plural of the people do so and so." The whole subject of smoking in Holland may be very few of those we haye met have been to dismissed with just two words--everybody smokes. | America and they seem to think the journey such But to be more precise I might add--and they a great undertaking as to be quite out of the smoke all the time. In a class room in one of the question for them. schools of the The Hague which I visited, I saw And now, only a few more days and our six on the teacher's table, together with his hat and months in Holland will be a thing of the past, a gloves, his cigarette still burning.

bright: and happy memory of golden days, of green i The Dutch language does not seem quite so meadows and still waters, of wind-mills and redimpossible to us as it did at first when the words roofed cottages, of kindly greetings and friendly suggested nothing and we could not even try to hospitality. While Paris, with its inexhaustible pronounce them. A day or two after we arrived, interests is tugging at our thoughts, urging us to: I noticed on the gate of a particularly handsome hasten thither, our hearts still belong wholly to villa a neatly painted sign, "Boodschappen aan de Holland, and we shall leave with loving regret this. Kukendeur lenks. Gelieve het Hek te sluiten." place, which it has been easy to call our home. It had such an interesting look, as all the signs

BERTHA L. BROOMELL. here have, for some reason, that I carefully copied 23 Oude Scheveningsche Weg., it and took it home for Dr. H. to translate, think

The Hague, December, 1907. ing I might have made a discovery about our neighborhood. It proved to be "Messengers to the kitchen door to the left. Please shut the

To desire then things which are impossible is to gate.” It was my first Dutch lesson.

have a slavish character and is faddish. In almost every shop there is someone who can

-Epictetus. speak at least a little English and when we start off in bad Dutch or French; we are not infrequently met with, “Can you speak English?" It

WHITTIER AND “QUAKERISM: seems to be their general custom to answer affirm- Whittier was foremost among the apostles of atively all questions and remarks not fully protest and dissent. In accordance with his understood. I asked a man the other day which Quaker traditions, he protested not only against of two things he considered better. He looked the evils that existed in the State and the Church, thoughtful for a moment, smiled, and then re- but he stood outside of the popular institutions, plied, "Yes." I told him I wished to take part of society and religion, and dispensed with all of my purchases home with me. “Yes," he said their forms and sacraments. And yet the best and waited for me to go. At another time I said, of his poetry came not out of the spirit of the "I do not care for this, I do not think it is pretty." Orthodox Friends, but by way of protest against “Yes, it is pretty," was the reply in the usual their grim and narrow conception of God and.. even tone, as though he agreed with me entirely. duty. "The Eternal Goodness?! was written in

We have been fortunate in meeting socially the pain and sorrow because he was obliged in his members of a number of Dutch families, and religious thinking to part company with many these we have found most charming in their with whom his feet had trod the silent: aisles warm-hearted hospitality. There was the attract- of prayer. Because of his wonderful: poems of ive young teacher and the práctical philanthro- faith, it is perhaps safe to say that he has done . pist; the Little Minister, as we like to call more to make saints tolerant, religion friendly, him, who from his island home in South Holland and the churches liberal than any. theologian in went a year or twonly young woman law

give lectures at Wood- America. The " low sweet prelude" of his yer; the fine lady whose house is a treasury of ands who were relieyed from the shadows, cast masterpieces in oils, carved chests, splendid by: clouds of doubt and creeds of fear. brasses and rare old china; the author who is just denunciations of his fellowmen will be forgotten, publishing a book on her recent visit to America; but his ascriptions of praise to the eternal goodthe aristocrat, and by no means last; the real ness will abide and cheer the hearts of. men homemaker--these have received us cordially and through many generations. made us feel it was their pleasure to do so.

--Christian Register (Boston).


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[First month 11, 1908

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men for the purpose of competing with the athletes of

other institutions. The college that gives up absolutely (Concluded from last week.)

all intercollegiate sport surrenders the vital flame which From two widely distant points in Ohio we inspires all athletics. If Swarthmore accepts this gift, have received copies of an editorial in the Cincin

Swarthmore will become a college in which athletics will

play a most unimportant part. nati Commercial Tribune. One of these Friends

This naturally leads to the question, Do athletics.justify writes, “Of one thing I feel very certain and that themselves? The almost universal opinion is that they is that Swarthmore College will in the end regret do. The good athlete is nearly always a good student.

With a healthy body goes a healthy mind. . Some athletic its decision. My opinion is that Swarthmore will

games develop the mind as surely as do mathematics or find that she has lost very much of the moral sup- Greek or logic or any other subject in the curriculum. port of the well-grounded Friends and with it the Most of the college presidents addressed declare that financial and material support she has enjoyed

Swarthmore should not surrender her liberty for a cash

payment. There is a ring about that utterance that will from them. I know very well that by her action

catch the ear of most listeners. But it is an idle warr the Society of Friends of our branch will suffer in ing. If a wealthy woman wants to leave her money to the public mind, for they will get the credit, un

an institution on condition that what she regards as ob

noxious in that and similar institutions shall be eliminated justly, of being inconsistent. Many of us

she is justified. If the college desires to accept, may it are disgusted." The editorial was, in part, as not do so, and conform to the donor's wishes ? Swarthfollows:

more's surrender of intercollegiates will not injure the

nation. It will not injure higher education. It will bind Until it can be shown that athletics are more than a

the future trustees of the college within certain limits, mere incident of a college course, there will be very many

but the future owners of institutions of all kinds are to hesitate before giving in adhesion to the soundness of

similarly bound. Companies are formed under charters the notives which impelled the decision. Young . men do

which are accepted carrying limitations upon unrestricted not matriculate for athletic, but for academic purposes.

liberty. There are colleges which cannot have as profesIf the bequest had been coupled with a condition which

sors any not professing the Catholic belief. Colleges would have determined the academic policy of Swarthmore

continually accept bequests which can be used only for for all time, its acceptance would have been a surrender

specified purposes. Their future Boards of Officers are of the rights and the duties of the governing authorities

bound by these pledges just as and no more than would of the institution. But it embraced in its terms merely

Swarthmore be under the present offer. an incident of college life which brings fame and credit

It might be well for Swarthmore to accept this gift. and renown in athletic circles, but counts for nothing

She might develop some system of athletics, if put to it, when cap and gown are considered, and they are the first

that would be preferable to intercollegiate sport. Her and the last consideration. There was

no intention,

trustees should well consider the relationship of the value expressed or implied, on the part of the testatrix to

of this offer to her present wealth and endowments. If encroach upon the established educational policy of

this gift means a doubling of Swarthmore's resources, it Swarthmore. On the contrary, the intent and the design

should not be hastily rejected. For will not greater were to aid in the widening of that policy by saving the

scholastic attractions serve to draw students more than time spent by the student body in the part taken by it in

intercollegiate sport? Which, after all, is the dominatintercollegiate football.

ing factor in bringing matriculants to such a college ? In refusing the bequest because they held that it would have determined the educational policy of Swarthmore, the

Extracts from other letters follow: trustees of the institution have advanced the gridiron to the plane of Messrs. Euclid and Sallust and Virgil and “In the discussion of this question, stress has Homer and Euripides and the rest of them. Swarthmore

been laid upon the objection to receiving the ought to add another to the honors it has hitherto bestowed on Commencement Day. Bachelor of Football, for in- gift, that the College should not submit itself, for stance, or Doctor of the Gridiron.

all time, to the ruling of a dead hand." This A Friend brought up in the Middle West, but is rather a sophistical than a clearly rational argufor many years resident in the East, calls our at- mentative phrase, that often tends to obscure the tention to the following from an editorial in the perception of truth. Brooklyn Daily Times:

"The question at issue, in this instance, is-does The estate in question is variously estimated. It is

the restriction relating to the acceptance of the worth at least $1,000,000. It may be worth $3,000,000.

Jeanes legacy, involve a problem of morals, or of In time it may prove to be even more valuable. A large gift of this kind is no offer to be rejected heedlessly by a expediency? If it be a problem of morals, then small college. It means much for material development. there should be no hesitation whatever, in refusIt means great opportunity in many directions. But in

ing the gift. If in the slightest degree its acceptthis case, the gift means the surrender of all events between Swarthmore and all other colleges. That means ance would involve the binding of the consciences the practical death of athletics in this particular college. of the Mangers, the Faculty, or the Students of Athletic teams and crews train principally for the purpose

Swarthmore College now, or at any future time, of meeting men from other colleges. While there are events between the different men and classes within the

then the bequest should be rejected whether it be one college, such events are principally aimed to develop three millions of dollars, or a single dollar.

First month 11, 1908]



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“But the discussion has thus far revealed, it effect upon the mind of the public cannot but be seems to me, the fact that it is not a question of harmful to the College and the Society of Friends morals, but is, instead, a question of expediency. at large. This I infer from the following evidence:

"I trust that the Board of Managers will do (1.) In the discussion of the subject by the away with intercollegiate athletics first, and then Students and Alumni of the college, so far as I have they will be in a position to accept or reject the heard, the principal argument that has been ad- Jeanes fund as they may see best”. vanced is that Swarthmore's fame on the athletic

Swarthmore, Pa.

JOSEPH E. HAINES. field has been a very prominent factor in making the College popular with young men, who are mak- As I understand the terms of the will of Anna ing their choice of the college they will enter. Jeanes, they do not affect athletics as practised in

(2). The Board of Managers has appointed a the College, but only the intercollegiate games and committee to ascertain the value of the gift, contests. If I remember aright, athletics were whether it be a million, more or less.

introduced in this college and others for the pur(3.) President Swain, in a letter to the Board, pose of recreation, relaxation from too close mensuggested the acceptance of the gift for a term of tal study, often to the detriment of physical years, conditionally, to see how it shall affect the health, and it was thought this change to occawelfare of the College, to be returned if it prove sional out door life and sports, would be an addisadvantageous.

vantage, which it has proved to be, and therefore “Certainly all of these evidences go to show the should be continued in moderation. But this can consideration of the subject has been from the be carried on without the undue excitement, the standpoint of its expediency rather than of its engrossment of mind, the absorption of time, the ethical bearing.

strenuous preparation, that necessarily attend the "The President of Cornell, in emphasizing his intercollegiate contests, for in these every particireason for thinking Swarthmore should not accept pant feels that on him perhaps depends victory the gift, states that Cornell has found great value or defeat, and his pride being thus aroused, he exin the practice of military drill, and indicates that erts himself that his side may “beat,” consehe would be unwilling to accept a gift that in- quently diverting his thoughts and stealing his volved the discontinuance of this by Cornell's stu

time from his legitimate studies. Can one doubt dents. Would the Swarthmore Board have hes- the result, generally? itated to accept the legacy had this been the pro

“If Swarthmore were a college for the training vision of acceptance in the Jeanes will?

of athletes primarily, and secondarily for the cul“If a moral question is involved may there be no ture of the mind, it would put a different aspect delay in casting aside the temptation; if of expe- on the matter, but certainly this was not the origdiency only, may the most deliberate judgment be

inal intent of its founders. exercised."


"It is a fine thing to have a stainless reputation New York City.

-better still to have a good character; when the · In all discussions relative to accepting the two are combined, how grand a union. SwarthAnna T. Jeanes bequest to Swarthmore College, I more, so far, has enjoyed both of these; let her notice that great stress is laid upon the probable not sully them by openly avowing a preference for amount of money which may come to the College athletic contests, to the wonderful advantages this from that source. I am extremely sorry to see munificent gift would bestow on her students, the matter placed upon this basis. The present many of whom are young women, debarred by sex policy of Swarthmore College toward intercollegi- and custom from indulging in these games, and ate athletics is either right or wrong. If it is consequently if this gift is rejected, they are the right, it should not be changed in order to obtain losers, and only their brothers the gainers, thus any sum of money; if it is wrong, as I personally making the college, not a real co-educational instibelieve it is, it should be changed at once irre- tute but one for men only.

tute but one for men only. The whole country is spective of the financial aspect.

looking on, waiting, as it were with bated breath, “Those of us who know much about the atti- the decision of the Board, and so far as I have tude of Friends on this question know that a large read the newspaper comments, hoping the gift majority of our membership is opposed to the will be accepted, and speaking in no complimenpresent state of intercollegiate athletics in Swarth- tary terms of the college, if rejected. more, but outsiders do not know that this feeling "Friends have always stood for the 'higher exists in our Society. It, therefore, appears to education. The name of Friend or Quaker, is them that the College is being bribed to give up almost a synonym for that term. Let us not desomething that it believes to be right. Such an grade it, for fear that by accepting this condition

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al bequest, it will pave the way for other bequests scopic investigation in the hands of an expert to that might bind to a policy morally wrong, for it discern their usefulness, we will be very differin no wise can interfere with the acceptance or ently impressed. rejection of any future gift, conditional or other- If a gift was made with a stipulation that drinkwise. The conscience of the Board is not bound, ing intoxicants from flasks during recitation peror its free thought hampered for the future by its iods should forever be prohibited, we would hear present action. It does not interdict change for but little of college freedom if the gift was acall time to come.

cepted; it must, therefore, be a belief in the in“While it is true that ‘a college should be loyal trinsic merit of the games or the fear of a loss in to its students, and its friends,'has it necessarily attendance that largely modifies our views." to pledge loyalty to its alumni? Has it not shown Rising Sun, Md.

EDWIN R. BUFFINGTON. its loyalty to them in the past and does the fact

If there has been but little printed expression that they were once its pupils, pledge allegiance from Friends in this locality, in reference to the to their views for all time to come.

Jeanes conditional bequest to Swarthmore College, “It is a serious question, and it is my hope that

it has not been in consequence of a want of interthose concerned may be guided by best wisdom in

est in the matter, but because through the comtheir decision, for so much depends on it, not only ments given from so many sections of Friendly now but in the future.” ELIZABETH H. COALE.

centers, the preponderating sentiments of which Nashville, Tenn.

seemed to be so favorable to its acceptance, we “I have been more or less interested in the deemed further expression unnecessary. articles appearing in the Intelligencer relating to It is not now proposed to reproduce the weighty the conditional gift of Anna T. Jeanes. It appears arguments favorable to its acceptance; but havthe negative answer is founded not upon the ing recently learned that the town of Hudson, merits of intercollegiate sports, but upon college Ohio, the home of the old Western Reserve Colfreedom; this reminds one of what temperance lege, which has been noted for its “wet” proworkers have heard for the last quarter of a cen- clivities, had, by a large majority, voted "dry" at tury. Local option is not opposed upon the ground a late election, in order that it might secure a that drinking intoxicants is right, or that the donation of $200,000 offered by one of its philanmore liquor consumed the better for the commu- thropic sons, upon condition that the sale of intoxnity, but solely upon finance and personal liberty, icants should be debarred from the place, and as many well meaning men claiming that if we allow the college there was to be benefitted thereby to our liberty to be taken it establishes a govern- a considerable amount, we thought there was mental policy and another liberty will soon be de- sufficient similarity between these conditions and manded, until Democratic institutions will defeat what seems to prevail at Swarthmore to warrant their own aims and purposes.

We however are their presentation for our reflection. unable to see the danger, as it establishes no pol- sume that the action at Hudson would by Friends icy binding upon future generations, and we be universally commended: and that we would still can safely trust the freedom of fundamentals that commend if it was necessary to bind the town to underlie life, liberty and the pursuit of happi- such an abstemious course for all time; when it ness to the enlightened moral sentiment of Amer- was obvious that the gift would result in such ican citizenship.

advantage to the college, and in the establishing If these be facts we are unable to understand of electric and gas plants and a sewage system why they cease to be facts when applied to a col for the city. We believe a great majority of the lege. Is the enlightened judgment of college Friends of Philadelphia Yearly Meeting, while adtrustees inferior or less dependable than that of mitting the necessity for moderate athletic exercitizenship in general? I do not think, whatever cises cannot but recognize that intellectual culture the decision may be, that it will establish a policy is the fundamental object for which the college curtailing college freedom in the least degree ex- was organized; and very many of us are led to cept in the one specific particular, but will allow believe through observation and experience with college trustees to act with perfect freedom as to those in whom we are interested, that the craze what they consider its best interests unfettered produced by the intercollegiate contests and the by any action on the part of their predecessors. attending excitement, is not conducive to the in

If intercollegiate athletics are particularly ben- | tellectual and moral development of those coneficial to college students as a whole, developing nected with the contesting teams. When such an their physical, moral and intellectual possibilities, opportunity is presented for relieving the finando not barter them away for any money consider-cial stringency of those who feel the need of reations; if, on the other hand, it requires a micro- | duced rates to our educational institutions, it

We pre


First month 11, 1908)



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seems to us that the question of intercollegiate salient features should be dwelt upon. Strained contests is worthy of but little consideration and

or complicated parallelism should be avoided. In should in no way mar the beneficent project of general only one central thought should be deduced our worthy benefactress. I curb a feeling to from the lesson and that should be made so emenlarge on what has already been well discussed phatic that the attention of the school - will not and trust the wisdom displayed at Hudson, may rest mainly upon the picture on the blackboard have its counterpart at Swarthmore.

instead of upon the thought lying back of it. Avondale, Chester Co., Pa. AUGUSTUS BROSIUS. The writer heard William I. Hull give a black

As the managers of Swarthmore College seem board lesson many years ago whose principal to be somewhat in doubt as to receiving the features are still fresh in memory. He reprelegacy, I can suggest a plan. After the class of sented in outline the state of Pennsylvania and '07 have graduated, make Swarthmore a woman's showed in the western part a chalk line to reprecollege. The high tide of co-education has been sent at certain seasons of the years, the muddy reached, followed by a period of slack water, and waters of the Monongahela River, while a white now the ebb has set in. Those who have watched one stood for the sometimes clear waters of the must have observed the change."

Allegheny. He called attention to the fact that Westbury, Long Island, N. Y. ISAAC H. COCKS. where the two rivers merge into the Ohio, the

water on either side of the river at first keeps the

characteristics of the inflowing streams, but soon FIRST-DAY SCHOOL GENERAL

the clear water becomes tinged with the muddy EXERCISES-II.

color of the southern tributary and the entire Ethical lessons that impress truths of which Ohio takes on the likeness of the muddy Monongawe all need constant reminder, find a natural place hela. So it is in our lives. If we try to live half in general First-day school exercises. The use of good and half bad, eventually the evil tendencies objects and the blackboard to impress such lessons will obscure the image of divine impress on our is often profitable. Many teachers 'are timid lives. We cannot generally do right and someabout this kind of work because they feel the lack times do wrong with impunity..

. This lesson is of technical skill in drawing. We need to entirely simplicity itself; the subject is familiar, the disabuse our minds of the idea that the successful drawing without elaboration, the application use of the blackboard depends upon mechanical or single, striking and direct. It is cited as containartistic ability. Experience has abundantly ing the typical requirements for an effective lesshown that the crudest diagrams and illustrations appeal to the minds of observers with quite as Specific lessons will be offered occasionally in much ethical force as more elaborate pictures. this department if there is a desire to have this

The same quality of mind that enables a child done. Teachers who have successfully carried to see sets of dishes in a few clam shells, and to on this work are invited to contribute subjects and attribute volition to her dolls, helps children to lessons for the benefit of others. No one need to see in the imperfect outline on the blackboard the hesitate to use in First-day school an illustrathing it is meant to represent; moreover the real tion which has been thought of and used elsepurpose of the drawing is only to suggest a line where. The diffusion of ethical knowledge is noof thinking and help to keep the children's inter- where held in check by copyright. est and attention on it.

Stories have a place in the general exercises Everybody then can draw well enough to make also. If they are told rather than read, they posuse, to some extent, of.graphic illustration in the sess an element of vigor and vitality which can First-day school. If the superintendent or teacher never be transmitted in book phraseology. They has confidence to draw on the blackboard as he should be short, clear and with a balance in the explains his thought, he will more surely hold the conclusion in favor of the triumph of right, rather interest of the school. We all like to see things than with an expressed moral. Stories told merely evolve before our very eyes. Those who do not

Those who do not because they contain some centre of exciting infeel equal to this, may attain fairly satisfactoryterest which holds the attention of the school, have results in interest and attention by preparing the no place in First-day school exercises. Whenever work beforehand which is used during the school introduced they should be chosen to impress or session.

illustrate some definite contribution to our eduIn selecting a subject for illustration, care cation. Teachers who know of satisfactory should be taken to choose something familiar to sources from which to obtain groups of suitable the pupils, and with possibilities of very direct stories are invited to share their knowledge with application. In making the application only really / us.


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